Famous Finnish Scientists

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 1 
Mikael Agricola
(Finnish Lutheran Clergyman & Founder of Literary Finnish)
Mikael Agricola
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Birthdate: 1510 AD
Birthplace: Pernå, Finland
Died: April 9, 1557

Mikael Agricola was a Finnish Lutheran clergyman. Referred to as the father of literary Finnish, Agricola is credited with founding literary Finnish. Mikael Agricola is also credited with translating the New Testament into Finnish and producing the hymns and prayer book used regularly in Finland's new Lutheran Church. 

 2 
Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld
2
Birthdate: November 18, 1832
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Helsinki, Finland
Died: August 12, 1901

Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld was a Finland-Swedish geologist, aristocrat, Arctic explorer, and mineralogist. He is best remembered for leading the Vega Expedition of 1878–1880, the first Arctic expedition to steer through the Northeast Passage. The expedition is regarded as one of the greatest achievements in Swedish science history.    

 3 
Lars Ahlfors
(Finnish Mathematician Who is Known for His Work on Riemann Surfaces)
Lars Ahlfors
2
Birthdate: April 18, 1907
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Helsinki, Finland
Died: October 11, 1996

Lars Ahlfors was a Finnish mathematician best remembered for his text on complex analysis and his work concerning Riemann surfaces. He also made decisive contributions to value distribution theory, meromorphic curves, quasiconformal mappings, and conformal geometry among other areas. Lars Ahlfors was the recipient of the Fields Medal, Wolf Prize, Wihuri Prize, and Leroy P. Steele Prize. 

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 4 
Johan Gadolin
(Finnish Physicist, Chemist, and Mineralogist Who Achieved Popularity for His Description of Yttrium)
Johan Gadolin
2
Birthdate: June 5, 1760
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Turku, Finland
Died: August 15, 1852

Johan Gadolin was a Finnish physicist, chemist, and mineralogist. He achieved popularity for his description of yttrium, the first rare-earth element. Johan Gadolin is also remembered for his service as a professor at the Royal Academy of Turku, where he became one of the first chemists to give laboratory exercises to students.

 5 
Artturi Ilmari Virtanen
(Nobel Prize-Winning Finnish Biochemist Known for His Work on Green Fodder)
Artturi Ilmari Virtanen
2
Birthdate: January 15, 1895
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Helsinki
Died: November 11, 1973

Nobel Prize-winning Finnish biochemist Artturi Ilmari Virtanen is remembered for his pioneering research on the production and storage of protein-rich AIV fodder, or green fodder. He was associated with the University of Helsinki and the Helsinki University of Technology and was a member of countless scientific academies.

 6 
Rolf Nevanlinna
(Finnish Mathematician Known for Developing Complex Analysis)
Rolf Nevanlinna
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Birthdate: October 22, 1895
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Joensuu, Finland
Died: May 28, 1980

Finnish mathematician Rolf Nevanlinna is remembered for his pioneering research on complex analysis. He developed what later came to be known as the Nevanlinna theory. Hailing from a family of renowned mathematicians, he grew up to be a school teacher before he joined the faculty of the University of Helsinki.

 7 
Ragnar Granit
(Physiologist)
Ragnar Granit
2
Birthdate: October 30, 1900
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Riihimäki, Finland
Died: March 12, 1991

Ragnar Granit was a Finnish-Swedish scientist best remembered for winning the 1967 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine along with George Wald and Haldan Keffer Hartline for their discoveries concerning the chemical and physiological visual processes in the eye. From 1946 to 1967, Ragnar Granit also served as a professor at the Karolinska Institute.

 8 
Carl Gustaf Mannerheim
(Finnish Entomologist and Governor of the Viipuri Province in the Grand Duchy of Finland)
Carl Gustaf Mannerheim
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Birthdate: August 10, 1797
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Askainen, Finland
Died: October 9, 1854

Carl Gustaf Mannerheim was a Finnish entomologist who devoted much of his time to acquire a large scientific collection of Coleoptera. He is also remembered for his service as the chief judge of the Imperial Court of Appeals from 1839 until his death in 1854.

 9 
Yrjö Väisälä
(Finnish Astronomer, Meteorologist, and Physicist)
Yrjö Väisälä
1
Birthdate: September 6, 1891
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kontiolahti, Finland
Died: July 21, 1971

Finnish astronomer, meteorologist, and physicist Yrjö Väisälä is remembered for contributing to the development of meteorological measurement. He also helped establish the Turku University Astronomical Observatory and served as its director. Also known as the Wizard of Tuorla, he was also part of the faculty of the Geodetic Institute of Turku University.

 10 
Jakob Sederholm
(Finnish Geologist and Petrologist Known for His Work on Precambrian Rocks)
Jakob Sederholm
0
Birthdate: July 20, 1863
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Helsinki, Finland
Died: June 26, 1934

Finnish geologist and petrologist Jakob Sederholm is remembered for his pioneering research on Precambrian rocks such as migmatites. He was associated with the Geological Survey of Finland for decades and also served as its director. His works include On Granite and Gneiss, while he also encouraged the development of accurate maps and reports.