Famous German Pastors

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Dietrich Bonhoeffer
(Theologian Known for His Staunch Resistance to the Nazi Dictatorship)
Dietrich Bonhoeffer
Birthdate: February 4, 1906
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Wrocław, Poland
Died: April 9, 1945
Lutheran pastor Dietrich Bonhoeffer is remembered for his anti-Nazi stance, for establishing the Confessing Church, and for authoring the book The Cost of Discipleship. He was sent to the Flossenbürg concentration camp after being imprisoned for a year. He was eventually hanged after being charged of plotting to assassinate Hitler.
Martin Niemöller
(German Theologian and Pastor Known for His Most Famous Poem 'First They Came...')
Martin Niemöller
Birthdate: January 14, 1892
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lippstadt, Germany
Died: March 6, 1984
Best remembered for the quote “First they came for the socialists, and I did not speak out...,” Martin Niemöller was a German pastor who tried to counter discrimination against Christian converts with Jewish heritage. His Confessing Church was perhaps his apology for initially being a Nazi sympathizer.
Martin Bucer
(German Protestant Reformer and Theologian)
Martin Bucer
Birthdate: November 11, 1491
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Sélestat, France
Died: February 28, 1551

Martin Bucer was a German Protestant reformer in the Reformed tradition who was active in the 16th century. He is credited to have deeply influenced Lutheran, Calvinist, and Anglican doctrines and practices. His work resulted in his excommunication from the Roman Catholic Church, and he was exiled to England. He is considered an early pioneer of ecumenism.

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Eduard Mörike
(German Lutheran Pastor Who was Also a Romantic Poet and Writer of Novellas and Novels)
Eduard Mörike
Birthdate: September 8, 1804
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Ludwigsburg, Germany
Died: June 4, 1875

Apart from being a Lutheran pastor, Eduard Mörike was also one of Germany’s best-known lyric poets. His Peregrina poems, his sonnets to Luise Raufolk, his poems and tales, such as Das Stuttgarter Hutzelmännlein, along with his novel Maler Nolten, remain significant to German literature to this day.

Otto Of Freising
Birthdate: 1114 AD
Birthplace: Klosterneuburg, Austria
Died: September 22, 1158

Otto Of Freising, also known as Otto I, was the bishop of Freising. He is best remembered for penning an extensive history of the world, Chronica. The four-volume Gesta Friderici, the first two of which were written by him, spoke about Frederick Barbarossa and the house of Hohenstaufen.

Friedrich Naumann
(German Liberal Politician and Protestant Parish Pastor)
Friedrich Naumann
Birthdate: March 25, 1860
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Störmthal, Großpösna, Germany
Died: August 24, 1919

German political theorist Friedrich Naumann was also a Protestant pastor. He was part of the Reichstag and later also co-founded the Democratic Party of Germany, leading it till his death. He is also remembered for his National-Social Association, which he had co-founded with sociologist Max Weber.

Anton Praetorius
Birthdate: 1560 AD
Birthplace: Lippstadt
Died: December 6, 1613

Calvinist pastor Anton Praetorius was known for his vocal opposition to witchhunts and the practice of burning of witches. He also spoke against the tenet of crimen exceptum, which stated that torture is acceptable as a form of punishment when the crime is of a serious nature.

Samuel Simon Schmucker
Birthdate: February 28, 1799
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hagerstown, Maryland, United States
Died: July 26, 1873

Samuel Simon Schmucker was a theologian and Lutheran pastor. He played a key role in the founding of the Lutheran Theological Seminary at Gettysburg as well as Gettysburg College. He also played a major role in the founding of the Evangelical Lutheran General Synod of the United States of America. He was also well-known for his efforts as an abolitionist.

Regino of Prüm
Birthdate: 0842 AD
Birthplace: Altrip, Germany
Died: 0915 AD

Benedictine monk Regino of Prüm is best known for his two-volume chronicle of the period between Christ’s birth and the early 10th century, Chronicon. The abbot of Prüm, he later headed the monastery at Saint-Martin. He also advocated for a reform of church music and penned a collection of canons.