India with its rich heritage in arts and culture has produced a multitude of distinguished artists and painters. Starting from the pre-historic times, Indian painters have played a major role in shaping the cultural development of the country. Indian paintings historically revolved around the religious deities and mythology, as can be seen from large frescoes of Ajanta to the intricate Mughal miniature paintings. Several schools of art flourished in India, and the Bengal School of art which flourished in India during the British Raj in the early 20th century was promoted by artists such as Raja Ravi Varma and Abanindranath Tagore. Other prominent painters influenced by the school were Nandalal Bose, M.A.R Chughtai, Sunayani Devi, Manishi Dey, and Mukul Dey. The spreading of Modernist ideas led to the emergence of distinguished painters like Amrita Sher-Gil whose work was declared as art treasures by The Archaeological Survey of India. While some Indian painters were inspired by Western art, others like Jamini Roy, drew inspiration from folk art. Eminent artists like K. H. Ara, S. K. Bakre, H. A. Gade, M.F. Husain, S.H. Raza and F. N. Souza revitalized Indian art in the post-independence era while Anjolie Ela Menon, Baiju Parthan, and Devajyoti Ray are popular contemporary painters. Read on to discover about the life and works of famous Indian painters.