India with its rich heritage in arts and culture has produced a multitude of distinguished artists and painters. Starting from the pre-historic times, Indian painters have played a major role in shaping the cultural development of the country. Indian paintings historically revolved around the religious deities and mythology, as can be seen from large frescoes of Ajanta to the intricate Mughal miniature paintings. Several schools of art flourished in India, and the Bengal School of art which flourished in India during the British Raj in the early 20th century was promoted by artists such as Raja Ravi Varma and Abanindranath Tagore. Other prominent painters influenced by the school were Nandalal Bose, M.A.R Chughtai, Sunayani Devi, Manishi Dey, and Mukul Dey. The spreading of Modernist ideas led to the emergence of distinguished painters like Amrita Sher-Gil whose work was declared as art treasures by The Archaeological Survey of India. While some Indian painters were inspired by Western art, others like Jamini Roy, drew inspiration from folk art. Eminent artists like K. H. Ara, S. K. Bakre, H. A. Gade, M.F. Husain, S.H. Raza and F. N. Souza revitalized Indian art in the post-independence era while Anjolie Ela Menon, Baiju Parthan, and Devajyoti Ray are popular contemporary painters. Read on to discover about the life and works of famous Indian painters.
Rabindranath TagoreRabindranath Tagore
07 May 1861
Poet
Raja Ravi VarmaRaja Ravi Varma
29 April 1848
Painter

M. F. HusainM. F. Husain
17 September 1915
Painter

Jamini RoyJamini Roy
11 April 1887
Indian painter

Tyeb MehtaTyeb Mehta
25 July 1925
Indian painter

Amrita ShergilAmrita Shergil
30 January 1913
Indian painter
Bal ThackerayBal Thackeray
23 January 1926
Politician, Journalist, Painter

Soumitra ChatterjeeSoumitra Chatterjee
19 January 1935
Actor

Anish KapoorAnish Kapoor
12 March 1954
Sculptor, Visual artist, Painter, Architect
Devdutt PattanaikDevdutt Pattanaik
11 December 1970
Mythographer

Nek ChandNek Chand
15 December 1924
Artist
Ustad MansurUstad Mansur
1590 AD
Painter

GovardhanGovardhan
1595 AD
Indian painter

Anjolie Ela MenonAnjolie Ela Menon
17 July 1940
Artist

Vasudeo S. GaitondeVasudeo S. Gaitonde
1924 AD
Painter

SahibdinSahibdin
Painter
Ganesh PyneGanesh Pyne
11 June 1937
Painter

B. C. SanyalB. C. Sanyal
22 April 1901
Artist

BasawanBasawan
Painter

Farrukh BegFarrukh Beg
1545 AD
Mughal painter
DaswanthDaswanth
Indian painter

Manohar DasManohar Das
Painter
BishandasBishandas
Painter

BichitrBichitr
Painter

R.K. LaxmanR.K. Laxman
24 October 1921
Cartoonist
DaulatDaulat
1500 AD
Indian painter

F.N. SouzaF.N. Souza
12 April 1924
Artist
Abu'l-HasanAbu'l-Hasan
1589 AD
Painter