Famous German Surgeons

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Werner Forssmann

Werner Forssmann
Famous As: Military physician, Surgeon, Urologist, Cardiologist
Birthdate: August 29, 1904
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Berlin
Died: June 1, 1979

German physician Werner Forssmann is best-known for developing a method that allowed cardiac catheterization. This led him to jointly receive the 1956 Nobel Prize in Medicine. Forssmann started clinical application of cardiac catheterization in 1929, when he inserted a catheter into a vein of his forearm and safely passed it into his heart and took an X-ray picture of it.

 2 Ernst-Günther Schenck

Ernst-Günther Schenck
Famous As: Surgeon, University teacher
Birthdate: October 3, 1904
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Marburg
Died: December 21, 1998

While serving at the Nazi concentration camps during World War II, doctor Ernst-Günther Schenck created a protein sausage for Nazi troops, which was tested on the camp inmates, leading to many deaths. His experiences were later penned by him in his memoir, which inspired films such as Downfall.

 3 Ludwig Stumpfegger

Ludwig Stumpfegger
Famous As: Military physician, Physician, Surgeon, Torturer
Birthdate: July 11, 1910
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Munich
Died: May 2, 1945

Nazi doctor Ludwig Stumpfegger was better known as Adolf Hitler's personal surgeon. He not only conducted gruesome experiments on female inmates of the concentration camps, but also helped kill Hitler’s dog and Magda Goebbels’s children in Hitler’s bunker, before he escaped and eventually committed suicide by consuming cyanide.

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 4 Karl Gebhardt

Karl Gebhardt
Famous As: Surgeon, Torturer, University teacher
Birthdate: November 23, 1897
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Haag in Oberbayern
Died: June 2, 1948

Initially a professor of sports medicine, Karl Gebhardt later joined the Nazi camp. He had headed the German Red Cross and also developed sports for the physically disabled. After being accused of failing to treat Reinhard Heydrich, he conducted deadly experiments on concentration camp inmates to prove his innocence.

 5 Philipp Rosler

Philipp Rosler
Famous As: Politician, Physician
Birthdate: February 24, 1973
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Soc Trang, Vietnam

 6 Heinrich Anton de Bary

Heinrich Anton de Bary
Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: January 26, 1831
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Died: January 19, 1888

German surgeon and botanist Heinrich Anton de Bary is regarded as the pioneer of plant pathology and mycology. Apart from teaching botany, he chalked the life cycles of many fungi and also coined the term symbiosis to explain the mutually beneficial co-existence of many orgnanisms, such as fungi and algae.

 7 Ernst von Bergmann

Ernst von Bergmann
Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: December 16, 1836
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Riga, Latvia
Died: March 25, 1907

Ernst von Bergmann was a Baltic German surgeon, known for being the first physician to introduce heat sterilization of surgical instruments. He is credited to be a pioneer of aseptic surgery. He also served as a medical officer in the Austro-Prussian War (1866) and the Franco-Prussian War. He wrote a classic treatise on head injuries, among other medical works. 

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 8 Roland Matthes

Roland Matthes
Famous As: Swimmer
Birthdate: November 17, 1950
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Pößneck, Thuringia, East Germany
Died: December 20, 2019

Roland Matthes was a German swimmer famous as the most successful backstroke swimmer of all time. He swam 19 world and 21 European records in various backstroke,  freestyle, butterfly, and medley events between April 1967 and August 1974. After retiring from swimming, he studied medicine at the University of Jena and became an orthopedic surgeon.

 9 Friedrich Entress

Friedrich Entress
Famous As: Surgeon, Criminal
Birthdate: December 8, 1914
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Poznań, Poland
Died: May 28, 1947

 10 Albrecht von Gräfe

Albrecht von Gräfe
Famous As: Eye surgeon
Birthdate: May 22, 1828
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: July 20, 1870

Regarded as the pioneer of modern ophthalmology, Albrecht von Gräfe was born to German surgeon Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, known for his pathbreaking research on plastic surgery. He explained Gräfe’s sign, made the first legitimate use of the ophthalmoscope, and also launched an eye clinic deemed one of Europe’s best.

 11 Friedrich von Esmarch

Friedrich von Esmarch
Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: January 9, 1823
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Tonning, Germany
Died: February 23, 1908

Starting his medical career as an army surgeon, Friedrich von Esmarch later pioneered the use of the Esmarch bandage as a first-aid solution for soldiers. He later taught as a professor of surgery and also penned an invaluable manual of military surgical procedures. He eventually received a patent of nobility.

 12 Gustav Struve

Gustav Struve
Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: October 11, 1805
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: August 21, 1870

Gustav Struve was an anti-royalist German lawyer, revolutionary, political agitator and author, known for his radical writings. Born as Gustav von Struve, he gave up his title due his democratic fervor and played a leading role in the Baden insurrection of 1848-49. Later, he moved to USA, where he wrote Allgemeine Weltgeschichte and served in the American Civil War.

 13 Karl Ferdinand von Gräfe

Karl Ferdinand von Gräfe
Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: March 8, 1787
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: July 4, 1840