Famous Mexican Intellectuals & Academics

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 1 
Juana Inés de la Cruz
(Mexican Writer, Philosopher, Composer and Poet of the 'Baroque Period')
Juana Inés de la Cruz
5
Birthdate: November 12, 1648
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Tepetlixpa, Mexico
Died: April 17, 1695

Mexican nun Juana Inés de la Cruz was one of the finest authors of the Latin American colonial era. Initially the lady-in-waiting of Mexico’s viceroy, she later took her vows. She built a huge library and penned masterpieces such as the poem Primero sueño and the religious drama El divino Narciso.

 2 
Carlos Salinas de Gortari
(60th President of Mexico (1988 - 1994))
Carlos Salinas de Gortari
4
Birthdate: April 3, 1948
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Mexico City, Mexico

Economist Carlos Salinas de Gortari boasts of a PhD from Harvard. The former Mexican president is known for opening up his country to foreign investments. Riddled with controversies and corruption scandals, he stepped down and went into exile later. He is considered one of the most-hated Mexican leaders ever.

 3 
Luis Donaldo Colosio
(Mexican Presidential Candidate Who was Assassinated During the Mexican Presidential Campaign of 1994)
Luis Donaldo Colosio
2
Birthdate: February 10, 1950
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Magdalena de Kino, Mexico
Died: March 23, 1994

Mexican politician Luis Donaldo Colosio was contesting as a PRI presidential candidate when he was assassinated during a campaign, leading to a media frenzy. While the supposed shooter was eventually convicted, the fact that the multiple shots fired at him came from different directions gave rise to several conspiracy theories.

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 4 
Ernesto Zedillo
(Economist, University teacher, Author)
Ernesto Zedillo
4
Birthdate: December 27, 1951
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Mexico City

Ernesto Zedillo is a Mexican politician and economist who served as the 61st President of Mexico from 1994 to 2000. The 71-year streak of uninterrupted Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) rule was broken by the National Action Party when Zedillo lost his presidency. Ernesto Zedillo is currently serving as the director of the Yale Center for the Study of Globalization.

 5 
José Vasconcelos
(Writer, Philosopher, Politician, University teacher, Lawyer)
José Vasconcelos
3
Birthdate: February 28, 1882
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Oaxaca
Died: June 30, 1959

Initially a lawyer, José Vasconcelos later led the National University of Mexico as its rector and also served as the Mexican minister of public education. Known for his belief in aesthetic monism, he soared to fame with his 5-part memoir, Ulises Criollo, which offered a mirror of the 20th-century Mexican society.

 6 
Agustín Carstens
(Former Governor of the Bank of Mexico)
Agustín Carstens
0
Birthdate: June 9, 1958
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Mexico City, Mexico
 7 
Raymundo Capetillo
3
Birthdate: September 1, 1943
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Mexico City, Mexico
Died: July 12, 2020
 8 
Luis Donaldo Colosio Murrieta
(Former Senator of the Mexican Republic)
Luis Donaldo Colosio Murrieta
0
Birthdate: February 10, 1950
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Magdalena de Kino, Mexico
Died: March 23, 1994
 9 
Santiago Genovés
(Anthropologist)
Santiago Genovés
0
Birthdate: December 31, 1923
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Ourense, Spain
Died: September 5, 2013
 10 
Wolfgang Paalen
2
Birthdate: July 22, 1905
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: September 24, 1959

Born in Austria, to a merchant father who loved collecting paintings, Wolfgang Paalen had been exposed to arts since childhood. He later trained in painting and archaeology and joined the Surrealist movement. His signature fumage technique involved creating art with the smoke and soot from candles. He later settled in Mexico.

 11 
Enrique Dussel
(Philosopher, Historian, and Theologian was served as the interim rector of the Universidad Autónoma de la Ciudad de México from 2013 to 2014)
Enrique Dussel
0
Birthdate: December 24, 1934
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: La Paz, Argentina
 12 
Enrique Krauze
(Historian, Writer, Businessperson)
Enrique Krauze
0
Birthdate: September 16, 1947
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Mexico City, Mexico
 13 
Alfonso Reyes
(Mexican Writer, Philosopher and Former Ambassador of Mexico to Argentina and Brazil)
Alfonso Reyes
2
Birthdate: May 17, 1889
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Monterrey, Mexico
Died: December 27, 1959

Scholar Alfonso Reyes had been a Mexican diplomat in Spain, Argentina, and Brazil. An expert in classical Greek and Spanish literature, he penned works such as La experiencia literaria and was also a 5-time Nobel Prize nominee. He had also translated works of authors such as G.K. Chesterton and Anton Chekhov.

 14 
Carlos Monsiváis
(Mexican Philosopher, Writer and Journalist)
Carlos Monsiváis
2
Birthdate: May 4, 1938
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Mexico City, Mexico
Died: June 19, 2010

One of Mexico’s greatest political activists and critics, Carlos Monsiváis is best known for his crónicas, or literary journalism pieces. His criticism of the culture of Mexico was often satirical. He remained single throughout his life and would often give interviews with his pet cats on his lap.

 15 
Miguel Covarrubias
(Mexican Painter, Caricaturist, Illustrator, Ethnologist and Art Historian)
Miguel Covarrubias
2
Birthdate: November 22, 1904
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Mexico City, Mexico
Died: February 4, 1957

Miguel Covarrubias donned many hats, and apart from being a painter and caricaturist, he was also a fine writer, an anthropologist, and an ethnologist. He explored the cultures of South East Asians and North American Indians and also co-discovered the Olmec Mesoamerican civilization. He designed theater sets and costumes, too.

 16 
Samuel Ruiz
(Bishop)
Samuel Ruiz
1
Birthdate: November 3, 1924
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Irapuato, Mexico
Died: January 24, 2011
 17 
Silvio Zavala
(diplomat, historian)
Silvio Zavala
1
Birthdate: February 7, 1909
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mérida
Died: December 5, 2014
 18 
Antonio Ortiz Mena
1
Birthdate: April 16, 1907
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Parral, Mexico
Died: March 12, 2007

Antonio Ortiz Mena was a Mexican economist best known for his service as Mexico's Secretary of Finance from 1958 to 1970, during which the country's per-capita income grew 3.4 percent every year. From 1971 to 1988, Antonio Ortiz Mena also served as the President of the Inter-American Development Bank.

 19 
Alfonso Caso
(Archaeologist)
Alfonso Caso
1
Birthdate: February 1, 1896
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mexico City, Mexico
Died: November 30, 1970
 20 
Margo Glantz
(Writer)
Margo Glantz
0
Birthdate: January 28, 1930
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mexico City, Mexico
 21 
Plotino Rhodakanaty
(Was a Greek and Mexican Socialist)
Plotino Rhodakanaty
0
Birthdate: October 14, 1828
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Athens, Greece
Died: 1885 AD