Famous French Architects

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 1 
Le Corbusier
(Architect)
Le Corbusier
6
Birthdate: October 6, 1887
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland
Died: August 27, 1965

Le Corbusier was a Swiss-French designer, painter, architect, writer, and urban planner. He was one of the pioneers of modern architecture. During his illustrious career, which spanned 50 years, Le Corbusier designed buildings in India, Japan, Europe, and North and South America. He is also credited with revolutionizing urban planning.  

 2 
Jean Nouvel
(Architect)
Jean Nouvel
3
Birthdate: August 12, 1945
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Fumel, France

Jean Nouvel is a French architect who was a founding member of Syndicat de l'Architecture, a labor union for architects. He studied at the École des Beaux-Arts and entered into a partnership with François Seigneur. He built a brilliant career and is the recipient of several prestigious awards, including the Pritzker Prize, architecture's highest honor. 

 3 
Philippe Starck
(French Industrial Architect and Designer)
Philippe Starck
5
Birthdate: January 18, 1949
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Paris, France
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 4 
Eugène Viollet-le-Duc
(Architect)
Eugène Viollet-le-Duc
3
Birthdate: January 27, 1814
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 17, 1879

Eugène Viollet-le-Duc was a French architect and author. He is credited with restoring prominent medieval landmarks in France, including iconic buildings which had been damaged during the French Revolution. He restored Notre-Dame de Paris and the Basilica of Saint-Denis, among others. He is regarded as the first theorist of modern architecture and wrote extensively on the subject. 

 5 
André Le Nôtre
André Le Nôtre
4
Birthplace: Paris

André Le Nôtre was a 17th-century French landscape architect. Born into a family of gardeners, he later became the principal gardener of King Louis XIV of France. He is credited with designing the gardens of the Palace of Versailles. His other works include the design of gardens and parks at Saint-Cloud, Chantilly, Fontainebleau, and Saint-Germain. 

 6 
Étienne-Louis Boullée
(Architect)
Étienne-Louis Boullée
3
Birthdate: February 12, 1728
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 4, 1799

Étienne-Louis Boullée was a French architect and visionary whose work continues to have a massive impact on the works of contemporary architects. A highly respected architect during his time, Boullée served as the chief architect under Frederick II of Prussia. Étienne-Louis Boullée is widely regarded as one of the most influential and prominent personalities of French neoclassical architecture. 

 7 
Bernard Tschumi
(Architect, University teacher)
Bernard Tschumi
3
Birthdate: January 25, 1944
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lausanne

Bernard Tschumi is an architect, educator, and writer. One of the most important proponents of deconstructivism, Tschumi is credited with designing prominent landmarks like Parc de la Villette, Rouen Concert Hall, and the new Acropolis Museum. He has also served as an educator, teaching at prestigious institutions like Columbia University, Princeton University, and the Institute for Architecture and Urban Studies.

 8 
Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban
(French Military Engineer and Marshal of France)
Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban
3
Birthdate: May 1, 1633
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Saint-Léger-Vauban, France
Died: March 30, 1707

Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban was a French military engineer. Widely regarded as the greatest engineer of his generation, Vauban played a prominent role in Western military history. He worked under Louis XIV and his principles for fortifications were used for almost a century. He is credited with building major ports and projects including the Canal de la Bruche.

 9 
Charlotte Perriand
(French Architect and Designer)
Charlotte Perriand
4
Birthdate: October 24, 1903
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: October 27, 1999

Charlotte Perriand was a French architect and designer known for her unique approach of correlating “the art of dwelling with the art of living.” She was interested in designing from a young age and received her training at the École de L'Union Centrale des Arts Décoratifs. She worked with prominent Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier for several years. 

 10 
Hector Guimard
(French Architect and Designer)
Hector Guimard
3
Birthdate: March 10, 1867
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: May 20, 1942

Hector Guimard was a French designer and architect. A popular exponent of the Art Nouveau style, Guimard is credited with designing several important landmarks, including Paris' first Art Nouveau apartment building, The Castel Béranger. Although Art Nouveau went out of style during the 1910s, Hector Guimard's works attracted critical acclaim in the 1960s, with art historians praising his architectural works.

 11 
Paul Virilio
(French Cultural Theorist, Urbanist, Architect and Aesthetic Philosopher Best Known for His Writings About Technology)
Paul Virilio
3
Birthdate: January 4, 1932
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 10, 2018

Paul Virilio was a French cultural theorist and aesthetic philosopher. He wrote extensively on a wide range of topics, including technology, architecture, the military, cinema, history, mass media, and terrorism. He also taught intensive seminars at the European Graduate School. Physicists Alan Sokal and Jean Bricmont criticized him for what they characterized as his misunderstanding of science. 

 12 
Claude Nicolas Ledoux
(French Architect and Designer)
Claude Nicolas Ledoux
3
Birthdate: March 21, 1736
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dormans, France
Died: November 18, 1806

Claude Nicolas Ledoux was a French architect, known for developing an eclectic architectural style, linked with budding pre-Revolutionary social ideals. First noticed for his imaginative woodwork at Café militaire, he was soon flooded with commissions, designing numerous private houses in the neoclassical style for the French elite, also receiving commission for designing public buildings including the Ledoux’s Theatre of Besançon.

 13 
Charles Garnier
(architect)
Charles Garnier
3
Birthdate: November 6, 1825
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris
Died: August 3, 1898

Charles Garnier was a French architect best known for designing important landmarks, such as the Opéra de Monte-Carlo and Palais Garnier. Charles Garnier also designed several public and private buildings on the Italian Riviera and is thereby sometimes credited with turning the place into a tourist attraction.

 14 
Auguste Perret
(French Architect)
Auguste Perret
3
Birthdate: February 12, 1874
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ixelles, Belgium
Died: February 25, 1954

Auguste Perret was a French architect who developed the architectural use of reinforced concrete. Perret is credited with designing many important edifices like the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées and Church of Notre-Dame du Raincy. In 1948, Perret was honored with the Royal Gold Medal and he won the AIA Gold Medal in 1952. He also influenced younger architects like Le Corbusier.

 15 
Christian de Portzamparc
(Architect, Restorer)
Christian de Portzamparc
2
Birthdate: May 5, 1944
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Casablanca

Christian de Portzamparc was the first architect from France to earn the Pritzker Prize. He was first drawn to architecture when he went through the designs of Swiss architect Le Corbusier. His own love for music led him to design many performance venues such as the Paris Opéra Ballet School.

 16 
Louis Le Vau
(French Baroque Architect)
Louis Le Vau
2
Birthdate: 1612 AD
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: October 11, 1670

French Baroque architect Louis Le Vau began his career designing hotels and homes for the rich; Château du Raincy being one of his early notable works. Appointed the first architect to the king, he later undertook his most memorable work, adding service wings to the Palace of Versailles and rebuilding its garden façade, helping to develop the French Classical style.

 17 
Jules Hardouin-Mansart
(Architect)
Jules Hardouin-Mansart
2
Birthdate: April 16, 1646
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 11, 1708

Seventeenth-century French Baroque architect Jules Hardouin-Mansart is best remembered for designing Versailles as the city planner of King Louis XIV. His great-uncle, François Mansart, who was one of the pioneers of classical French architecture. His other works include Place Vendôme and the Château de la Chaize in Odenas.

 18 
Lúcio Costa
(Architect)
Lúcio Costa
2
Birthdate: February 27, 1902
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Toulon

Lúcio Costa was a Brazilian urban planner and architect. He is credited with planning and designing the federal capital of Brazil, Brasília. He also served as an educator, teaching drawing and geometry at the School of Arts and Crafts of São Paulo.

 19 
Henri Labrouste
(architect)
Henri Labrouste
2
Birthdate: May 11, 1801
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Paris
Died: June 24, 1875

Part of the École des Beaux-Arts school of architecture, French architect Henri Labrouste is best known for popularizing iron frame construction. The Prix de Rome winner also designed the Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève and the Bibliothèque Nationale. He also received a pension from the French government and lived in the Medici Villa.

 20 
Jean Prouvé
(Architect, Designer, Artist, Politician)
Jean Prouvé
2
Birthdate: April 8, 1901
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris
Died: March 23, 1984

French architect Jean Prouvé, the son of artist Victor Prouvé, revolutionized prefabricated metal construction. His innovative designs include the Meridian Room of the Paris Observatory and the Church of the Sacré-Coeur de Bonnecousse. He was part of the Academy of Architecture and taught at the School of Arts and Crafts.

 21 
Claude Perrault
(Architect)
Claude Perrault
2
Birthdate: September 25, 1613
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: October 9, 1688

French architect Claude Perrault is best known for his design of the Louvre’s eastern façade. Trained in math and medicine, he began his career as a physician. He was also part of the Academy of Sciences. Apart from designing the Colonnade, he had also designed the Paris Observatory.

 22 
François Mansart
(Architect)
François Mansart
2
Birthdate: January 23, 1598
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 23, 1666

François Mansart was a French architect who introduced classicism into French Baroque architecture. Widely regarded as the most accomplished French architect of the 17th century, Mansart's works are celebrated for their high degree of elegance, subtlety, and refinement. François Mansart is also credited with popularizing the mansard roof, which creates an extra floor of habitable space in a building.

 23 
Tony Garnier
(French architect)
Tony Garnier
2
Birthdate: August 13, 1869
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: January 19, 1948

One of the greatest architects from Lyon, Tony Garnier is remembered for his utopian plan of an industrial city, Cité Industrielle. The Prix de Rome winner is considered one of the pioneers of the use of reinforced concrete. His other works include the Grange Blanche Hospital and the Les États Unis.

 24 
Jacques-Germain Soufflot
(Architect)
Jacques-Germain Soufflot
2
Birthdate: July 22, 1713
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Irancy, France
Died: August 29, 1780

Jacques-Germain Soufflot was a French architect credited with introducing neoclassicism to the world. Soufflot designed several important edifices, including the Panthéon in Paris which was originally built as a church dedicated to Saint Genevieve. Such was his popularity that by 1755 Jacques-Germain Soufflot had gained architectural control of all of Paris' royal buildings.

 25 
Dominique Perrault
(Architect)
Dominique Perrault
2
Birthdate: April 9, 1953
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Clermont-Ferrand, France

Best known for designing the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, or the French National Library, Dominique Perrault popularized his own modernist style of design. He also designed the cycling track and the swimming pool in the 1999 Berlin Olympics. He also teaches at the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne.

 26 
Jean Chalgrin
(Architect)
Jean Chalgrin
1
Birthdate: 1739 AD
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 21, 1811

Best known for designing the Arc de Triomphe, Jean Chalgrin was a proponent of Neoclassical architect. The Prix de Rome winner was one of those responsible for the revival of the basilican style of church building. He died before he could complete the Arc de Triomphe, commissioned by Napoleon.

 27 
Ange-Jacques Gabriel
(Architect)
Ange-Jacques Gabriel
2
Birthdate: October 23, 1698
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 4, 1782

One of the most significant architects of the 18th century, Ange-Jacques Gabriel built many major structures during the reign of Louis XV. Born to premier architect Jacques V, he later succeeded his father. His most notable works include the Place de la Concorde and the Petit Trianon at Versailles.

 28 
Robert Mallet-Stevens
(French Architect and Designer)
Robert Mallet-Stevens
2
Birthdate: March 24, 1886
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 8, 1945

Robert Mallet-Stevens was a French designer and architect. An influential personality, Robert Mallet-Stevens designed several shops, factories, private homes, and apartment buildings. He also designed film sets including the set for L'Inhumaine, which is considered a masterpiece. His works inspired the 1929 film The Mysteries of the Château de Dé which was directed by surrealist filmmaker and photographer Man Ray.

 29 
Philibert de l'Orme
(Architect)
Philibert de l'Orme
1
Birthdate: June 3, 1514
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: January 8, 1570
One of the most significant 16th-century Renaissance architects, Philibert de l'Orme popularized the Mannerism style of architecture. The son of a stonemason, he excavated during his younger days. He served as the royal architect of Henry II, though most of his creations were later destroyed.
 30 
Jean Goujon
(French Renaissance Sculptor and Architect)
Jean Goujon
1
Birthdate: 1510 AD
Birthplace: Normandy, France
Died: 1565 AD

Jean Goujon was a French architect and sculptor who served under Henry II of France in the 1540s. Goujon's style influenced several artists of the School of Fontainebleau and also had an impact on the decorative arts. Some of his most popular works include Fountain of the Innocents and allegories on the facade of the Louvre.

 31 
Pierre Puget
(French Baroque Painter, Sculptor and Architect)
Pierre Puget
1
Birthdate: October 16, 1620
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Marseille, France
Died: December 2, 1694

Pierre Puget was a French Baroque architect, painter, sculptor, and engineer. His sculptures expressed drama, pathos, and emotion, making them unique and setting them apart from the academic and classical sculptures of French classicism. Pierre Puget is credited with helping Pietro da Cortona paint the ceilings of the Palazzo Pitti at Florence and the Palazzo Barberini in Rome.

 32 
Jacques-François Blondel
(French Architect)
Jacques-François Blondel
1
Birthdate: January 8, 1705
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rouen, France
Died: January 9, 1774

Jacques-François Blondel was a French teacher and architect who served as a professor at the Académie Royale d'Architecture after running his own school of architecture for several years. Jacques-François Blondel is credited with teaching many future architects like Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart, Étienne-Louis Boullée, Jean-François-Thérèse Chalgrin, and Louis Jean Desprez. In 1755, he was made an inductee of the Académie Royale d'Architecture.

 33 
Rogelio Salmona
(Architect)
Rogelio Salmona
1
Birthdate: April 28, 1929
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: October 3, 2007

Rogelio Salmona was a French Colombian architect best remembered for using natural shapes like curves, radial geometry, and spirals in his designs. A highly respected architect, Rogelio Salmona's illustrious career was embellished with many prestigious awards like the Colombian National Architecture Prize, Prince Claus Award, Alvar Aalto Medal, and Manuel Tolsá Medal.

 34 
François de Cuvilliés
(Designer)
François de Cuvilliés
1
Birthdate: October 23, 1695
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Soignies, Belgium
Died: April 14, 1768

François de Cuvilliés was a Bavarian architect and decorative designer. He played a key role in bringing the Rococo style to the House of Wittelsbach and to Central Europe. He designed several important buildings, such as The Old Residence Theatre which he constructed for Elector Max III Joseph. François de Cuvilliés also wrote many treatises on decorative and artistic subjects.

 35 
Charles Percier
(Architect)
Charles Percier
1
Birthdate: August 22, 1764
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 5, 1838

Charles Percier introduced what is now known as the Empire style of interior decoration, along with Pierre Fontaine, whom he met while studying architecture in Paris. The Prix de Rome winner often blended Greco-Roman and Egyptian styles of architecture and co-designed much of the Louvre and the Tuileries Palace.

 36 
Louis Visconti
(French Architect and Designer)
Louis Visconti
1
Birthdate: February 11, 1791
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: December 29, 1853

Born to famous Italian architect Ennio Quirino Visconti, Louis Visconti studied architecture in Paris. He later became one of the chief architects of the Louvre. However, his best-known creation was Napoleon’s tomb at Les Invalides. He was one of the proponents of the Second Empire style.

 37 
Germain Boffrand
(Architect)
Germain Boffrand
1
Birthdate: May 16, 1667
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Nantes, France
Died: March 19, 1754

Germain Boffrand is remembered as one of the pioneers of the Régence style, also known as a precursor to the Rococo style. He initially studied sculpture but later joined the workshop of architect Jules Hardouin Mansart. His major creations were for Nantes and Paris. He also penned Livre d’architecture.

 38 
Antti Lovag
(Architect)
Antti Lovag
0
Birthdate: 1920 AD
Birthplace: Budapest, Hungary
Died: September 27, 2014
 39 
Jacques Lemercier
(French Architect)
Jacques Lemercier
1
Birthdate: 1585 AD
Birthplace: Pontoise, France
Died: January 13, 1654

Jacques Lemercier was a French engineer and architect. Along with François Mansart and Louis Le Vau, Jacques Lemercier helped develop the French Classical style and introduced classicism to French Baroque architecture. During the late-1630s, he was made the chief architect, a position that came with the responsibility of overseeing all the royal building enterprises.

 40 
Daniel Marot
(French Architect)
Daniel Marot
1
Birthdate: 1661 AD
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: June 4, 1752

Daniel Marot was a Dutch furniture designer, architect, and engraver. He is credited with designing the interiors of Het Loo Palace which was built by the House of Orange-Nassau. Daniel Marot is also credited with popularizing ornamented ceilings in the Netherlands.

 41 
Jean-Baptiste Alexandre Le Blond
(Architect)
Jean-Baptiste Alexandre Le Blond
1
Birthdate: 1679 AD
Birthplace: France
Died: March 10, 1719

French architect Jean-Baptiste Alexandre Le Blond is best known for designing the Russian city of St. Petersburg. Born to a painter father, he later studied gardening techniques from André Le Nôtre. He is also remembered as a talented landscape designer who designed the gardens for Peter I (the Great)’s palace.

 42 
Salomon de Brosse
(Architect)
Salomon de Brosse
1
Birthdate: 1571 AD
Birthplace: Verneuil, France
Died: December 9, 1626

Salomon de Brosse was a French architect who worked during the early 17th-century. An influential personality, De Brosse's works had a major influence on the works of another important architect, François Mansart. Counted among the most important architects of his generation, Salomon De Brosse was commissioned to design ambitious projects, such as the Luxembourg Palace in Paris.

 43 
Jean Bullant
(Architect)
Jean Bullant
1
Birthdate: 1515 AD
Birthplace: Amiens, France
Died: October 13, 1578

Jean Bullant was a French sculptor and architect best remembered for designing and building the tombs of influential personalities like Henri II, Anne, Duke of Montmorency, and Catherine de' Medici. Bullant also worked on some of the most important and iconic structures like the Tuileries Palace, the Château d'Écouen, and the Louvre Museum.

 44 
William Of Sens
(Architect)
William Of Sens
1
Birthplace: Sens, France
Died: August 11, 1180

William Of Sens was a French architect and master mason best remembered for rebuilding the choir of Canterbury Cathedral, which is often counted among the finest examples of early Gothic architecture in England. William of Sens is also credited with constructing Sens Cathedral, which is widely regarded as France's first complete Gothic Cathedral.

 45 
Robert de Cotte
(Architect)
Robert de Cotte
1
Birthdate: 1656 AD
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: July 15, 1735

Robert de Cotte was a French architect-administrator who helped introduce the Rococo style to France. A student of Jules Hardouin-Mansart, Robert de Cotte is credited with completing the former's unfinished projects, such as the Grand Trianon and the royal chapel at the Palace of Versailles. He also collaborated with Hardouin-Mansart in many of his projects during his lifetime.

 46 
Hector Lefuel
(Architect)
Hector Lefuel
1
Birthdate: November 14, 1810
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Palace of Versailles, Versailles, France
Died: December 31, 1880

Hector Lefuel was a French architect best remembered for his outstanding work on the Louvre Palace, including the reconstruction of the Pavillon de Flore and Napoleon III's Louvre expansion. Hector Lefuel is also credited with designing funerary monuments of important and influential personalities like François Bazin and Daniel-François-Esprit Auber.

 47 
Libéral Bruant
(Architect)
Libéral Bruant
1
Birthdate: 1635 AD
Birthplace: France
Died: November 22, 1697

Libéral Bruant was a French architect best remembered for designing the Hôtel des Invalides in Paris. During his lifetime, Bruant collaborated with other important architects like Jules Hardouin Mansart. In 1671, Libéral Bruant was among the eight architects inducted into the Académie royale d'architecture, which was created by Louis XIV.

 48 
Victor Louis
(Architect)
Victor Louis
0
Birthdate: May 10, 1731
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: July 2, 1800

Victor Louis was a French architect best remembered for designing the Grand Théâtre de Bordeaux which is often considered his masterpiece. Victor Louis is also credited with designing other theatres like the Théâtre National de la rue de la Loi and the theatre of the Comédie-Française.

 49 
Jean Perréal
(French Architect and Sculptor)
Jean Perréal
1
Birthdate: 1455 AD
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: 1530 AD

Jean Perréal was a French portraitist who worked for French Royalty during the 16th century. A multi-talented personality, Jean Perréal was also a sculptor, architect, and limner of illuminated manuscripts. During his successful career, Jean Perréal worked for prominent and influential personalities like King Charles VIII, Charles of Bourbon, Francis I, and Louis XII. He also designed tombs and medals.

 50 
Claude-François-Dorothée, marquis de Jouffroy d'Abbans
(French Naval Architect, Engineer and Inventor of the First Steamboat)
Claude-François-Dorothée, marquis de Jouffroy d'Abbans
1
Birthdate: September 30, 1751
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Roches-sur-Rognon, France
Died: July 18, 1832

Claude-François-Dorothée, marquis de Jouffroy d'Abbans was a French engineer and naval architect. He is credited with inventing the first steamboat, which in turn led to the first industrial revolution. He is also credited with developing a steamship named Palmipède and a paddle steamer called Pyroscaphe. In 1803, Robert Fulton used Jouffroy d'Abbans' ideas to sail a steamship on the Seine.