Famous Iranian Leaders

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Think of Iran and the first thing that strikes the mind is revolt and revolution. Though it has been a disturbed nation popular for militancy, religious revolutions and censorship, stereotyping it to be just that is unethical. Leave alone this popular facet that press shows of Iran and the country is as beautiful and historic as any other country in the world. It has been home to a pool of teachers, academicians, scientists, poets, artists, sports personalities and so on. Excepting for a few politicians and leaders who have used their power for their own benefits, Iran has had important political leaders as well. The country is basically run by the President who is the highest popularly elected official in Iran. However, the supreme powers rest with the Supreme Leader of Iran, who is the head of state and highest ranking political and religious authority of the country. Some of the most popular Iranian leaders who have garnered much limelight for reasons both good and bad include Mohammad Khatami, Ali Khamenei, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Hassan Rouhani and Ruhollah Khomenei. Read through this section and wrap yourself with knowledge about the life and works of famous Iranian leaders.
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 1 
Cyrus the Great
(Founder of First Persian Empire)
Cyrus the Great
5
Birthdate: 0590 BC
Birthplace: Anshan, Iran
Died: 0530 BC

Cyrus II, or Cyrus the Great, founded the first Persian empire, the Achaemenid Empire. His kingdom extended from Western Asia to Central Asia. He advocated centralized administration, with the help of local governors. The biblical Edict of Cyrus, named after him, talks about the return of the Jews to Israel.

 2 
Rezā Shāh
(Shah of Iran from 1925 to 1941)
Rezā Shāh
6
Birthdate: March 15, 1878
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Alasht, Iran
Died: July 26, 1944

Rezā Shāh was a military colonel who founded the Pahlavi dynasty and reigned as the Shah of Iran from December 1925 to September 1941. He was also the prime minister of Iran from October 1923 to November 1925. His tenure saw the introduction of many social, economic, and political reforms, and he is regarded as the founder of modern Iran. 

 3 
Mohammad Mosaddegh
(Political Leader)
Mohammad Mosaddegh
7
Birthdate: June 16, 1882
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Tehran, Iran
Died: March 5, 1967
Born to an Iranian public officer, Iranian prime minister Mohammad Mosaddegh had an elite education in Switzerland. His oil-nationalization act brought about an economic crisis in the country. He was known to be an eccentric person who met visitors in pajamas, from his bed, and also cried in public.
 4 
Zerubbabel
(Governor)
Zerubbabel
5
Birthplace: Not known

Zerubbabel was a governor of Yehud Medinata, a province in the Achaemenid Empire. The grandson of Jeconiah, Zerubbabel is credited with leading the first group of Jews, who returned from the Babylonian exile, in the first year of Cyrus the Great. Zerubbabel is also credited with laying the foundation of the famous Second Temple in Jerusalem.

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 5 
Qasem Soleimani
(Iranian Military Officer Who was the Commander of the 'Quds' Force)
Qasem Soleimani
15
Birthdate: March 11, 1954
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ghanat Malek, Iran
Died: January 3, 2020

Qasem Soleimani was an Iranian major general who served as the commander of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps' Quds Force from 1998 to 2020. Soleimani was regarded as the second most powerful Iranian. Although he is considered a national hero in Iran, Soleimani was termed a terrorist by the US and was killed in a targeted drone strike in 2020.

 6 
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
(President of Iran)
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
13
Birthdate: October 28, 1956
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Aradan, Iran

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was the president of Iran from 2005 tom 2013. He had also been the mayor of Tehran earlier and had also served as a leader of the conservative coalition Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran, or Abadgaran. He is also part of the Islamic Society of Engineers.

 7 
Hassan Rouhani
(7th President of Iran)
Hassan Rouhani
15
Birthdate: November 12, 1948
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Sorkheh, Iran

Hassan Rouhani is an Iranian politician and the current president of Iran. Serving as the Iranian president since 3 August 2013, Rouhani was named in Time magazine's 100 Most Influential People in the World list in 2013. One of the most popular Iranian politicians of all time, Hassan Rouhani is credited with improving the country's diplomatic relations with other countries.

 8 
Shapur I
(Military commander)
Shapur I
3
Birthdate: 0215 AD
Birthplace: Firouzabad
Died: April 30, 0272

Shapur I ruled as the Shahanshah of the Sasanian Empire from 240 to 270. A fierce conqueror, Shapur destroyed the Arab city of Hatra in the early 240s before waging wars against Roman emperors like Philip the Arab and Valerian and capturing cities of Nisibis, Carrhae, Dura-Europos, and Antioch. Shapur remained active in his later years before dying of illness.

 9 
Ayatollah Khomeini
(1st Supreme Leader of Iran (1979 - 1989))
Ayatollah Khomeini
6
Birthdate: May 17, 1902
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Khomein, Iran
Died: June 3, 1989
Ayatollah Khomeini, or the Imam Khomeini, became Iran’s first Supreme Leader, after leading the 1979 Iranian Revolution against Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran. He founded the Islamic Republic of Iran. He also issued a “fatwa” against novelist Salman Rushdie and supported the hostage takers during the Iran hostage crisis. 
 10 
Shahpur Bakhtiar
(45th Prime Minister of Iran (January 1979 - February 1979))
Shahpur Bakhtiar
3
Birthdate: June 26, 1914
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Shahrekord, Iran
Died: August 6, 1991

Shahpur Bakhtiar was an Iranian politician best remembered for serving as the 45th Prime Minister of Iran from 6 January 1979 to 11 February 1979. Bakhtiar also wrote many articles and books, including Ma Fidélité and 37 Days after 37 Years. Shahpur Bakhtiar was killed in France on 6 August 1991 after he had escaped a couple of assassination attempts.

 11 
Nizam al-Mulk
(scientist, writer)
Nizam al-Mulk
3
Birthdate: April 10, 1018
Sun Sign: Aries
Died: October 14, 1092

Nizam al-Mulk was a Persian political philosopher, scholar, and vizier of the Great Seljuk Empire. Nizam rose to the position of the de facto ruler from humble beginnings. He is perhaps best remembered for founding several important institutions known as madrasa in cities across the Seljuk Empire. Nizam al-Mulk is also credited with writing an important political treatise called Siyasatnama.

 12 
Reza Pahlavi, Crown Prince of Iran
(Founder and leader of the self-styled National Council of Iran)
Reza Pahlavi, Crown Prince of Iran
1
Birthdate: October 31, 1960
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Tehran, Iran

Reza Pahlavi is the oldest son of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran, and his wife Farah Diba. He was the crown prince before the Iranian Revolution overthrew the Pahlavi dynasty in 1979. He is the founder of the self-styled National Council of Iran and a prominent critic of Iran's Islamic Republic government. 

 13 
Ali-Reza Pahlavi
(Politician)
Ali-Reza Pahlavi
6
Birthdate: April 28, 1966
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Tehran, Iran
Died: January 4, 2011

Ali-Reza Pahlavi was an Iranian prince who belonged to the Pahlavi Imperial Family. The son of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Ali Reza was second in the order of succession to the imperial throne before the Iranian Revolution. Ali-Reza Pahlavi suffered from depression and passed away from a self-inflicted gunshot wound in Boston, USA, at the age of 44.

 14 
Artabanus of Persia
3
Birthplace: Persia
Died: 0464 AD

Artabanus of Persia was a Persian political figure who lived during the Achaemenid dynasty. He was reportedly Regent of Persia for a few months between 465 BC and 464 BC. It is believed that he served as the chief official of Xerxes I and was either his vizier or his head bodyguard. 

 15 
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
(4th President of Iran)
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
9
Birthdate: August 25, 1934
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bahreman, Iran
Died: January 8, 2017
Former Iranian president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani had also been the speaker of the Majles, or the Islamic Consultative Assembly, and the commander-in-chief during the Iran-Iraq War. Though generally dictatorial, his governance was known for its tolerance of criticism and cultural openness, and earned him the nickname Akbar Shah.
 16 
Babak Khorramdin
(Iranian Revolutionary Leader)
Babak Khorramdin
3
Birthdate: June 1, 0798
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Azerbaijan, Iran
Died: January 7, 0838

Babak Khorramdin was an Iranian revolutionary leader of the Iranian Khorram-Dinān, a local freedom movement fighting the Abbasid Caliphate. The rebellion spearheaded by Babak spread to the western and central parts of Iran and lasted for two decades before it was suppressed.  Babak was betrayed by one of his own men and put to death by the Abbasid Caliph.   

 17 
Mohammad Khatami
(Philosopher, Politician, Librarian, Writer)
Mohammad Khatami
6
Birthdate: September 29, 1943
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ardakan

Mohammad Khatami is an Iranian politician who served as the President of Iran from 1997 to 2005. A respected and influential politician, Khatami advocated tolerance, freedom of expression, and civil society during his presidency. He  also served as the Minister of Culture of Iran from 1982 to 1992.

 18 
Shapur II
(Military commander)
Shapur II
2
Birthdate: 0309 AD
Birthplace: Firouzabad
Died: 0379 AD

Shapur II ruled as the Shahanshah of the Sasanian Empire from 309 to 379. Referred to as Shapur II the Great, he ruled for the entirety of his life and is remembered as the longest-reigning monarch in the history of Iran. His reign, which witnessed the expansion of his empire's territory, marked the beginning of the first Sasanian golden era.

 19 
Masoud Barzani
(Politician)
Masoud Barzani
4
Birthdate: August 16, 1946
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Mahabad

Masoud Barzani is a Kurdish politician who served as the President of Kurdistan Region from 2005 to 2017. A respected politician, Barzani has been serving as the head of the Kurdistan Democratic Party since 1979. Barzani is credited with playing a crucial role in the progression of the Kurdistan Region polity after the end of the Gulf War in 1991.

 20 
Maryam Rajavi
(Iranian Leader of the People’s Mujahedin of Iran (MEK))
Maryam Rajavi
4
Birthdate: December 4, 1953
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tehran, Iran

Maryam Rajavi is an Iranian woman best known as the leader of a political-militant organization called People's Mojahedin Organization of Iran (MEK), which is working towards overthrowing the Iranian government. In July 2021, Maryam Rajavi organized a protest and condemned Ebrahim Raisi, calling him the "henchman" of the butchery of 30,000 political prisoners. 

 21 
Cyaxares
(King)
Cyaxares
3
Birthdate: 0625 BC
Birthplace: Ecbatana
Died: 0584 BC

Cyaxares ruled as the king of the Medes from 625 to 585 BC. He is credited with founding the Median Empire and helped transform the empire into a regional power by uniting most of the ancient Iranian tribes after collaborating with the Babylonians to wipe out the Assyrian Empire.

 22 
Ardeshir Zahedi
(Former Iranian Minister of Foreign Affairs (1966 - 1971))
Ardeshir Zahedi
2
Birthdate: October 16, 1928
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Tehran, Iran
Died: November 18, 2021

Ardeshir Zahedi was an Iranian diplomat and politician best remembered for serving as the Minister of Foreign Affairs from 12 January 1966 to 12 September 1971. An influential politician, Ardeshir Zahedi also served as ambassador to the US and to the UK from 1960 to 1962 and from 1962 to 1966 respectively. 

 23 
Mohammad-Ali Rajai
(Prime minister)
Mohammad-Ali Rajai
4
Birthdate: June 15, 1933
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Qazvīn, Iran
Died: August 30, 1981

Mohammad-Ali Rajai was the second president of Iran, in office for just a few weeks in August 1981 before his untimely death. Before this, he served as prime minister under Abolhassan Banisadr. A teacher by profession, he became actively involved in the Iranian Revolution and joined politics. He was assassinated on 30 August 1981. 

 24 
Fazlollah Zahedi
(Former Prime Minister of Iran (1953 - 1955))
Fazlollah Zahedi
2
Birthdate: May 17, 1892
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Hamedan, Iran
Died: September 2, 1963

Fazlollah Zahedi was an Iranian statesman and lieutenant general who served as the 36th Prime Minister of Iran after overthrowing Mohammad Mosaddegh in the 1953 Iranian coup d'état with the help of the Great Britain and the United States. Fazlollah Zahedi was serving as the Ambassador to the UN in Geneva, Switzerland, when he died at the age of 71.

 25 
Abolhassan Banisadr
(1st President of Iran (1980 - 1981))
Abolhassan Banisadr
3
Birthdate: March 22, 1933
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Hamedan, Iran
Died: October 9, 2021

Abolhassan Banisadr was an Iranian writer and politician who served as the first president of Iran from 4 February 1980 to 22 June 1981. Prior to his presidency, Banisadr served as the Minister of Finance from 17 November 1979 to 10 February 1980. Abolhassan Banisadr is also credited with co-founding a political organization called National Council of Resistance of Iran.

 26 
Sogdianus of Persia
(Ruler of the Achaemenid Empire for a period in 424–423 BC.)
Sogdianus of Persia
2
Died: 0423 BC

Sogdianus of Persia ruled over the Achaemenid Empire from 424 to 423 BC. His rule was cut short by his untimely death as he was captured and killed by his half-brother Ochus who succeeded Sogdianus and ruled over the Persian Empire until 404 BC. Interestingly, Sogdianus of Persia had ascended the throne after having his elder half-brother Xerxes II killed.

 27 
Ali Shariati
(Iranian Revolutionary, Sociologist and One of the Most Influential Iranian Intellectuals of the 20th century)
Ali Shariati
3
Birthdate: November 23, 1933
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kahak, Iran
Died: June 18, 1977

Ali Shariati was an Iranian sociologist and revolutionary whose work was inspired by the study of sociology of religion. Regarded as one of the 20th century's most influential Iranian intellectuals, Shariati was also a prolific writer who wrote more than 100 books such as Hubut in Kavir, Kavir, and The Philosophy of Supplication.

 28 
Moshe Katsav
(President , Politician )
Moshe Katsav
4
Birthdate: December 5, 1945
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Yazd

Moshe Katsav is an Israeli ex-politician who became the second Mizrahi Jew to serve as the President of Israel from 1 August 2000 until his resignation on 1 July 2007. Katsav resigned after allegations of sexual harassment from his female subordinates. In 2011, Moshe Katsav was sentenced to seven years of imprisonment, of which he served five, at Maasiyahu Prison.

 29 
Ahmad Shah Qajar
1
Birthdate: January 21, 1898
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tabriz, Iran
Died: February 21, 1930
Ahmad Shah Qajar was Shah of Iran from 1909 to 1925. He was the last ruling member of the Qajar dynasty. He was the son of Mohammad-Ali Shah and came to power after his father was removed by the parliament. He was just 12 when he ascended to the throne and was formally crowned upon reaching the age of majority. 
 30 
Abu Muslim
(Iranian General Who Led the Abbasid Revolution)
Abu Muslim
2
Birthdate: 0718 AD
Birthplace: Merv, Turkmenistan
Died: 0755 AD

Abu Muslim was a Persian military general best remembered for his service as the commander-in-chief of the third caliphate to succeed Prophet Muhammad, Abbasid Caliphate. He helped Abbasid Caliphate overthrow the Umayyad Caliphate by playing an important role in the Abbasid Revolution. Abu Muslim then became the governor of Khurasan in 747 after defeatng the Umayyad governor Nasr ibn Sayyar.

 31 
Mir-Hossein Mousavi
(49th Prime Minister of Iran (1981 - 1989))
Mir-Hossein Mousavi
4
Birthdate: March 2, 1942
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Khameneh, Iran
Mir-Hossein Mousavi is an Iranian reformist politician. He served as the 49th and last Prime Minister of Iran from 1981 to 1989. An architect by profession, he became politically active during the Iranian Revolution. He went into semi-retirement after the 1989 constitutional changes which removed the post of the prime minister. He is married to academic Zahra Rahnavard. 
 32 
Hossein Rezazadeh
(Iranian Politician and One of the Greatest Weightlifters of All Time)
Hossein Rezazadeh
4
Birthdate: May 12, 1978
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ardabil, Iran

Hossein Rezazadeh is an Iranian politician. Also a former weightlifter, he is a two-time Olympic champion and four-time World Weightlifting champion. He is widely considered one of the greatest weightlifters of all time. The Rezazadeh Stadium was built in his honor. He entered politics in 2013 and was elected as a member of the City Council of Tehran. 

 33 
Aga Khan I
(Former Governor of Kirman)
Aga Khan I
3
Birthdate: 1804 AD
Birthplace: Kahak District, Iran
Died: March 31, 1881

Aga Khan I or Hasan Ali Shah was an important Muslim leader in Iran. The first Nizari Imam to be honored with the honorific title of Aga Khan, Hasan Ali Shah served as the governor of Kerman. As the governor, Aga Khan I managed to restore order in Kerman, which was held by rebellious groups at that time.

 34 
Massoud Rajavi
(Leader of People's Mujahedin of Iran)
Massoud Rajavi
0
Birthdate: August 18, 1948
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Tabas, Iran
Died: March 13, 2003

Massoud Rajavi was a political figure who became the leader of the People's Mujahedin of Iran (MEK) in 1979. He joined the MEK as a young law student at the University of Tehran. He actively participated in the 1979 Iranian Revolution. He was married to Maryam Rajavi, who became the co-leader of the MEK. He disappeared in 2003. 

 35 
Mehdi Bazargan
(politician, engineer)
Mehdi Bazargan
3
Birthdate: September 1, 1907
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Tehran
Died: January 20, 1995

Mehdi Bazargan was an Iranian academic, scholar, head of Iran's interim government, and long-time pro-democracy activist. He is best remembered for serving as the 46th Prime Minister of Iran from 4 February 1979 to 6 November 1979. A renowned and respected academic, Mehdi Bazargan served as the head of the University of Tehran's first engineering department.

 36 
Amir Kabir
(Minister)
Amir Kabir
2
Birthdate: January 9, 1807
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Hezaveh, Iran
Died: January 10, 1852

Amir Kabir was chief minister to Naser al-Din Shah Qajar (Shah of Persia) for three years. He is regarded as "Iran's first reformer." He tried to bring gradual reform to the country. He executed many Babis, including the founder of the movement, the Báb. Later in his life, he was exiled to Fin Garden in Kashan and eventually murdered. 

 37 
Ahmad Khomeini
(Political leader)
Ahmad Khomeini
3
Birthdate: March 15, 1946
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Qom, Iran
Died: March 17, 1995

Ahmad Khomeini was an Iranian political leader who played an important role in the Iranian Revolution. The son of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Ahmad served as his father's right-hand man before, during, and after the Revolution. Acting as a bridge between Ruhollah Khomeini and the Iranian people, many of Ahmad Khomeini's decisions had decisive effects on the outcome of the Revolution.

 38 
Maryam Namazie
(Human rights activist, Politician)
Maryam Namazie
0
Birthdate: 1966
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Tehran, Iran

Maryam Namazie is a British-Iranian secularist, human rights activist, communist, commentator, and broadcaster. Namazie has had a huge impact on the lives of refugees around the world. In the USA, she co-founded the Committee for Humanitarian Assistance to Iranian Refugees. Maryam Namazie is also an outspoken critic of cultural relativism and the oppression of women in some Muslim countries.

 39 
Amir-Abbas Hoveyda
2
Birthdate: February 18, 1919
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Nur, Iran
Died: April 7, 1979

Amir-Abbas Hoveyda was an Iranian economist and politician. He served as prime minister of Iran from January 1965 to August 1977 and is the longest-serving prime minister in Iran's history. Following the Iranian Revolution, he was tried by the newly established Revolutionary Court and executed. He was posthumously named Commander of the Legion of Honor.  

 40 
Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf
3
Birthdate: August 23, 1961
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Torqabeh

Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf is an Iranian politician and former military officer. He is the current Speaker of the Parliament of Iran. From 2005 to 2017, he served as the Mayor of Tehran. After serving as the commander of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards' Aerospace Force from 1997 to 2000, he served as the Chief of police between 2000 and 2005.

 41 
Ali Reza Pahlavi
(Politician and Socialite)
Ali Reza Pahlavi
0
Birthdate: April 28, 1966
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Tehran, Iran
Died: January 4, 2011

Ali Reza Pahlavi was an Iranian socialite best known as the younger son of former Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. Ali Reza was second in the right of succession to the Iranian throne prior to the Islamic Revolution. He died at the age of 44 from a self-inflicted gunshot wound after suffering from depression for a long time. 

 42 
Bahram V
(King)
Bahram V
2
Birthdate: 0400 AD
Died: 0438 AD

Bahram V was the Sasanian King of Kings from 420 to 438. He was the son of Sasanian Shah Yazdegerd I and was groomed for succeeding his father from an early age. He was trained under the Lakhmid kings and took over the kingdom upon his father’s death, becoming one of the most famous kings in Iranian history. 

 43 
Hussein-Ali Montazeri
(Iranian Shia Islamic Writer and Former Deputy Supreme Leader of Iran (1985 - 1989))
Hussein-Ali Montazeri
3
Birthdate: September 24, 1922
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Najafabad, Iran
Died: December 19, 2009

Hussein-Ali Montazeri was an Iranian Shia Islamic democracy advocate, theologian, human rights activist, and writer. An influential leader of the Iranian Revolution, Montazeri was expected to succeed the revolution's Supreme Leader Sayyid Ruhollah Musavi Khomeini before having a fall out with the latter which cost him the position of the supreme leader. Hussein-Ali Montazeri is still revered in Iran.

 44 
Abbas Mirza
(Crown prince of Iran)
Abbas Mirza
2
Birthdate: August 20, 1789
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Nava, Iran
Died: October 25, 1833

Abbas Mirza was the son of Fath Ali Shah, the second Shah of Qajar Iran, and his wife Asiyeh Khanum. As the crown prince, he developed a reputation as a military commander during the Russo-Persian War. He made many attempts to modernize the Persian army but without any success. He predeceased his father and died in 1833. 

 45 
Mostafa Chamran
(Former Member of the Iranian Parliament)
Mostafa Chamran
2
Birthdate: October 2, 1932
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Tehran, Iran
Died: June 21, 1981

Mostafa Chamran was an Iranian physicist, politician, and commander.  He served as the first defense minister of post-revolutionary Iran. He helped to found the Amal Movement in southern Lebanon. He was the commander of paramilitary volunteers in the Iran–Iraq War, known as "Irregular Warfare Headquarters". He died in the war and is known as a martyr in Iran.  

 46 
Bahram Chobin
(Nobleman, General, and Political Leader of the Late Sasanian Empire)
Bahram Chobin
2
Birthplace: Unknwon
Died: 0591 AD

Bahram Chobin was a nobleman, political leader, and general of the late Sasanian Empire. He also served as its ruler from 590 to 591. A respected political leader renowned for his character, skills, and accomplishments, Bahram Chobin came to be known as a hero and his life inspired several folktales and literary works.

 47 
Sadeq Khalkhali
(Former Member of the Iranian Parliament (1980 - 1992) and Head of Islamic Revolutionary Court (1979 - 1980))
Sadeq Khalkhali
2
Birthdate: July 27, 1926
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kivi, Iran
Died: November 26, 2003

Sadeq Khalkhali was an Iranian Shia cleric who served as the Head of Islamic Revolutionary Court from 1979 to 1980. He gained notoriety as Iran's hanging judge during the Iranian Revolution and is remembered for ordering the executions of many former government officials, including Nematollah Nassiri and Amir Abbas Hoveida.

 48 
Mahmud Gawan
(Prime minister in the Bahamani Sultanate of Deccan)
Mahmud Gawan
0
Birthdate: 1411 AD
Birthplace: Iran
Died: March 31, 1481
 49 
Ahmad Qavam
(Former 19th Prime Minister of Iran (July 1952 – July 1952, 1946 - 1947, 1942 - 1943 ))
Ahmad Qavam
2
Birthdate: January 2, 1873
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Tehran, Iran
Died: July 23, 1955

Ahmad Qavam was a politician best remembered for serving as the Prime Minister of Iran on five occasions between 1921 and 1952. During one of his terms as the Prime Minister, Ahmad Qavam played a key role in the signing of the 1942 Tripartite Treaty between Britain, Russia, and Iran.

 50 
Ismail Samani
(Sāmānid ruler)
Ismail Samani
1
Birthdate: 0850
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Balkh, Afghanistan
Died: November 24, 0949

Ismail Samani was the Samanid amir of Khorasan and Transoxiana. His reign as the Amir of the Samanid Empire witnessed the development of the Samanids as a dominant force. Ismail Samani is remembered as a strong ruler and a competent general.