Famous Greek Emperors & Kings

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 1 
George I of Greece
(Former King of Greece (1863 - 1916))
George I of Greece
14
Birthdate: December 24, 1845
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: March 18, 1913

George I of Greece reigned as the king of Greece from 1863 until his murder in 1913. During his reign of nearly 50 years, which is the longest in the history of modern Greece, George helped expand Greece's territory significantly. During his reign, Greece also became increasingly prosperous and attained a popular place on the European stage.

 2 
Philip II of Macedon
(King of Ancient Greek Kingdom of Macedon)
Philip II of Macedon
13
Birthdate: 0382 BC
Birthplace: Pella, Greece
Died: 0336 BC

Philip II of Macedon reigned as the king of Macedon from 359 BC to 336 BC. He is credited with reforming the Ancient Macedonian army, which helped secure several victories on the battlefield. Under his reign, the kingdom of Macedonia conquered and dominated Ancient Greece. He was succeeded by his son, Alexander the Great.

 3 
Constantine II of Greece
(Last King of Greece, from 6 March 1964 Until the Abolition of Greek Monarchy on 1 June 1973)
Constantine II of Greece
8
Birthdate: June 2, 1940
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Psychiko, Greece

Constantine II of Greece reigned as the King of the Hellenes from 1964 until 1973 when the Greek monarchy was abolished. His reign culminated in the Greek junta and the former King of Greece was forced into exile when the countercoup against the junta failed. Constantine is also a former sailor who won an Olympic gold in the 1960 Olympics.

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 4 
Constantine I
(Former King of Greece (1913 - 1917))
Constantine I
8
Birthdate: August 2, 1868
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Athens, Greece
Died: January 11, 1923
Constantine I reigned as the king of Greece from 1913 to 1917 and again from 1920 to 1922. He led the Greek army during the Balkan Wars of 1912–1913. The National Schism was a result of his disagreement with Eleftherios Venizelos on whether Greece should join World War I.
 5 
Pyrrhus of Epirus
(King of Epirus (297-272))
Pyrrhus of Epirus
5
Birthdate: 0319 BC
Birthplace: Epirus
Died: 0272 BC

Greek king Pyrrhus, son of prince Aeacides, belonged to the Hellenistic period and ruled Epirus. His destructive losses in the wars that he fought gave rise to the term “Pyrrhic victory.” He fought against Rome in the Pyrrhic War and later died while fighting a street war in Argos.

 6 
Seleucus I Nicator
6
Birthdate: 0359 BC
Birthplace: Orestis
Died: 0281 BC

Seleucus I Nicator was Alexander the Great’s right hand in his fight against Porus in India. He became the Babylonian governor after Alexander’s death and eventually formed the Seleucid empire. His conflict with Chandragupta Maurya ended with a marital alliance, and he secured his ties by sending Megasthenes to Pataliputra.

 7 
Paul of Greece
(Former King of Greece (1947 - 1964))
Paul of Greece
5
Birthdate: December 14, 1901
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tatoi Palace, Greece
Died: March 6, 1964

Paul of Greece served as the King of Greece from 1947 to 1964. Before succeeding to the throne, Paul trained as an army officer and then worked in an aircraft factory. As the king, he helped rebuild Greece's diplomatic and trade links after the end of the Greek Civil War.

 8 
George II of Greece
(Former King of Greece (1922 - 1924))
George II of Greece
6
Birthdate: July 19, 1890
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Tatoi Palace, Greece
Died: April 1, 1947

George II of Greece was the King of Greece for two terms, from 1922 to 1924 and from 1935 to 1947. He was the eldest son of King Constantine I and his wife, Sophia of Prussia. He reigned during a tumultuous time in Greek history.  Upon his death, he was succeeded by his younger brother, Paul.

 9 
Antiochus IV Epiphanes
(Macedonian Hellenistic King)
Antiochus IV Epiphanes
5
Birthdate: 0215 BC
Died: 0164 BC

Antiochus IV Epiphanes reigned over the Seleucid Empire as a Hellenistic king from 175 BC to 164 BC. The first successful usurper of the Seleucid Empire, Antiochus' rise to power set an example for aspiring rulers of subsequent generations. His often eccentric behavior, such as appearing unannounced in the public bath houses, earned him the nickname, The Mad One.

 10 
Croesus
(King)
Croesus
3
Birthdate: 0595 BC
Died: 0547 BC

Croesus reigned as the king of Lydia from 560 BC to 546 BC. Renowned for his wealth, Croesus ruled over a prosperous kingdom and is remembered for issuing the first genuine gold coins for general circulation. Croesus' defeat at the hands of Cyrus II of Persia in 546 BC had a great effect on the Greeks.

 11 
Alexander of Greece
(Former King of Hellenes (1917 - 1920))
Alexander of Greece
4
Birthdate: August 1, 1893
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Tatoi Royal Palace, Greece
Died: October 25, 1920
Alexander of Greece was crowned king after his father Constantine I and older brother Crown Prince George were exiled by the Entente Powers. Though without any real power, he backed the Greek troops during their war against the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. After three years in office, he died due to the effects of a monkey bite.
 12 
Otto of Greece
(Former King of Greece (1832 - 1862))
Otto of Greece
3
Birthdate: June 1, 1815
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Salzburg, Austria
Died: July 26, 1867

Otto of Greece was a Bavarian prince who reigned as the king of Greece from 1832 to 1862. He was largely unpopular throughout his reign as he failed to resolve Greece's poverty. He was deposed in 1862 and died in exile in 1867.

 13 
Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt
(Military General)
Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt
3
Birthdate: March 4, 1789
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Drama, Greece
Died: November 10, 1848

Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt was an Egyptian army general who served as the regent of his father's Muhammad Ali dynasty in 1848 due to his father's ill health. Ibrahim Pasha is best remembered for his military victories, including his impressive success against the Ottoman Empire, for which he is counted among the greatest members of the Muhammad Ali dynasty.

 14 
Pelops
(King)
Pelops
3
Birthplace: Greece
 15 
Marcian
(Former Roman emperor)
Marcian
3
Birthdate: 0392 AD
Birthplace: Thrace, Greece
Died: January 7, 0457

Eastern Roman emperor Marcian is said to have a peaceful “golden age.” He was initially a soldier and contributed to his kingdom’s finances as an emperor, by staying away from wars and refusing to pay an annual tribute to the Huns. He held the Fourth Ecumenical Council at Chalcedon.

 16 
Peisistratos
(Ruler of Ancient Athens)
Peisistratos
2
Birthdate: 0600 AD
Birthplace: Athens, Greece
Died: 0527 AD
 17 
Demetrius I of Macedon
(The King of Macedonia (294 BC – 288 BC))
Demetrius I of Macedon
2
Birthdate: 0337 BC
Birthplace: Macedonia, Greece
Died: 0283 BC

Demetrius I of Macedon was a Macedonian military leader and nobleman. He is best remembered for serving as the king of Macedonia from 294 to 288 BC. The son of Stratonice and Antigonus I Monophthalmus, Demetrius was the first member from the Antigonid dynasty to rule Macedonia.  

 18 
Oruc Reis
(Ottoman seaman)
Oruc Reis
3
Birthdate: 1473 AD
Birthplace: Midilli, Ottoman Empire (modern day Lesbos, Greece)
Died: April 30, 1518
 19 
John V Palaiologos
2
Birthdate: June 18, 1332
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Dhidhimótikhon, Greece
Died: February 16, 1391
Andronikos II Palaiologos
2
Birthdate: March 25, 1259
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Nicaea
Died: February 13, 1332

Byzantine emperor Andronikos II Palaiologos, the son of Michael VIII, was more of an intellectual than a military or political leader. However, it was this very lack of military expertise that led the Ottomans to take over almost the whole of Anatolia. He spent his final years in a monastery.

 21 
Cleomenes I
2
Birthplace: Sparta
Died: 0489 BC
 22 
Perseus of Macedon
(Last king (Basileus) of the Antigonid dynasty)
Perseus of Macedon
2
Birthdate: 0212 BC
Birthplace: Pella, Greece
Died: 0166 BC
Ptolemy III Euergetes
2
Birthplace: Kos
Died: 0222 AD

Ptolemy III Euergetes served as the third pharaoh of Egypt's Ptolemaic dynasty from 246 to 222 BC. He is credited with helping the Ptolemaic Kingdom reach the peak of its economic and military power during his reign.

 24 
Antigonus II Gonatas
(King of Macedonia)
Antigonus II Gonatas
2
Birthdate: 0320 AD
Birthplace: Thessalia, Greece
Died: 0239 AD
 25 
Kubrat
(Ruler)
Kubrat
2
Birthdate: 0605 AD
Died: 0665 AD
 26 
John VI Kantakouzenos
(Byzantine Emperor (1347 - 1354))
John VI Kantakouzenos
2
Birthdate: 1292 AD
Birthplace: İstanbul, Turkey
Died: June 15, 1383

Byzantine emperor John VI Cantacuzenus had started off as the chief advisor to Andronicus III Palaeologus. He was the regent for John V Palaeologus but later disputed with him, to join hands with the Turks, leading them to invade the Byzantine empire. He became a monk and a historian in his final years.

Amyntas III of Macedon
2
Birthplace: Macedonia
Died: 0370 AD
 28 
John III Ducas Vatatzes
(Emperor of Nicaea)
John III Ducas Vatatzes
1
Birthdate: 1193 AD
Birthplace: Didymoteicho , Greece
Died: November 3, 1254
 29 
Gülnuş Sultan
2
Birthdate: 1642 AD
Birthplace: Rethimno, Greece
Died: November 6, 1715
 30 
Admetus
(King)
Admetus
1
Birthplace: Unknown
 31 
Polycrates
(Son of Aeaces, was the tyrant of Samos from the 540s BC to 522 BC)
Polycrates
1
Birthdate: 0574 AD
Birthplace: Samos, Greece
Died: 0522 AD

Polycrates was a tyrant who ruled over Samos, a Greek island which is separated by the 1.6-kilometre wide Mycale Strait from present-day Turkey, from the 540s to 522 BC. Polycrates is credited with achieving engineering and technological expertise of unprecedented levels in ancient Greece. The Tunnel of Eupalinos, which is 1,036 metres long, was an aqueduct constructed during his time.

 32 
Archidamus II
1
Birthplace: Sparta, Greece
Died: 0427 AD
 33 
Nabis
(Ruler of Sparta)
Nabis
1
Birthdate: 0230 AD
Birthplace: Sparta
Died: 0192 AD
 34 
Romanus III Argyrus
(Byzantine emperor)
Romanus III Argyrus
1
Birthdate: 0968 AD
Birthplace: Hierapolis, Turkey
Died: April 11, 1034
 35 
Cleomenes III
1
Birthdate: 0260 AD
Birthplace: Sparta, Greece
Died: 0219 AD
 36 
Eucratides
(king of Bactria)
Eucratides
1
Birthplace: Central Asia
Died: 0145 AD
 37 
Demaratus
(King)
Demaratus
1
Birthplace: Sparta, Greece
Died: 0491 AD
 38 
Agis II
(King of Sparta)
Agis II
1
Birthplace: Sparta
Died: 0401 AD
 39 
Antiochus V
(Ruler of the Greek Seleucid Empire who reigned from late 164 to 161 BC)
Antiochus V
1
Birthdate: 0172 AD
Birthplace: Greek
Died: 0161 AD
 40 
Agis III
(King of Sparta)
Agis III
1
Birthplace: Greece
Died: 0331 AD
 41 
Euthydemus I
1
Birthdate: 0260 AD
Birthplace: Magnesia, Greek
Died: 0200 AD
 42 
Cypselus
(Tyrant)
Cypselus
1
Birthplace: Corinth, Greece
Died: 0627 AD
Demetrius II Aetolicus
1
Birthdate: 0275 AD
Birthplace: Macedonia, Greece
Died: 0229 AD
 44 
Histiaeus
(King)
Histiaeus
1
Birthplace: Miletus Ancient Theater, Turkey
Died: 0494 AD
 45 
Leotychidas
(Military commander)
Leotychidas
1
Birthdate: 0545 AD
Birthplace: Sparta, Greece
Died: 0469 AD
 46 
Agis I
(King of Sparta)
Agis I
1
Birthplace: Sparta
 47 
Bohemond IV
(prince of Antioch)
Bohemond IV
0
Birthdate: November 30, 1175
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Greek
Died: 1233 AD
 48 
Ptolemy Keraunos
0
Birthdate: 0318 BC
Birthplace: Pella, Greece
Died: 0279 BC
 49 
Agis IV
(King of Sparta)
Agis IV
0
Birthdate: 0265 AD
Birthplace: Sparta
Died: 0241 AD
 50 
Hiero I of Syracuse
(Tyrant of Syracuse)
Hiero I of Syracuse
0
Birthplace: Not Known
Died: 0466 AD