Aniello Dellacroce's career in the world of organized crime began in the late 1930s when he joined the Mangano crime family. Albert Anastasia was the Mangano family underboss, and he took Dellacroce under his wing.
Albert Anastasia was also known as the "Executioner" of the organization. Dellacroce followed him into the Magano Family, which was later known as the notorious Gambino family.
Vincent Mangano was the boss leading the family, and when he suddenly disappeared, Albert Anastasia became his successor, and he promoted Dellacroce to the caporegime of the family.
Aniello Dellacroce was soon making a lot of money and purchased the Ravenite Social Club in Little Italy, which was a hub for all his illegal activities. It also had become a popular spot where the Gambino members socialized.
On October 25, 1957, Anastasia was shot in a barbershop in Manhattan and the underboss Carlo Gambino took control of the family.
It was assumed that Carlo Gambino had conspired to murder his boss with Tommy Lucchese of the Lucchese crime family and Vito Genovese of the Genovese crime family.
However, for Dellacroce, family loyalty came first, and even though he was an ardent follower and supporter of Anastasia, he swore allegiance to Carlo Gambino and the family.
In 1965, Gambino removed the aging underboss, Joseph Biondo, and appointed Dellacroce as the new underboss of the family.
In 1971, Aniello Dellacroce was sentenced on the grounds of contempt for a term of one year for failure to answer questions about organized crime posed by a grand jury.
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On May 2, 1972, he was charged by the federal authorities for tax evasion. He was tried for not paying taxes on stocks worth $112,500, and by 1973, he was given a five-year prison sentence.
In 1976, Carlo Gambino was at the brink of death when he announced Paul Castellano as his successor and the new boss. Paul was his brother-in-law. It had been presumed that Dellacroce would replace Gambino, but that did not come to pass.
By now, Dellacroce headed several crews and was supported by many members. Gambino's decision made many members furious. Dellacroce and other members saw Castellano more as a businessman than as a mobster boss and therefore, unfit for the position.
In order to diffuse the building tension, Gambino announced Aniello Dellacroce as the underboss of the family.
Gambino passed away in 1976, and Dellacroce committed to Castellano as the new boss. Castellano gave him the authority over activities like extortion, robbery, and hijacking in Manhattan.
The Gambino family had strict rules against drugs and its distribution by the organization. Castellano upheld this ban; however, the younger members disagreed with him, which caused a rift in the group.
Dellacroce's protégé and capo, John Gotti, saw dealing in drugs as a lucrative business idea and was among the dissidents. By now, Gotti was up to his neck in drug trafficking and distribution. Eventually, he and his crew were indicted with conspiracy to sell heroin.
Aniello Dellacroce followed Castellano's orders on drug ban, and Castellano had intended to kill anyone who disobeyed his orders.
In 1985, the Mafia Commission investigation was set up, and Dellacroce was charged with racketeering charges. Other members of the New York Cosa Nostra – "Five Families" were also charged. However, Dellacroce had cancer and was too ill to be able to go to trial or get sentenced as he did not have long to live.
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Aniello Dellacroce's death had a significant impact on the already divided Gambino family and other crime families in New York.
After his death, Gotti had already made arrangements to remove Castellano from the top position. Furthermore, Castellano had refused to visit Dellacroce during his final days and reportedly did not attend his funeral, which was perceived as disrespectful by Gotti and his supporters.
Two weeks after Dellacroce's death, John Gotti and Sammy Gravano conspired to kill Castellano.
Paul Castellano and his new underboss Thomas Bilotti were gunned down and killed outside Sparks Steak House, Manhattan, on December 16, 1985. Castellano's death resulted in Gotti taking over as the head of the Gambino family.
The estimated earning of the Gambino family at the time of Dellacroce's death was $1million per day.