Famous Iranian Mathematicians

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Omar Khayyam

Omar Khayyam
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: May 18, 1048
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Nishapur, Khorasan, Iran
Died: December 4, 1131

Omar Khayyam was a Persian polymath, mathematician, philosopher, astronomer, and poet. In the field of mathematics, he is best known for his work on the classification and solution of cubic equations. As an astronomer, he designed a solar calendar known as the Jalali calendar. His philosophical attitude towards life had elements of pessimism, nihilism, Epicureanism, and fatalism. 

 2 Abū Rayḥān al-Bīrūnī

Abū Rayḥān al-Bīrūnī
Famous As: Scholar
Birthdate: September 5, 0973
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kath, Uzbekistan
Died: December 13, 1048

Apart from being a pioneer of Indology and geodesy, Persian scholar Abū Rayḥān al-Bīrūnī also worked on subjects such as anthropology, math, and ethnography. It is believed he didn’t know his father. He had penned many works, such as the encyclopaedic volume The Chronology of Ancient Nations.

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 3 Maryam Mirzakhani

Maryam Mirzakhani
Famous As: mathematician, topologist, university teacher
Birthdate: May 3, 1977
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Tehran

 4 Nasir al-Din al-Tusi

Nasir al-Din al-Tusi
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: February 18, 1201
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tous, Iran
Died: June 26, 1274

Persian polymath Nasir al-Din al-Tusi lost his jurist father in childhood and then went around as a scholar, learning subjects such as math and philosophy. He made invaluable contribution to astronomy and later served as a scientific advisor of the Mongols. One of his notable written works was Akhlaq-i Nasiri.

 5 Ulugh Beg

Ulugh Beg
Famous As: astronomer, mathematician, calligrapher, astrologer
Birthdate: March 22, 1394
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Soltanieh, Iran
Died: October 27, 1449

 6 Nāṣer-e Khusraw

Nāṣer-e Khusraw
Famous As: Persian author
Birthdate: 1004 AD
Birthplace: Qubādiyān, Iran
Died: 1088 AD

 7 Jamshīd al-Kāshī

Jamshīd al-Kāshī
Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: 1380 AD
Birthplace: Kashan, Iran
Died: June 22, 1429
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 8 Abu al-Wafa' Buzjani

Abu al-Wafa' Buzjani
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: June 10, 0940
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Buzhgan, Iran
Died: July 15, 0998

 9 Abu Hanifa Dinawari

Abu Hanifa Dinawari
Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: 0828 AD
Birthplace: Dinavar District, Iran
Died: 0896 AD