Famous Czech Spiritual & Religious Leaders

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 1 
John Huss
(Czech Religious Leader, Theologian and Philosopher)
John Huss
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Birthdate: 1372 AD
Birthplace: Husinec, Czech Republic
Died: July 6, 1415

John Huss was a Czech philosopher and theologian. He is credited with inspiring a Proto-Protestant Christian movement called Hussitism, which started in the Kingdom of Bohemia before spreading across the Lands of the Bohemian Crown. He also inspired the Bohemian Reformation, which is regarded as one of the most important social, political, and religious movements of the early modern period.

 2 
Herman the Recluse
(A 13th Century Benedictine Monk and Author of the Book 'Codex Gigas')
Herman the Recluse
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Birthplace: Podlazice

Herman the Recluse was a 13th century Benedictine monk. He is credited with authoring the famous book Codex Gigas, the world's largest surviving medieval illuminated manuscript. However, the authorship of the book, which is also called the Devil's Bible, is often debated. Legend has it that Herman sold his soul to the devil and wrote the book in one night. 

 3 
Theodor Innitzer
(Archbishop of Vienna and a Cardinal of the Catholic Church.)
Theodor Innitzer
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Birthdate: December 25, 1875
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Nové Zvolání, Czechia
Died: October 9, 1955

Theodor Innitzer was a cardinal of the Catholic Church and Archbishop of Vienna. Innitzer, who served as the Archbishop of Vienna from 1932 to 1955, was noted for his political stance during and after World War II. Nicknamed the Heil Hitler Cardinal, Innitzer has been criticized for his relationship with the Nazis. He was depicted in the film, The Cardinal

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 4 
Petr Chelčický
(A Czech Christian Spiritual Leader and an Influential Thinker of 'The Bohemian Reformation')
Petr Chelčický
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Birthdate: 1390 AD
Birthplace: Chelčice, Czechia
Died: 1460 AD

Petr Chelčický was a Czech Christian author and spiritual leader. Counted among the most influential and important thinkers of the Bohemian Reformation, Chelčický is best remembered for proposing numerous Bible-based improvements for society. His practice of nonresistance would later influence humanitarians like Leo Tolstoy, Mahatma Gandhi, and Martin Luther King. Petr Chelčický’s teachings formed the basis for the Moravian Church.

 5 
Adolf Jellinek
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Birthdate: January 26, 1821
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Drslavice, Czechia
Died: December 28, 1893

One of the greatest Jewish rabbis of his time, Adolf Jellinek is remembered for his association with the New Learning of Judaism and for his writings on the Kabbalah. He promoted the science of Judaism and penned the six-volume Bet ha-Midrash. He was the father of lawyer and professor Georg Jellinek.

 6 
Josef Beran
(Roman Catholic Prelate Best Remembered For His Services as the Archbishop of Prague)
Josef Beran
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Birthdate: December 29, 1888
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Pilsen, Czechia
Died: May 17, 1969

Josef Beran was a Roman Catholic prelate best remembered for his services as the Archbishop of Prague from 4 November 1946 until his death on 17 May 1969. Imprisoned by the Nazis and later by a communist regime, Josef Beran lived a life of challenges and uncertainties. He was the only Czech national to be buried in Saint Peter's Basilica.

 7 
Isaac ben Moses of Vienna
(One of the Greatest Rabbis of the Medieval Period)
Isaac ben Moses of Vienna
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Birthdate: 1200 AD
Birthplace: Bohemia
Died: 1270 AD

Isaac ben Moses of Vienna was a Czech rabbi who is counted among the greatest rabbis of the medieval period. He is best remembered for his work, Or Zarua, which is immensely popular among Ashkenazic Jewry.

 8 
Frantisek Tomasek
(Archbishop of Prague Who Played a Major Role in the 'Velvet Revolution' of 1991)
Frantisek Tomasek
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Birthdate: June 30, 1899
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Czechia
Died: August 4, 1992

Frantisek Tomasek was a cardinal of the Catholic Church in Bohemia. A Roman Catholic theologian, Tomášek is best remembered for his service as the Archbishop of Prague from 1977 to 1991. Frantisek Tomasek played a major role in the Velvet Revolution of 1989 and helped bring an end to the Czechoslovak communist regime.  

 9 
Jan Milíč
(One of the Most Influential Preachers of the Bohemian Reformation During 14th century)
Jan Milíč
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Birthdate: 1325 AD
Birthplace: Kroměříž, Czechoslovakia
Died: June 29, 1374

Jan Milíč was a Czech Roman Catholic priest who emerged as one of the most influential preachers of the then-emerging Bohemian Reformation during 14th century. Along with other Bohemian writers and preachers of that time, Jan Milíč paved the way for the activity of the philosopher and Church reformer, Jan Hus. 

 10 
Arnošt of Pardubice
(The First Archbishop of Prague)
Arnošt of Pardubice
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Birthdate: March 25, 1297
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Klodzko, Poland
Died: June 30, 1364

Arnošt of Pardubice is best remembered for his service as the first Archbishop of Prague. An influential personality, Arnošt of Pardubice also served as a diplomat and advisor to Emperor Charles IV, the first Bohemian king to become Holy Roman Emperor.