Famous Hungarian Historical Personalities

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 1 
Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor
(Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 to 1790)
Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor
5
Birthdate: March 13, 1741
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: February 20, 1790

Joseph II reigned as the Holy Roman Emperor from 1765, and as the sole ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780, until 1790. Son of Empress Maria Theresa and Emperor Francis I, and brother of Marie Antoinette, he laid down policies now known as Josephinism. He died without heirs.

 2 
Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor
(Holy Roman Emperor (1433 - 1437))
Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor
4
Birthdate: February 14, 1368
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Nuremberg, Germany
Died: December 9, 1437

Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor reigned as the king of Hungary and Croatia from 1387 to 1437. He also served as the king of Germany, king of Bohemia, king of Italy, and emperor of the Romans. Sigismund is best remembered for playing a key role in bringing about the Council of Constance, which ended the Papal Schism.   

 3 
Matthias Corvinus
(King of Hungary and Croatia (1458 - 1490))
Matthias Corvinus
4
Birthdate: February 23, 1443
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Died: April 6, 1490

The second son of military leader János Hunyadi, Matthias Corvinus ruled as the king of Hungary and Croatia in the 15th century. He introduced several financial and other administrative reforms to reunite Hungary after a long period of anarchy. He also established the Black Army of Hungary and patronized the arts and sciences.

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 4 
Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
(Holy Roman Emperor)
Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Birthdate: June 9, 1640
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: May 5, 1705

Second son of Emperor Ferdinand III, Leopold I became the heir apparent to his father’s throne on the death of his elder brother in 1654, being coroneted as the Holy Roman Emperor in 1658. Although he received little training for the throne, Austria became a great European power during his reign, emerging victorious in struggles against Ottoman Empire and France.

 5 
Jadwiga of Poland
(Former Queen of Poland (1384 - 1399))
Jadwiga of Poland
3
Birthdate: 1373 AD
Birthplace: Buda, Hungary
Died: July 17, 1399

Jadwiga of Poland reigned over the Kingdom of Poland as its first female monarch from 1384 until her death in 1399. Regarded as one of Poland's greatest rulers, Jadwiga is often compared to Casimir the Great and Bolesław the Brave. Also remembered for her charitable activities, Jadwiga of Poland established new schools, hospitals, and churches.

 6 
Stephen I of Hungary
(The First King of Hungary (1000 - 1038))
Stephen I of Hungary
3
Birthdate: 0975 AD
Birthplace: Esztergom, Hungary
Died: August 15, 1038

A legendary figure in Hungarian history, Stephen I was the first king of Hungary. Part of the Árpád dynasty and son of Magyar chief Géza, Stephen was born a Pagan but was later baptized as a Christian. He built many monasteries, encouraged trade, and maintained peace in his kingdom.

 7 
Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
(Holy Roman Emperor)
Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
4
Birthdate: May 5, 1747
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: March 1, 1792

Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor reigned as king of Archduke of Austria, emperor of the Romans, and king of Hungary and Bohemia from 1790 until his death in 1792. From 1765 to 1790, he served as Grand Duke of Tuscany, during which he abolished capital punishment in Tuscany, making it the first nation to abolish capital punishment in modern history.

 8 
Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Birthdate: July 31, 1527
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: October 12, 1576

Maximilian II was the Holy Roman Emperor from 1564 until his death in 1576.  A member of the Austrian House of Habsburg, he was the eldest son of the Habsburg archduke Ferdinand I and Anne of Bohemia and Hungary. He was the nephew of Emperor Charles V. As the king, he adopted a policy of religious neutrality.

Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Birthdate: July 13, 1608
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Graz
Died: April 2, 1657

Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III is largely held responsible for ending the Thirty Years’ War in 1648 with 2 peace treaties known as the Peace of Westphalia. He also conspired against Generalissimo Albrecht von Wallenstein when he was denied control of the imperial army. He was also instrumental in the Peace of Prague.

 10 
Edgar Ætheling
(Disputed King of the English (October - December 1066))
Edgar Ætheling
3
Birthdate: 1051 AD
Birthplace: Kingdom of Hungary
Died: 1126 AD

Anglo Saxon prince Edgar Ætheling was 15 when he was proclaimed the king of England, after Harold II died in the Battle of Hastings. The last male member of the House of Wessex, he, however, remained uncrowned. He supported the Duke of Normandy, against King Henry I, but was captured by Henry.

 11 
Louis I of Hungary
(King of Hungary and Croatia (1342 - 1382), King of Poland (1370 - 1382))
Louis I of Hungary
3
Birthdate: March 5, 1326
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Visegrád
Died: September 10, 1382

Louis I, the King of Hungary and Croatia and King of Poland, was considered for centuries in Hungarian historiography as the most powerful monarch of Hungary. His long-reign was marked with several campaigns including against Naples. As he had no sons, Louis issued Privilege of Koszyce so that one of his daughters could ascend the Polish throne following his death.       

 12 
Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria
(The Last Child of Emperor Franz Joseph I and Empress Elisabeth of Austria)
Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria
3
Birthdate: April 22, 1868
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Buda, Hungary
Died: September 6, 1924

Archduchess Marie Valerie was the last child of Franz Joseph I, emperor of Austria and king of Hungary, and Empress Elisabeth. Rumors also claimed she was an illegitimate child of Elisabeth and Gyula Andrássy. He marriage to her third cousin, Archduke Franz Salvator, was criticized for not being dynastic.

 13 
Louis II of Hungary
(King of Hungary, Bohemia, and Croatia (1516 - 1526))
Louis II of Hungary
3
Birthdate: July 1, 1506
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Buda
Died: August 29, 1526

Louis II of Hungary reigned as the King of Hungary, Bohemia, and Croatia from 1516 to 1526. His loss against the Ottomans led to the annexation of Hungary by the Ottomans; Louis II of Hungary was killed while fighting the Ottomans in the Battle of Mohács.

 14 
Władysław III of Poland
(King of Poland (1434 - 1444), King of Hungary and Croatia (1440 - 1444))
Władysław III of Poland
2
Birthdate: October 31, 1424
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kraków, Poland
Died: November 10, 1444

Władysław III was 10 when he succeeded his father, Władysław II Jagiełło, to the throne of Poland. However, he spent most of his rule guided and dominated by Polish noble Oleśnicki. He also ruled as the king of Hungary and Croatia and the duke of Lithuania.

 15 
Charles I of Hungary
(King of Hungary and Croatia (1301/08 - 1342))
Charles I of Hungary
2
Birthdate: 1288 AD
Birthplace: Naples, Italy
Died: July 16, 1342

Charles I of Hungary reigned as the King of Croatia and Hungary from 1308 until his death in 1342. During his reign, Charles improved and reorganized the administration of royal revenues. Charles I of Hungary also encouraged the spread of chivalrous culture throughout his realms.   

 16 
Béla IV of Hungary
(King of Hungary and Croatia (1235 - 1270))
Béla IV of Hungary
2
Birthdate: November 29, 1206
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Hungary
Died: May 3, 1270

Béla IV was a 13th-century king of Hungary and Croatia and the son of King Andrew II. His reign witnessed devastating Mongol invasions of Hungary, though he made marked efforts to reduce the damage, by building fortresses around Hungarian towns, thus gaining the title of the “second founder of the state.”

 17 
Andrew II of Hungary
(King of Hungary and Croatia (1205 - 1235))
Andrew II of Hungary
2
Birthdate: 1177 AD
Birthplace: Esztergom, Hungary
Died: September 21, 1235

Andrew II, or Andrew of Jerusalem, succeeded his father, King Béla III, as the king of Hungary and Croatia. His rule was marked by controversies, owing to his reckless spending habits and his infamous Crusade to the Holy Land. He was later forced to sign the Golden Bull, which limited royal rights.

 18 
Albert II of Germany
(King of Bohemia)
Albert II of Germany
2
Birthdate: August 10, 1397
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: October 27, 1439

Albert II of Germany was a Holy Roman Emperor of the Habsburg Monarchy. He became the ruler of Hungary, Germany, and Bohemia after his father-in-law Sigismund’s death. He was known for bringing about peace and for dividing Germany into structured administrative segments to make ruling easier.

 19 
Ladislaus I of Hungary
(King of Hungary (1077 - 1095), King of Croatia (1091 - 1095))
Ladislaus I of Hungary
2
Birthdate: June 27, 1046
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kraków, Poland
Died: July 29, 1095

Considered the most loved king of Hungary, Ladislaus I, or Saint Ladislas, was the son of King Béla I. He is remembered for extending the kingdom of Hungary. He restored law and order by introducing severe punishment for property rights violation and also introduced Roman Catholicism in Croatia.

 20 
Ferenc Rákóczi, II
(Prince of Transylvania (1704 - 1711))
Ferenc Rákóczi, II
2
Birthdate: March 27, 1676
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Borsi, Hungary
Died: April 8, 1735

Hungarian nobleman Ferenc Rákóczi, II was born into a Magyar noble family and was the richest landlord in Hungary and the prince of Transylvania. He played a major role in the near-successful Rákóczi's War of Independence against the Habsburg empire and is now considered one of Hungary’s national heroes.

 21 
Béla I of Hungary
(King of Hungary From 1060 to 1063)
Béla I of Hungary
2
Birthdate: 1015 AD
Birthplace: Esztergom, Hungary
Died: September 11, 1063
 22 
Geiseric
(Ruler of the Vandal Kingdom (428 - 477))
Geiseric
2
Birthdate: 0389 AD
Birthplace: Lake Balaton, Hungary
Died: January 5, 0477
 23 
John Zápolya
(King of Hungary and Croatia)
John Zápolya
2
Birthdate: February 2, 1487
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Spišské Podhradie, Slovakia
Died: July 22, 1540

King John Zápolya of Hungary was initially the governor of Transylvania, where he suppressed a peasant revolt. After Louis II was killed by the Ottomans, Louis II’s brother-in-law, Ferdinand I challenged John for the throne of Hungary and acquired a part of the country. Eventually, a childless John named Ferdinand his successor.

Geraldine of Albania
2
Birthdate: August 6, 1915
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Budapest, Hungary
Died: October 22, 2002
 25 
Vladislaus II of Hungary
(King of Bohemia (1471 - 1516), King of Hungary and Croatia (1490 - 1516))
Vladislaus II of Hungary
2
Birthdate: March 1, 1456
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Kraków, Poland
Died: March 13, 1516

The eldest son of Polish king Casimir IV Jagiełło, Vladislaus II reigned over both Hungary and Bohemia and is remembered for uniting the two kingdoms. He had significant conflicts with rulers such as Hungarian king Matthias Corvinus and Holy Roman emperor Maximilian I. He was also known by his nickname Dobzse László.

 26 
Béla III of Hungary
(King of Hungary and Croatia (1172 - 1196))
Béla III of Hungary
2
Birthdate: 1148 AD
Birthplace: Esztergom, Hungary
Died: April 23, 1196
 27 
Gábor Bethlen
(King of Hungary (1620 - 1621))
Gábor Bethlen
2
Birthdate: November 15, 1580
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ilia, Romania
Died: November 15, 1629

Gábor Bethlen reigned as the King of Hungary from 25 August 1620 to 31 December 1621. He is best remembered as the Prince of Transylvania and Duke of Opole. Although he was the king of Hungary, Gábor Bethlen never took control of the entire kingdom. 

Anne of Bohemia and Hungary
2
Birthdate: July 23, 1503
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Buda, Hungary
Died: January 27, 1547
Mary, Queen of Hungary
1
Birthdate: April 14, 1371
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Buda, Hungary
Died: May 17, 1395
 30 
Ladislas IV
(King of Hungary and Croatia (1272 - 1290))
Ladislas IV
1
Birthdate: August 5, 1262
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Toboliu, Romania
Died: July 10, 1290

Hungarian King Ladislas IV, also known as Ladislas the Cuman, was the son of King Stephen V. He spent a part of his childhood imprisoned by rebellious lord Joachim Gutkeled. He later allied with German king Rudolf I to strengthen the Habsburg dynasty in Austria.

 31 
Coloman, King of Hungary
(King of Hungary (1095 - 1116), King of Croatia (1097 - 1116))
Coloman, King of Hungary
1
Birthdate: 1074 AD
Birthplace: Székesfehérvár, Hungary
Died: February 3, 1116

The son of King Géza I and his Greek concubine, Coloman became the king of Hungary after the death of his uncle, King Ladislas. He was also known as Coloman the Bookish for his habit of reading and his love for learning and literature. He maintained internal order and peace throughout his rule.

Countess Claudine Rhédey von Kis-Rhéde
2
Birthdate: September 21, 1812
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Sângeorgiu de Pădure, Romania
Died: October 1, 1841
 33 
Andrew III of Hungary
(King of Hungary and Croatia (1290 - 1301))
Andrew III of Hungary
1
Birthdate: 1265 AD
Birthplace: Venice
Died: January 14, 1301

Born to the posthumous son of King Andrew II, Stephan, Andrew III was made the king of Hungary after the death of King Ladislaus IV. A wise and solemn ruler, he was the last king of the House of Árpád. His reign witnessed continuous anarchy, especially from the Kőszegis and the Csáks.

 34 
Andrew I of Hungary
(King of Hungary (1046 - 1060))
Andrew I of Hungary
1
Birthdate: 1015 AD
Birthplace: Zirc, Hungary
Died: December 6, 1060

Hungarian King Andrew I gained the epithets the White and the Catholic for declaring Pagan rights illegal soon after his coronation. He also successfully defended his nation against the Holy Roman Empire. He died while fleeing after being defeated in a battle with his brother Béla I.

 35 
Béla II of Hungary
(King of Hungary and Croatia (1131 - 1141))
Béla II of Hungary
1
Birthdate: 1109 AD
Birthplace: Tolna County, Hungary
Died: February 13, 1141

Béla II, also known as Béla the Blind, was the son of Hungarian prince Álmos. Both he and his father were blinded on the orders of Álmos's brother, Coloman. He took over as the king of Hungary after the death of Coloman's son, King Stephen II.

 36 
Stephen V of Hungary
(King of Hungary and Croatia (1270 - 1272))
Stephen V of Hungary
1
Birthdate: October 18, 1239
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Buda
Died: August 6, 1272

The first son of King Béla IV, Stephen V was crowned at the age of 6 and became the Duke of Slavonia. As he grew up, he clashed with his father for control over parts of Hungary. Apart from being the king of Hungary and Croatia, he also became the king of Bulgaria.

 37 
Géza II of Hungary
(King of Hungary and Croatia (1141 - 1162))
Géza II of Hungary
1
Birthdate: 1130 AD
Birthplace: Tolna
Died: May 31, 1162

The eldest son of Béla the Blind, Géza II was a child when his father died and began ruling as the king of Hungary and Croatia under the guidance of his mother and his uncle, Beloš. He later allied with Louis VII of France and also encouraged foreign trade.

 38 
Géza, Grand Prince of the Hungarians
(Grand Prince of the Hungarians (970 - 997))
Géza, Grand Prince of the Hungarians
1
Birthdate: 0940 AD
Birthplace: Hungary
Died: 0997 AD

Géza, Grand Prince of the Hungarians, also known as Stephen, was the son of Grand Prince Taksony. His rule was primarily peaceful, and he also supported Christian missionaries. Though he was baptized, he retained his Pagan rituals. He was the father of Saint Stephen, the first king of Hungary.

 39 
Violant of Hungary
(Queen of Aragon)
Violant of Hungary
1
Birthdate: 1215 AD
Birthplace: Esztergom, Hungary
Died: October 9, 1251
Elizabeth of Luxembourg
1
Birthdate: October 7, 1409
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Visegrád, Hungary
Died: December 19, 1442
Mary of Hungary, Queen of Naples
1
Birthdate: 1257 AD
Birthplace: Hungary
Died: March 25, 1323
 42 
Irene of Hungary
1
Birthdate: 1088 AD
Birthplace: Esztergom, Hungary
Died: August 13, 1134
 43 
Peter, King of Hungary
(Former King of Hungary (1038 - 1041))
Peter, King of Hungary
0
Birthdate: 1011 AD
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: August 30, 1059

Two-time king of Hungary, Peter Orseolo, also known as Peter the Venetian, was the nephew of King Stephen I. His first term of reign ended in his deposition because of his rampant favoritism. His second stint of rule began after Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor restored him to power.

 44 
Stephen III of Hungary
(King of Hungary and Croatia (1162 – 1172))
Stephen III of Hungary
0
Birthdate: 1147 AD
Birthplace: Székesfehérvár, Hungary
Died: March 4, 1172

Stephen III of Hungary reigned as the King of Croatia and Hungary from 1162 until his death in 1172. He is best remembered as a brave warrior king who waged a war against the mighty Byzantine Empire. Although he could not win the war, Stephen III of Hungary earned the respect of one and all for his valor.

 45 
Emeric of Hungary
(King of Croatia and Hungary (1196 – 1204))
Emeric of Hungary
1
Birthdate: 1174 AD
Birthplace: Esztergom, Hungary
Died: November 30, 1204

Emeric of Hungary reigned as the King of Croatia and Hungary from 1196 until his death in 1204. Half of his reign was spent fighting his rebellious brother, Andrew II, who demanded a separate duchy for himself. Emeric of Hungary fell seriously ill at age 29 and passed away soon after, after making his four-year-old son the new king. 

 46 
Maria Laskarina
1
Birthdate: 1206 AD
Birthplace: Greece
Died: June 24, 1270
 47 
Euphrosyne of Kiev
0
Birthdate: 1130 AD
Birthplace: Kyiv, Ukraine
Died: 1193 AD
 48 
György Rákóczi, II
(Former Prince of Transylvania (1648 - 1660))
György Rákóczi, II
0
Birthdate: January 30, 1621
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Sarospatak, Hungary
Died: June 7, 1660

The son of György I, György Rákóczi, II was the Prince of Transylvania. Though he joined hands with the Swedes in attacking Poland, hoping to earn the Polish crown, he ended up being driven out by the Turks. He codified the laws of the principality but could not prevent Turkish hegemony over Transylvania.

 49 
Elizabeth of Poland, Queen of Hungary
(Queen consort of Hungary)
Elizabeth of Poland, Queen of Hungary
0
Birthdate: 1305 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: December 29, 1380
 50 
Helena of Serbia, Queen of Hungary
(Queen consort of Hungary (1131–1141))
Helena of Serbia, Queen of Hungary
0
Birthdate: 1109 AD
Birthplace: Serbia
Died: 1161 AD