Famous Greek Emperors & Kings

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 1 George I of Greece

George I of Greece
11
Famous As: King of Greece (1863-1916)
Birthdate: December 24, 1845
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: March 18, 1913

George I of Greece reigned as the king of Greece from 1863 until his murder in 1913. During his reign of nearly 50 years, which is the longest in the history of modern Greece, George helped expand Greece's territory significantly. During his reign, Greece also became increasingly prosperous and attained a popular place on the European stage.

 2 Philip II of Macedon

Philip II of Macedon
12
Famous As: King of Ancient Greek Kingdom of Macedon
Birthdate: 0382 BC
Birthplace: Pella, Greece
Died: 0336 BC

Philip II of Macedon reigned as the king of Macedon from 359 BC to 336 BC. He is credited with reforming the Ancient Macedonian army, which helped secure several victories on the battlefield. Under his reign, the kingdom of Macedonia conquered and dominated Ancient Greece. He was succeeded by his son, Alexander the Great.

 3 Constantine I

Constantine I
8
Famous As: King of Greece (1913-1917)
Birthdate: August 2, 1868
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Athens, Greece
Died: January 11, 1923
Constantine I reigned as the king of Greece from 1913 to 1917 and again from 1920 to 1922. He led the Greek army during the Balkan Wars of 1912–1913. The National Schism was a result of his disagreement with Eleftherios Venizelos on whether Greece should join World War I.
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 4 Constantine II of Greece

Constantine II of Greece
8
Famous As: King
Birthdate: June 2, 1940
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Psychiko, Greece

Constantine II of Greece reigned as the King of the Hellenes from 1964 until 1973 when the Greek monarchy was abolished. His reign culminated in the Greek junta and the former King of Greece was forced into exile when the countercoup against the junta failed. Constantine is also a former sailor who won an Olympic gold in the 1960 Olympics.

 5 Seleucus I Nicator

Seleucus I Nicator
6
Famous As: General
Birthdate: 0359 BC
Birthplace: Orestis
Died: 0281 BC

Seleucus I Nicator was Alexander the Great’s right hand in his fight against Porus in India. He became the Babylonian governor after Alexander’s death and eventually formed the Seleucid empire. His conflict with Chandragupta Maurya ended with a marital alliance, and he secured his ties by sending Megasthenes to Pataliputra.

 6 Pyrrhus of Epirus

Pyrrhus of Epirus
4
Famous As: King of Epirus (297-272)
Birthdate: 0319 BC
Birthplace: Epirus
Died: 0272 BC

Greek king Pyrrhus, son of prince Aeacides, belonged to the Hellenistic period and ruled Epirus. His destructive losses in the wars that he fought gave rise to the term “Pyrrhic victory.” He fought against Rome in the Pyrrhic War and later died while fighting a street war in Argos.

 7 Paul of Greece

Paul of Greece
5
Famous As: King of Greece (1947-1964)
Birthdate: December 14, 1901
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tatoi Palace, Greece
Died: March 6, 1964

Paul of Greece served as the King of Greece from 1947 to 1964. Before succeeding to the throne, Paul trained as an army officer and then worked in an aircraft factory. As the king, he helped rebuild Greece's diplomatic and trade links after the end of the Greek Civil War.

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 8 George II of Greece

George II of Greece
6
Famous As: King of Greece (1922-1924)
Birthdate: July 19, 1890
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Tatoi Palace, Greece
Died: April 1, 1947

George II of Greece was the King of Greece for two terms, from 1922 to 1924 and from 1935 to 1947. He was the eldest son of King Constantine I and his wife, Sophia of Prussia. He reigned during a tumultuous time in Greek history.  Upon his death, he was succeeded by his younger brother, Paul.

 9 Antiochus IV Epiphanes

Antiochus IV Epiphanes
5
Famous As: Macedonian Hellenistic King
Birthdate: 0215 BC
Died: 0164 BC

Antiochus IV Epiphanes reigned over the Seleucid Empire as a Hellenistic king from 175 BC to 164 BC. The first successful usurper of the Seleucid Empire, Antiochus' rise to power set an example for aspiring rulers of subsequent generations. His often eccentric behavior, such as appearing unannounced in the public bath houses, earned him the nickname, The Mad One.

 10 Croesus

Croesus
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0595 BC
Died: 0547 BC

Croesus reigned as the king of Lydia from 560 BC to 546 BC. Renowned for his wealth, Croesus ruled over a prosperous kingdom and is remembered for issuing the first genuine gold coins for general circulation. Croesus' defeat at the hands of Cyrus II of Persia in 546 BC had a great effect on the Greeks.

 11 Alexander of Greece

Alexander of Greece
4
Famous As: King
Birthdate: August 1, 1893
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Tatoi Royal Palace, Greece
Died: October 25, 1920
Alexander of Greece was crowned king after his father Constantine I and older brother Crown Prince George were exiled by the Entente Powers. Though without any real power, he backed the Greek troops during their war against the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. After three years in office, he died due to the effects of a monkey bite.

 12 Otto of Greece

Otto of Greece
3
Famous As: King of Greece (1832-1862)
Birthdate: June 1, 1815
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Salzburg, Austria
Died: July 26, 1867

Otto of Greece was a Bavarian prince who reigned as the king of Greece from 1832 to 1862. He was largely unpopular throughout his reign as he failed to resolve Greece's poverty. He was deposed in 1862 and died in exile in 1867.

 13 Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt

Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt
3
Famous As: Military General
Birthdate: March 4, 1789
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Drama, Greece
Died: November 10, 1848

Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt was an Egyptian army general who served as the regent of his father's Muhammad Ali dynasty in 1848 due to his father's ill health. Ibrahim Pasha is best remembered for his military victories, including his impressive success against the Ottoman Empire, for which he is counted among the greatest members of the Muhammad Ali dynasty.

 14 Pelops

Pelops
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Greece

 15 Oruc Reis

Oruc Reis
3
Famous As: Ottoman seaman
Birthdate: 1473 AD
Birthplace: Midilli, Ottoman Empire (modern day Lesbos, Greece)
Died: April 30, 1518

 16 Peisistratos

Peisistratos
2
Famous As: Ruler of Ancient Athens
Birthdate: 0600 AD
Birthplace: Athens, Greece
Died: 0527 AD

 17 Marcian

Marcian
3
Famous As: Former Roman emperor
Birthdate: 0392 AD
Birthplace: Thrace, Greece
Died: January 7, 0457

Eastern Roman emperor Marcian is said to have a peaceful “golden age.” He was initially a soldier and contributed to his kingdom’s finances as an emperor, by staying away from wars and refusing to pay an annual tribute to the Huns. He held the Fourth Ecumenical Council at Chalcedon.

 18 Demetrius I of Macedon

Demetrius I of Macedon
2
Famous As: Military leader
Birthdate: 0337 BC
Birthplace: Macedonia, Greece
Died: 0283 BC

 19 John V Palaiologos

John V Palaiologos
2
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: June 18, 1332
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Dhidhimótikhon, Greece
Died: February 16, 1391

 20 Cleomenes I

Cleomenes I
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Sparta
Died: 0489 BC

 21 Andronikos II Palaiologos

Andronikos II Palaiologos
2
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: March 25, 1259
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Nicaea
Died: February 13, 1332

Byzantine emperor Andronikos II Palaiologos, the son of Michael VIII, was more of an intellectual than a military or political leader. However, it was this very lack of military expertise that led the Ottomans to take over almost the whole of Anatolia. He spent his final years in a monastery.

 22 Perseus of Macedon

Perseus of Macedon
2
Famous As: Last king (Basileus) of the Antigonid dynasty
Birthdate: 0212 BC
Birthplace: Pella, Greece
Died: 0166 BC

 23 Ptolemy III Euergetes

Ptolemy III Euergetes
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Birthplace: Kos
Died: 0222 AD

Ptolemy III Euergetes served as the third pharaoh of Egypt's Ptolemaic dynasty from 246 to 222 BC. He is credited with helping the Ptolemaic Kingdom reach the peak of its economic and military power during his reign.

 24 Antigonus II Gonatas

Antigonus II Gonatas
2
Famous As: King of Macedonia
Birthdate: 0320 AD
Birthplace: Thessalia, Greece
Died: 0239 AD

 25 Gülnuş Sultan

Gülnuş Sultan
2
Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: 1642 AD
Birthplace: Rethimno, Greece
Died: November 6, 1715

 26 Kubrat

Kubrat
2
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 0605 AD
Died: 0665 AD

 27 John VI Cantacuzenus

John VI Cantacuzenus
2
Famous As: Byzantine emperor
Birthdate: 1292 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople, Byzantine Empire
Died: June 15, 1383

Byzantine emperor John VI Cantacuzenus had started off as the chief advisor to Andronicus III Palaeologus. He was the regent for John V Palaeologus but later disputed with him, to join hands with the Turks, leading them to invade the Byzantine empire. He became a monk and a historian in his final years.

 28 Amyntas III of Macedon

Amyntas III of Macedon
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Macedonia
Died: 0370 AD

 29 John III Ducas Vatatzes

John III Ducas Vatatzes
1
Famous As: Emperor of Nicaea
Birthdate: 1193 AD
Birthplace: Didymoteicho , Greece
Died: November 3, 1254

 30 Admetus

Admetus
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown

 31 Polycrates

Polycrates
1
Famous As: Son of Aeaces, was the tyrant of Samos from the 540s BC to 522 BC
Birthdate: 0574 AD
Birthplace: Samos, Greece
Died: 0522 AD

Polycrates was a tyrant who ruled over Samos, a Greek island which is separated by the 1.6-kilometre wide Mycale Strait from present-day Turkey, from the 540s to 522 BC. Polycrates is credited with achieving engineering and technological expertise of unprecedented levels in ancient Greece. The Tunnel of Eupalinos, which is 1,036 metres long, was an aqueduct constructed during his time.

 32 Archidamus II

Archidamus II
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Sparta, Greece
Died: 0427 AD

 33 Nabis

Nabis
1
Famous As: Ruler of Sparta
Birthdate: 0230 AD
Birthplace: Sparta
Died: 0192 AD

 34 Romanus III Argyrus

Romanus III Argyrus
1
Famous As: Byzantine emperor
Birthdate: 0968 AD
Birthplace: Hierapolis, Turkey
Died: April 11, 1034

 35 Cleomenes III

Cleomenes III
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0260 AD
Birthplace: Sparta, Greece
Died: 0219 AD

 36 Eucratides

Eucratides
1
Famous As: king of Bactria
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Central Asia
Died: 0145 AD

 37 Demaratus

Demaratus
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Sparta, Greece
Died: 0491 AD

 38 Agis II

Agis II
1
Famous As: King of Sparta
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Sparta
Died: 0401 AD

 39 Antiochus V

Antiochus V
1
Famous As: Ruler of the Greek Seleucid Empire who reigned from late 164 to 161 BC
Birthdate: 0172 AD
Birthplace: Greek
Died: 0161 AD

 40 Agis III

Agis III
1
Famous As: King of Sparta
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Greece
Died: 0331 AD

 41 Euthydemus I

Euthydemus I
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0260 AD
Birthplace: Magnesia, Greek
Died: 0200 AD

 42 Cypselus

Cypselus
1
Famous As: Tyrant
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Corinth, Greece
Died: 0627 AD

 43 Demetrius II Aetolicus

Demetrius II Aetolicus
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0275 AD
Birthplace: Macedonia, Greece
Died: 0229 AD

 44 Histiaeus

Histiaeus
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Miletus Ancient Theater, Turkey
Died: 0494 AD

 45 Leotychidas

Leotychidas
1
Famous As: Military commander
Birthdate: 0545 AD
Birthplace: Sparta, Greece
Died: 0469 AD

 46 Agis I

Agis I
1
Famous As: King of Sparta
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Sparta

 47 Bohemond IV

Bohemond IV
0
Famous As: prince of Antioch
Birthdate: November 30, 1175
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Greek
Died: 1233 AD

 48 Agis IV

Agis IV
0
Famous As: King of Sparta
Birthdate: 0265 AD
Birthplace: Sparta
Died: 0241 AD

 49 Hiero I of Syracuse

Hiero I of Syracuse
0
Famous As: Tyrant of Syracuse
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Not Known
Died: 0466 AD

 50 Ptolemy Keraunos

Ptolemy Keraunos
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0318 BC
Birthplace: Pella, Greece
Died: 0279 BC