Famous French Anthropologists

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 1 
Claude Lévi-Strauss
(Anthropologist)
Claude Lévi-Strauss
6
Birthdate: November 28, 1908
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium
Died: October 30, 2009

French social anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss is remembered for his contribution to structural anthropology. His book Tristes Tropiques was based on his research deep in the Brazilian Amazon. While he left France for the U.S. during World War II, he later returned to Paris and received his doctorate.

 2 
Bruno Latour
(French Philosopher Known for His Innovative and Iconoclastic Work in the Study of Science and Technology in Society)
Bruno Latour
8
Birthdate: June 22, 1947
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Beaune, France

Holberg Prize-winning French sociologist and anthropologist Bruno Latour had initially studied theology and even received his PhD in the subject. His later research Ivory Coast drew him to anthropology, and he soon gained fame as a renowned academic in the field, having co-written iconic books such as Laboratory Life.

 3 
Pierre Bourdieu
(French Sociologist Known for 'Theorizing the Link Between Education and Culture')
Pierre Bourdieu
4
Birthdate: August 1, 1930
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Denguin, France
Died: January 23, 2002

Renowned sociologist and intellectual Pierre Bourdieu is best remembered for his theory of habitus. Initially sent to Algeria as part of the French Army, he later taught and conducted ethnographic research there. His best-known work remains La Distinction, and he also inspired a hit French documentary.

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 4 
Marcel Mauss
(French Sociologist and Anthropologist Best Known for His Work on Social Exchange and Gift-Giving)
Marcel Mauss
3
Birthdate: May 10, 1872
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Épinal, Vosges, France
Died: February 10, 1950

Sociologist and anthropologist Marcel Mauss is regarded as the Father of French Ethnology. Shunning his family business, he became influenced by his uncle, sociologist Émile Durkheim. His best-known work remains Essai sur le don, or The Gift. He also influenced Claude Lévi-Strauss, who founded structural anthropology.

 5 
Gustave Le Bon
(Physician, Anthropologist, Archaeologist, Psychologist, Philosopher, Historian, Sociologist)
Gustave Le Bon
3
Birthdate: May 7, 1841
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Nogent-le-Rotrou
Died: December 13, 1931

French social psychologist Gustave Le Bon is best remembered for his research on crowd psychology. In his iconic work La psychologie des foules, or The Crowd, he stated that people are driven by their emotions and not by their intellect when they act as part of a crowd.

 6 
Paul Broca
(Physician)
Paul Broca
3
Birthdate: June 28, 1824
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Sainte-Foy-la-Grande, Gironde, France
Died: July 9, 1880
 7 
Jean Rouch
(Filmmaker, Anthropologist.)
Jean Rouch
3
Birthdate: May 31, 1917
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 18, 2004
 8 
Arnold van Gennep
(Dutch-German-French Folklorist and Ethnographer)
Arnold van Gennep
3
Birthdate: April 23, 1873
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ludwigsburg, Germany
Died: May 7, 1957

Arnold van Gennep was a Dutch-German-French folklorist and ethnographer. He is best remembered for his 1909 work, The Rites of Passage, which influenced Joseph Campbell's 1949 work The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Arnold van Gennep's work also influenced Victor Turner's research and his 1969 work, The Ritual Process: Structure and Anti-Structure.

 9 
Loïc Wacquant
(Sociologist)
Loïc Wacquant
3
Birthdate: August 26, 1960
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Montpellier, France

Urban sociologist Loïc Wacquant is best known for his work on topics such as the body, ethnography, and racial inequality. A University of California, Berkeley professor, he has also been a MacArthur Prize Fellow and a member of the Harvard Society of Fellows. He also co-founded the journal Ethnography.

 10 
Lucien Lévy-Bruhl
(French Scholar, Philosopher and Anthropologist Best Known for His Theory of Primitive ‘Prelogical’ Thinking)
Lucien Lévy-Bruhl
2
Birthdate: April 10, 1857
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: March 13, 1939

Lucien Lévy-Bruhl was a French scholar best remembered for his contributions to the fields of ethnology and sociology. Although he was trained in philosophy, Lévy-Bruhl helped further anthropology. His work had a major influence on the works of Carl Gustav Jung, especially his psychological theory.

 11 
Jacques Soustelle
(Anthropologist)
Jacques Soustelle
2
Birthdate: February 3, 1912
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Montpellier, France
Died: August 6, 1990
 12 
Eliane Karp
(Anthropologist)
Eliane Karp
2
Birthdate: September 24, 1953
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France

Born to a Polish father and a Belgian mother in Paris, anthropologist and academic Eliane Karp later studied in Jerusalem, before moving to Stanford. The wife of former president of Peru Alejandro Toledo, she was dragged out of court, while cursing, after Toledo was denied bail in a bribery case.

 13 
Philippe Descola
(Anthropologist)
Philippe Descola
0
Birthdate: June 19, 1949
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: France
 14 
Maurice Bloch
(Anthropologist)
Maurice Bloch
0
Birthdate: 1939 AD
Birthplace: Caen, Calvados, France
 15 
Didier Fassin
(Anthropologist, Sociologist)
Didier Fassin
2
Birthdate: August 30, 1955
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: France
 16 
Yves Coppens
(Anthropologist)
Yves Coppens
1
Birthdate: August 9, 1934
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vannes, France
 17 
Alcide d'Orbigny
(French Paleontologist Known for His Pathbreaking Exploration of South American Natural History)
Alcide d'Orbigny
1
Birthdate: September 6, 1802
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Coueron, France
Died: June 30, 1857

Alcide d'Orbigny is regarded as the founder of micropaleontology. The French paleontologist traveled for 8 years throughout South America, exploring its natural history and geology. His study of marine fossils, sedimentary rocks, and pollen was accompanied by his iconic written work Paléontologie française. He supported the theory of catastrophism.

 18 
Marcellin Boule
(Palaeontologist)
Marcellin Boule
1
Birthdate: January 1, 1861
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Montsalvy, France
Died: July 4, 1942
 19 
Jean-Jacques Hublin
(Paleoanthropologist)
Jean-Jacques Hublin
0
Birthdate: November 30, 1953
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Mostaganem, Algeria
 20 
Louis Laurent Gabriel de Mortillet
(Archaeologist)
Louis Laurent Gabriel de Mortillet
1
Birthdate: August 29, 1821
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Meylan, France
Died: September 25, 1898