Over the years, many scientists have emerged from the Spanish speaking countries. Franklin Chang-Díaz, the American Physicist worked on controlled fusion and fusion reactor design. He specialized in Applied Plasma Physics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and received the doctorate degree from the same university. He became an astronaut in 1981 and later worked at NASA as well. Ellen Ochoa, the astronaut and 1st Hispanic woman to go to space pursued her research on information processing from Sandia National Laboratories and NASA Ames Research Center. She is also a co-inventor on patents in optics, object recognition and image processing. Other Hispanic scientists including Mario J. Molina, who stated that CFC’S are harmless and César Milstein, one of the fathers of modern medicine to developed the first monoclonal antibodies in 1975 are Hispanic scientists. Baruj Benacerraf, Jacinto Convit, Luis Alvarez are a few Hispanic scientists who also made their contributions to the world.
Mario J. MolinaMario J. Molina
19 March 1943, Mexican
Chemist
Severo OchoaSevero Ochoa
14 September 1905, Spanish
Physician and Biochemist

Luis Federico LeloirLuis Federico Leloir
06 September 1906, Argentinian
Biochemist, Physician

Ellen OchoaEllen Ochoa
10 May 1958, American
Astronaut, Engineer

Bernardo HoussayBernardo Houssay
10 April 1887, Argentinian
Physician, Scientist, Pharmacist