Famous Greek Military Leaders

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 1 
Spartacus
(Thracian Gladiator and One of the Escaped Slave Leaders in the Third Servile War)
Spartacus
11
Birthdate: 0103 BC
Birthplace: Thrace
Died: 0071 BC
Spartacus was a Thracian gladiator who led the slave revolt called the Third Servile War, against the Roman Republic. However, historical accounts differ in their portrayal of Spartacus. He has inspired scores of books, films, and series, one of them being a Stanley Kubrick movie based on Howard Fast's novel.
 2 
Leonidas I
(King of Ancient Sparta)
Leonidas I
5
Birthdate: 0540 BC
Birthplace: Sparta, Greece
Died: August 11, 0480

Leonidas I was the king of the Greek city-state of Sparta from 489–480 BCE. He was the son of King Anaxandridas II. He is remembered for his participation in the Second Persian War, especially for his leadership at the Battle of Thermopylae. He died at the battle, gaining legendary status as the leader of the 300 Spartans.

 3 
Themistocles
(Military Leader)
Themistocles
4
Birthdate: 0524 BC
Birthplace: Frearrioi (modern Feriza close to Anavyssos)
Died: 0459 BC

The 5th-century BC warrior politician Themistocles has gone down in history as one of the first to consolidate the Athenian navy. He is remembered for his victories in wars such as the Battle of Salamis. His exploits have been immortalized in movies such as 300: Rise of an Empire.

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 4 
Pyrrhus of Epirus
(King of Epirus from 297 BC to 272 BC)
Pyrrhus of Epirus
4
Birthdate: 0319 AD
Birthplace: Epirus
Died: 0272 AD

Greek king Pyrrhus, son of prince Aeacides, belonged to the Hellenistic period and ruled Epirus. His destructive losses in the wars that he fought gave rise to the term “Pyrrhic victory.” He fought against Rome in the Pyrrhic War and later died while fighting a street war in Argos.

 5 
Seleucus I Nicator
6
Birthdate: 0359 BC
Birthplace: Orestis
Died: 0281 BC

Seleucus I Nicator was Alexander the Great’s right hand in his fight against Porus in India. He became the Babylonian governor after Alexander’s death and eventually formed the Seleucid empire. His conflict with Chandragupta Maurya ended with a marital alliance, and he secured his ties by sending Megasthenes to Pataliputra.

 6 
Hephaestion
(Ancient Macedonian Army General and a Close Friend of Alexander The Great)
Hephaestion
4
Birthdate: 0356 AD
Birthplace: Pella, Greece
Died: 0324 AD

Hephaestion was an ancient Macedonian army general and nobleman who served under Alexander the Great. A close ally of Alexander the Great, Hephaestion shared all his secrets with the former and their relationship has been compared to that of Patroclus and Achilles. Hephaestion has been portrayed in many films such as the 2004 epic historical drama film Alexander.

 7 
Miltiades the Younger
(A Greek Athenian Military Leader Who Played a Major Role in the 'Battle of Marathon' Against Persia)
Miltiades the Younger
3
Birthdate: 0550 AD
Birthplace: Athens, Greece
Died: 0489 AD

Miltiades the Younger was a Greek Athenian military leader who served as an eponymous archon of Athens from 524 to 523 BC. He is best remembered for playing a major role in the Battle of Marathon against the invading Persian force. The battle resulted in the crushing defeat of the Persians and gave rise to the famous Greco-Persian Wars.

 8 
Georgios Papadopoulos
(Prime Minister of Greece (1967 - 1973), President of Greece (June 1973 - November 1973))
Georgios Papadopoulos
3
Birthdate: May 5, 1919
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Eleochorion, Greece
Died: June 27, 1999

Georgios Papadopoulos was a Greek soldier remembered for leading a military coup d'état in Greece in 1967, which led to a regime of the colonels that ruled Greece from 1967 to 1974. After seizing power in 1967, Papadopoulos remained Greece's dictator until 1973, when he was overthrown by Dimitrios Ioannidis. Papadopoulos also played an important role during World War II.

 9 
Lysander
(Spartan Political and Military Leader Who Was Responsible For Sparta's Domination of Greece)
Lysander
3
Birthplace: Sparta
Died: 0395 BC

Lysander was a Spartan political and military leader. He is best remembered for destroying the Athenian fleet in 405 BC at the Battle of Aegospotami, forcing Athens to surrender. His actions helped bring the Peloponnesian War to an end. Lysander went on to play an important role in Sparta's domination of Greece until his death in 395 BC.

 10 
Cleon
(Athenian General Who Served in the Famous 'Peloponnesian War')
Cleon
3
Birthplace: Athens
Died: 0422 BC

Cleon was an Athenian general who played an important role during the Peloponnesian War. Although he is often portrayed in a negative way, Cleon is best remembered for his compassion towards the poorer citizens which helped increase his popularity; he increased the pay for jury work, providing a livelihood for many poor Athenians.

 11 
Lysimachus
(officer)
Lysimachus
3
Birthdate: 0360 BC
Birthplace: Krannonas
Died: January 31, 0281

The king of Thrace and the successor of Alexander the Great, Lysimachus was initially a Macedonian general and one of the bodyguards of Alexander during his invasion in Asia. On the insistence of his third wife, Arsinoe II, he executed his eldest son, Agathocles, but was eventually killed by Seleucus.

 12 
Theodoros Kolokotronis
(Greek General and The Greatest Leader of the 'Greek Revolution of 1821')
Theodoros Kolokotronis
3
Birthdate: April 3, 1770
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Morea
Died: February 4, 1843

Theodoros Kolokotronis was a Greek general and the greatest leader of the Greek Revolution of 1821 against the Ottoman Empire. He is credited with defeating Mahmud Dramali Pasha's Ottoman army at the Battle of Dervenakia, which is widely regarded as Kolokotronis' greatest success. Today, Theodoros Kolokotronis is ranked among the most important figures in the Greek War of Independence.

 13 
Parmenion
(Macedonian Military General Who Served Under Alexander The Great and Philip II of Macedon)
Parmenion
3
Birthdate: 0400 BC
Birthplace: Macedonia, Greece
Died: 0330 BC

Parmenion was a Macedonian military general who served under Alexander the Great and Philip II of Macedon. Parmenion played an important role in the expansion of Macedonia under Philip II. He also fought alongside Alexander the Great in several battles such as the Battle of the Granicus, Battle of Issus, and Battle of Gaugamela. 

 14 
Brasidas
(Spartan Military Officer Who Played an Important Role in the 'Peloponnesian War')
Brasidas
3
Birthplace: Sparta, Greece
Died: 0422 AD

Brasidas was a Spartan military officer who achieved popularity during the first decade of the famous Peloponnesian War. He fought in the battle of Pylos and Amphipolis and died in the Second Battle of Amphipolis before leading his troop to a spectacular victory in the battle.

 15 
Perdiccas
(General of Alexander the Great)
Perdiccas
3
Birthdate: 0365 AD
Birthplace: Orestis, Greece
Died: 0321 AD

Perdiccas was a general who served under Alexander the Great. He was part of Alexander's campaign against Achaemenid Persia, where he played an important role. After Alexander the Great's death, Perdiccas served as regent of the Macedonian empire and became the supreme commander of the imperial army.

 16 
Cimon
(Greek Politician and General)
Cimon
2
Birthdate: 0510 AD
Birthplace: Athens, Greece
Died: 0450 AD

Cimon was an Athenian statesman in mid-5th century BC Greece. Also a general, Cimon played an important role in building the dominant Athenian maritime empire. His military prowess exhibited in various battles, including the Battle of Salamis and the Battle of the Eurymedon river, established him as a celebrated military hero.

 17 
Ian Hamilton
(Army General)
Ian Hamilton
5
Birthdate: January 16, 1853
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Corfu, Greece
Died: October 12, 1947
 18 
Agesilaus II
(Military commander)
Agesilaus II
2
Birthdate: 0444 BC
Birthplace: Sparta
Died: 0360 BC

Agesilaus II reigned as the king of Sparta from 399 to 358 BC. Widely regarded as the most prominent king in the Spartan history, Agesilaus II played a vital role during the Spartan hegemony period that followed the Peloponnesian War. Although he was small in stature, Agesilaus' guerrilla warfare tactics and his bravery was seldom questioned during his time.

 19 
Laskarina Bouboulina
(Naval commander)
Laskarina Bouboulina
2
Birthdate: May 11, 1771
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: May 22, 1825
 20 
Artemisia II
(Naval strategist)
Artemisia II
2
Birthplace: Greece
Died: 0350 AD
 21 
Periander
(Tyrant)
Periander
2
Birthplace: Corinth, Greece
Died: 0585 AD
 22 
Dimitrios Ioannidis
(Military officer)
Dimitrios Ioannidis
2
Birthdate: March 13, 1923
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Athens, Greece
Died: August 16, 2010
 23 
Geórgios Karaïskákis
(Military commander)
Geórgios Karaïskákis
2
Birthdate: 1780 AD
Birthplace: Mavrommati, Greece
Died: April 23, 1827
 24 
Markos Botsaris
(Military General)
Markos Botsaris
2
Birthdate: 1790 AD
Birthplace: Souli, Greece
Died: August 21, 1823
 25 
Nearchus
(Voyager)
Nearchus
2
Birthdate: 0360 AD
Birthplace: Crete, Greece
Died: 0300 AD
 26 
Pausanias the Regent
(Military leader)
Pausanias the Regent
0
Birthplace: Sparta, Greece
Died: 0477 AD
 27 
Cynane
(Military personnel)
Cynane
2
Birthdate: 0357 AD
Birthplace: Greece
Died: 0323 AD
 28 
Alexander Ypsilantis
(Military personnel)
Alexander Ypsilantis
0
Birthdate: December 12, 1792
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: January 31, 1828
 29 
Athanasios Diakos
(Military commander)
Athanasios Diakos
2
Birthdate: January 4, 1788
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Central Greece
Died: April 24, 1821
 30 
Alexandros Papagos
(Former Prime Minister of Greece (1952 - 1955))
Alexandros Papagos
2
Birthdate: December 9, 1883
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Athens, Greece
Died: October 4, 1955

Alexandros Papagos was a Greek army officer who played a key role during World War II where he led the Hellenic Army. He was also influential in the final outcome of the subsequent Greek Civil War. Also a successful politician, Alexandros Papagos served as the Prime Minister of Greece from 1952 to 1955.

 31 
Stylianos Pattakos
(Military Officer)
Stylianos Pattakos
2
Birthdate: November 8, 1912
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Crete, Greece
Died: October 8, 2016
 32 
Pelopidas
(Statesman)
Pelopidas
2
Birthdate: 0420 AD
Birthplace: Thiva, Greece
Died: 0364 AD

Pelopidas was a Theban statesman and warrior who served as a general in Greece. Pelopidas played a major role in establishing the famous Theban hegemony after the triumph over the Spartans in 371 BC at Leuctra. Many of his life events, including death, inspired artworks like paintings by artistes like Andrey Ivanov, who painted Death of Pelopidas in the early-1800s.

 33 
Philopoemen
(General)
Philopoemen
2
Birthdate: 0253 AD
Birthplace: Megalopolis, Greece
Died: 0183 AD

Philopoemen was a skilled and popular Greek general and statesman who served as an Achaean strategos on eight occasions. Starting from 209 BC, the time he was appointed as strategos, Philopoemen helped the Achaean League become a prominent military power in Greece.

 34 
Aristagoras
(Political leader)
Aristagoras
1
Birthplace: Miletus Ancient Theater, Turkey
Died: 0498 AD

Aristagoras was a political leader who led the Ionian city of Miletus during the initial stages of the Ionian Revolt against the Achaemenid Empire. The son-in-law of Histiaeus, who had ruled Miletus in the 6th century BC, Aristagoras inherited the tyranny from his father-in-law and led Miletus in the late 6th century and early 5th century BC.

 35 
Manto Mavrogenous
(Honorary Lieutenant General)
Manto Mavrogenous
1
Birthdate: 1796 AD
Birthplace: Trieste, Italy
Died: June 30, 1848
 36 
Thrasybulus
(General)
Thrasybulus
2
Birthdate: 0440 AD
Birthplace: Athens, Greece
Died: 0388 AD
 37 
Theramenes
(Statesman)
Theramenes
1
Birthplace: Kea, Greece
Died: November 30, 0404

Theramenes was an Athenian statesman who played an important role during the last 10 years of the infamous Peloponnesian War. Along with Critias, Theramenes was one of the two leading members of Thirty Tyrants, a pro-Spartan oligarchy in ancient Athens.

 38 
Constantine Kanaris
1
Birthdate: 1793 AD
Birthplace: Psara, Greece
Died: September 2, 1877

Constantine Kanaris was a Greek admiral and politician. Regarded as a national hero, Kanaris played a significant role in the Greek War of Independence and helped Greece achieve its independence from the Ottoman Empire. An influential politician, Constantine Kanaris also served five terms in the office of the Prime Minister between 1844 and 1877.

 39 
Phaedon Gizikis
(Politician)
Phaedon Gizikis
1
Birthdate: June 16, 1917
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vólos, Greece
Died: July 27, 1999

Phaedon Gizikis was a Greek army general and politician who served as the President of Greece from 1973 to 1974. An important Hellenic Army officer, Gizikis took part in many battles, including the Greek Civil War and the Greco-Italian War. He also helped Georgios Papadopoulos find success in the coup d'état and earned several military posts during his dictatorial reign.

 40 
Timoleon
(Statesman)
Timoleon
1
Birthdate: 0411 AD
Birthplace: Corinth, Greece
Died: 0337 AD

Timoleon was a Greek general and statesman. A brilliant general, Timoleon is remembered for his fight against despotism and his association with the history of Sicily. Timoleon became the ruler of Syracuse and created a new Syracusan constitution, which was described as democratic at that time, although Timoleon did enjoy wide powers equivalent to a dictator for a short period.

 41 
Aratus Of Sicyon
(Greek Politician and Military Commander)
Aratus Of Sicyon
1
Birthdate: 0271 AD
Birthplace: Sicyon, Greece
Died: 0213 AD

Aratus of Sicyon was a military commander of the Hellenistic Army who was chosen as the strategos of the Achaean League on 17 occasions. He led the Achaean League in several military campaigns, such as the Social War and the Cleomenean War. He was also a politician and tactician under whose leadership the League became a prominent player in Greece.

 42 
Pittacus of Mytilene
1
Birthdate: 0640 AD
Birthplace: Lesbos, Greece
Died: 0568 AD
 43 
Leotychidas
(Military commander)
Leotychidas
1
Birthdate: 0545 AD
Birthplace: Sparta, Greece
Died: 0469 AD
 44 
Hiero I of Syracuse
(Tyrant of Syracuse)
Hiero I of Syracuse
1
Birthplace: Not Known
Died: 0466 AD
 45 
Iphicrates
(General)
Iphicrates
1
Birthdate: 0418 AD
Birthplace: Athens, Greece
Died: 0353 AD
 46 
Nikolaos Trikoupis
(Sport shooter, Military personnel)
Nikolaos Trikoupis
1
Birthdate: 1868 AD
Birthplace: Missolonghi, Greece
Died: 1956 AD

Apart from being a Greek military general, who fought in the 1919-1922 Greco-Turkish War, Nikolaos Trikoupis was also a talented shooter, who had won a bronze for his country at the 1896 Athens Olympics. He was captured by the Turks and released later as part of a prisoner-of-war exchange.

 47 
Georgios Kondylis
(Former Prime Minister of Greece (August 1926 - December 1926, October 1935 – November 1935))
Georgios Kondylis
1
Birthdate: August 14, 1878
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Proussos, Greece
Died: February 1, 1936

Geórgios Kondílis was a Greek politician and general who played a major role in supressing the royalist revolt of 1923. An influential politician, Geórgios Kondílis also served as the Prime Minister of Greece in 1926. He was honored with the prestigious Serbian Order of the White Eagle for his wonderful political career.

 48 
Gylippus
(Spartan general)
Gylippus
1
Birthplace: Laconia, Greece
 49 
Dimitrios Loundras
(Artistic gymnast, Military personnel)
Dimitrios Loundras
1
Birthdate: September 4, 1885
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Attiki, Athens, Greece
Died: February 15, 1970
 50 
Archidamus III
(Military commander)
Archidamus III
1
Birthplace: Sparta, Greece
Died: 0388 AD