Famous German Literary Critics

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 1 
Walter Benjamin
(German Jewish Philosopher, Cultural Critic and Essayist)
Walter Benjamin
5
Birthdate: July 15, 1892
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: September 26, 1940

Walter Benjamin was a German Jewish essayist, philosopher, and cultural critic. An eclectic thinker, Benjamin made significant contributions to literary criticism, aesthetic theory, and historical materialism. Although Benjamin's work did not earn much recognition during his lifetime, it continues to be revered by academics several years after his death.

 2 
Heinrich Heine
(German Poet & Literary Critic Know for His Works 'Germany. A Winter's Tale' and 'Buch der Lieder')
Heinrich Heine
4
Birthdate: December 13, 1797
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Düsseldorf, Germany
Died: February 17, 1856

Heinrich Heine was a German poet, literary critic, and writer. He is known internationally for his lyric poetry, which was popularized by composers like Franz Schubert and Robert Schumann who adapted Heine's lyric poetry into art songs. Heinrich Heine's radical political views forced the German authorities to ban his works, which only added to his popularity.

 3 
Georg Simmel
(One of the First Generation of German Sociologists and Neo-Kantian Philosopher)
Georg Simmel
4
Birthdate: March 1, 1858
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: September 26, 1918

Georg Simmel was a German sociologist, philosopher, and critic considered a forerunner to structuralist styles of reasoning in the social sciences. He was neo-Kantian in his approach and laid the foundations for sociological antipositivism. He broadly rejected academic standards and wrote extensively on the philosophy of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche. He was married to philosopher Gertrud Kinel and had one son. 

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 4 
Johann Gottfried Herder
(Philosopher, Theologian, Poet, and Literary Critic)
Johann Gottfried Herder
4
Birthdate: August 25, 1744
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Morąg, Poland
Died: December 18, 1803

German philosopher Johann Gottfried Herder is best remembered as a significant figure of the Sturm und Drang literary movement. Born into poverty and largely self-educated till 17, he later became a disciple of Immanuel Kant and was associated with Enlightenment and Weimar Classicism. He was eventually ennobled.

 5 
Erich Auerbach
(Literary critic)
Erich Auerbach
3
Birthdate: November 9, 1892
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: October 13, 1957
 6 
Wolfgang Iser
(Literary critic)
Wolfgang Iser
3
Birthdate: July 22, 1926
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Marienberg, Germany
Died: January 24, 2007
Friedrich Schlegel
3
Birthdate: March 10, 1772
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hannover, Germany
Died: January 12, 1829
 8 
Marcel Reich-Ranicki
(Literary critic)
Marcel Reich-Ranicki
3
Birthdate: June 2, 1920
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Wloclawek, Poland
Died: September 18, 2013
 9 
Eva Figes
(Author)
Eva Figes
2
Birthdate: April 15, 1932
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: August 28, 2012
 10 
Geoffrey Hartman
(Literary theorist)
Geoffrey Hartman
2
Birthdate: August 11, 1929
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Died: March 14, 2016
 11 
Ernst Robert Curtius
(Literary Critic)
Ernst Robert Curtius
0
Birthdate: April 14, 1886
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Thann, France
Died: April 19, 1956
 12 
August Immanuel Bekker
1
Birthdate: May 21, 1785
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: June 7, 1871
 13 
Johann Salomo Semler
1
Birthdate: December 18, 1725
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Saalfeld, Germany
Died: March 14, 1791
 14 
Hans Mayer
(Scholar)
Hans Mayer
1
Birthdate: March 19, 1907
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Cologne, Germany
Died: May 19, 2001
 15 
Walter Jens
(HIstorian)
Walter Jens
0
Birthdate: March 8, 1923
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: June 9, 2013
 16 
Otto Brahm
(Literary Critic)
Otto Brahm
1
Birthdate: February 5, 1856
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: November 28, 1912
 17 
Theodor Däubler
(German Poet and Critic)
Theodor Däubler
0
Birthdate: August 17, 1876
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Trieste, Italy
Died: June 13, 1934

Mostly known for his poem Das Nordlicht, Austro-Hungarian poet Theodor Däubler went down in history as one of the greatest German-language writers and Expressionist poets. Apart from living in Italy, he was a well-traveled man, too, and had been around Europe, Egypt, and the Middle East.

Heinrich Wilhelm von Gerstenberg
0
Birthdate: January 3, 1737
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Tønder, Denmark
Died: November 1, 1823
 19 
Friedrich Bouterwek
0
Birthdate: April 15, 1766
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Germany
Died: August 9, 1828