Famous Russian Historians

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
4
Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: December 11, 1918
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kislovodsk, Russia
Died: August 3, 2008

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn was a Russian novelist, philosopher, historian, and political prisoner. An outspoken critic of Communism and the Soviet Union, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn helped raise awareness of the Gulag, a government agency that oversaw forced labor camps set up in accordance with Vladimir Lenin's order. His non-fiction text The Gulag Archipelago was a highly influential work and sold millions of copies.

 2 Vasily Nikitich Mitrokhin

Vasily Nikitich Mitrokhin
3
Famous As: Archivist
Birthdate: March 3, 1922
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ryazan Oblast, Russia
Died: January 23, 2004

Best known as the coauthor of a collection of works, entitled Mitrokhin Archives, Vasily Nikitich Mitrokhin was the First Chief Directorate of the KGB before his defection to the United Kingdom. The 25,000 pages of files he had handed over became the basis of these books, the most significant of them being The KGB in Europe and the West.

 3 Zinovia Dushkova

Zinovia Dushkova
4
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: July 19, 1953
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kongaz, Moldova

Zinovia Dushkova is a Russian poet, historian, philosopher, and author. A prominent writer, Dushkova's works have been translated into seven languages. In 2015, she was honored with the 20 Years of Gagauzia Medal. In 2017, Zinovia Dushkova’s book, The Call of the Heart, was honored at the Nautilus Book Awards with a silver medal in the United States of America.

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 4 Pavel Milyukov

Pavel Milyukov
3
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: January 27, 1859
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: March 31, 1943

 5 Ariel Durant

Ariel Durant
3
Famous As: Researcher
Birthdate: May 10, 1898
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
Died: October 25, 1981

 6 Lyudmila Alexeyeva

Lyudmila Alexeyeva
3
Famous As: Historian, Human rights activist
Birthdate: July 20, 1927
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Yevpatoriya
Died: December 8, 2018

Lyudmila Alexeyeva was a Russian human-rights activist and historian. She is credited with co-founding the Moscow Helsinki Watch Group, which is currently one of the most prominent human rights organizations in Russia. She was also one of the most important members of the Soviet dissident movement in post-Soviet Russia. Alexeyeva received many prizes and awards for her human rights activities.

 7 Julia Dent Cantacuzene Spiransky-Grant

Julia Dent Cantacuzene Spiransky-Grant
3
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: June 6, 1876
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: The White House, Washington, D.C., United States
Died: October 4, 1975
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 8 Yuri Knorozov

Yuri Knorozov
2
Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: November 19, 1922
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kharkiv, Soviet Union
Died: March 31, 1999

 9 Nikolay Karamzin

Nikolay Karamzin
3
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: December 12, 1766
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Mikhaylovka, Russia
Died: June 3, 1826

 10 Nikolai Trubetzkoy

Nikolai Trubetzkoy
2
Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: April 16, 1890
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: June 25, 1938

 11 Alexandre Benois

Alexandre Benois
2
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: May 3, 1870
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: February 9, 1960

Best remembered as a founder of the Mir iskusstva art movement and magazine, Alexandre Benois was, at the same time, an artist, an art critic, theater art director, and ballet librettist. Some of his best works were for iconic ballets such as The Nutcracker and Sylvia. He contributed immensely to modern ballet.

 12 Alexander Afanasyev

Alexander Afanasyev
2
Famous As: Historian and scholar
Birthdate: July 11, 1826
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Boguchar
Died: October 5, 1871

 13 Dmitry Volkogonov

Dmitry Volkogonov
2
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: March 22, 1928
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Chita, Russia
Died: December 6, 1995

 14 Michael Ivanovich Rostovtzeff

Michael Ivanovich Rostovtzeff
2
Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: November 10, 1870
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Zhytomyr, Ukraine
Died: October 20, 1952

Russian historian Mikhail Ivanovich Rostovtzeff is best-known for producing significant works on ancient Roman and Greek history. He emerged as an influential authority on ancient-history of South Russia and Ukraine while working in Russia. The term caravan city is believed to have been coined by him. Noted books of Rostovtzeff include Dura-Europos and Its Art and Skythien und der Bosporus.

 15 Yuri Lotman

Yuri Lotman
0
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: February 28, 1922
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: October 28, 1993

 16 Simon Dubnow

Simon Dubnow
2
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: September 10, 1860
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Mstislavl, Belarus
Died: December 8, 1941

Russian historian Simon Dubnow is best remembered for instilling a sociological element in the study of Jewish history. A well-known teacher and author, he was also involved with the Jewish magazine Voskhod. He escaped to Germany to avoid Bolshevism but was eventually killed by the Nazis.

 17 Valery Bryusov

Valery Bryusov
2
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: December 13, 1873
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: October 9, 1924

 18 Henri Troyat

Henri Troyat
2
Famous As: Novelist, biographer, historian
Birthdate: November 1, 1911
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Moscow
Died: March 2, 2007

 19 Friedrich von Bernhardi

Friedrich von Bernhardi
2
Famous As: Military General
Birthdate: November 22, 1849
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: November 12, 1930

Friedrich von Bernhardi was a Prussian general and author. A best-selling author prior to the First World War, Bernhardi is best remembered for his book. Germany and the Next War. A militarist, Bernhardi proposed that Germany should ignore treaties. As a general, he played an important role during World War I where he had success in the Eastern Front.

 20 Andrei Amalrik

Andrei Amalrik
2
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: May 12, 1938
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: November 12, 1980

 21 Nikolay Yakovlevich Danilevsky

Nikolay Yakovlevich Danilevsky
2
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: December 10, 1822
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Obertse, Russia
Died: November 19, 1885

Russian naturalist and philosopher Nikolay Yakovlevich Danilevsky is remembered for opposing Darwin’s theory of evolution and for mingling Russian nationalism with his own study of natural history. He likened cultures to species and claimed that each culture was unique and could not pass on cultural traits to other cultures.

 22 Vyacheslav Ivanov

Vyacheslav Ivanov
0
Famous As: Philologist
Birthdate: August 21, 1929
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: October 7, 2017

 23 Pyotr Lavrov

Pyotr Lavrov
1
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: June 14, 1823
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Pskov Governorate, Russia
Died: February 6, 1900

 24 Alexander Yakovlev

Alexander Yakovlev
1
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: December 2, 1923
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Korolyovo
Died: October 18, 2005

 25 Mikhail Pokrovsky

Mikhail Pokrovsky
1
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: August 29, 1868
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: April 10, 1932

 26 Vasily Klyuchevsky

Vasily Klyuchevsky
1
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: January 28, 1841
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Penza Oblast, Russia
Died: May 25, 1911

 27 Vasily Bartold

Vasily Bartold
1
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: November 15, 1869
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: August 19, 1930

 28 D. S. Mirsky

D. S. Mirsky
0
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: September 9, 1890
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lyubotyn, Ukraine
Died: June 7, 1939

 29 Paul Vinogradoff

Paul Vinogradoff
1
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: November 18, 1854
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kostroma, Russia
Died: December 19, 1925

 30 Sergey Solovyov

Sergey Solovyov
1
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: May 17, 1820
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: April 16, 1879

 31 Mikhail Shcherbatov

Mikhail Shcherbatov
1
Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: July 22, 1733
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: December 12, 1790

 32 Nicholas Marr

Nicholas Marr
1
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: January 6, 1865
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kutaisi, Georgia
Died: December 20, 1934

 33 Aleksey Shakhmatov

Aleksey Shakhmatov
0
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: June 17, 1864
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Narva, Estonia
Died: August 16, 1920

 34 Alexander Veselovsky

Alexander Veselovsky
0
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: February 4, 1838
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: October 10, 1906

 35 Sergey Platonov

Sergey Platonov
1
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: June 28, 1860
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Chernihiv, Ukraine
Died: January 10, 1933

 36 Efim Etkind

Efim Etkind
0
Famous As: Translator
Birthdate: February 26, 1918
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: November 22, 1999

 37 Bagrat Shinkuba

Bagrat Shinkuba
1
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: May 12, 1917
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Abkhazia, Georgia
Died: February 25, 2004

 38 Izmail Sreznevsky

Izmail Sreznevsky
0
Famous As: Philologist
Birthdate: June 13, 1812
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Yaroslavl, Russia
Died: February 21, 1880