Prince Philip Biography

Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh is well-known as the husband of Queen Elizabeth II, and the father of Prince Charles. This biography provides detailed information about his profile, childhood, life, achievements, works & timeline.

Prince Philip
Quick Facts

Birthday: June 10, 1921

Nationality: Danish, Greek

Famous: Danish Men Greek Men

Age: 98 Years, 98 Year Old Males

Sun Sign: Gemini

Also Known As: Duke of Edinburgh, Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark

Born Country: Greece

Born in: Mon Repos, Corfu, Greece

Famous as: Prince consort

Height: 1.83 m


Spouse/Ex-: Elizabeth II (m. 1947)

father: Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark

mother: Princess Alice of Battenberg

siblings: Princess Cecilie of Greece and Denmark, Princess Margarita of Greece and Denmark, Princess Sophie of Greece and Denmark, Princess Theodora of Greece and Demark

children: Prince Andrew, Prince Charles, Prince Edward, Princess Anne

More Facts

education: Cheam School

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Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh is the husband of Queen Elizabeth II and the Commonwealth realms’ longest-serving consort as well as the oldest spouse ever of a reigning British monarch. He was a member of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and was born Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark. He entered the navy in 1938 and served throughout the Second World War. His family connections brought him into contact with the royal family, and his engagement to Princess Elizabeth took place. Before the marriage, he received the Garter and the dukedom and since 1952, he has filled the difficult role of royal consort. Of the many societies and causes which he supports, the duke of Edinburgh’s scheme for young people and his concern for the protection of wildlife rank high. Philip retains much of the briskness and forthrightness of his early naval career, and apart from it he is an enthusiastic sportsman and a vigorous public speaker. Philip holds honorary memberships in the Rotary clubs of Edinburgh, Scotland and King’s Lynn, England. He is a patron of over 800 organizations, and chairman of the ‘Duke of Edinburgh’s Award’ for people aged 14 to 24 years.

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Prince Philip
Childhood & Early Life
  • He was born to Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and his wife Princess Alice, the eldest daughter of Louis Alexander Mountbatten. He was the youngest of five children, having four elder sisters and was brought up in Great Britain after his family was being forced to leave Greece post-World War I.
  • He first got admitted to an American school in Paris but shortly after that, was sent to the UK to attend Cheam School in 1928. He lived there with his maternal grandmother at Kensington Palace.
  • In 1933, he was sent to Schule Schloss Salem in Germany which was owned by the family of his brother-in-law Berthold, Margrave of Baden. After finishing two terms there he moved to Gordonstoun because of the rise of Nazism in Germany which led to an unsettling atmosphere there.
  • In 1939, he left Gordonstoun and joined the Royal Navy at Royal Naval College, Dartmouth, from where he graduated the next year as the top cadet in his course.
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  • He served in World War II in the British forces where he was commissioned as a midshipman in early 1940. He spent four months on the battleship HMS Ramillies, Kent and Shropshire. In October, he was transferred to the battleship HMS Valiant in the Mediterranean fleet after Italy invaded Greece.
  • He was promoted to sub-lieutenant after few courses at Portsmouth in which he earned the top grade in four out of five sections of the qualifying examination. Soon he was appointed to HMS Wallace which was involved in allied invasion of Sicily.
  • On July 16, 1942, he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant and in October of the same year, he became the first lieutenant of HMS Wallace in the Royal Navy. After two years, he moved to the new destroyer HMS Whelp and in January 1946, was posted as an instructor at HMS Royal Arthur in Wiltshire.
  • On November 19, 1947, he was appointed to the highest order of Chivalry, ‘Order of the Garter’. He thereby received 17 different appointments and decorations in the Commonwealth, and 48 by foreign states. Soon he was made the chairman of the Coronation Commission and became first member of the royal family to fly in a helicopter and to visit the troops that were to participate in the ceremony.
  • In 1952, he was appointed Admiral of the Sea Cadet Corps, Colonel-in-chief of the British Army Cadet Force and Air Commodore-in-chief of the Air Training Corps. In the following year, he was made the Admiral of the Fleet, Captain General Royal Marines, Field Marshal, and Marshal of the Royal Air Force in the United Kingdom.
  • In 1956, he founded the ‘Duke of Edinburgh’s award’ with a German educator Kurt Hahn to give young people a sense of responsibility to themselves and their communities. During these years, he traveled across the globe aboard the newly commissioned HMY Britannia, and opened the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne and also visited the Antarctic.
  • On February 22, 1957, he received the title of a Prince of the United Kingdom by letters patent granted by his wife. On that day it was declared that he was to be known as ‘His Royal Highness the Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh’. On October 14, he took his oath of Allegiance before the Queen at her Canadian residence, Rideau Hall.
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Major Works
  • From 1961 to 1982, he served as UK president of the World Wildlife Fund followed by International president-ship from 1981 focusing on wildlife and environmental issues.
  • He is the patron of the Work Foundation and was president of the International Equestrian Federation from 1964 to 1986. He also served as the chancellor of the Universities of Cambridge, Edinburgh, Salford and Wales.
Awards & Achievements
  • On November 4, 1951, he was appointed to the Lord of her Majesty’s most honorable privy council. Soon after two years, he was appointed as ‘the grand master and First and Principal Knight Grand Cross’ of the most excellent order of the British Empire.
  • In 1953, he was appointed as ‘Member first class of the order of the Brilliant Star’ of Zanzibar. In 1972, he was made an honorary member of the ‘Darjah Utama Temasek’ of Singapore.
  • On his 90th birthday, the Queen appointed him ‘Lord High Admiral of the Royal Navy’; the highest rank in the organization anyone other than the sovereign can hold. He was also appointed to the highest ranks available in each branch of the Canadian Forces: honorary Admiral of the Maritime Command and General of the Land Force Command and Air Command.
  • The ‘Duke of Edinburgh award’ is named after him which is given on completing a program of activities that can be undertaken by anyone aged 14 to 24. Another award, ‘Prince Philip’s Designer’s prize’ is given by the Design Council is an annual design recognition award. ‘Prince Philip Medal’ is awarded to the engineer of any nationality who has made an exceptional contribution to engineering as a whole through practice, management or education.
  • On April 26, 2013, he was appointed as the ‘Extraordinary companion of the order of Canada’ and ‘Commander of the order of military merit’.
Personal Life
  • In 1939, he met Elizabeth, daughter of King George VI when she visited Royal Naval College, Dartmouth with her parents. They fell in love with each other and after her departure from there, remained in touch with each other through exchange of letters. In 1946, he asked the King for his daughter’s hand in marriage to which he agreed and they finally got married on November 20, 1947 at Westminster Abbey.
  • He has four children namely Charles, Prince of Wales; Anne, Princess Royal; Prince Andrew, Duke of York; and Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex.
  • He is positioned at 496th in the line of succession to the British Throne as a great-great-grandson of Queen Victoria.
  • He likes to drive a Hackney green taxi through London.

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- Prince Philip Biography
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Last Updated
- October 16, 2017

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