Famous Russian Historians

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 1 
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
(Novelist & Writer Best Known for His Work 'The Gulag Archipelago')
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
4
Birthdate: December 11, 1918
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kislovodsk, Russia
Died: August 3, 2008

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn was a Russian novelist, philosopher, historian, and political prisoner. An outspoken critic of Communism and the Soviet Union, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn helped raise awareness of the Gulag, a government agency that oversaw forced labor camps set up in accordance with Vladimir Lenin's order. His non-fiction text The Gulag Archipelago was a highly influential work and sold millions of copies.

 2 
Zinovia Dushkova
4
Birthdate: July 19, 1953
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kongaz, Moldova

Zinovia Dushkova is a Russian poet, historian, philosopher, and author. A prominent writer, Dushkova's works have been translated into seven languages. In 2015, she was honored with the 20 Years of Gagauzia Medal. In 2017, Zinovia Dushkova’s book, The Call of the Heart, was honored at the Nautilus Book Awards with a silver medal in the United States of America.

Vasily Nikitich Mitrokhin
3
Birthdate: March 3, 1922
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ryazan Oblast, Russia
Died: January 23, 2004

Best known as the coauthor of a collection of works, entitled Mitrokhin Archives, Vasily Nikitich Mitrokhin was the First Chief Directorate of the KGB before his defection to the United Kingdom. The 25,000 pages of files he had handed over became the basis of these books, the most significant of them being The KGB in Europe and the West.

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 4 
Ariel Durant
(Researcher)
Ariel Durant
3
Birthdate: May 10, 1898
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
Died: October 25, 1981
 5 
Pavel Milyukov
(Russian Liberal Politician and Former Member of the Russian State Duma (1906 - 1917))
Pavel Milyukov
3
Birthdate: January 27, 1859
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: March 31, 1943
Julia Dent Cantacuzene Spiransky-Grant
3
Birthdate: June 6, 1876
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: The White House, Washington, D.C., United States
Died: October 4, 1975
 7 
Yuri Knorozov
(Linguist)
Yuri Knorozov
2
Birthdate: November 19, 1922
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kharkiv, Soviet Union
Died: March 31, 1999
 8 
Lyudmila Alexeyeva
(Historian, Human rights activist)
Lyudmila Alexeyeva
3
Birthdate: July 20, 1927
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Yevpatoriya
Died: December 8, 2018

Lyudmila Alexeyeva was a Russian human-rights activist and historian. She is credited with co-founding the Moscow Helsinki Watch Group, which is currently one of the most prominent human rights organizations in Russia. She was also one of the most important members of the Soviet dissident movement in post-Soviet Russia. Alexeyeva received many prizes and awards for her human rights activities.

 9 
Nikolay Karamzin
3
Birthdate: December 12, 1766
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Mikhaylovka, Russia
Died: June 3, 1826
 10 
Nikolai Trubetzkoy
2
Birthdate: April 16, 1890
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: June 25, 1938
 11 
Alexander Afanasyev
(Historian and scholar)
Alexander Afanasyev
2
Birthdate: July 11, 1826
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Boguchar
Died: October 5, 1871
 12 
Michael Rostovtzeff
(Russian Archaeologist and Historian)
Michael Rostovtzeff
2
Birthdate: November 10, 1870
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Zhytomyr, Ukraine
Died: October 20, 1952

Russian historian Mikhail Ivanovich Rostovtzeff is best-known for producing significant works on ancient Roman and Greek history. He emerged as an influential authority on ancient-history of South Russia and Ukraine while working in Russia. The term caravan city is believed to have been coined by him. Noted books of Rostovtzeff include Dura-Europos and Its Art and Skythien und der Bosporus.

 13 
Dmitry Volkogonov
2
Birthdate: March 22, 1928
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Chita, Russia
Died: December 6, 1995
 14 
Valery Bryusov
2
Birthdate: December 13, 1873
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: October 9, 1924
 15 
Simon Dubnow
(Russian Historian Who Introduced a Sociological Emphasis Into the Study of Jewish History)
Simon Dubnow
2
Birthdate: September 10, 1860
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Mstislavl, Belarus
Died: December 8, 1941

Russian historian Simon Dubnow is best remembered for instilling a sociological element in the study of Jewish history. A well-known teacher and author, he was also involved with the Jewish magazine Voskhod. He escaped to Germany to avoid Bolshevism but was eventually killed by the Nazis.

 16 
Yuri Lotman
(Historian)
Yuri Lotman
0
Birthdate: February 28, 1922
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: October 28, 1993
 17 
Henri Troyat
(Novelist, biographer, historian)
Henri Troyat
2
Birthdate: November 1, 1911
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Moscow
Died: March 2, 2007
 18 
Andrei Amalrik
2
Birthdate: May 12, 1938
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: November 12, 1980
Nikolay Yakovlevich Danilevsky
2
Birthdate: December 10, 1822
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Obertse, Russia
Died: November 19, 1885

Russian naturalist and philosopher Nikolay Yakovlevich Danilevsky is remembered for opposing Darwin’s theory of evolution and for mingling Russian nationalism with his own study of natural history. He likened cultures to species and claimed that each culture was unique and could not pass on cultural traits to other cultures.

 20 
Alexander Yakovlev
(Politician)
Alexander Yakovlev
1
Birthdate: December 2, 1923
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Korolyovo
Died: October 18, 2005
 21 
Vyacheslav Ivanov
(Philologist)
Vyacheslav Ivanov
0
Birthdate: August 21, 1929
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: October 7, 2017
 22 
Mikhail Pokrovsky
1
Birthdate: August 29, 1868
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: April 10, 1932
 23 
Vasily Klyuchevsky
1
Birthdate: January 28, 1841
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Penza Oblast, Russia
Died: May 25, 1911
 24 
Vasily Bartold
(Historian)
Vasily Bartold
1
Birthdate: November 15, 1869
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: August 19, 1930
 25 
D. S. Mirsky
(Historian)
D. S. Mirsky
0
Birthdate: September 9, 1890
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lyubotyn, Ukraine
Died: June 7, 1939
 26 
Pyotr Lavrov
(Philosopher)
Pyotr Lavrov
1
Birthdate: June 14, 1823
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Pskov Governorate, Russia
Died: February 6, 1900
 27 
Paul Vinogradoff
(Historian)
Paul Vinogradoff
1
Birthdate: November 18, 1854
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kostroma, Russia
Died: December 19, 1925
 28 
Sergey Solovyov
(Historian)
Sergey Solovyov
1
Birthdate: May 17, 1820
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: April 16, 1879
 29 
Mikhail Shcherbatov
1
Birthdate: July 22, 1733
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: December 12, 1790
 30 
Nicholas Marr
(Historian)
Nicholas Marr
1
Birthdate: January 6, 1865
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kutaisi, Georgia
Died: December 20, 1934
 31 
Peter Struve
(Russian Political Economist, Philosopher and Historian)
Peter Struve
1
Birthdate: January 26, 1870
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Perm, Russia
Died: February 22, 1944

Russian political-economist, historian and editor Peter Struve, initially a Marxist, became a liberal following his arrest and exile from Russia in 1901. After returning to Russia in 1905, he co-founded the liberal Constitutional Democratic Party. He joined the White movement after the Bolshevik Revolution. He lived in exile in Paris from 1920 and emerged as a noted critic of Russian Communism.

 32 
Aleksey Shakhmatov
0
Birthdate: June 17, 1864
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Narva, Estonia
Died: August 16, 1920
 33 
Alexander Veselovsky
0
Birthdate: February 4, 1838
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: October 10, 1906
 34 
Sergey Platonov
(Historian)
Sergey Platonov
1
Birthdate: June 28, 1860
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Chernihiv, Ukraine
Died: January 10, 1933
 35 
Efim Etkind
(Translator)
Efim Etkind
0
Birthdate: February 26, 1918
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: November 22, 1999
 36 
Bagrat Shinkuba
1
Birthdate: May 12, 1917
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Abkhazia, Georgia
Died: February 25, 2004
 37 
Izmail Sreznevsky
(Philologist)
Izmail Sreznevsky
0
Birthdate: June 13, 1812
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Yaroslavl, Russia
Died: February 21, 1880