Famous Iraqi Historical Personalities

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 1 
Gilgamesh
(5th king of the Sumerian city-state of Uruk)
Gilgamesh
11
Birthplace: Iraq
Mesopotamian hero Gilgamesh is the leading character in the 2nd millennium B.C. Akkadian Epic of Gilgamesh. Experts believe he was a Sumerian ruler from 2900-2500 B.C., who became a legendary figure in the Third Dynasty of Ur. Gilgamesh’s tale is said to have inspired the Iliad and the Odyssey.
 2 
Sargon of Akkad
(King of the Akkadian Empire from 2334 BC to 2279 BC)
Sargon of Akkad
8
Birthplace: Akkadian Empire
Died: 2279 AD

Sargon of Akkad reigned as the king of the Akkadian Empire from 2334 to 2284 BC. The first person to rule the Akkadian Empire, Sargon is sometimes recognized as the first person to rule over an empire in recorded history. He is credited with founding the Old Akkadian or Sargonic dynasty, which ruled for several years after his death.

Nebuchadrezzar II
8
Birthdate: 0634 BC
Died: 0562 BC
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 4 
Hammurabi
(Babylon King)
Hammurabi
4
Birthdate: 1810 BC
Birthplace: Babylon, Iraqi
Died: 1750 BC

Hammurabi reigned as the first Babylonian dynasty's sixth king from 1792 BC to 1750 BC. During his reign, Hammurabi conquered the city-states of Eshnunna, Larsa, and Mari and brought nearly all of Mesopotamia under Babylonian rule. He is also known for issuing the Code of Hammurabi, which is one of the first law codes to establish the presumption of innocence.

 5 
Sennacherib
(Military Commander, King)
Sennacherib
3
Birthdate: 0740 BC
Birthplace: Nimrud
Died: December 31, 0681
Sennacherib reigned as the king of the Neo-Assyrian Empire between 705 BC and 681 BC. One of the most famous Assyrian kings, Sennacherib is mentioned as an important figure in the Hebrew Bible. He is credited with destructing the city of Babylon and expanding Nineveh, the last great Assyrian capital.
 6 
Ashurbanipal
(Last Great Ruler of the Neo-Assyrian Empire)
Ashurbanipal
3
Birthdate: 0685 BC
Birthplace: Assyria, Iraq
Died: 0631 BC

Ashurbanipal reigned as the king of the Neo-Assyrian Empire from 669 BC until his death in 631 BC. Widely regarded as the last great king of Assyria, Ashurbanipal is best remembered for the establishment of the famous Library of Ashurbanipal. The library has great historical significance as it holds texts like the Epic of Gilgamesh, the earliest surviving notable literature.

 7 
Zedekiah
(King of Judah)
Zedekiah
3
Birthdate: 0618 BC
Died: April 3, 0561
Faisal II of Iraq
3
Birthdate: May 2, 1935
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Baghdad, Iraq
Died: July 14, 1958
 9 
Al-Maʾmūn
(Caliph of Baghdad)
Al-Maʾmūn
3
Birthdate: September 14, 0786
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Baghdad, Iraq
Died: August 9, 0833
 10 
Nebuchadnezzar I
3
Birthdate: 1125 AD
Birthplace: Iraq
Died: 1104 AD
 11 
Khosrau II
(considered to be the last great Sasanian king (shah) of Iran, ruling from 590 to 628, with an interruption of one year)
Khosrau II
3
Birthdate: 0570 AD
Birthplace: Ctesiphon, Iraq
Died: February 28, 0628
 12 
Khosrow I
(Sasanian King of Kings of Iran from 531 to 579)
Khosrow I
5
Birthdate: 0501 AD
Birthplace: Ardestan, Iran
Died: January 31, 0579

Khosrow I was a 6th-century Persian king of the Sasanian Empire. Though most of the information on him is known through legends, he is believed to have been a patron of the arts. He introduced major tax reforms and also brought changes to the Sasanian bureaucracy.

 13 
Belshazzar
3
Died: 0539 BC
 14 
Nabopolassar
2
Birthdate: 0658 BC
Died: 0605 BC
 15 
Nur ad-Din
(Emir of Aleppo and Damascus Who was Prominent Figure of the Second Crusade)
Nur ad-Din
3
Birthdate: February 11, 1118
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mosul, Iraq
Died: May 15, 1174

Nur ad-Din reigned as the Emir of Aleppo from 1146 to 1174. One of the most important members of the Turkomen Zengid dynasty, Nur ad-Din also reigned as the Emir of Damascus from 1154 until his death on 15 May 1174. Nur ad-Din is considered a prominent figure of the Second Crusade.

Tiglath-pileser III
2
Birthplace: Iraq
Died: 0727 AD
 17 
Ahmad Sanjar
2
Birthdate: 1085 AD
Birthplace: Sinjar, Iraq
Died: May 8, 1157
 18 
Ur-Nammu
(King of the Neo-Sumerian Empire)
Ur-Nammu
2

Ur-Nammu reigned as the King of the Neo-Sumerian Empire from 2112 BC to 2094 BC. He is credited with founding the Third Dynasty of Ur, which is also referred to as the Neo-Sumerian Empire, in southern Mesopotamia. Ur-Nammu is best remembered for creating the Code of Ur-Nammu, the oldest known extant legal code in the world.

 19 
Ashurnasirpal II
2
Birthplace: Neo-Assyrian Empire
Died: 0859 BC
 20 
'Abd al-Ilah
4
Birthdate: November 14, 1913
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Taif, Saudi Arabia
Died: July 14, 1958
 21 
Al-Amīn
(Sixth Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate)
Al-Amīn
2
Birthdate: April 14, 0787
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Baghdad, Iraq
Died: 0813 AD

Al-Amīn reigned as the sixth Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate from 24 March 809 until his death on 27 September 813. He was deposed and murdered by his half-brother al-Ma'mun during the Great Abbasid Civil War. Al-Amīn was just 26 years old at the time of his death. 

 22 
Shalmaneser III
(King of the Neo-Assyrian Empire from 859 BC to 824 BC)
Shalmaneser III
2
Birthdate: 0880 BC
Died: 0824 BC

Shalmaneser III reigned as the King of the Neo-Assyrian Empire from 859 BC to 824 BC. His long reign was marked by a series of campaigns against the Babylonians, the eastern tribes, the nations of Syria and Mesopotamia, as well as Urartu and Kizzuwadna. It is in his annals that the Chaldeans and Arabs first appear in recorded history.

 23 
Shalmaneser V
(King of the Neo-Assyrian Empire from 727 BC to 722 BC)
Shalmaneser V
2
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0722 AD

Shalmaneser V reigned as the King of the Neo-Assyrian Empire from 727 BC until his death in 722 BC. He is best remembered for his conquest of Samaria, which brought about the fall of the Kingdom of Israel. Apart from his war against the Israelites, Shalmaneser V is also believed to have dealt with other campaigns in the west.

 24 
Hormizd IV
1
Birthdate: 0540 AD
Birthplace: Ctesiphon, Iraq
Died: 0590 AD
 25 
Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn
(Governor of Egypt)
Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn
1
Birthdate: September 20, 0835
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Baghdad, Iraq
Died: March 10, 0884
 26 
Lugal-zage-si
1
Birthdate: 2359 AD
Birthplace: Umma, Iraq
Died: 2335 AD
 27 
Al-Muktafi
(Ruler)
Al-Muktafi
1
Birthdate: 0877 AD
Birthplace: Iraq
Died: August 13, 0908
 28 
Shammuramat
(Regent)
Shammuramat
0
Birthplace: Babylon
 29 
Al-Nasir
(Caliph of Baghdad)
Al-Nasir
1
Birthdate: August 6, 1158
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Baghdad, Iraq
Died: October 5, 1225
 30 
Shalmaneser I
(King of the Middle Assyrian Empire from 1273 BC to 1244 BC)
Shalmaneser I
1
Birthdate: 1274 BC

Shalmaneser I reigned as the King of the Middle Assyrian Empire from 1273 BC to 1244 BC. According to his annals, which were discovered at Assur, Shalmaneser I conquered eight countries and destroyed the fortress of Arinnu in his first year as king of Assyria. He is also credited with founding the city of Kalhu.

 31 
Al-Muqtafi
(Caliph of Baghdad)
Al-Muqtafi
0
Birthdate: April 9, 1096
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Baghdad, Iraq
Died: November 12, 1160
 32 
Shamash-shum-ukin
0
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: July 12, 0648
 33 
Tiglath-pileser II
0
Birthplace: Iraq
Died: 0935 AD
 34 
Adad-nirari I
(King of Assyria during the Middle Assyrian Empire)
Adad-nirari I
0
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 1274 AD
 35 
Abu Kalidschar
1
Birthdate: 1010 AD
Birthplace: Basrah, Iraq
Died: September 30, 1048