Famous Estonian Scientists

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 1 
Karl Ernst von Baer
(Baltic German Explorer and Scientist Who is Regarded as the Founding Father of Embryology)
Karl Ernst von Baer
2
Birthdate: February 28, 1792
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Estonia
Died: November 28, 1876

Karl Ernst von Baer was a Baltic German explorer and scientist. A multi-talented personality, Baer was also a biologist, naturalist, geologist, geographer, and meteorologist. He is also regarded as the founding father of embryology. One of the founders of the Russian Geographical Society, Karl Ernst von Baer also served as the maiden president of the Russian Entomological Society.

 2 
Endel Tulving
(Neuroscientist, Psychologist)
Endel Tulving
3
Birthdate: May 26, 1927
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Pechory

Endel Tulving is an Estonian-born Canadian experimental psychologist and cognitive neuroscientist. He is best known for his pioneering research on human memory. He earned a Ph.D. from Harvard University and began his academic work at the University of Toronto, where he remained for the rest of his career. He is a recipient of the Canada Gairdner International Award. 

 3 
Andrus Ansip
(16th Prime Minister of Estonia (2005 – 2014))
Andrus Ansip
2
Birthdate: October 1, 1956
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Tartu

Andrus Ansip is an Estonian politician best known for his service as the 16th Prime Minister of Estonia from 12 April 2005 to 26 March 2014. Prior to his premiership, Ansip served as the Mayor of Tartu from 1998 to 2004. He then served as the Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications from 2004 to 2005. 

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 4 
Heinrich Lenz
(Russian Physicist Best Known for Formulating 'Lenz's Law')
Heinrich Lenz
2
Birthdate: February 12, 1804
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tartu
Died: February 10, 1865

Heinrich Lenz was a Russian physicist best remembered for formulating Lenz's law in electrodynamics. Lenz started his career as a teacher and later became the Dean of Mathematics and Physics at the University of St. Petersburg. From 1863 until his demise in 1865, Heinrich Lenz served as a Rector at the institution.

 5 
Ludvig Puusepp
(Estonian Surgeon and the World's First Professor of Neurosurgery)
Ludvig Puusepp
2
Birthdate: 1875 AD
Birthplace: Kiev
Died: October 19, 1942

Ludvig Puusepp was an Estonian researcher and surgeon. He was the first professor of neurosurgery in the world. Consequently, Puusepp traveled all over the world as he was often invited as a visiting professor from universities worldwide. Ludvig Puusepp also contributed as an author, publishing books on the surgery of the nervous system and brain tumors.