Second son of Emperor Ferdinand III, Leopold I became the heir apparent to his father’s throne on the death of his elder brother in 1654, being coroneted as the Holy Roman Emperor in 1658. Although he received little training for the throne, Austria became a great European power during his reign, emerging victorious in struggles against Ottoman Empire and France.
Viktor Orbán is a Hungarian politician and the current prime minister of Hungary. He is also the president of a national conservative political party called Fidesz. Over the years, Orbán has introduced major legislative and constitutional reforms in the country. However, Hungary has also been experiencing democratic backsliding under his leadership since 2010.
Imre Nagy was a Hungarian politician who served as the third chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Hungarian People's Republic. He also served as the 44th prime minister of Hungary. In 1956, Nagy played an influential role in the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 where he led the Revolution against the government, for which he was executed in 1958.
Miklós Horthy was a Hungarian statesman and admiral who served as the regent of Hungary from 1920 to 1944. He started his career in the Austro-Hungarian Navy and played an important role in the Battle of the Strait of Otranto. During the final year of World War I, Miklós Horthy became commander-in-chief of the Austro-Hungarian Navy.
Hungarian president János Áder was born in the small town Csorna and is a qualified lawyer. His first step into politics was as a law expert of the liberal-democratic party Fidesz. He has previously been the Speaker of the National Assembly. The father of four is married to a judge.