Famous Greek Military Leaders

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite Greek Military Leaders

 1 
Spartacus
(Thracian Gladiator)

Spartacus
10
Birthdate: 0111 BC
Birthplace: Thrace
Died: 0071 BC
Spartacus was a Thracian gladiator who led the slave revolt called the Third Servile War, against the Roman Republic. However, historical accounts differ in their portrayal of Spartacus. He has inspired scores of books, films, and series, one of them being a Stanley Kubrick movie based on Howard Fast's novel.

 2 
Leonidas I
(King of Ancient Sparta)

Leonidas I
4
Birthdate: 0540 BC
Birthplace: Sparta, Greece
Died: August 11, 0480

Leonidas I was the king of the Greek city-state of Sparta from 489–480 BCE. He was the son of King Anaxandridas II. He is remembered for his participation in the Second Persian War, especially for his leadership at the Battle of Thermopylae. He died at the battle, gaining legendary status as the leader of the 300 Spartans.

 3 
Themistocles
(Military Leader)

Themistocles
4
Birthdate: 0524 BC
Birthplace: Frearrioi (modern Feriza close to Anavyssos)
Died: 0459 BC

The 5th-century BC warrior politician Themistocles has gone down in history as one of the first to consolidate the Athenian navy. He is remembered for his victories in wars such as the Battle of Salamis. His exploits have been immortalized in movies such as 300: Rise of an Empire.

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 4 

Seleucus I Nicator
6
Birthdate: 0359 BC
Birthplace: Orestis
Died: 0281 BC

Seleucus I Nicator was Alexander the Great’s right hand in his fight against Porus in India. He became the Babylonian governor after Alexander’s death and eventually formed the Seleucid empire. His conflict with Chandragupta Maurya ended with a marital alliance, and he secured his ties by sending Megasthenes to Pataliputra.

 5 
Pyrrhus of Epirus
(King of Epirus (297-272))

Pyrrhus of Epirus
4
Birthdate: 0319 BC
Birthplace: Epirus
Died: 0272 BC

Greek king Pyrrhus, son of prince Aeacides, belonged to the Hellenistic period and ruled Epirus. His destructive losses in the wars that he fought gave rise to the term “Pyrrhic victory.” He fought against Rome in the Pyrrhic War and later died while fighting a street war in Argos.

 6 
Hephaestion
(Ancient Macedonian Army General and a Close Friend of Alexander The Great)

Hephaestion
4
Birthdate: 0356 AD
Birthplace: Pella, Greece
Died: 0324 AD

Hephaestion was an ancient Macedonian army general and nobleman who served under Alexander the Great. A close ally of Alexander the Great, Hephaestion shared all his secrets with the former and their relationship has been compared to that of Patroclus and Achilles. Hephaestion has been portrayed in many films such as the 2004 epic historical drama film Alexander.

 7 
Miltiades the Younger
(A Greek Athenian Military Leader Who Played a Major Role in the 'Battle of Marathon' Against Persia)

Miltiades the Younger
3
Birthdate: 0550 AD
Birthplace: Athens, Greece
Died: 0489 AD

Miltiades the Younger was a Greek Athenian military leader who served as an eponymous archon of Athens from 524 to 523 BC. He is best remembered for playing a major role in the Battle of Marathon against the invading Persian force. The battle resulted in the crushing defeat of the Persians and gave rise to the famous Greco-Persian Wars.

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 8 
Lysander
(Spartan Political and Military Leader Who Was Responsible For Sparta's Domination of Greece)

Lysander
3
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Birthplace: Sparta
Died: 0395 BC

Lysander was a Spartan political and military leader. He is best remembered for destroying the Athenian fleet in 405 BC at the Battle of Aegospotami, forcing Athens to surrender. His actions helped bring the Peloponnesian War to an end. Lysander went on to play an important role in Sparta's domination of Greece until his death in 395 BC.

 9 
Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt
(Military General)

Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt
3
Birthdate: March 4, 1789
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Drama, Greece
Died: November 10, 1848

Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt was an Egyptian army general who served as the regent of his father's Muhammad Ali dynasty in 1848 due to his father's ill health. Ibrahim Pasha is best remembered for his military victories, including his impressive success against the Ottoman Empire, for which he is counted among the greatest members of the Muhammad Ali dynasty.

 10 
Cleon
(Athenian General Who Served in the Famous 'Peloponnesian War')

Cleon
3
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Athens
Died: 0422 BC

Cleon was an Athenian general who played an important role during the Peloponnesian War. Although he is often portrayed in a negative way, Cleon is best remembered for his compassion towards the poorer citizens which helped increase his popularity; he increased the pay for jury work, providing a livelihood for many poor Athenians.

 11 
Lysimachus
(officer)

Lysimachus
3
Birthdate: 0360 BC
Birthplace: Krannonas
Died: January 31, 0281

The king of Thrace and the successor of Alexander the Great, Lysimachus was initially a Macedonian general and one of the bodyguards of Alexander during his invasion in Asia. On the insistence of his third wife, Arsinoe II, he executed his eldest son, Agathocles, but was eventually killed by Seleucus.

 12 
Demetrius I of Macedon
(The King of Macedonia (294 BC – 288 BC))

Demetrius I of Macedon
3
Birthdate: 0337 BC
Birthplace: Macedonia, Greece
Died: 0283 BC

Demetrius I of Macedon was a Macedonian military leader and nobleman. He is best remembered for serving as the king of Macedonia from 294 to 288 BC. The son of Stratonice and Antigonus I Monophthalmus, Demetrius was the first member from the Antigonid dynasty to rule Macedonia.  

 13 
Theodoros Kolokotronis
(Greek General and The Greatest Leader of the 'Greek Revolution of 1821')

Theodoros Kolokotronis
3
Birthdate: April 3, 1770
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Morea
Died: February 4, 1843

Theodoros Kolokotronis was a Greek general and the greatest leader of the Greek Revolution of 1821 against the Ottoman Empire. He is credited with defeating Mahmud Dramali Pasha's Ottoman army at the Battle of Dervenakia, which is widely regarded as Kolokotronis' greatest success. Today, Theodoros Kolokotronis is ranked among the most important figures in the Greek War of Independence.

 14 
Parmenion
(Macedonian Military General Who Served Under Alexander The Great and Philip II of Macedon)

Parmenion
3
Birthdate: 0400 BC
Birthplace: Macedonia, Greece
Died: 0330 BC

Parmenion was a Macedonian military general who served under Alexander the Great and Philip II of Macedon. Parmenion played an important role in the expansion of Macedonia under Philip II. He also fought alongside Alexander the Great in several battles such as the Battle of the Granicus, Battle of Issus, and Battle of Gaugamela. 

 15 
Brasidas
(Spartan Military Officer Who Played an Important Role in the 'Peloponnesian War')

Brasidas
3
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Sparta, Greece
Died: 0422 AD

Brasidas was a Spartan military officer who achieved popularity during the first decade of the famous Peloponnesian War. He fought in the battle of Pylos and Amphipolis and died in the Second Battle of Amphipolis before leading his troop to a spectacular victory in the battle.

 16 
Perdiccas
(General of Alexander the Great)

Perdiccas
3
Birthdate: 0365 AD
Birthplace: Orestis, Greece
Died: 0321 AD

Perdiccas was a general who served under Alexander the Great. He was part of Alexander's campaign against Achaemenid Persia, where he played an important role. After Alexander the Great's death, Perdiccas served as regent of the Macedonian empire and became the supreme commander of the imperial army.

 17 
Cimon
(Statesman)

Cimon
2
Birthdate: 0510 BC
Birthplace: Athens, Greece
Died: 0450 BC

Cimon was an Athenian statesman in mid-5th century BC Greece. Also a general, Cimon played an important role in building the dominant Athenian maritime empire. His military prowess exhibited in various battles, including the Battle of Salamis and the Battle of the Eurymedon river, established him as a celebrated military hero.

 18 
Ian Hamilton
(Army General)

Ian Hamilton
5
Birthdate: January 16, 1853
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Corfu, Greece
Died: October 12, 1947

 19 
Agesilaus II
(Military commander)

Agesilaus II
2
Birthdate: 0444 BC
Birthplace: Sparta
Died: 0360 BC

Agesilaus II reigned as the king of Sparta from 399 to 358 BC. Widely regarded as the most prominent king in the Spartan history, Agesilaus II played a vital role during the Spartan hegemony period that followed the Peloponnesian War. Although he was small in stature, Agesilaus' guerrilla warfare tactics and his bravery was seldom questioned during his time.

 20 
John VI Cantacuzenus
(Byzantine emperor)

John VI Cantacuzenus
2
Birthdate: 1292 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople, Byzantine Empire
Died: June 15, 1383

Byzantine emperor John VI Cantacuzenus had started off as the chief advisor to Andronicus III Palaeologus. He was the regent for John V Palaeologus but later disputed with him, to join hands with the Turks, leading them to invade the Byzantine empire. He became a monk and a historian in his final years.

 21 
Artemisia II
(Naval strategist)

Artemisia II
2
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Greece
Died: 0350 AD

 22 
Laskarina Bouboulina
(Naval commander)

Laskarina Bouboulina
2
Birthdate: May 11, 1771
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: May 22, 1825

 23 
Periander
(Tyrant)

Periander
2
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Corinth, Greece
Died: 0585 AD

 24 
Markos Botsaris
(Military General)

Markos Botsaris
2
Birthdate: 1790 AD
Birthplace: Souli, Greece
Died: August 21, 1823

 25 
Geórgios Karaïskákis
(Military commander)

Geórgios Karaïskákis
2
Birthdate: 1780 AD
Birthplace: Mavrommati, Greece
Died: April 23, 1827

 26 
Nearchus
(Voyager)

Nearchus
2
Birthdate: 0360 AD
Birthplace: Crete, Greece
Died: 0300 AD

 27 
Cynane
(Military personnel)

Cynane
2
Birthdate: 0357 AD
Birthplace: Greece
Died: 0323 AD

 28 
Pausanias the Regent
(Military leader)

Pausanias the Regent
0
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Sparta, Greece
Died: 0477 AD

 29 
Alexander Ypsilantis
(Military personnel)

Alexander Ypsilantis
0
Birthdate: December 12, 1792
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: January 31, 1828

 30 
Stylianos Pattakos
(Military Officer)

Stylianos Pattakos
2
Birthdate: November 8, 1912
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Crete, Greece
Died: October 8, 2016

 31 
Athanasios Diakos
(Military commander)

Athanasios Diakos
2
Birthdate: January 4, 1788
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Central Greece
Died: April 24, 1821

 32 
Alexandros Papagos
(Military personnel)

Alexandros Papagos
2
Birthdate: December 9, 1883
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Athens, Greece
Died: October 4, 1955

Alexandros Papagos was a Greek army officer who played a key role during World War II where he led the Hellenic Army. He was also influential in the final outcome of the subsequent Greek Civil War. Also a successful politician, Alexandros Papagos served as the Prime Minister of Greece from 1952 to 1955.

 33 
Pelopidas
(Statesman)

Pelopidas
2
Birthdate: 0420 AD
Birthplace: Thiva, Greece
Died: 0364 AD

Pelopidas was a Theban statesman and warrior who served as a general in Greece. Pelopidas played a major role in establishing the famous Theban hegemony after the triumph over the Spartans in 371 BC at Leuctra. Many of his life events, including death, inspired artworks like paintings by artistes like Andrey Ivanov, who painted Death of Pelopidas in the early-1800s.

 34 
Philopoemen
(General)

Philopoemen
2
Birthdate: 0253 AD
Birthplace: Megalopolis, Greece
Died: 0183 AD

Philopoemen was a skilled and popular Greek general and statesman who served as an Achaean strategos on eight occasions. Starting from 209 BC, the time he was appointed as strategos, Philopoemen helped the Achaean League become a prominent military power in Greece.

 35 
Aristagoras
(Political leader)

Aristagoras
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Miletus Ancient Theater, Turkey
Died: 0498 AD

Aristagoras was a political leader who led the Ionian city of Miletus during the initial stages of the Ionian Revolt against the Achaemenid Empire. The son-in-law of Histiaeus, who had ruled Miletus in the 6th century BC, Aristagoras inherited the tyranny from his father-in-law and led Miletus in the late 6th century and early 5th century BC.

 36 
Phaedon Gizikis
(Politician)

Phaedon Gizikis
1
Birthdate: June 16, 1917
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vólos, Greece
Died: July 27, 1999

Phaedon Gizikis was a Greek army general and politician who served as the President of Greece from 1973 to 1974. An important Hellenic Army officer, Gizikis took part in many battles, including the Greek Civil War and the Greco-Italian War. He also helped Georgios Papadopoulos find success in the coup d'état and earned several military posts during his dictatorial reign.

 37 
Thrasybulus
(General)

Thrasybulus
2
Birthdate: 0440 AD
Birthplace: Athens, Greece
Died: 0388 AD

 38 
Manto Mavrogenous
(Honorary Lieutenant General)

Manto Mavrogenous
1
Birthdate: 1796 AD
Birthplace: Trieste, Italy
Died: June 30, 1848

 39 
Theramenes
(Statesman)

Theramenes
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Kea, Greece
Died: November 30, 0404

Theramenes was an Athenian statesman who played an important role during the last 10 years of the infamous Peloponnesian War. Along with Critias, Theramenes was one of the two leading members of Thirty Tyrants, a pro-Spartan oligarchy in ancient Athens.

 40 

Constantine Kanaris
1
Birthdate: 1793 AD
Birthplace: Psara, Greece
Died: September 2, 1877

Constantine Kanaris was a Greek admiral and politician. Regarded as a national hero, Kanaris played a significant role in the Greek War of Independence and helped Greece achieve its independence from the Ottoman Empire. An influential politician, Constantine Kanaris also served five terms in the office of the Prime Minister between 1844 and 1877.

 41 
Timoleon
(Statesman)

Timoleon
1
Birthdate: 0411 AD
Birthplace: Corinth, Greece
Died: 0337 AD

Timoleon was a Greek general and statesman. A brilliant general, Timoleon is remembered for his fight against despotism and his association with the history of Sicily. Timoleon became the ruler of Syracuse and created a new Syracusan constitution, which was described as democratic at that time, although Timoleon did enjoy wide powers equivalent to a dictator for a short period.

 42 
Aratus Of Sicyon
(Politician)

Aratus Of Sicyon
1
Birthdate: 0271 AD
Birthplace: Sicyon, Greece
Died: 0213 AD

Aratus of Sicyon was a military commander of the Hellenistic Army who was chosen as the strategos of the Achaean League on 17 occasions. He led the Achaean League in several military campaigns, such as the Social War and the Cleomenean War. He was also a politician and tactician under whose leadership the League became a prominent player in Greece.

 43 

Pittacus of Mytilene
1
Birthdate: 0640 AD
Birthplace: Lesbos, Greece
Died: 0568 AD

 44 
Leotychidas
(Military commander)

Leotychidas
1
Birthdate: 0545 AD
Birthplace: Sparta, Greece
Died: 0469 AD

 45 
Hiero I of Syracuse
(Tyrant of Syracuse)

Hiero I of Syracuse
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Not Known
Died: 0466 AD

 46 
Iphicrates
(General)

Iphicrates
1
Birthdate: 0418 AD
Birthplace: Athens, Greece
Died: 0353 AD

 47 
Nikolaos Trikoupis
(Sport shooter, Military personnel)

Nikolaos Trikoupis
1
Birthdate: 1868 AD
Birthplace: Missolonghi, Greece
Died: 1956 AD

Apart from being a Greek military general, who fought in the 1919-1922 Greco-Turkish War, Nikolaos Trikoupis was also a talented shooter, who had won a bronze for his country at the 1896 Athens Olympics. He was captured by the Turks and released later as part of a prisoner-of-war exchange.

 48 
Gylippus
(Spartan general)

Gylippus
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Laconia, Greece

 49 

Geórgios Kondílis
1
Birthdate: August 14, 1878
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Proussos, Greece
Died: February 1, 1936

Geórgios Kondílis was a Greek politician and general who played a major role in supressing the royalist revolt of 1923. An influential politician, Geórgios Kondílis also served as the Prime Minister of Greece in 1926. He was honored with the prestigious Serbian Order of the White Eagle for his wonderful political career.

 50 
Andreas Miaoulis
(Politician)

Andreas Miaoulis
1
Birthdate: May 20, 1769
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Hydra, Greece
Died: June 11, 1835

Andreas Miaoulis was a Greek revolutionary, politician, and admiral. He is best remembered for playing a major role in the Greek War of Independence where he commanded Greek naval forces. His achievements during the Greek Revolution in 1821 are celebrated every year in Hydra in the form of a festival named Miaoulia.