Famous Ethiopian Historical Personalities

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 1 
Haile Selassie
(Former Emperor of Ethiopia (1930 - 1936, 1941 - 1974))
Haile Selassie
14
Birthdate: July 23, 1892
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ejersa Goro, Ethiopia
Died: August 27, 1975

Haile Selassie, served his country, Ethiopia, as its regent from 1916 to 1930 and as its emperor from 1930 to 1974. He introduced the first Ethiopian constitution, abolished slavery, chaired the Organisation of African Unity, and helped Ethiopia enter the UN. He inspired the Rastafari movement, too.

 2 
Menelik II
(Emperor of Ethiopia from 1889 to 1913)
Menelik II
3
Birthdate: August 17, 1844
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Angolalla Tera
Died: December 12, 1913

Menelik II reigned as the emperor of Ethiopia from 1889 to 1913 after ruling as the king of Shewa from 1866 to 1889. He is credited with transforming the Ethiopian Empire by expanding his kingdom into Wolayta, Sidama, and Kaffa kingdoms. Fascinated by modernity, Menelik II played a major role in modernizing Ethiopia.

 3 
Tewodros II of Ethiopia
(Emperor of Ethiopia from 1855 to 1868)
Tewodros II of Ethiopia
5
Birthdate: 1818 AD
Birthplace: Qwara, Dembiya
Died: April 13, 1868

Tewodros II of Ethiopia reigned as the Emperor of Ethiopia from 11 February 1855 until his demise on 13 April 1868. An important and influential ruler, Tewodros hold an important place in Ethiopian history. Many plays, books, songs, and art works have been influenced by the life of Tewodros II of Ethiopia.

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 4 
Zewditu
(Empress of Ethiopia (1916 - 1930))
Zewditu
3
Birthdate: April 28, 1876
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Werreyimenu, Wollo
Died: April 2, 1930

Zewditu, a 20th-century Ethiopian empress and the eldest daughter of King Menelik of Shewa, scripted history as the first female head of an internationally recognized African state. She was also the first and last empress regnant of Ethiopia. It’s widely believed, she died of shock 2 days after her husband’s death in battle.

 5 
Menen Asfaw
(Empress consort of Ethiopia (1930 - 1962))
Menen Asfaw
4
Birthdate: April 3, 1891
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Wollo, Ethiopian Empire
Died: February 15, 1962

Menen Asfaw ruled as an empress consort of Ethiopia, as the wife of Emperor Haile Selassie. Born into the noble family of Asfaw, Jantirar of Ambassel, she apparently had 3 marriages before she got married to Haile Selassie. She proved to be a trusted advisor to Selassie till her death.

 6 
Yohannes IV
(Emperor of Ethiopia (1871 - 1889))
Yohannes IV
3
Birthdate: July 11, 1837
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: May Beha, Tembien, Ethiopia
Died: March 10, 1889

Known as one of the most influential emperors of Ethiopia, Yohannes IV spent most of his reign in conflict with invaders from Egypt, Italy, and Sudan. He also had a political agreement with Menilek II, his most significant rival. He died in the Battle of Metema, while invading Sudan.

 7 
Taytu Betul
(Empress of Ethiopia (1889 - 1913))
Taytu Betul
2
Birthdate: August 17, 1851
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Oromia, Ethiopian Empire
Died: February 11, 1918

Taytu Betul reigned as the Empress of Ethiopia from 10 May 1889 to 12 December 1913. She is credited with co-founding the city of Addis Ababa along with her husband in 1886. As the wife of Emperor Menelik II, Taytu Betul wielded considerable political power. In fact, the emperor always consulted Taytu Betul before making important decisions. 

 8 
Fasilides
(Emperor of Ethiopia (1632 - 1667))
Fasilides
2
Birthdate: 1603 AD
Birthplace: Shewa, Ethiopia
Died: October 18, 1667

Fasilides, also known as Alam Sagad, was a 17th-century emperor of Ethiopia who belonged to the Solomonic dynasty. As soon as he came to power, he dismissed Catholic missionaries and relied on Muslim rulers of the coastal regions to terminate all contact with the European powers.

 9 
Sahle Selassie
(Negus of Shewa (1813 - 1847))
Sahle Selassie
1
Birthdate: 1795 AD
Birthplace: Shewa, Ethiopia
Died: October 22, 1847
 10 
Prince Alemayehu
(Son of Emperor Tewodros II and Empress Tiruwork Wube of Ethiopia)
Prince Alemayehu
1
Birthdate: April 23, 1861
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Magdala, Ethiopia
Died: November 14, 1879
 11 
Amda Seyon I
(Emperor of Ethiopia (1314 - 1344))
Amda Seyon I
1
Birthdate: 1314 AD
Birthplace: Ethiopia
Died: 1344 AD
 12 
Mentewab
(Empress of Ethiopia (1723 - 1730))
Mentewab
0
Birthdate: 1706 AD
Birthplace: Qwara, Ethiopia
Died: June 27, 1773
Ethiopian empress Mentewab was one of the most significant women in Ethiopian history. As a co-ruler with her son, Emperor Iyasu, she became extremely influential. She later ran into a conflict over the throne with her daughter-in-law Wubit and maintained her influence during the reign of her grandson Iyoas I.
 13 
Eleni of Ethiopia
(Ethiopian Empress Who Assisted Her Husband Emperor Zara Yaqob as a Diplomat and Strategist)
Eleni of Ethiopia
0
Birthplace: Hadiya Sultanate
Died: March 31, 1522

Eleni of Ethiopia was an empress by her marriage to Emperor Zara Yaqob of Ethiopia. She was also a skilled political strategist and diplomat who largely led to the arrival of the Portuguese in Ethiopia and the Ethiopian-Portuguese military cooperation against the Turks. She repaired many churches and oversaw many religious translations.

 14 
Abū al-Misk Kāfūr
(Ethiopian Slave Who Rose to Become the Wazir and De Facto Ruler of Egypt (946 -968))
Abū al-Misk Kāfūr
0
Birthdate: 0905 AD
Birthplace: Ethiopia
Died: 0968 AD

Ethiopian slave Abū al-Misk Kāfūr initially worked for Ikshīdid dynasty founder Muḥammad ibn Ṭughj, who later promoted him to a military officer. Kāfūr had successful campaigns in Syria and the Hejaz. He eventually became the wazir of Egypt and reigned as its de facto ruler after Muḥammad’s death.

 15 
Medferiashwork Abebe
(Empress Consort of Ethiopia)
Medferiashwork Abebe
0
Birthdate: 1922 AD
Birthplace: Ethiopia
Died: March 13, 2009

Medferiashwork Abebe was the Empress consort of Ethiopia as she was married to Amha Selassie, Emperor-in-exile of Ethiopia. She is credited with organizing a counter attack to oppose the attempted 1960 Ethiopian coup d'etat against Emperor Haile Selassie.

 16 
Darge Sahle Selassie
(Ethiopian Nobleman and Advisor to Emperor Menelik II of Ethiopia)
Darge Sahle Selassie
0
Birthdate: 1830 AD
Birthplace: Ethiopia
Died: March 23, 1900

The son of the Sahle Selassie, the king of Shewa, Darge Sahle Selassie was an able general. He later became the governor of Shewa and an advisor to his nephew, Menelik II, or Sahle Maryam, the emperor of Ethiopia. He also often served as a regent in the emperor’s absence.

 17 
Tiruwork Wube
(The Empress of Ethiopia as the Wife of Emperor Tewodros II)
Tiruwork Wube
2
Birthplace: Ethiopia
Died: May 16, 1868

Tiruwork Wube reigned as the empress consort of Ethiopia by her marriage to Emperor Tewodros II, who was once a rival of Tiruwork’s father, Dejazmatch Wube, with regard to the throne of Ethiopia. She came under British protection after the defeat and suicide of her husband.