Famous French Architects

Find out more about the greatest French Architects, including Le Corbusier, Gustave Eiffel, Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, Jean Nouvel and Paul Virilio.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Le Corbusier

Le Corbusier
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: October 6, 1887
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland
Died: August 27, 1965

Le Corbusier was a Swiss-French designer, painter, architect, writer, and urban planner. He was one of the pioneers of modern architecture. During his illustrious career, which spanned 50 years, Le Corbusier designed buildings in India, Japan, Europe, and North and South America. He is also credited with revolutionizing urban planning.  

 2 Gustave Eiffel

Gustave Eiffel
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Famous As: Architect, Civil Engineer
Birthdate: December 15, 1832
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Dijon, Côte-d'Or, France
Died: December 27, 1923
The man behind the jewel that adorns Paris, the Eiffel Tower, French civil engineer Gustave Eiffel later earned the nickname “the magician of iron.” He revolutionized bridge-building by using compressed-air caissons, designed the Statue of Liberty, and built the first aerodynamic laboratory. He died while listening to Beethoven's 5th symphony.
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 3 Jean Nouvel

Jean Nouvel
3
Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: August 12, 1945
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Fumel

Jean Nouvel is a French architect who was a founding member of Syndicat de l'Architecture, a labor union for architects. He studied at the École des Beaux-Arts and entered into a partnership with François Seigneur. He built a brilliant career and is the recipient of several prestigious awards, including the Pritzker Prize, architecture's highest honor. 

 4 Pierre Charles L'Enfant

Pierre Charles L'Enfant
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Famous As: Engineer
Birthdate: August 2, 1754
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: June 14, 1825
Born to a famous French painter in Paris, Pierre Charles L'Enfant later joined the rebels in American Revolutionary War. While working as a military engineer in the U.S., he changed his name from Pierre to Peter. He was hired by George Washington to design the L'Enfant Plan for establishing Washington D.C.

 5 André Le Nôtre

André Le Nôtre
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Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Paris

André Le Nôtre was a 17th-century French landscape architect. Born into a family of gardeners, he later became the principal gardener of King Louis XIV of France. He is credited with designing the gardens of the Palace of Versailles. His other works include the design of gardens and parks at Saint-Cloud, Chantilly, Fontainebleau, and Saint-Germain. 

 6 Eugène Viollet-le-Duc

Eugène Viollet-le-Duc
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: January 27, 1814
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 17, 1879

Eugène Viollet-le-Duc was a French architect and author. He is credited with restoring prominent medieval landmarks in France, including iconic buildings which had been damaged during the French Revolution. He restored Notre-Dame de Paris and the Basilica of Saint-Denis, among others. He is regarded as the first theorist of modern architecture and wrote extensively on the subject. 

 7 Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban

Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban
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Famous As: Military engineer
Birthdate: May 1, 1633
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Saint-Léger-Vauban
Died: March 30, 1707

Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban was a French military engineer. Widely regarded as the greatest engineer of his generation, Vauban played a prominent role in Western military history. He worked under Louis XIV and his principles for fortifications were used for almost a century. He is credited with building major ports and projects including the Canal de la Bruche.

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 8 Bernard Tschumi

Bernard Tschumi
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Famous As: Architect, University teacher
Birthdate: January 25, 1944
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lausanne

Bernard Tschumi is an architect, educator, and writer. One of the most important proponents of deconstructivism, Tschumi is credited with designing prominent landmarks like Parc de la Villette, Rouen Concert Hall, and the new Acropolis Museum. He has also served as an educator, teaching at prestigious institutions like Columbia University, Princeton University, and the Institute for Architecture and Urban Studies.

 9 Paul Virilio

Paul Virilio
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Famous As: Philosopher, Writer, Architect, Urban planner, Sociologist
Birthdate: January 4, 1932
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Paris

Paul Virilio was a French cultural theorist and aesthetic philosopher. He wrote extensively on a wide range of topics, including technology, architecture, the military, cinema, history, mass media, and terrorism. He also taught intensive seminars at the European Graduate School. Physicists Alan Sokal and Jean Bricmont criticized him for what they characterized as his misunderstanding of science. 

 10 Hector Guimard

Hector Guimard
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: March 10, 1867
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lyon
Died: May 20, 1942

Hector Guimard was a French designer and architect. A popular exponent of the Art Nouveau style, Guimard is credited with designing several important landmarks, including Paris' first Art Nouveau apartment building, The Castel Béranger. Although Art Nouveau went out of style during the 1910s, Hector Guimard's works attracted critical acclaim in the 1960s, with art historians praising his architectural works.

 11 Charlotte Perriand

Charlotte Perriand
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: October 24, 1903
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: October 27, 1999

Charlotte Perriand was a French architect and designer known for her unique approach of correlating “the art of dwelling with the art of living.” She was interested in designing from a young age and received her training at the École de L'Union Centrale des Arts Décoratifs. She worked with prominent Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier for several years. 

 12 Claude Nicolas Ledoux

Claude Nicolas Ledoux
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: March 21, 1736
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dormans, France
Died: November 18, 1806

Claude Nicolas Ledoux was a French architect, known for developing an eclectic architectural style, linked with budding pre-Revolutionary social ideals. First noticed for his imaginative woodwork at Café militaire, he was soon flooded with commissions, designing numerous private houses in the neoclassical style for the French elite, also receiving commission for designing public buildings including the Ledoux’s Theatre of Besançon.

 13 Étienne-Louis Boullée

Étienne-Louis Boullée
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: February 12, 1728
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 4, 1799

Étienne-Louis Boullée was a French architect and visionary whose work continues to have a massive impact on the works of contemporary architects. A highly respected architect during his time, Boullée served as the chief architect under Frederick II of Prussia. Étienne-Louis Boullée is widely regarded as one of the most influential and prominent personalities of French neoclassical architecture. 

 14 Charles Garnier

Charles Garnier
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Famous As: architect
Birthdate: November 6, 1825
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris
Died: August 3, 1898

Charles Garnier was a French architect best known for designing important landmarks, such as the Opéra de Monte-Carlo and Palais Garnier. Charles Garnier also designed several public and private buildings on the Italian Riviera and is thereby sometimes credited with turning the place into a tourist attraction.

 15 Auguste Perret

Auguste Perret
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Famous As: architect
Birthdate: February 12, 1874
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ixelles
Died: February 25, 1954

Auguste Perret was a French architect who developed the architectural use of reinforced concrete. Perret is credited with designing many important edifices like the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées and Church of Notre-Dame du Raincy. In 1948, Perret was honored with the Royal Gold Medal and he won the AIA Gold Medal in 1952. He also influenced younger architects like Le Corbusier.

 16 Christian de Portzamparc

Christian de Portzamparc
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Famous As: Architect, Restorer
Birthdate: May 5, 1944
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Casablanca

Christian de Portzamparc was the first architect from France to earn the Pritzker Prize. He was first drawn to architecture when he went through the designs of Swiss architect Le Corbusier. His own love for music led him to design many performance venues such as the Paris Opéra Ballet School.

 17 Louis Le Vau

Louis Le Vau
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Famous As: architect, artist
Birthdate: 1612 AD
Birthplace: Paris
Died: October 11, 1670

French Baroque architect Louis Le Vau began his career designing hotels and homes for the rich; Château du Raincy being one of his early notable works. Appointed the first architect to the king, he later undertook his most memorable work, adding service wings to the Palace of Versailles and rebuilding its garden façade, helping to develop the French Classical style.

 18 Jean Prouvé

Jean Prouvé
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Famous As: Architect, Designer, Artist, Politician
Birthdate: April 8, 1901
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris
Died: March 23, 1984

French architect Jean Prouvé, the son of artist Victor Prouvé, revolutionized prefabricated metal construction. His innovative designs include the Meridian Room of the Paris Observatory and the Church of the Sacré-Coeur de Bonnecousse. He was part of the Academy of Architecture and taught at the School of Arts and Crafts.

 19 Fulk III Nerra

Fulk III Nerra
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Famous As: Count of Anjou
Birthdate: 0970 AD
Birthplace: France
Died: June 21, 1040

Fulk III Nerra, also known as the Count of Anjou, was one of the Angevin dynasty’s early rulers. He is remembered for building about 100 castles, including several that were built of stone and protected his borders. He was also known as le Grand Bâtisseur, or the Great Builder.

 20 Jules Hardouin-Mansart

Jules Hardouin-Mansart
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: April 16, 1646
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 11, 1708

Seventeenth-century French Baroque architect Jules Hardouin-Mansart is best remembered for designing Versailles as the city planner of King Louis XIV. His great-uncle, François Mansart, who was one of the pioneers of classical French architecture. His other works include Place Vendôme and the Château de la Chaize in Odenas.

 21 Henri Labrouste

Henri Labrouste
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Famous As: architect
Birthdate: May 11, 1801
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Paris
Died: June 24, 1875

Part of the École des Beaux-Arts school of architecture, French architect Henri Labrouste is best known for popularizing iron frame construction. The Prix de Rome winner also designed the Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève and the Bibliothèque Nationale. He also received a pension from the French government and lived in the Medici Villa.

 22 Claude Perrault

Claude Perrault
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: September 25, 1613
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: October 9, 1688

French architect Claude Perrault is best known for his design of the Louvre’s eastern façade. Trained in math and medicine, he began his career as a physician. He was also part of the Academy of Sciences. Apart from designing the Colonnade, he had also designed the Paris Observatory.

 23 Andreas Feininger

Andreas Feininger
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Famous As: Photographer, Writer, Architect
Birthdate: December 27, 1906
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Paris
Died: February 18, 1999

Andreas Feininger was one of the world's most prolific photographers. He was well known for his black-and-white photographic explorations of the urban landscape. Feininger's subject matter included the city, machines, and sculpture, and he rarely captured people or portraits. He was also a prolific writer and theorist and published over 30 books on photography. 

 24 Tony Garnier

Tony Garnier
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Famous As: French architect
Birthdate: August 13, 1869
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: January 19, 1948

One of the greatest architects from Lyon, Tony Garnier is remembered for his utopian plan of an industrial city, Cité Industrielle. The Prix de Rome winner is considered one of the pioneers of the use of reinforced concrete. His other works include the Grange Blanche Hospital and the Les États Unis.

 25 Dominique Perrault

Dominique Perrault
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: April 9, 1953
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Clermont-Ferrand, France

Best known for designing the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, or the French National Library, Dominique Perrault popularized his own modernist style of design. He also designed the cycling track and the swimming pool in the 1999 Berlin Olympics. He also teaches at the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne.

 26 François Mansart

François Mansart
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: January 23, 1598
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 23, 1666

François Mansart was a French architect who introduced classicism into French Baroque architecture. Widely regarded as the most accomplished French architect of the 17th century, Mansart's works are celebrated for their high degree of elegance, subtlety, and refinement. François Mansart is also credited with popularizing the mansard roof, which creates an extra floor of habitable space in a building.

 27 Jacques-Germain Soufflot

Jacques-Germain Soufflot
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: July 22, 1713
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Irancy, France
Died: August 29, 1780

Jacques-Germain Soufflot was a French architect credited with introducing neoclassicism to the world. Soufflot designed several important edifices, including the Panthéon in Paris which was originally built as a church dedicated to Saint Genevieve. Such was his popularity that by 1755 Jacques-Germain Soufflot had gained architectural control of all of Paris' royal buildings.

 28 Paul Philippe Cret

Paul Philippe Cret
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: October 24, 1876
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: September 8, 1945

French-born American architect Paul Philippe Cret was a late Beaux Arts school member. Apart from teaching at the University of Pennsylvania, he designed major buildings such as the Washington DC-based Pan American Union and the Rodin Museum in Philadelphia. He had also served the French army during World War I.

 29 Robert Mallet-Stevens

Robert Mallet-Stevens
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: March 24, 1886
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 8, 1945

Robert Mallet-Stevens was a French designer and architect. An influential personality, Robert Mallet-Stevens designed several shops, factories, private homes, and apartment buildings. He also designed film sets including the set for L'Inhumaine, which is considered a masterpiece. His works inspired the 1929 film The Mysteries of the Château de Dé which was directed by surrealist filmmaker and photographer Man Ray.

 30 Ange-Jacques Gabriel

Ange-Jacques Gabriel
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: October 23, 1698
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 4, 1782

One of the most significant architects of the 18th century, Ange-Jacques Gabriel built many major structures during the reign of Louis XV. Born to premier architect Jacques V, he later succeeded his father. His most notable works include the Place de la Concorde and the Petit Trianon at Versailles.

 31 Jean Chalgrin

Jean Chalgrin
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: 1739 AD
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 21, 1811

Best known for designing the Arc de Triomphe, Jean Chalgrin was a proponent of Neoclassical architect. The Prix de Rome winner was one of those responsible for the revival of the basilican style of church building. He died before he could complete the Arc de Triomphe, commissioned by Napoleon.

 32 Jean Goujon

Jean Goujon
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: 1510 AD
Birthplace: Normandy, France
Died: 1565 AD

Jean Goujon was a French architect and sculptor who served under Henry II of France in the 1540s. Goujon's style influenced several artists of the School of Fontainebleau and also had an impact on the decorative arts. Some of his most popular works include Fountain of the Innocents and allegories on the facade of the Louvre.

 33 Jacques-François Blondel

Jacques-François Blondel
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: January 8, 1705
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rouen, France
Died: January 9, 1774

Jacques-François Blondel was a French teacher and architect who served as a professor at the Académie Royale d'Architecture after running his own school of architecture for several years. Jacques-François Blondel is credited with teaching many future architects like Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart, Étienne-Louis Boullée, Jean-François-Thérèse Chalgrin, and Louis Jean Desprez. In 1755, he was made an inductee of the Académie Royale d'Architecture.

 34 Philibert de l'Orme

Philibert de l'Orme
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: June 3, 1514
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: January 8, 1570
One of the most significant 16th-century Renaissance architects, Philibert de l'Orme popularized the Mannerism style of architecture. The son of a stonemason, he excavated during his younger days. He served as the royal architect of Henry II, though most of his creations were later destroyed.

 35 Girard Desargues

Girard Desargues
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: February 21, 1591
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: August 31, 1661

One of the founders of projective geometry, French mathematician Girard Desargues began his career as an architect and an engineer, designing several private and public buildings in Paris and Lyon and also a project for lifting water. Eventually he became associated with a group of Parisian mathematicians and undertook researches on perspective and geometrical projections, publishing several papers on it.

 36 Pierre Puget

Pierre Puget
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: October 16, 1620
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Marseille, France
Died: December 2, 1694

Pierre Puget was a French Baroque architect, painter, sculptor, and engineer. His sculptures expressed drama, pathos, and emotion, making them unique and setting them apart from the academic and classical sculptures of French classicism. Pierre Puget is credited with helping Pietro da Cortona paint the ceilings of the Palazzo Pitti at Florence and the Palazzo Barberini in Rome.

 37 Jacques-Nicolas Billaud-Varenne

Jacques-Nicolas Billaud-Varenne
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: April 23, 1756
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: La Rochelle, France
Died: June 3, 1819

Jacques-Nicolas Billaud-Varenne was a French lawyer and politician of the Revolutionary period. An influential personality, Billaud-Varenne played an important role during the Reign of Terror and is regarded as a key architect of the Reign of Terror. One of the most important members of the Committee of Public Safety, Billaud-Varenne worked with influential figures like Maximilien Robespierre and Georges Danton.

 38 Charles Percier

Charles Percier
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: August 22, 1764
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 5, 1838

Charles Percier introduced what is now known as the Empire style of interior decoration, along with Pierre Fontaine, whom he met while studying architecture in Paris. The Prix de Rome winner often blended Greco-Roman and Egyptian styles of architecture and co-designed much of the Louvre and the Tuileries Palace.

 39 Louis Visconti

Louis Visconti
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: February 11, 1791
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: December 29, 1853

Born to famous Italian architect Ennio Quirino Visconti, Louis Visconti studied architecture in Paris. He later became one of the chief architects of the Louvre. However, his best-known creation was Napoleon’s tomb at Les Invalides. He was one of the proponents of the Second Empire style.

 40 Germain Boffrand

Germain Boffrand
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: May 16, 1667
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Nantes, France
Died: March 19, 1754

Germain Boffrand is remembered as one of the pioneers of the Régence style, also known as a precursor to the Rococo style. He initially studied sculpture but later joined the workshop of architect Jules Hardouin Mansart. His major creations were for Nantes and Paris. He also penned Livre d’architecture.

 41 Jean-Baptiste Alexandre Le Blond

Jean-Baptiste Alexandre Le Blond
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: 1679 AD
Birthplace: France
Died: March 10, 1719

French architect Jean-Baptiste Alexandre Le Blond is best known for designing the Russian city of St. Petersburg. Born to a painter father, he later studied gardening techniques from André Le Nôtre. He is also remembered as a talented landscape designer who designed the gardens for Peter I (the Great)’s palace.

 42 Daniel Marot

Daniel Marot
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: 1661 AD
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: June 4, 1752

Daniel Marot was a Dutch furniture designer, architect, and engraver. He is credited with designing the interiors of Het Loo Palace which was built by the House of Orange-Nassau. Daniel Marot is also credited with popularizing ornamented ceilings in the Netherlands.

 43 Jean Bullant

Jean Bullant
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: 1515 AD
Birthplace: Amiens, France
Died: October 13, 1578

Jean Bullant was a French sculptor and architect best remembered for designing and building the tombs of influential personalities like Henri II, Anne, Duke of Montmorency, and Catherine de' Medici. Bullant also worked on some of the most important and iconic structures like the Tuileries Palace, the Château d'Écouen, and the Louvre Museum.

 44 Jacques Lemercier

Jacques Lemercier
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: 1585 AD
Birthplace: Pontoise, France
Died: January 13, 1654

Jacques Lemercier was a French engineer and architect. Along with François Mansart and Louis Le Vau, Jacques Lemercier helped develop the French Classical style and introduced classicism to French Baroque architecture. During the late-1630s, he was made the chief architect, a position that came with the responsibility of overseeing all the royal building enterprises.

 45 William Of Sens

William Of Sens
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Sens, France
Died: August 11, 1180

William Of Sens was a French architect and master mason best remembered for rebuilding the choir of Canterbury Cathedral, which is often counted among the finest examples of early Gothic architecture in England. William of Sens is also credited with constructing Sens Cathedral, which is widely regarded as France's first complete Gothic Cathedral.

 46 Salomon de Brosse

Salomon de Brosse
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: 1571 AD
Birthplace: Verneuil, France
Died: December 9, 1626

Salomon de Brosse was a French architect who worked during the early 17th-century. An influential personality, De Brosse's works had a major influence on the works of another important architect, François Mansart. Counted among the most important architects of his generation, Salomon De Brosse was commissioned to design ambitious projects, such as the Luxembourg Palace in Paris.

 47 Robert de Cotte

Robert de Cotte
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: 1656 AD
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: July 15, 1735

Robert de Cotte was a French architect-administrator who helped introduce the Rococo style to France. A student of Jules Hardouin-Mansart, Robert de Cotte is credited with completing the former's unfinished projects, such as the Grand Trianon and the royal chapel at the Palace of Versailles. He also collaborated with Hardouin-Mansart in many of his projects during his lifetime.

 48 Hector Lefuel

Hector Lefuel
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: November 14, 1810
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Palace of Versailles, Versailles, France
Died: December 31, 1880

Hector Lefuel was a French architect best remembered for his outstanding work on the Louvre Palace, including the reconstruction of the Pavillon de Flore and Napoleon III's Louvre expansion. Hector Lefuel is also credited with designing funerary monuments of important and influential personalities like François Bazin and Daniel-François-Esprit Auber.

 49 Libéral Bruant

Libéral Bruant
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: 1635 AD
Birthplace: France
Died: November 22, 1697

Libéral Bruant was a French architect best remembered for designing the Hôtel des Invalides in Paris. During his lifetime, Bruant collaborated with other important architects like Jules Hardouin Mansart. In 1671, Libéral Bruant was among the eight architects inducted into the Académie royale d'architecture, which was created by Louis XIV.

 50 Jean Perréal

Jean Perréal
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: 1450 AD
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: 1530 AD

Jean Perréal was a French portraitist who worked for French Royalty during the 16th century. A multi-talented personality, Jean Perréal was also a sculptor, architect, and limner of illuminated manuscripts. During his successful career, Jean Perréal worked for prominent and influential personalities like King Charles VIII, Charles of Bourbon, Francis I, and Louis XII. He also designed tombs and medals.