Famous Iraqi Historical Personalities

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Vote for Your Favourite Iraqi Historical Personalities

 1 
Gilgamesh
(5th king of the Sumerian city-state of Uruk)

Gilgamesh
11
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Mesopotamian hero Gilgamesh is the leading character in the 2nd millennium B.C. Akkadian Epic of Gilgamesh. Experts believe he was a Sumerian ruler from 2900-2500 B.C., who became a legendary figure in the Third Dynasty of Ur. Gilgamesh’s tale is said to have inspired the Iliad and the Odyssey.

 2 
Sargon of Akkad
(King of the Akkadian Empire (2334-2279 BC))

Sargon of Akkad
8
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Birthplace: Akkadian Empire
Died: 2279 BC

Sargon of Akkad reigned as the king of the Akkadian Empire from 2334 to 2284 BC. The first person to rule the Akkadian Empire, Sargon is sometimes recognized as the first person to rule over an empire in recorded history. He is credited with founding the Old Akkadian or Sargonic dynasty, which ruled for several years after his death.

Nebuchadrezzar II
8
Birthdate: 0634 BC
Died: 0562 BC
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 4 
Hammurabi
(Babylon King)

Hammurabi
4
Birthdate: 1810 BC
Birthplace: Babylon, Iraqi
Died: 1750 BC

Hammurabi reigned as the first Babylonian dynasty's sixth king from 1792 BC to 1750 BC. During his reign, Hammurabi conquered the city-states of Eshnunna, Larsa, and Mari and brought nearly all of Mesopotamia under Babylonian rule. He is also known for issuing the Code of Hammurabi, which is one of the first law codes to establish the presumption of innocence.

 5 
Sennacherib
(Military Commander, King)

Sennacherib
3
Birthdate: 0740 BC
Birthplace: Nimrud
Died: December 31, 0681
Sennacherib reigned as the king of the Neo-Assyrian Empire between 705 BC and 681 BC. One of the most famous Assyrian kings, Sennacherib is mentioned as an important figure in the Hebrew Bible. He is credited with destructing the city of Babylon and expanding Nineveh, the last great Assyrian capital.

 6 
Ashurbanipal
(Last Great Ruler of the Neo-Assyrian Empire)

Ashurbanipal
3
Birthdate: 0685 BC
Birthplace: Assyria, Iraq
Died: 0631 BC

Ashurbanipal reigned as the king of the Neo-Assyrian Empire from 669 BC until his death in 631 BC. Widely regarded as the last great king of Assyria, Ashurbanipal is best remembered for the establishment of the famous Library of Ashurbanipal. The library has great historical significance as it holds texts like the Epic of Gilgamesh, the earliest surviving notable literature.

 7 
Zedekiah
(King of Judah)

Zedekiah
3
Birthdate: 0618 BC
Died: April 3, 0561
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 8 

Nebuchadnezzar I
3
Birthdate: 1125 AD
Birthplace: Iraq
Died: 1104 AD

 9 
Al-Maʾmūn
(Caliph of Baghdad)

Al-Maʾmūn
3
Birthdate: September 14, 0786
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Baghdad, Iraq
Died: August 9, 0833

 10 

Faisal II of Iraq
3
Birthdate: May 2, 1935
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Baghdad, Iraq
Died: July 14, 1958

 11 
Khosrau II
(considered to be the last great Sasanian king (shah) of Iran, ruling from 590 to 628, with an interruption of one year)

Khosrau II
3
Birthdate: 0570 AD
Birthplace: Ctesiphon, Iraq
Died: February 28, 0628

 12 
Khosrow I
(Sasanian King of Kings of Iran from 531 to 579)

Khosrow I
5
Birthdate: 0501 AD
Birthplace: Ardestan, Iran
Died: January 31, 0579

Khosrow I was a 6th-century Persian king of the Sasanian Empire. Though most of the information on him is known through legends, he is believed to have been a patron of the arts. He introduced major tax reforms and also brought changes to the Sasanian bureaucracy.

 13 

Belshazzar
3
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Died: 0539 BC

 14 

Nabopolassar
2
Birthdate: 0658 BC
Died: 0605 BC

 15 
Nur ad-Din
(Ruler)

Nur ad-Din
3
Birthdate: 0658 BC, 1118
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mosul, Iraq
Died: May 15, 1174

Tiglath-pileser III
2
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Iraq
Died: 0727 AD

 17 

Ahmad Sanjar
2
Birthdate: 1085 AD
Birthplace: Sinjar, Iraq
Died: May 8, 1157

 18 
Ur-Nammu
(King)

Ur-Nammu
2
Birthdate: 0000 BC

 19 

'Abd al-Ilah
4
Birthdate: November 14, 1913
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Taif, Saudi Arabia
Died: July 14, 1958

 20 

Ashurnasirpal II
2
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Birthplace: Neo-Assyrian Empire
Died: 0859 BC

 21 
Shalmaneser III
(Ashurnasirpal II's son)

Shalmaneser III
2
Birthdate: 0880 BC
Died: 0824 BC

 22 

Shalmaneser V
2
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0722 AD

 23 
Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn
(Governor of Egypt)

Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn
1
Birthdate: September 20, 0835
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Baghdad, Iraq
Died: March 10, 0884

 24 

Hormizd IV
1
Birthdate: 0540 AD
Birthplace: Ctesiphon, Iraq
Died: 0590 AD

 25 

Lugal-zage-si
1
Birthdate: 2359 AD
Birthplace: Umma, Iraq
Died: 2335 AD

 26 
Al-Muktafi
(Ruler)

Al-Muktafi
1
Birthdate: 0877 AD
Birthplace: Iraq
Died: August 13, 0908

 27 
Shammuramat
(Regent)

Shammuramat
0
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Babylon

 28 
Al-Nasir
(Caliph of Baghdad)

Al-Nasir
1
Birthdate: August 6, 1158
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Baghdad, Iraq
Died: October 5, 1225

 29 

Shalmaneser I
1
Birthdate: 1274 BC

 30 
Al-Muqtafi
(Caliph of Baghdad)

Al-Muqtafi
0
Birthdate: April 9, 1096
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Baghdad, Iraq
Died: November 12, 1160

 31 

Shamash-shum-ukin
0
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: July 12, 0648

 32 

Tiglath-pileser II
0
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Iraq
Died: 0935 AD

 33 
Adad-nirari I
(King of Assyria during the Middle Assyrian Empire)

Adad-nirari I
0
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 1274 AD

 34 

Abu Kalidschar
0
Birthdate: 1010 AD
Birthplace: Basrah, Iraq
Died: September 30, 1048