Famous Russian Inventors & Discoverers

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 1 
Mikhail Kalashnikov
(Inventor of 'AK-47' Assault Rifle, PK Machine Gun and 'RPK Light Machine Gun')
Mikhail Kalashnikov
8
Birthdate: November 10, 1919
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kur'ya, Russia
Died: December 23, 2013
Russian military leader Mikhail Kalashnikov is remembered for inventing the AK-47 assault rifle, along with other weapons such as the AKM, the AK-74, the PK machine gun, and the RPK light machine gun. He was named the Hero of the Russian Federation and received the Order of Military Merit.
 2 
Vladimir K. Zworykin
(Russian-American Inventor of Television Transmitting and Receiving System Employing Cathode Ray Tubes)
Vladimir K. Zworykin
4
Birthdate: July 29, 1888
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Murom, Russia
Died: July 29, 1982

Often referred to as the Father of the Television, Russian-American engineer Vladimir K. Zworykin is remembered for inventing the kinescope picture tube, also known as the cathode-ray tube, used in the television. He was associated with the Radio Corporation of America, and his other creations included the iconoscope camera.

 3 
Alexander Stepanovich Popov
(Russian Physicist Who Was One of the First Persons to Invent a Radio Receiving Device)
Alexander Stepanovich Popov
6
Birthdate: March 16, 1859
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Krasnoturinsk, Russia
Died: January 13, 1906

Alexander Stepanovich Popov was a Russian physicist best remembered for his pioneering work in transmitting radio signals. One of the first inventors to come up with a radio receiving device, Popov's work was contemporaneous with the groundbreaking work of Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi. Popov's life and career inspired the 1949 biographical film Alexander Popov which was directed by Herbert Rappaport.

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 4 
Leon Theremin
(Inventor of the First Electronic Musical Instrument 'Theremin')
Leon Theremin
2
Birthdate: August 27, 1896
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: November 3, 1993

One of the pioneers of electronic music, Léon Theremin invented the aetherphone, also known as the theremin, which was the first electronic musical instrument to be mass-produced. He also doubled up as a Soviet spy, eavesdropping on the British, French, and US embassies, using the Buran device and The Thing.

 5 
Pavel Florensky
(Theologian)
Pavel Florensky
2
Birthdate: January 22, 1882
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Yevlakh, Azerbaijan
Died: December 8, 1943

Russian theologian Pavel Florensky is best remembered for his essay The Pillar and the Ground of Truth. During Stalin’s regime and amid a phase of national atheism, he was sent to jail and also banished to Siberia for his religious beliefs, which he refused to renounce.

 6 
Mikhail Mikhaylovich Gerasimov
(Archaeologist)
Mikhail Mikhaylovich Gerasimov
2
Birthdate: September 2, 1907
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: July 21, 1970

Mikhail Mikhaylovich Gerasimov was a Soviet anthropologist and archaeologist. He is credited with developing the first technique of forensic sculpture and discovering the Mal'ta–Buret' culture. Gerasimov is also credited with reconstructing the faces of over 200 people, ranging from neanderthals to homo sapiens.

 7 
Oleg Losev
(Physicist, Inventor)
Oleg Losev
0
Birthdate: May 10, 1903
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Tver, Russia
Died: January 22, 1942
 8 
Nikolay Pirogov
(Physician, Scientist)
Nikolay Pirogov
0
Birthdate: November 25, 1810
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: December 5, 1881
Known for his pioneering use of field surgery, physician Nikolay Pirogov was the first to use anaesthesia in a field operation. A pioneer in the use of ether, too, he started his medical education at 14 and later taught surgery as a professor. He also reduced limp amputations significantly with his techniques.
 9 
Georgy Shpagin
(Former Weapon designer best known as the creator of the famous PPSh-41 submachine gun)
Georgy Shpagin
2
Birthdate: April 17, 1897
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kliushnikovo, Russia
Died: February 6, 1952
 10 
Nikolai Zhukovsky
(Russian Scientist, Mathematician and Engineer)
Nikolai Zhukovsky
2
Birthdate: January 17, 1847
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Orekhovo, Moscow, Russia
Died: March 17, 1921
 11 
Rashid Sunyaev
(Astrophysicist)
Rashid Sunyaev
2
Birthdate: March 1, 1943
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Tashkent, Uzbekistan
 12 
Svyatoslav Fyodorov
(Ophthalmologist)
Svyatoslav Fyodorov
2
Birthdate: August 8, 1927
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
Died: June 2, 2000

Svyatoslav Fyodorov not just made a name for himself as an ophthalmologist but had also stepped into Russian politics, contesting as a presidential candidate. One of the pioneers of refractive surgery, he developed radial keratotomy, the first surgical cure of myopia, or nearsightedness, and a surgical treatment for glaucoma, too.

 13 
Alexandre Alexeieff
(Artist)
Alexandre Alexeieff
1
Birthdate: April 18, 1901
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kazan, Russia
Died: August 9, 1982

Alexandre Alexeieff was a Russian Empire-born French filmmaker, artist, and illustrator. Alexeieff and his wife Claire Parker are credited with inventing an animation technique called totalization as well as the pinscreen animation. His life and career have inspired a couple of documentary films, namely Alexeieff at the Pinboard, Portrait of Alexeieff, and Dreams about Alfeoni.

 14 
Pavel Yablochkov
(Electrical engineer)
Pavel Yablochkov
1
Birthdate: September 14, 1847
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Ouïezd de Serdobsk, Russia
Died: March 31, 1894
 15 
Boris Rosing
(Scientist, Inventor in the field of Television)
Boris Rosing
0
Birthdate: April 23, 1869
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: April 20, 1933
 16 
Andrei Sychra
(Musician)
Andrei Sychra
1
Birthdate: 1773 AD
Birthplace: Vilnius, Lithuania
Died: December 3, 1850
 17 
Sergey Lebedev
(Chemist)
Sergey Lebedev
0
Birthdate: July 13, 1874
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Lublin, Poland
Died: May 2, 1934

Best remembered for inventing Polybutadiene, a form of synthetic rubber, Sergey Lebedev was associated with many reputed institutes, such as the St. Petersburg University. He also established the Laboratory for Petroleum Refining and led the Laboratory of Synthetic Rubber as its director. His several awards include the Order of Lenin.