Famous Indian Political Activists

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 1 
Sarojini Naidu
(Indian Political Activist, Poet and 1st Governor of United Provinces)
Sarojini Naidu
4
Birthdate: February 13, 1879
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hyderabad, India
Died: March 2, 1949

Sarojini Naidu was an Indian poet and political activist. An important figure in the Indian Independence Movement, she was a proponent of anti-imperialistic ideas, women's rights, and civil rights. Her illustrious career as a poet earned her the nickname Nightingale of India. After India became independent, she became the first woman to hold the office of Governor in the Dominion of India.

 2 
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
(Independence Activist, Reformer)
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
3
Birthdate: May 28, 1883
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bhagur
Died: February 26, 1966

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was an Indian politician and independence activist. He formulated the Hindu nationalist philosophy of Hindutva and was a leading figure in the Hindu Mahasabha. He was known for his strong oratory skills and was an eloquent writer. He was initially charged as a co-conspirator in the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi but was later acquitted.

 3 
Maneka Gandhi
(Politician, Member of Parliament 'Lok Sabha')
Maneka Gandhi
4
Birthdate: August 26, 1956
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: New Delhi, India

Maneka Gandhi is an Indian politician, environmentalist, and animal rights activist. She is credited with inspiring several individuals towards social entrepreneurship. Maneka Gandhi is best known as an animal rights leader for which she has received several international awards. She is also credited with establishing an animal welfare organization named People for Animals.

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 4 
Lala Lajpat Rai
(Indian Author, Freedom Fighter, Politician and One of the Three Members of the ‘Lal Bal Pal’ Trimurti)
Lala Lajpat Rai
3
Birthdate: January 28, 1865
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Punjab, India
Died: November 17, 1928

Lala Lajpat Rai was an Indian politician who played a major role in the Indian Independence movement. He is credited with inspiring many young men, including Bhagat Singh and Chandrasekhar Azad, to join the freedom struggle through journalistic writings and activism. He was popularly known as Punjab Kesari

 5 
Gauri Lankesh
(Activist, Journalist)
Gauri Lankesh
4
Birthdate: January 29, 1962
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
Died: September 5, 2017

The daughter of Kannada poet P. Lankesh, Gauri Lankesh began her career as a journalist for The Times of India. She also worked as an editor of Lankesh Patrike. Later, she was known for her firebrand left-wing activism against Hindutva and was eventually shot dead by three men near her Bengaluru home.

 6 
Kasturba Gandhi
(Wife of Mahatama Gandhi)
Kasturba Gandhi
3
Birthdate: April 11, 1869
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Porbandar
Died: February 22, 1944

Kasturba Gandhi was an Indian freedom fighter and political activist. Best remembered as the wife of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Kasturba took part in Indian independence movements along with her husband. Her life and career inspired a play titled Kasturba which was written by Narayan Desai and directed by Aditi Desai. The play was staged several times in India.

 7 
Kovai Sarala
(Actress)
Kovai Sarala
3
Birthdate: April 7, 1962
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Nandi Award-winning comedian Kovai Sarala has been loved by Tamil and Telugu audiences for her roles in films such as Sathi Leelavathi and Uliyin Osai. She began her acting career in 9th grade and has since then appeared in over 300 films. She is now part of the Makkal Needhi Maiam party.

 8 
Aruna Asaf Ali
(Indian Independence Activist, Educator)
Aruna Asaf Ali
2
Birthdate: July 16, 1909
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kalka, Punjab, India
Died: July 29, 1996
 9 
Mahadev Govind Ranade
(Judge, Social Reformer)
Mahadev Govind Ranade
2
Birthdate: January 18, 1842
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Niphad
Died: January 16, 1901

Mahadev Govind Ranade was an Indian social reformer, scholar, author, and judge. Ranade is credited with co-founding the Indian National Congress as well as founding several organizations like the Poona Sarvajanik Sabha, Widow Marriage Association, and Vaktruttvottejak Sabha. He also contributed as an editor of a nationalist publication named Induprakash.

 10 
Ram Manohar Lohia
(Indian Politician and Independence Movement Activist)
Ram Manohar Lohia
3
Birthdate: March 23, 1910
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Akbarpur, India
Died: October 12, 1967

Born to an Indian freedom fighter, Ram Manohar Lohia grew up to follow in his father’s footsteps and joined the Indian National Congress to oust the British. He was also associated with Gandhiji’s Quit India movement. He had also co-established the Congress Socialist Party and written extensively on the caste system.

 11 
Biju Patnaik
(Politician)
Biju Patnaik
3
Birthdate: March 5, 1916
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Asika Aska, Bihar, India
Died: April 17, 1997

One of Orissa’s political icons, Biju Patnaik had led the Indian state as its chief minister for two terms. Often regarded as the Hero of Kalinga, he had a major role in shaping the post-independence infrastructure of Orissa and was also part of India’s freedom struggle. He was also a skilled pilot.

 12 
Chittaranjan Das
(Leader of the Swaraj Party in Bengal Under British Rule)
Chittaranjan Das
2
Birthdate: November 5, 1870
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kolkata, India
Died: June 16, 1925
 13 
Sunderlal Bahuguna
(Environmentalist, Political activist)
Sunderlal Bahuguna
2
Birthdate: January 9, 1927
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Tehri

Sunderlal Bahuguna was an Indian environmentalist best remembered for his involvement in the Chipko movement. The movement, which aims at conserving forests, received a major boost after Bahuguna created the slogan ecology is the permanent economy. The movement inspired similar movements across India. Sunderlal Bahuguna is also remembered for leading the anti-Tehri Dam movement.

 14 
Bipin Chandra Pal
(Indian Independence Movement Freedom Fighter)
Bipin Chandra Pal
3
Birthdate: November 7, 1858
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Habiganj District, Bangladesh
Died: May 20, 1932

Bipin Chandra Pal was an Indian nationalist, social reformer, writer, orator, and freedom fighter. Along with Lala Lajpat Rai and Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal was part of the famous Lal Bal Pal triumvirate. Pal played a key role in the establishment of the Swadeshi movement. He also worked for popular publications and promoted his brand of nationalism.

 15 
Kunwar Singh
(Revolutionary)
Kunwar Singh
0
Birthdate: November 13, 1777
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Jagdishpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: April 26, 1858
 16 
J. B. Kripalani
(Politician)
J. B. Kripalani
2
Birthdate: November 11, 1888
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Hyderabad, Pakistan
Died: March 19, 1982
 17 
Naresh Kanodia
2
Birthdate: August 20, 1943
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kanoda, British India
Died: October 27, 2020
 18 
Aruna Roy
(Political and Social Activist)
Aruna Roy
2
Birthdate: June 26, 1946
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Chennai

Social activist Aruna Roy is best known for establishing the Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan. Initially a professor, she later served as an IAS officer, following which she concentrated on social work. She spearheaded the right to information movement, which led to the passage of the RTI Act in 2005.

 19 
Mohammad Ali Jauhar
(Indian Muslim Activist and One of the Founders of 'The All-India Muslim League')
Mohammad Ali Jauhar
0
Birthdate: December 10, 1878
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Rampur, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: January 4, 1931

Mohammad Ali Jauhar was an Indian Muslim activist, journalist, poet, and freedom fighter. After starting his career by writing articles for major Indian and British newspapers, Mohammad Ali went on to become one of the founders and an important member of the All-India Muslim League. His life and career inspired a 1984 documentary film titled Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar.

 20 
Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari
(Politician, Activist)
Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari
0
Birthdate: December 25, 1880
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: May 10, 1936
 21 
Mirabehn
(Political Activist)
Mirabehn
2
Birthdate: November 22, 1892
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: England, United Kingdom
Died: July 20, 1982
 22 
Jatindra Nath Das
(Revolutionary, Activist)
Jatindra Nath Das
0
Birthdate: October 27, 1904
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kolkata, West bengal, India
Died: September 13, 1929
 23 
Vasudev Balwant Phadke
(Revolutionary, Activist)
Vasudev Balwant Phadke
0
Birthdate: November 4, 1845
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Shirdhon, Maharashtra, India
Died: February 17, 1883
 24 
Tara Singh
(Sikh leader)
Tara Singh
2
Birthdate: June 24, 1885
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rawalpindi, Punjab, British India
Died: November 22, 1967
 25 
Tiruppur Kumaran
(Revolutionary)
Tiruppur Kumaran
0
Birthdate: October 4, 1904
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Chennimalai, Tamil Nadu, India
Died: January 11, 1932
 26 
Hakim Ajmal Khan
(Physician, Politician)
Hakim Ajmal Khan
0
Birthdate: February 11, 1868
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Delhi, India
Died: December 29, 1927

Hakim Ajmal Khan was an Indian physician best remembered for co-founding the popular Jamia Millia Islamia University, which is currently located in New Delhi. He is also credited with establishing another institution named Tibbia College in Delhi. Hakim Ajmal Khan also took part in important pre-independent movements, such as the Khilafat movement.

 27 
Hasrat Mohani
(Poet, Politician)
Hasrat Mohani
0
Birthdate: October 14, 1875
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: May 13, 1951
 28 
Shaukat Ali
(Politician)
Shaukat Ali
0
Birthdate: March 10, 1873
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Rampur, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: November 18, 1938
 29 
Purushottam Das Tandon
(Indian Freedom Fighter Best Known for His Opposition to the Partition of India)
Purushottam Das Tandon
1
Birthdate: August 1, 1882
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Allahabad, India
Died: July 1, 1962

Popularly referred as Rajarshi, Purushottam Das Tandon was an Indian lawyer, political leader and scholar. A member of the Indian National Congress, he actively participated in its various movements and vehemently opposed the partition of India. As a member of the Constituent Assembly, he not only promoted Hindi as the official language, but also the usage of Devanagari script.  .

 30 
Maniram Dewan
(Activist)
Maniram Dewan
0
Birthdate: April 17, 1806
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Sibsagar, Assam, India
Died: February 26, 1858
 31 
Jayi Rajaguru
(Activist)
Jayi Rajaguru
0
Birthdate: October 29, 1739
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Puri, Odisha, India
Died: December 6, 1806
 32 
Hemu Kalani
(Revolutionary, Activist)
Hemu Kalani
0
Birthdate: March 23, 1923
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Sukkur, Pakistan
Died: January 21, 1943
 33 
C. Sankaran Nair
1
Birthdate: July 11, 1857
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kerala, India
Died: April 24, 1934

A Madras High Court judge and lawyer, C. Sankaran Nair had also served the Indian National Congress as its president. The author of Gandhi and Anarchy, he is best remembered for his fearless courtroom battle against Michael O’Dwyer, the Lieutenant-Governor of Punjab, whom he held responsible for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.

 34 
Sankaralinganar
(Activist)
Sankaralinganar
0
Birthdate: January 26, 1895
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tamil Nadu, India
Died: October 13, 1956
 35 
Abdul Bari
(Educator, Social reformer)
Abdul Bari
0
Birthdate: 1892 AD
Birthplace: Kansua, Bihar, India
Died: March 28, 1947

Indian academic and labor leader Abdul Bari is remembered for his involvement in the freedom struggle, his historic deal with the Tatas, and his efforts to curb slavery and other social ills. He was shot dead while on his way home while serving as the Bihar Provincial Congress Committee president.

 36 
Chandrawati
(Politician)
Chandrawati
0
Birthdate: January 8, 1928
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bhiwani District, India
Died: November 15, 2020
 37 
Maghfoor Ahmad Ajazi
(Politician, Poet)
Maghfoor Ahmad Ajazi
0
Birthdate: March 3, 1900
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Muzaffarpur, India
Died: September 26, 1966
 38 
Luís de Menezes Bragança
(Journalist, Writer)
Luís de Menezes Bragança
0
Birthdate: January 15, 1878
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Chandor, Goa, India
Died: July 10, 1938
 39 
M. J. Appaji Gowda
(Politician)
M. J. Appaji Gowda
0
Birthplace: India
Died: September 2, 2020
 40 
Mahendra Yadav
(Politician)
Mahendra Yadav
0
Birthdate: May 5, 1963
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: New Delhi, India
Died: July 5, 2020
 41 
Datta Ekbote
(Politician)
Datta Ekbote
0
Birthdate: 1936 AD
Birthplace: India
Died: September 2, 2020