Martha Scott was an American actress remembered for her roles in movies like ‘The Ten Commandments’ and ‘Ben-Hur.’ Also well-known is her debut film role as Emily in the motion picture adaptation of Thornton Wilder's play ‘Our Town,’ a role which earned her critical acclaim and an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress. The daughter of an engineer, she became interested in acting in high school, and proceeded to earn a Bachelor of Arts degree in drama from the University of Michigan. Right out of college, she started working with the Globe Theatre Troupe and appeared in a series of Shakespeare productions at the Century of Progress world's fair in Chicago. A successful stage career followed and she made her Broadway debut in the original staging of Thornton Wilder's play ‘Our Town.’ Motivated by her success on the stage, she moved to motion pictures and received much praise for reprising her role in the film adaptation of ‘Our Town.’ Over the next few years, she gained a reputation for being a talented character actress who never shied from taking up unglamorous roles; in fact, she even played the role of the leading man Charlton Heston's mother twice despite being just 11 years older to him. Along with the stage and films, she was also active in television.