Mikael Agricola was a Finnish Lutheran clergyman. Referred to as the father of literary Finnish, Agricola is credited with founding literary Finnish. Mikael Agricola is also credited with translating the New Testament into Finnish and producing the hymns and prayer book used regularly in Finland's new Lutheran Church.
Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld was a Finland-Swedish geologist, aristocrat, Arctic explorer, and mineralogist. He is best remembered for leading the Vega Expedition of 1878–1880, the first Arctic expedition to steer through the Northeast Passage. The expedition is regarded as one of the greatest achievements in Swedish science history.
Ragnar Granit was a Finnish-Swedish scientist best remembered for winning the 1967 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine along with George Wald and Haldan Keffer Hartline for their discoveries concerning the chemical and physiological visual processes in the eye. From 1946 to 1967, Ragnar Granit also served as a professor at the Karolinska Institute.