Philip Showalter Hench Biography
Birthday: February 28, 1896 (Pisces)
Born In: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
Philip Showalter Hench was an American physician who was conferred with a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the hormone cortisone. He shared the prestigious award with his Mayo Clinic co-worker Edward Calvin Kendall and Swiss chemist Tadeus Reichstein. Hench pursued scientific studies early on in his life. He graduated from the University of Pennsylvania with a doctorate degree in medicine. Hench started his professional career as an assistant at the Mayo Clinic and soon rose up to become the Head of the Department of Rheumatology. It was in 1948 and 1949 that the trio of Hench, Kendall and Reichstein made the important discovery relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects. Throughout his life and career, Hench was bestowed with numerous honors in addition to the Nobel Prize. Interestingly, not many know that in addition to discovering cortisone, Hench had a lifelong interest in the history and discovery of yellow fever. His researched collection on the disease is till date present at the University of Pennsylvania.