Famous French Theologians

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 1 
John Calvin
(French Theologian, Pastor and Reformer in Geneva During the Protestant Reformation)
John Calvin
5
Birthdate: July 10, 1509
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Noyon, France
Died: May 27, 1564

French theologian, pastor, and reformer John Calvin was a major figure during the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century. He was influential in the development of the system of Christian theology later called Calvinism. Originally trained as a humanist lawyer, he broke from the Roman Catholic Church to embrace Protestantism. As an apologetic writer, he generated much controversy.

 2 
Bernard of Clairvaux
(French Abbot, Theologian and Co-Founder of the 'Knights Templars')
Bernard of Clairvaux
5
Birthdate: 1090 AD
Birthplace: Fontaine-lès-Dijon, France
Died: August 20, 1153

Bernard of Clairvaux, or Saint Bernard, was a 12th-century Burgundian monk, who became the abbot of the abbey of Clairvaux, founded by him. He chose to live a life of physical austerities, which caused him ailments such as anemia. He is revered as the patron saint of beekeepers and candlemakers.

 3 
Albert Schweitzer
(Physician and Founder of the “Albert Schweitzer Hospital” in Lambaréné,)
Albert Schweitzer
8
Birthdate: January 14, 1875
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kaysersberg-Vignoble, France
Died: September 4, 1965

Albert Schweitzer was an Alsatian polymath who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1952 for his philosophical work, Reverence for Life. He is credited with founding the Albert Schweitzer Hospital, which was a direct result of his philosophical expression. Schweitzer is also credited with influencing the Organ reform movement, which began in the mid-20th-century.

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 4 
Thomas Merton
(Writer & theologian was ordained to the Catholic priesthood and given the name "Father Louis".)
Thomas Merton
8
Birthdate: January 31, 1915
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Prades, France
Died: December 10, 1968

American Trappist monk and theologian Thomas Merton was ordained a priest and named Father Louis. He was a member of the monastery Abbey of Our Lady of Gethsemani. He is remembered for his bestselling autobiography, The Seven Storey Mountain, and for his study of Eastern religions such as Buddhism.

 5 
Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
(Jesuit Priest who Co-developed the Concept of Noosphere & was Part of the Discovery of Peking Man)
Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
6
Birthdate: May 1, 1881
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Orcines, France
Died: April 10, 1955

French paleontologist and Jesuit priest Pierre Teilhard de Chardin is remembered as someone who deviated from theology to science. He discovered the fossilized remains known as the Peking man in China, but faced a lot of opposition from his religious superiors when it came to publishing his scientific thoughts.

 6 
Jacques Ellul
(French Philosopher Known for His Study on the Interaction Between Christianity and Politics)
Jacques Ellul
7
Birthdate: January 6, 1912
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bordeaux, France
Died: May 19, 1994

French philosopher, Christian anarchist, and social scientist Jacques Ellul initially wished to be a naval officer but was pushed to study law. He is best remembered for his iconic volume La Technique, or The Technological Society. He taught social history and the history of law at various universities.

 7 
Peter Abelard
(French Scholastic Philosopher, Logician and Theologian Known for Developing the Concept of 'Limbo')
Peter Abelard
4
Birthdate: 1079 AD
Birthplace: Le Pallet, France
Died: April 21, 1142

Medieval French philosopher, theologian, and poet Peter Abelard was born to a knight but gave up his inheritance to study philosophy and logic. He fell in love with his pupil, Héloïse, but her uncle got Abelard castrated, following which Abelard became a monk and made Héloïse a nun.

 8 
François Fénelon
(Catholic Archbishop and the Author of 'The Adventures of Telemachus')
François Fénelon
3
Birthdate: August 6, 1651
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Sainte-Mondane, France
Died: January 7, 1715

François Fénelon was a French writer, poet, theologian, and Catholic archbishop. He is best remembered for his book The Adventures of Telemachus, which was published in 1699. François Fénelon also served as a tutor of Louis, Duke of Burgundy, guiding the character formation of Louis, Grand Dauphin's eldest son.

 9 
Marin Mersenne
(Mathematician)
Marin Mersenne
3
Birthdate: September 8, 1588
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Oizé, France
Died: September 1, 1648
 10 
Peter Faber
(French theologian)
Peter Faber
3
Birthdate: April 13, 1506
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vilaret, France
Died: August 1, 1546
 11 
Theodore Beza
(French Calvinist Protestant Theologian, Reformer and Scholar Best Known for His Work on the New Testament)
Theodore Beza
3
Birthdate: June 24, 1519
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vézelay, France
Died: October 13, 1605

One of the best Latin poets of his time, Theodore Beza soared to fame with his poetry collection Juvenilia. He later adopted Calvinism and succeeded John Calvin as the main spiritual leader of the Republic of Geneva. He is remembered as a major force behind the spread of Calvinism in Europe.

Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet
3
Birthdate: September 27, 1627
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dijon, France
Died: April 12, 1704
 13 
Jean-Luc Marion
(Philosopher)
Jean-Luc Marion
4
Birthdate: July 3, 1946
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Meudon, France
 14 
Peter Lombard
(Best Known as the Author of Standard Textbook of Theology 'Four Books of Sentences')
Peter Lombard
3
Birthdate: 1096 AD
Birthplace: Lumellogno, Italy
Died: July 22, 1160

A 12th-century Italian bishop of Paris, Peter Lombard is remembered for his iconic book on theology, Four Books of Sentences. The book earned him the title of magister sententiarum, or “master of the sentences.” Though his teachings were challenged during his lifetime, they were approved by the fourth Lateran Council.

 15 
Gersonides
(French Jewish Philosopher, Mathematician, Physician and Astronomer Best Known for His Invention of 'Jacob’s Staff')
Gersonides
3
Birthdate: 1288 AD
Birthplace: Bagnols-sur-Ceze, France
Died: April 20, 1344

 Levi ben Gershon was a medieval French Jewish mathematician, philosopher, astronomer, and Talmudic scholar, famed for his rigid Aristotelianism. A prolific author, he has left several works on mathematical operations, trigonometry, geometry and philosophy, including The Book of the Wars of the Lord. While his bold expression and unconventional thoughts invited criticism, they continued to exert influences till nineteenth century.

 16 
Jean Daniélou
(Theologian)
Jean Daniélou
2
Birthdate: May 14, 1905
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
Died: May 20, 1974

Jean Daniélou was a French cardinal, Jesuit, theologian, patrologist, and historian. He is credited with co-founding the Sources Chrétiennes book series, a collection of patristic texts. He also served as a professor at the Catholic University of Paris, where he later became the dean.   

 17 
Emmanuel Mounier
(Philosopher)
Emmanuel Mounier
2
Birthdate: April 1, 1905
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Grenoble, France
Died: March 22, 1950
 18 
Johannes Tauler
2
Birthdate: 1300 AD
Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
Died: June 16, 1361
 19 
Prosper of Aquitaine
2
Birthdate: 0390 AD
Birthplace: Limoges, France
Died: 0455 AD

Prosper of Aquitaine was a writer and the first continuator of the Universal Chronicle, which was originally written by Jerome of Stridon. A follower of Augustine of Hippo, Prosper of Aquitaine's writings have long attracted admirers for their classical qualities. Some of his most important works include De gratia Dei et libero arbitrio and De vocatione omnium gentium.

 20 
Philipp Spener
2
Birthdate: January 13, 1635
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Ribeauvillé, France
Died: February 5, 1705
Jean-Baptiste Henri-Dominique Lacordaire
2
Birthdate: May 12, 1802
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: France
Died: November 21, 1861
 22 
Alain de Lille
(Theologian, Philosopher)
Alain de Lille
2
Birthdate: 1116 AD
Birthplace: Lille
Died: April 4, 1203
 23 
Jacques Lefèvre d'Étaples
(Humanist and theologian)
Jacques Lefèvre d'Étaples
2
Birthdate: 1455 AD
Birthplace: Etaples, France
Died: February 29, 1536
 24 
Antoine Arnauld
(Philosopher)
Antoine Arnauld
2
Birthdate: February 6, 1612
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, Kingdom of France
Died: August 8, 1694
 25 
Alfred Loisy
(Theologian)
Alfred Loisy
2
Birthdate: February 28, 1857
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ambrières, France
Died: June 1, 1940
 26 
Roscellinus
(Philosopher, Theologian)
Roscellinus
2
Birthdate: 1050 AD
Birthplace: France
Died: 1125 AD
 27 
Robert de Sorbon
(French theologian)
Robert de Sorbon
2
Birthdate: October 9, 1201
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Sorbon, France
Died: August 15, 1274
 28 
Richard of Saint-Victor
2
Birthdate: 1110 AD
Birthplace: Scotland, England
Died: March 16, 1173

Richard of Saint-Victor was a Medieval Scottish theologian and philosopher. One of the most influential and prominent religious thinkers of his generation, Richard served as a prior of the Augustinian Abbey of Saint-Victor from 1162 to 1173. A prolific writer, Richard of Saint-Victor published several important books, including The Book of the Twelve Patriarchs.

 29 
Paschasius Radbertus
2
Birthdate: 0785 AD
Birthplace: Soissons, France
Died: April 6, 0865
 30 
Guillaume Durand
2
Birthdate: 1230 AD
Birthplace: France
Died: November 1, 1296
 31 
Anselm Of Laon
(Theologian)
Anselm Of Laon
2
Birthdate: 1050 AD
Birthplace: Laon, France
Died: July 15, 1117
 32 
Hincmar of Reims
(Theologian)
Hincmar of Reims
1
Birthdate: November 30, 0805
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Épernay, France
Died: December 21, 0882
 33 
Jean-Jacques Olier
(Catholic priest)
Jean-Jacques Olier
2
Birthdate: September 20, 1608
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 2, 1657
 34 
Pierre Nicole
(Theologian)
Pierre Nicole
1
Birthdate: October 19, 1625
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Chartres, France
Died: November 16, 1695
 35 
Pierre Charron
(Theologian)
Pierre Charron
2
Birthdate: 1541 AD
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: November 16, 1603
 36 
Marie-Joseph Lagrange
1
Birthdate: March 7, 1855
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bourg-en-Bresse, France
Died: March 10, 1938
 37 
Ratramnus
(Theologians)
Ratramnus
1
Birthdate: 0800 AD
Birthplace: France
Died: 0868 AD
 38 
Firmin Abauzit
1
Birthdate: November 11, 1679
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Uzes, France
Died: March 20, 1767
 39 
John of Paris
(Philosopher)
John of Paris
1
Birthdate: 1255 AD
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 22, 1306
 40 
Nicholas of Autrecourt
1
Birthdate: 1299 AD
Birthplace: Autrécourt-sur-Aire, France
Died: July 16, 1369
 41 
Petrus Aureoli
(Philosopher)
Petrus Aureoli
1
Birthdate: 1280 AD
Birthplace: Gourdon, France
Died: January 10, 1322
 42 
Godfrey Of Fontaines
1
Birthplace: Lower Lorraine, Belgium
Died: October 29, 1309
 43 
Durandus of Saint-Pourçain
1
Birthdate: 1275 AD
Birthplace: Saint-Pourçain-sur-Sioule, France
Died: September 13, 1334
 44 
John of Jandun
(Philosopher)
John of Jandun
1
Birthdate: 1285 AD
Birthplace: Jandun, France
Died: 1328 AD
 45 
Leo Jud
(Swiss religious reformer)
Leo Jud
1
Birthdate: 1482 AD
Birthplace: Germar, France
Died: June 19, 1542
 46 
Pasquier Quesnel
(Theologian)
Pasquier Quesnel
1
Birthdate: July 14, 1634
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 2, 1719
 47 
William of Champeaux
1
Birthdate: 1070 AD
Birthplace: Champeaux, France
Died: January 11, 1121
 48 
Gilbert Crispin
1
Birthdate: 1055 AD
Birthplace: France
Died: 1117 AD
 49 
Berengar Of Tours
(Theologian)
Berengar Of Tours
2
Birthdate: 0999 AD
Birthplace: Tours, France
Died: January 6, 1088
 50 
William of Auvergne
0
Birthdate: 1190 AD
Birthplace: Aurillac, France
Died: 1249 AD