Alexander Selkirk Biography
Born In: Lower Largo, United Kingdom
Alexander Selkirk was a Scottish Royal Navy officer who was ‘marooned’ by his captain on a remote uninhabited island in 1704. As a result, Selkirk spent more than four years as a castaway in the deserted island in the South Pacific Ocean. The privateer survived those four years and four months with great difficulty, making the best of the available resources on the island. He used to gather fruits and vegetables and hunt animals for food. He was eventually rescued in February 1709 by a privateering ship. As a young man, Alexander Selkirk participated in buccaneering voyages during the European conflict of the Spanish succession in the early 1700s. He was known for his unruly nature and aggressive behavior. He had a great understanding of the sea and ships and was a highly skilled privateer. Based on the remarkable events of Selkirk’s ordeal surviving in the uninhabited island, Daniel Defoe created his fictional character of Robinson Crusoe for his novel ‘The Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe.’ The novel and the character both became widely publicized.