Famous Iraqi Historical Personalities

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 1 Gilgamesh

Gilgamesh.
9
Famous As: 5th king of the Sumerian city-state of Uruk
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Mesopotamian hero Gilgamesh is the leading character in the 2nd millennium B.C. Akkadian Epic of Gilgamesh. Experts believe he was a Sumerian ruler from 2900-2500 B.C., who became a legendary figure in the Third Dynasty of Ur. Gilgamesh’s tale is said to have inspired the Iliad and the Odyssey.

 2 Sargon of Akkad

Sargon of Akkad.
6
Famous As: The First King of the Akkadian Empire
Birthdate: 2340 BC
Birthplace: Azupiranu
Died: 2284 BC

Sargon of Akkad reigned as the king of the Akkadian Empire from 2334 to 2284 BC. The first person to rule the Akkadian Empire, Sargon is sometimes recognized as the first person to rule over an empire in recorded history. He is credited with founding the Old Akkadian or Sargonic dynasty, which ruled for several years after his death.

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 3 Hammurabi

Hammurabi.
4
Famous As: Babylon King
Birthdate: 1810 BC
Birthplace: Babylon, Iraqi
Died: 1750 BC

Hammurabi reigned as the first Babylonian dynasty's sixth king from 1792 BC to 1750 BC. During his reign, Hammurabi conquered the city-states of Eshnunna, Larsa, and Mari and brought nearly all of Mesopotamia under Babylonian rule. He is also known for issuing the Code of Hammurabi, which is one of the first law codes to establish the presumption of innocence.

 4 Nebuchadrezzar II

Nebuchadrezzar II.
8
Famous As: king
Birthdate: 0634 BC
Died: 0562 BC

 5 Sennacherib

Sennacherib.
3
Famous As: Military Commander, King
Birthdate: 0740 BC
Birthplace: Nimrud
Died: December 31, 0681
Sennacherib reigned as the king of the Neo-Assyrian Empire between 705 BC and 681 BC. One of the most famous Assyrian kings, Sennacherib is mentioned as an important figure in the Hebrew Bible. He is credited with destructing the city of Babylon and expanding Nineveh, the last great Assyrian capital.

 6 Ashurbanipal

Ashurbanipal.
3
Famous As: Last Great Ruler of the Neo-Assyrian Empire
Birthdate: 0685 BC
Birthplace: Assyria, Iraq
Died: 0631 BC

Ashurbanipal reigned as the king of the Neo-Assyrian Empire from 669 BC until his death in 631 BC. Widely regarded as the last great king of Assyria, Ashurbanipal is best remembered for the establishment of the famous Library of Ashurbanipal. The library has great historical significance as it holds texts like the Epic of Gilgamesh, the earliest surviving notable literature.

 7 Faisal I of Iraq

Faisal I of Iraq.
5
Famous As: King of Iraq
Birthdate: May 20, 1885
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Died: September 8, 1933
Faisal I, the first king of Iraq, led a new wave of Arab nationalism during World War I. Son of the Grand Sharif of Mecca, Hussein bin Ali, Faisal united the Shias and Sunnis. His friendship with Britain led to several treaties, including Iraq’s membership in the League of Nations.
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 8 Zedekiah

Zedekiah
3
Famous As: King of Judah
Birthdate: 0618 BC
Died: April 3, 0561

 9 Al-Maʾmūn

Al-Maʾmūn
3
Famous As: Caliph of Baghdad
Birthdate: September 14, 0786
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Baghdad, Iraq
Died: August 9, 0833

 10 Faisal II of Iraq

Faisal II of Iraq
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: May 2, 1935
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Baghdad, Iraq
Died: July 14, 1958

 11 Nebuchadnezzar I

Nebuchadnezzar I
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1125 AD
Birthplace: Iraq
Died: 1104 AD

 12 Belshazzar

Belshazzar
3
Famous As: king
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Died: 0539 BC

 13 Khosrau II

Khosrau II
3
Famous As: king
Birthdate: 0590 AD
Birthplace: Ctesiphon
Died: February 28, 0628

 14 Nur ad-Din

Nur ad-Din
3
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: January 31, 1118
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mosul, Iraq
Died: May 15, 1174

 15 Tiglath-pileser III

Tiglath-pileser III
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Iraq
Died: 0727 AD

 16 'Abd al-Ilah

'Abd al-Ilah
4
Famous As: King
Birthdate: November 14, 1913
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Taif, Saudi Arabia
Died: July 14, 1958

 17 Ahmad Sanjar

Ahmad Sanjar
2
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 1085 AD
Birthplace: Sinjar, Iraq
Died: May 8, 1157

 18 Nabopolassar

Nabopolassar
2
Famous As: king
Birthdate: 0658 BC
Died: 0605 BC

 19 Ur-Nammu

Ur-Nammu
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 BC

 20 Ashurnasirpal II

Ashurnasirpal II
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Birthplace: Neo-Assyrian Empire
Died: 0859 BC

 21 Shalmaneser III

Shalmaneser III
2
Famous As: Ashurnasirpal II's son
Birthdate: 0880 BC
Died: 0824 BC

 22 Shalmaneser V

Shalmaneser V
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0722 AD

 23 Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn

Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn
1
Famous As: Governor of Egypt
Birthdate: September 20, 0835
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Baghdad, Iraq
Died: March 10, 0884

 24 Hormizd IV

Hormizd IV
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0540 AD
Birthplace: Ctesiphon, Iraq
Died: 0590 AD

 25 Lugal-zage-si

Lugal-zage-si
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 2359 AD
Birthplace: Umma, Iraq
Died: 2335 AD

 26 Al-Muktafi

Al-Muktafi
1
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 0877 AD
Birthplace: Iraq
Died: August 13, 0908

 27 Al-Nasir

Al-Nasir
1
Famous As: Caliph of Baghdad
Birthdate: August 6, 1158
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Baghdad, Iraq
Died: October 5, 1225

 28 Shalmaneser I

Shalmaneser I
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1274 BC

 29 Al-Muqtafi

Al-Muqtafi
0
Famous As: Caliph of Baghdad
Birthdate: April 9, 1096
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Baghdad, Iraq
Died: November 12, 1160

 30 Shamash-shum-ukin

Shamash-shum-ukin
0
Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: July 12, 0648

 31 Tiglath-pileser II

Tiglath-pileser II
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Iraq
Died: 0935 AD

 32 Shammuramat

Shammuramat
0
Famous As: Regent
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Babylon