Vlad the Impaler Biography
(Wallachian Ruler Regarded as One of the Most Important Rulers in Wallachian History and a Romanian National Hero)
Born In: Sighișoara, Romania
Vlad III, or as he was widely known, Vlad the Impaler or Vlad Dracula, was a 15th-century voivode (or prince) of Wallachia, the historical and geographical region of Romania. His life had inspired several legends even when he was alive and after his death, he has become a figure of fascination across the world. Raised in the House of Drăculești, a branch of House of Basarab, Vlad III, alongside his younger brother Radu, began to serve as hostages in the Ottoman Empire in 1442 to secure their father's loyalty. After the murders of his father and elder brother, Vlad III attacked Wallachia with an Ottoman army and began his first reign as voivode in 1448. However, he was soon deposed and he had to seek refuge with the Turks. In 1456, he invaded his home country a second time with the Hungarian support. During his second reign, Vlad III systematically purged the Wallachian boyars to strengthen his position. He killed Transylvanian Saxons and ransacked their villages as they previously supported his rivals for the throne. In 1461, he reignited the war against the Ottoman Empire after first refusing to pay homage and then executing Sultan Mehmed II’s envoys. He also tried to unsuccessfully assassinate the sultan himself. Seeking assistance from Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary, in his struggle against the empire, he visited Hungary but was captured instead. Between 1463 and 1475,Vlad was held captive in Visegrád. It was during this period that the tales of his cruelty began to spread all over Europe. He regained his throne one more time after his release in the summer of 1475 before he was killed in 1476 or 1477.