Famous Portuguese Leaders

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 1 
António Guterres
(9th Secretary-General of the United Nations)
António Guterres
8
Birthdate: April 30, 1949
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Lisbon

António Guterres is a Portuguese diplomat and politician who served as Portugal's prime minister from 1995 to 2002. A favorite among the masses, Guterres was ranked the best prime minister of Portugal over the last 30 years in polls conducted in 2012 and 2014. In 2009, he was named in Forbes magazine's list of world's most powerful people

 2 
António de Oliveira Salazar
(Former Acting President of Portugal)
António de Oliveira Salazar
5
Birthdate: April 28, 1889
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vimieiro (Santa Comba Dão), Portugal
Died: July 27, 1970
Portuguese economist António de Oliveira Salazar had been the prime minister of Portugal from 1932 to 1968. He had also been the minister of defense and finance, among others. He led to the Estado Novo, or New State, in Portugal. He opposed Nazism and fascism, and demilitarized his country.
 3 
António Costa
(119th Prime Minister of Portugal )
António Costa
4
Birthdate: July 17, 1961
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Lisbon, Portugal

António Costa is a Portuguese politician and lawyer. He is the current Prime Minister of Portugal, serving his second consecutive term. An important and influential politician, Costa has also held various ministerial offices apart from serving as the Mayor of Lisbon from 2007 to 2015. In 2017, the Government of India honored António Costa with the prestigious Pravasi Bharatiya Samman. 

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 4 
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
(Politician, University teacher, Journalist)
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
4
Birthdate: December 12, 1948
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Lisbon

Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa is a Portuguese academic and politician. He is the current President of Portugal, serving his second consecutive term. An influential politician, Marcelo has served as the Minister of Parliamentary Affairs, Leader of the Opposition, and President of the Social Democratic Party. He has also worked as a legal scholar, political analyst, journalist, and law professor.

 5 
Afonso de Albuquerque
3
Birthdate: 1453 AD
Birthplace: Vila Franca de Xira
Died: December 16, 1515

Afonso de Albuquerque was a Portuguese statesman, admiral, and general. A fierce military commander, Albuquerque expanded the influence of the Portuguese across the Indian Ocean while serving as the viceroy of the Portuguese State of India from 1509 to 1515. Afonso de Albuquerque's military brilliance in the initial Portuguese campaigns helped Portugal to become the first intercontinental empire in history. 

Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza
3
Birthdate: May 15, 1945
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bern, Switzerland

Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza is the head of the Most Serene House of Braganza and in this capacity a claimant to the now-defunct Portuguese throne. As one of the most important figures within the European network of royal houses, Duarte Pio often attends royal events all over the world.

 7 
José Manuel Barroso
(Politician, President)
José Manuel Barroso
3
Birthdate: March 23, 1956
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Lisbon

José Manuel Barroso is a Portuguese university teacher and politician best known for his service as the Prime Minister of Portugal from 6 April 2002 to 17 July 2004. He has also served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Leader of the Opposition, and President of the European Commission. Barroso is the current non-executive chairman of The Goldman Sachs Group.

 8 
Joaquim José da Silva Xavier
4
Birthdate: November 12, 1746
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Pombal, Brazil
Died: April 21, 1792

Joaquim José da Silva Xavier was a revolutionary who played a major role in a colonial Brazilian revolutionary movement called Inconfidência Mineira, which called for a creation of a Brazilian republic and full independence from the Portuguese Empire. Joaquim José da Silva Xavier was arrested and publicly hanged. Today, he is regarded as a national hero in Brazil.

 9 
Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba
(Spanish Noble Who is Considered One of the Greatest Generals in the Military History)
Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba
3
Birthdate: October 29, 1507
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Piedrahíta, Spain
Died: December 11, 1582

An adviser of King Charles I and, Philip II of Spain, Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba was a Spanish general and diplomat. A master of logistics, he had an unshakable self-confidence, which helped him to sail through most adverse situations. Notable for his conquest of Portugal, he is also remembered for his tyranny as the governor-general of Netherlands.

 10 
Aníbal Cavaco Silva
(Economist, Politician, University teacher)
Aníbal Cavaco Silva
3
Birthdate: July 15, 1939
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Boliqueime

Aníbal Cavaco Silva is a Portuguese economist and politician. He is best remembered for his service as the Prime Minister of Portugal from 1985 to 1995. He also served as the President of Portugal from 2006 to 2016. Aníbal Cavaco Silva is also renowned for leading his country into the European Union.

 11 
Mário Soares
(Politician, Lawyer)
Mário Soares
3
Birthdate: December 7, 1924
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Lisbon
Died: January 7, 2017

Mário Soares was a Portuguese politician remembered for his service as the Prime Minister of Portugal on two occasions; he served as the prime minister from 1976 to 1978 and again from 1983 to 1985. He also served as the President of Portugal from 1986 to 1996. Soares also served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs between 1974 and 1978.

 12 
Francisco de Almeida
3
Birthdate: 1450 AD
Birthplace: Lisbon, Portugal
Died: March 1, 1510

Francisco de Almeida was a Portuguese nobleman, explorer, and soldier. He served as a counsellor to John II of Portugal and played an important role during the conquest of Granada and in the battles against the Moors. Francisco de Almeida also served as the first viceroy and governor of Portuguese India in the early 1500s.

 13 
Américo Tomás
(13th President of Portugal from 1958 to 1974)
Américo Tomás
3
Birthdate: November 19, 1894
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Lisbon, Portugal
Died: September 18, 1987

Américo Tomás was a Portuguese politician and Navy officer. He is best remembered for his service as the President of Portugal from 9 August 1958 to 25 April 1974. He also served as the Minister of the Navy from 1944 to 1958, during which he oversaw the re-construction of the Portuguese commercial navy.

Luís Filipe, Prince Royal of Portugal
2
Birthdate: March 21, 1887
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Palácio Nacional de Belém, Lisbon, Portugal
Died: February 1, 1908

The eldest son of Portuguese king Carlos I, Luís Filipe, Prince Royal of Portugal is also known as the 20-minute king. His father was killed by assassins while traveling with the family in an open carriage. Luis, who became the default king, died 20 minutes later. He was almost 21 when he died.

 15 
Pedro Passos Coelho
(Economist, Politician, Entrepreneur)
Pedro Passos Coelho
2
Birthdate: July 24, 1964
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Coimbra

Pedro Passos Coelho is a Portuguese university guest lecturer and politician. He is best known for his service as the Prime Minister of Portugal from 21 June 2011 to 26 November 2015. Pedro Passos Coelho is also known for his service as a teacher at prestigious institutions like the Lusiada University and the University of Lisbon.

Maria Ramos
2
Birthdate: February 22, 1959
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lisbon

Maria Ramos is a Portuguese-born South African banker, corporate executive, and businesswoman. Since 2020, she has been serving as the chairperson of a global gold mining company called AngloGold Ashanti Limited. Her contributions have earned her several prestigious awards. Maria Ramos has also been featured on Fortune magazine’s 50 most powerful women list.

 17 
Maria Pia of Savoy
2
Birthdate: October 16, 1847
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Royal Palace, Turin, Sardinia
Died: July 5, 1911

Maria Pia of Savoy was an Italian princess who became the Queen of Portugal after marrying King Luís I of Portugal in 1862. She was the third queen to represent the House of Savoy. Maria Pia is best remembered for her compassion and charitable works. She was often referred to as the mother of the poor and angel of charity.

 18 
José Sócrates
(Prime Minister of Portugal from 2005 to 2011)
José Sócrates
2
Birthdate: September 6, 1957
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Miragaia, Porto, Portugal

José Sócrates is a Portuguese politician best known for his service as the Prime Minister of Portugal from 12 March 2005 to 21 June 2011. Sócrates has also served as the Minister of the Environment and Minister of Social Infrastructure. In 2014, he became the first former Portuguese Prime Minister to be accused of corruption, money laundering, and tax evasion.

 19 
Jorge Sampaio
(18th President of Portugal (1996 - 2006))
Jorge Sampaio
2
Birthdate: September 18, 1939
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lisbon, Portugal
Died: September 10, 2021

Jorge Sampaio was a Portuguese lawyer and politician. He is best remembered for his service as the President of Portugal from 9 March 1996 to 9 March 2006. Sampaio played a major role in Portugal relinquishing its last Asian territory, Macau, which was given to China. Jorge Sampaio was honored with several prestigious awards like the Charles V European Award.

 20 
Óscar Carmona
(Former President of Portugal (1926 - 1951) and Prime Minister of Portugal (1926 - 1928))
Óscar Carmona
2
Birthdate: November 24, 1869
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Lisbon, Portugal
Died: April 18, 1951

Óscar Carmona was a Portuguese politician and army officer best remembered for his service as the President of Portugal from 29 November 1926 to 18 April 1951. He also served as the Prime Minister of Portugal from 1926 to 1928. Óscar Carmona also held a couple of ministerial positions, such as the Minister of War and Minister of Foreign Affairs.

 21 
Nuno Álvares Pereira
(Portuguese General)
Nuno Álvares Pereira
2
Birthdate: June 24, 1360
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Cernache do Bonjardim, Portugal
Died: November 1, 1431

Saint Nuno Álvares Pereira was a Portuguese general who played an important role during the 1383-1385 Crisis and helped Portugal gain independence from Castile. After the demise of his wife, Álvares Pereira dedicated his time to religious matters and became a mystic. In 2009, he was canonized by Pope Benedict XVI.

Balthasar Charles, Prince of Asturias
2
Birthdate: October 17, 1629
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Royal Alcazar of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Died: October 9, 1646

Balthasar Charles, Prince of Asturias was the son of King Philip IV and Elisabeth of France. He was the heir apparent to all the dominions, kingdoms, and states of the Spanish monarchy until his demise in 1646 at the age of 16. Throughout his life, Prince Balthasar Charles was the subject of many of Velázquez's paintings.

 23 
Francisco da Costa Gomes
(Former President of Portugal (1974 - 1976))
Francisco da Costa Gomes
2
Birthdate: June 30, 1914
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Chaves, Portugal
Died: July 31, 2001

Francisco da Costa Gomes was a Portuguese politician and military officer. He is best remembered for his service as the President of Portugal from 30 September 1974 to 13 July 1976. Francisco da Costa Gomes was honored with the prestigious Field Marshal military rank in 1982.

 24 
Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho
(Military personnel and Terrorist)
Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho
0
Birthdate: August 31, 1936
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Maputo, Mozambique
Died: July 25, 2021

Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho was a Portuguese military officer best remembered as the chief strategist of the Carnation Revolution in Lisbon. Otelo assumed leadership roles after the Revolution, which ended the authoritarian Estado Novo regime in Portugal. Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho is still revered by Portuguese activists of the left, but is hated by right-wing activists.

 25 
Bruno Macaes
(Politician)
Bruno Macaes
2
Birthdate: 1974 AD
Birthplace: Portugal

Bruno Macaes is a Portuguese author, consultant, and politician. He is best known for his service as the Secretary of State for European Affairs during the worst period of Portugal's financial crisis in the 2010s. Bruno Macaes also contributes as a columnist for publications like New Statesman.

 26 
António de Spínola
(Former President of Portugal (May 1974 - September 1974))
António de Spínola
2
Birthdate: April 11, 1910
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Estremoz, Portugal
Died: August 13, 1996

António de Spínola was a Portuguese politician, military officer, and author. He played a vital role in Portugal's transition to democracy after the Carnation Revolution that ended the authoritarian Estado Novo regime. António de Spínola also served as the President of Portugal for a brief period in 1974.

 27 
Almeida Garrett
(Poet, Playwright, and Novelist Considered as the Greatest Figure of Portuguese Romanticism)
Almeida Garrett
2
Birthdate: February 4, 1799
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Porto, Portugal
Died: December 9, 1854

Almeida Garrett was a Portuguese poet, playwright, novelist, orator, journalist, and politician. He is widely regarded as the most important figure of Portuguese Romanticism. Garrett was also a humanist and great revolutionary. A peer of the realm, Almeida Garrett proposed the creation of the Conservatory of Dramatic Art and the construction of the Queen Maria II National Theatre.

 28 
Francisco de Sá Carneiro
(Prime minister of Portugal)
Francisco de Sá Carneiro
2
Birthdate: July 19, 1934
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Porto, Portugal
Died: December 4, 1980

Francisco de Sá Carneiro was a Portuguese politician best remembered for his service as the Prime Minister of Portugal in 1980. He is credited with founding the Social Democratic Party, where he served as the president from 1978 to 1980. Francisco de Sá Carneiro died in a plane crash at age 46 while serving as the Prime Minister of Portugal.

 29 
Marta Temido
(Politician)
Marta Temido
3
Birthdate: March 2, 1974
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Coimbra, Portugal

Marta Temido is a Portuguese politician and the current Minister of Health. Prior to her political career, Temido held many important positions in several medical institutions and hospitals. Marta Temido played an important role in Portugal during the COVID-19 pandemic.

 30 
Teófilo Braga
(Former President of Portugal (May 1915 – October 1915))
Teófilo Braga
2
Birthdate: February 24, 1843
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ponta Delgada, Portugal
Died: January 28, 1924

Teófilo Braga was a Portuguese writer, politician, and playwright. He is best remembered for his service as the second elected president of Portugal from 29 May to 5 October 1915. An adherent of Positivism, Teófilo Braga is credited with establishing a magazine called O Positivismo along with noted physician and psychiatrist Júlio de Matos.   

 31 
Joseph Nasi
(Statesman)
Joseph Nasi
1
Birthdate: 1524 AD
Birthplace: Portugal
Died: 1579 AD

Joseph Nasi was a Portuguese diplomat and administrator. A prominent personality in the Ottoman Empire, Nasi made important contributions during the rules of Sultan Suleiman I and Selim II. A Court Jew, Joseph Nasi was made Lord of Tiberias in a failed attempt to resettle Jews in Palestine.

John, Constable of Portugal
1
Birthdate: January 13, 1400
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Santarém, Portugal
Died: October 18, 1442

John, Constable of Portugal was a Portuguese prince of the House of Aviz. The son of King John I and Philippa of Lancaster, John became the third Constable of Portugal after the demise of Nuno Álvares Pereira. Hence, he is also known as the Constable Prince.

 33 
Marcelo Caetano
(Politician)
Marcelo Caetano
1
Birthdate: August 17, 1906
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Graça, Lisbon, Portugal
Died: October 26, 1980

Marcelo Caetano was a Portuguese scholar and politician. Best remembered as the second leader of the Estado Novo, an authoritarian regime in Portugal, Caetano served as the Prime Minister of Portugal from 1968 until 1974 when the Estado Novo was overthrown during the Carnation Revolution. 

 34 
Eleanor of Viseu
(Politician)
Eleanor of Viseu
1
Birthdate: May 2, 1458
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Beja, Portugal
Died: November 17, 1525

Eleanor of Viseu was a Portuguese princess who later served as queen consort of Portugal. Eleanor is regarded as one of Portugal's most notable queens consort and is credited with founding the city of Caldas da Rainha. Eleanor of Viseu commissioned a translation of Speculum vitae Christi into Portuguese and is thus credited with introducing the printing press to Portugal.

 35 
Álvaro Cunhal
(Portuguese Communist Revolutionary and Secretary-General of the Portuguese Communist Party (1961 - 1992))
Álvaro Cunhal
1
Birthdate: November 10, 1913
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Coimbra, Portugal
Died: June 13, 2005

Álvaro Cunhal was a Portuguese politician and communist revolutionary. He is best remembered for opposing the dictatorial regime of the Portuguese corporatist state, Estado Novo. Álvaro Cunhal is also remembered for his service as the Portuguese Communist Party's secretary-general from 31 March 1961 to 5 December 1992. 

 36 
Paulo Portas
(Television presenter, Politician, Journalist)
Paulo Portas
1
Birthdate: September 12, 1962
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lisbon

Paulo Portas is a Portuguese political and media figure. He has been one of the country's leading conservative politicians since the 1990s. Portas has served many important positions such as the Minister of National Defence and Deputy Prime Minister of Portugal.

 37 
Marcelino da Mata
(Highly military decorated Portuguese Army officer)
Marcelino da Mata
0
Birthdate: May 7, 1940
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Portuguese Guinea
Died: February 11, 2021

Marcelino da Mata was a Portuguese Army officer best remembered for his acts of heroism and bravery during the Portuguese Colonial War. He is the most decorated army officer in the history of Portugal, having taken part in 2412 command operations.

 38 
Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo
(Prime Minister of Portugal (August 1979 - January 1980))
Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo
1
Birthdate: January 18, 1930
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Abrantes, Portugal
Died: July 10, 2004

Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo was a Portuguese politician and chemical engineer. In 1979, she became the first woman to be elected as the Prime Minister of Portugal. She is only the second woman after Margaret Thatcher to hold the office of the prime minister in Western Europe. Maria also served as the Minister of Social Affairs from 1974 to 1975. 

 39 
Manuel de Arriaga
(Politician and Lawyer)
Manuel de Arriaga
0
Birthdate: July 8, 1840
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Horta, Portugal
Died: March 5, 1917

Manuel de Arriaga was a Portuguese lawyer and politician. He is best remembered for serving as the first President of Portugal from 1911 to 1915. He also served as the first attorney-general of the First Portuguese Republic.

 40 
Marisa Matias
(Politician)
Marisa Matias
1
Birthdate: February 20, 1976
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Sé Nova, Coimbra, Portugal

Marisa Matias is a Portuguese sociologist and politician. One of the most important members of the Left Bloc party, Matias ran for the presidential elections in 2016. She finished third, the best result achieved by a woman in the country. Since 2009, Marisa Matias has been serving as a Member of the European Parliament.

Duarte Pacheco Pereira
1
Birthdate: 1460 AD
Birthplace: Lisbon, Portugal
Died: 1533 AD

Duarte Pacheco Pereira was a Portuguese soldier, sea captain, explorer, and cartographer. He is best remembered for his voyages to the Cape Verde islands, West Africa, and India. Duarte Pacheco Pereira is also remembered for his extraordinary accomplishments in strategic warfare, mathematics, exploration, and astronomy.

 42 
Rui Moreira
(Politician, Businessman)
Rui Moreira
1
Birthdate: August 8, 1956
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Porto, Portugal

Rui Moreira is a Portuguese politician and businessman. Since 2013, he has been serving as the Mayor of Porto, after having been re-elected for a third consecutive term in September 2021. Prior to his political career, Rui Moreira was a competitive sailor. He has represented Portugal and has won several youth and senior titles.

 43 
Vasco Joaquim Rocha Vieira
(138th Governor of Macau 1991 - 1999)
Vasco Joaquim Rocha Vieira
0
Birthdate: August 16, 1939
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Lagoa, Portugal

Vasco Joaquim Rocha Vieira is a Portuguese former Army officer. He is best known for his service as the last Governor of Macau from 23 April 1991 to 19 December 1999. Over the course of his illustrious career, Vasco Joaquim Rocha Vieira has received several prestigious honors, including the Grand Cross of the Order of the Tower and Sword.

 44 
Ana Gomes
(Diplomat, Politician)
Ana Gomes
1
Birthdate: February 9, 1954
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lisbon, Portugal

Ana Gomes is a Portuguese politician and former diplomat. She played an important role in the events leading up to the independence for East Timor, which was under the control of the Portuguese for many years. From 2000 to 2003, Ana Gomes served as the Portuguese Ambassador to Indonesia, re-establishing diplomatic relations between the two countries.

 45 
Lourenço de Almeida
(Portuguese Explorer and Military Commander)
Lourenço de Almeida
1
Birthdate: 1480 AD
Birthplace: Martim, Barcelos, Portugal
Died: February 29, 1508

Lourenço de Almeida was a Portuguese military commander and explorer. The son of Francisco de Almeida, Lourenço played a major role in making modern day Sri Lanka a tributary to Portugal. Lourenço de Almeida established a settlement in Ceylon in 1505, thus enabling the augmentation of the Portuguese Empire in Asia. 

 46 
Martim Afonso de Sousa
(Former Governor of Portuguese India)
Martim Afonso de Sousa
1
Birthdate: 1500 AD
Birthplace: Vila Viçosa, Portugal
Died: July 21, 1564

Martim Afonso de Sousa was a Portuguese colonial administrator and explorer. He played a major role in the Portuguese acquisition of Diu, India, in 1535. He also served as the governor of the Portuguese State of India from 1542 to 1545. 

 47 
Vasco Gonçalves
(Former Prime Minister of Portugal)
Vasco Gonçalves
1
Birthdate: May 3, 1921
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Lisbon, Portugal
Died: June 11, 2005

Vasco Gonçalves was a Portuguese army officer best remembered for his participation in the Carnation Revolution, which ended the Estado Novo regime in Portugal. He then went on to serve as the Prime Minister of Portugal from 1974 to 1975. An influential politician, Vasco Gonçalves also served as the Minister of Education and Culture in 1974.

 48 
Joao Leao
(Economist, university professor, and politician.)
Joao Leao
0
Birthdate: February 15, 1974
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lisbon, Portugal

Portuguese economist Joao Leao not just taught economics at ISCTE but was also the Secretary of State for Budget in his country. A PhD from MIT, he was a student of Nobel laureate Abhijit Banerjee. A Socialist politician, he had also been the minister of finance in Portugal.

 49 
Joao Maria Ferreira do Amaral
(Politician, Military personnel)
Joao Maria Ferreira do Amaral
0
Birthdate: March 4, 1803
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lisbon, Portugal
Died: August 22, 1849

Joao Maria Ferreira do Amaral was a Portuguese politician and military officer. He was assassinated in 1849 by several Chinese men while he was serving as the Governor of Macau. His assassination triggered the Battle of Passaleão between China and Portugal.

 50 
Tomé de Sousa
(Governor)
Tomé de Sousa
1
Birthdate: 1503 AD
Birthplace: Rates, Povoa de Varzim, Portugal
Died: 1579 AD

Tomé de Sousa was a nobleman and soldier. From 1549 to 1553, he served as the governor-general of Brazil, which was under the Portuguese colony at that time. He took part in many military expeditions in Africa and commanded a ship called Conceição to Portuguese India.