Alexei Navalny Biography
Sun Sign: Gemini
Also Known As: Alexei Anatolievich Navalny
Born Country: Russia
Born in: Butyn, Russia
Famous as: Lawyer
Spouse/Ex-: Yulia Navalnaya (m. 2000)
children: Daria Navalnaya, Zahar Navalny
education: Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Finance University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Yale University
Alexei Anatolievich Navalny is a noted Russian lawyer and political activist, known as much for his crusade against corruption as for his opposition to Russian President Vladimir Putin. Beginning his career in law at the age of twenty-one, he joined Russian United Democratic Party Yabloko at twenty-three, and earned his degree in economics at twenty-four. He co-founded a new political movement called ‘The People’ at thirty-one. At the age of thirty-two, he emerged as an activist shareholder, establishing Union of Minority Shareholders in the same year, eventually launching other platforms like RosPil (2010) and RosYama (2011). At thirty-five, he intensified his movement, urging voters not to vote for the country’s main political party, ‘United Russia’, very soon leading protests against fraudulent election processes, which in turn led to his arrest and international fame. Since then, he has been indicted in several fraud cases, resulting in long periods of house arrests and jail terms as well as being barred from contesting for the post of Russian president.
- Alexei Anatolievich Navalny was born on 4 June 1976, in Butyn, a town located close to the city of Moscow, Russia. His father, Anatoly Anatolievich Navalny, a retired military officer, now runs a basket-weaving factory in Kobyakovo along with his wife Lyudmila Navalnaya.
- Born the elder of his parents’ two children, he has a younger brother called Oleg Navalny. Because of their father’s military service, they spent their early years moving from one garrison town to other, studying in different schools.
- In 1993, he entered Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, from where he earned his legal degree in 1998. In the same year, he began his career in law. Later in 2001, he earned his degree in economics from Finance Academy under the Government of the Russian Federation.
- In 2000, when a law was enacted raising the electoral threshold for State Duma elections, Navalny felt that it was detrimental to the interests of parties like Yabloko and Union of Right Forces. Although he was not very fond of either, he joined the Russian United Democratic Party Yabloko.
- In 2001, he was listed as a member of the Yabloko party. Thereupon, he quickly made a position for himself, being elected to Moscow regional council in 2002, heading Moscow subdivision of the election campaign for the December parliamentary election in 2003.
- In 2004, he became the deputy chief of the Moscow branch of Yabloko and founded the Muscovite protection committee. Consisting of more than 100 initiative groups, the committee opposed infill development, preventing many constructions harmful to local residents.
- In 2005, he became a member of Social Council of Central Administrative Okrug of Moscow.
- On 23 June 2007, he co-founded a new political movement called ‘The People’ with the aim of establishing democracy and to fight for the rights of the ethnic Russians. Shortly after that, he retired as the deputy chief of the Moscow branch of the Yabloko party.
- In 2008, Navalny founded ‘Union of Minority Shareholders’ and quickly emerged as an activist shareholder, investing around 300,000 rubles on stocks of five oil and gas companies. Eventually, he published proofs that many state corporations like Transneft were misappropriating funds. The work earned him his first public recognition.
- In 2010, he launched his RosPil project, aimed at identifying cases of fraud or even unfair competitions in the public procurement system. Very soon, their team of lawyers began detecting unfair or corrupt practices, successfully challenging them in the courts and having them negated.
- In 2011, he created the Anti-Corruption Foundation, which grew into the biggest independent organization fighting against corruption, successfully investigating into official high-handedness and fraud. Also, in the same year, he launched RosYama, which enabled private individuals not only to report about road conditions, but also to track the government’s responses.
- In 2011, Alexei Navalny started a major political campaign, urging voters not to vote for ‘United Russia’ in the upcoming parliamentary election. It gained nationwide support, as a result of which the ruling party resorted to unfair means.
- As United Russia won the election, massive protests began to erupt all over the country, resulting in many arrests. Navalny was arrested on December 5, 2011 and produced in court, ultimately being sentenced with fifteen days prison term. It enhanced his popularity across the globe.
- In May 2012, he started organizing massive rallies when Vladimir Putin was reelected as president in what he termed as a fraudulent election. On May 8, he was once again arrested and sentenced to prison for 15 days, prompting the Amnesty International to designate him as ‘Prisoner of Conscience’.
- In 2013, he decided to participate in the mayoral election for Moscow, registering himself as a mayoral candidate on July 17. On July 18, he was arrested and sentenced to five years of imprisonment allegedly for defrauding Russian state enterprise Kirovles, but was soon released on bail.
- To negate his chance of winning the 2013 mayoral election, a systematic campaign was started against him. In spite of that, he garnered 27.24% votes. Shortly after that, he joined ‘The People Alliance’, which in 2014 was registered as Progress Party.
- In 2014, he took his campaign against corruption to a new level, as a result of which Navalny and his brother were implicated in a new case. Navalny was put under three and a half years of house arrest and his brother was sent to penal colony for the same period.
- On 13 December 2016, Navalny announced that he would run for the post of the Russian president in the 2018 presidential election. Very soon, cases against him, which were earlier suspended, were opened and Central Election Commission refused to register him, citing his previous conviction in the Kirovles case.
- Unable to contest, he now led protests marches, urging people to boycott the election. He was detained several times before being arrested in May 2018 and sentenced to 30 days imprisonment for organizing illegal demonstrations.
- In July 2019, prior to the Moscow city Duma election, Navalny was arrested once again, and sentenced to imprisonment for one month. On 28 July 2019, while undergoing his prison term, he was hospitalized with severe damage to his eyes and skin.
- Although the hospital diagnosed it as an allergy and sent him back to the prison, it was disputed by his personal physician, who believes that the problem arose out of chemical reaction. However, such incidents cannot deter Navalny, who continues to carry on his crusade against corruption.
- Alexei Navalny is best known as the founder of the non-profit organization, Anti-Corruption Foundation. Launched in 2011 and funded by ordinary citizens, it investigates and exposes corruption among high ranking officials.
- In 2010, Navalny became a World Fellow at Yale University's World Fellows Program. Other than that, he has also been honored by many national and international publications, including ‘Vedomosti’ and ‘Foreign Policy.’
- In 2000, he married Yulia Navalnaya, with whom he has two children, a daughter named Daria Navalnaya and a son named Zahar Navalny. Currently, they live in Moscow.
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