Famous French Political Activists

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 1 Michel Foucault

Michel Foucault
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: October 15, 1926
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Poitiers, France
Died: June 25, 1984

If others thought the body was the prison of the soul, Paul-Michel Foucault felt the other way round. The French philosopher, literary critic and Leftist who interpreted the link between power and knowledge, was a post-structuralist whose theories have left a mark on anthropology, psychology and criminology. The feminist was one of the noted personalities to have died of HIV/AIDS.

 2 Jean-Paul Sartre

Jean-Paul Sartre
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: June 21, 1905
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 15, 1980

Jean-Paul Sartre was a French philosopher, writer, literary critic, and political activist. One of the most important personalities in the philosophy of phenomenology and existentialism, Sartre played a crucial role in 20th-century French philosophy. His work continues to influence literary studies, post-colonial theory, sociology, and critical theory. He was honored with the 1964 Nobel Prize in Literature.

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 3 Simone de Beauvoir

Simone de Beauvoir
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: January 9, 1908
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 14, 1986
French author and existentialist philosopher Simone de Beauvoir is best remembered for her feminist treatise The Second Sex and her novels The Mandarins and She Came to Stay. Her literary contributions also include essays, biographies, and her autobiographical works. She won the Prix Goncourt and the Jerusalem Prize.

 4 Simone Weil

Simone Weil
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: February 3, 1909
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: August 24, 1943
Paris-born philosopher and activist Simone Weil could speak in Sanskrit and Greek as a student. Called The Martian by her classmates, due to her peculiar nature, she died of cardiac failure at 34, refusing to eat more than the people of German-occupied France, in spite of being diagnosed with tuberculosis. 

 5 Olympe de Gouges

Olympe de Gouges
Famous As: Playwright
Birthdate: May 7, 1748
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Montauban, France
Died: November 3, 1793

Olympe de Gouges was an 18th-century French playwright and political activist. Her writings on women's rights and abolitionism were popular in various countries. She was an outspoken advocate against the slave trade in the French colonies. She demanded that French women be given the same rights as French men. She was executed during the Reign of Terror.

 6 Madame Roland

Madame Roland
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: March 17, 1754
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: November 8, 1793

The wife of Jean-Marie Roland, Madame Roland was a leading French revolutionary and often hosted significant political meets at her salon. She often directed her husband’s political actions and was responsible for creating a rift between the Jacobin and Girondin factions. She was later arrested and guillotined.

 7 Benjamin Constant

Benjamin Constant
Famous As: Activist
Birthdate: December 25, 1767
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lausanne, Switzerland
Died: December 8, 1830
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 8 Charles Joseph Bonaparte

Charles Joseph Bonaparte
Famous As: Lawyer
Birthdate: June 9, 1851
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Died: June 28, 1921

The grandnephew of Napoleon Bonaparte, Charles Joseph Bonaparte was a French-American lawyer and political activist, born and raised in Baltimore. Founder of Baltimore Reform League, his works attracted Theodore Roosevelt’s admiration and serving as U.S. Secretary of the Navy and Attorney General during the latter’s tenure as President, he established Bureau of Investigation, later Day FBI, prosecuting many antitrust suits.

 9 Serge Klarsfeld

Serge Klarsfeld
Famous As: Political activist
Birthdate: September 17, 1935
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bucharest, Romania

 10 Lucien Sève

Lucien Sève
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: December 9, 1926
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Chambéry, France
Died: March 23, 2020

 11 Christophe Jaffrelot

Christophe Jaffrelot
Famous As: Political scientist
Birthdate: February 12, 1964
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Poissy, France

 12 Paul Rassinier

Paul Rassinier
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: March 18, 1906
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bermont, France
Died: July 28, 1967

 13 Marie de Rohan

Marie de Rohan
Famous As: Courtier
Birthdate: November 30, 1600
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: August 12, 1679

 14 Pierre Victurnien Vergniaud

Pierre Victurnien Vergniaud
Famous As: Lawyer
Birthdate: May 31, 1753
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Limoges, France
Died: October 31, 1793

 15 Jean-Baptiste Henri-Dominique Lacordaire

Jean-Baptiste Henri-Dominique Lacordaire
Famous As: Journalist
Birthdate: May 12, 1802
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: France
Died: November 21, 1861

 16 Raymond Aubrac

Raymond Aubrac
Famous As: Civil Engineer
Birthdate: July 31, 1914
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vesoul, France
Died: April 10, 2012
Raymond Aubrac was a leader of French Resistance during World War II. He was later appointed to a senior post by the Ministry of Reconstruction. He also served as a technical adviser to the government of Morocco in 1996. His ilife inspired two French films -  Claude Berri’s Lucie Aubrac and Boulevard des hirondelles. Aubrac published his autobiography, Where the Memory Lingers, in 1996. 

 17 Pierre Gaspard Chaumette

Pierre Gaspard Chaumette
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: May 24, 1763
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nevers, France
Died: April 13, 1794

Pierre Gaspard Chaumette was a French politician who played a prominent role during the French Revolution. Chaumette played a key role in the inception of the Reign of Terror during which he was serving as the president of the Paris Commune. A vehement critic of Christianity, Chaumette led the dechristianization of France during the revolution.

 18 Fabre d'Églantine

Fabre d'Églantine
Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: July 28, 1750
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Carcassonne, France
Died: April 5, 1794

 19 Philippe Soupault

Philippe Soupault
Famous As: French writer
Birthdate: August 2, 1897
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Chaville, France
Died: March 12, 1990

 20 Georges Arnaud

Georges Arnaud
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: July 16, 1917
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Montpellier, France
Died: March 4, 1987

 21 Nadia El Fani

Nadia El Fani
Famous As: Film Director, Screenwriter
Birthdate: January 1, 1960
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Paris, France