Famous Cuban Leaders

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 1 
Che Guevara
(Revolutionary)
Che Guevara
62
Birthdate: June 14, 1928
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rosario, Argentina
Died: October 9, 1967

Argentine Marxist revolutionary, Che Guevara, was a major figure of the Cuban Revolution. A physician by profession, he developed radical views upon witnessing the injustices in the world and joined Fidel Castro’s revolutionary 26th of July Movement. Assassinated in 1967, he remains both a revered and reviled historical figure.

 2 
Miguel Díaz-Canel
(President of Cuba)
Miguel Díaz-Canel
9
Birthdate: April 20, 1960
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Placetas, Villa Clara

Miguel Díaz-Canel is a Cuban politician and the current president of Cuba. As president of Cuba, Miguel Díaz-Canel has made several international trips, visiting places like India, Azerbaijan, and Russia. He has also interacted with presidents and prime ministers of several countries. In 2018, he was honored with the prestigious Order of the Liberator by the government of Venezuela.

 3 
Fidel Castro
(Former Prime Minister of Cuba)
Fidel Castro
64
Birthdate: August 13, 1926
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Birán, Cuba
Died: November 26, 2016

Serving as the Cuban prime minister from 1959 to 1976 and as president from 1976 to 2008, Fidel Castro was one of the most prominent Cuban leaders in the history. As the longest-reigning non-royal head of the 20th and 21st centuries, Castro was responsible for making Cuba a communist state.

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 4 
Raul Castro
(President of the Council of State of Cuba)
Raul Castro
15
Birthdate: June 3, 1931
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Birán, Cuba
Cuban politician Raúl Castro, brother of Fidel Castro, succeeded his brother as the Cuban president and reigned from 2008 to 2018. He was part of the 26th of July Movement and spent 22 months behind bars. He is the current First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba.
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 5 
Camilo Cienfuegos
(Armed force officer)
Camilo Cienfuegos
5
Birthdate: February 6, 1932
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Havana
Died: October 28, 1959

Camilo Cienfuegos was a Cuban revolutionary who was part of the 1956 Granma expedition alongside Che Guevara and Fidel Castro. He went on to become one of Fidel Castro's top guerrilla commanders and played an important role in winning the Battle of Yaguajay, which earned him the nickname Hero of Yaguajay. Camilo Cienfuegos is revered as a hero in Cuba.

 6 
Fulgencio Batista
(Former President of Cuba)
Fulgencio Batista
13
Birthdate: January 16, 1901
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Banes, Cuba
Died: August 6, 1973

Fulgencio Batista was the elected president of Cuba from 1940 to 1944. He formed the constitution of Cuba. He later became a dictator through a coup. He was finally ousted by Che Guevara at the Battle of Santa Clara, as part of Fidel Castro's 26th of July Movement.

 7 
Vilma Espín
(Cuban Revolutionary, Feminist, and Chemical Engineer Who Helped Organize the '26th of July Movement')
Vilma Espín
4
Birthdate: April 7, 1930
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Santiago de Cuba, Cuba
Died: June 18, 2007

Vilma Espín Guillois was a Cuban revolutionary, chemical engineer, and feminist. She is best remembered as an adamant feminist who helped organize a vanguard revolutionary organization called 26th of July Movement, which later became a political party. Vilma Espín also helped establish the Federation of Cuban Women. She also advocated equal rights for women in all aspects of life.

 8 
Carlos Prío Socarrás
(11th President of Cuba (1948 - 1952))
Carlos Prío Socarrás
3
Birthdate: July 14, 1903
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bahía Honda, Cuba
Died: April 5, 1977

Carlos Prío Socarrás was a Cuban politician best remembered for his service as the 11th President of Cuba from 10 October 1948 to 10 March 1952. Just three months before the new elections, Prío was deposed by a coup led by Fulgencio Batista. Carlos Prío Socarrás lived in the USA for 25 years prior to his suicide at age 73.  

 9 
Gerardo Machado
(5th President of Cuba (1925 - 1933))
Gerardo Machado
3
Birthdate: September 28, 1869
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Camajuaní, Cuba
Died: March 29, 1939

Gerardo Machado was a Cuban politician remembered for his service as the President of Cuba from 20 May 1925 to 12 August 1933. He also played a key role in the Cuban War of Independence where he served as a general. Regarded as a dictator, Machado continued to serve as the president after his first term amidst protests and rebellions. 

 10 
Ramón Grau
(politician, physician)
Ramón Grau
2
Birthdate: September 13, 1881
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: La Palma
Died: July 28, 1969

Ramón Grau was a Cuban physician best remembered for his service as the 7th and 14th President of Cuba between 1933 and 1948. Although his first term as the president didn’t last long, Grau went on to become the president again in 1944 and served full term. He also served at the University of Havana as a professor of physiology.

 11 
Juan Almeida Bosque
(Former Vice President of Cuba)
Juan Almeida Bosque
2
Birthdate: February 17, 1927
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Havana, Cuba
Died: September 11, 2009

Juan Almeida Bosque was a Cuban politician best remembered as one of the original commanders who led several militant groups during the early days of the Cuban Revolution. Juan Almeida Bosque went on to become an important member of the Communist Party of Cuba and received several national and international awards such as the Order of Máximo Gómez.

 12 
Celia Sánchez
(Revolutionary, Politician)
Celia Sánchez
0
Birthdate: May 9, 1920
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Media Luna, Cuba
Died: January 11, 1980

Celia Sánchez was a Cuban revolutionary, researcher, politician, and archivist. A close colleague of Fidel Castro, Sánchez played an important role in the Cuban Revolution. She was one of the founders of a revolutionary organization called 26th of July Movement. She was also the first woman to become a part of the guerilla. Sánchez is considered a heroine in Cuba.

 13 
Tomás Estrada Palma
(1st President of Cuba (1902 - 1906))
Tomás Estrada Palma
2
Birthdate: July 6, 1832
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bayamo, Cuba
Died: November 4, 1908

Tomás Estrada Palma was a Cuban politician who served as the first President of Cuba after Cuba's independence in 1902. During his presidency, Cuba's infrastructure, public health, and communication improved significantly. Tomás Estrada Palma had also played an important role during the Ten Years' War, serving as the Cuban Republican in Arms' president.

 14 
Huber Matos
(Cuban Military Leader and Revolutionary Who Opposed the Dictatorship of 'Fulgencio Batista' From Its Inception in 1952)
Huber Matos
2
Birthdate: November 26, 1918
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Yara, Cuba
Died: February 27, 2014

Huber Matos was a Cuban activist, military leader, political dissident, and writer. He is best remembered for his rebellion against the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista alongside Che Guevara and Fidel Castro among others. After the success of the Revolution, he continued to criticize Fidel Castro's government. Huber Matos was then convicted of treason and spent 20 years in prison.

 15 
Rocío Monasterio
(Architect, Businesswoman)
Rocío Monasterio
1
Birthdate: February 4, 1974
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Cienfuegos, Cuba

Rocío Monasterio is a Spanish-Cuban businesswoman, architect, and right wing politician. Monasterio is currently leading the Madrid branch of a political party called Vox and is serving as a Member of the Assembly of Madrid. An architect by training, Rocío Monasterio designed the house where she is currently living with her family.

 16 
Carlos Manuel de Céspedes
(Cuban Revolutionary Hero and First President of Cuba in Arms)
Carlos Manuel de Céspedes
2
Birthdate: April 18, 1819
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Bayamo, Oriente Province, Cuba
Died: February 27, 1874

Carlos Manuel de Céspedes was a Cuban revolutionary who declared Cuban independence and became the first president of Cuba in 1868. His actions started the famous Ten Years' War, the first of three wars that led to the independence of Cuba in 1902. Since Carlos' actions led to Cuba's independence, he is referred to as the Father of the Fatherland.

 17 
Julio Antonio Mella
(Political activist and one of the founders of the original Communist Party of Cuba)
Julio Antonio Mella
0
Birthdate: March 25, 1903
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Havana, Cuba
Died: January 10, 1929

Julio Antonio Mella was a Cuban political activist. One of the original founders of the Communist Party of Cuba, Mella is best remembered for his work against the Gerardo Machado regime. Julio Antonio Mella was assassinated in 1929 and is considered a martyr and communist hero by the Cuban government of the 21st century. 

 18 
José Núñez de Cáceres
1
Birthdate: March 14, 1772
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Died: September 11, 1846

Dominican author and politician José Núñez de Cáceres was behind the creation of the short-lived state of Spanish Haiti, which was taken over by Haiti after 2 months. He spent his later years in Venezuela and Mexico. He was also one of the first Creole fabulists and owned a satirical newspaper.

 19 
Haydée Santamaría
(Cuban Revolutionary and One of the Most Prominent Women in Cuba Under the Government of 'Fidel Castro')
Haydée Santamaría
1
Birthdate: December 30, 1922
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Encrucijada, Cuba
Died: July 28, 1980

Haydée Santamaría was a Cuban politician and revolutionary who is considered a heroine in post-revolutionary Cuba. She was among a small group of people who took part in the attack on Moncada Barracks on July 26, 1953, in Santiago de Cuba. Haydée Santamaría was also one of the first women to become a part of the Communist Party of Cuba.

 20 
Manuel Márquez Sterling
(Diplomat, Politician)
Manuel Márquez Sterling
0
Birthdate: August 28, 1872
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lima, Peru
Died: December 9, 1934

Manuel Márquez Sterling was a Cuban diplomat best remembered for his service as an interim President of Cuba on January 18, 1934; he served as the president for six hours before he was replaced by another interim President Carlos Mendieta. Manuel Márquez Sterling also served in the Cuban War of Independence and later served as the ambassador to the USA.

 21 
Manuel Piñeiro
(Politician)
Manuel Piñeiro
1
Birthdate: March 14, 1933
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Matanzas, Cuba
Died: March 11, 1998

Manuel Piñeiro was a Cuban military and political figure who served as a leader during the Cuban Revolution. He was chosen as the Commander of the Revolution during the famous battle for Santiago de Cuba. He also played a key role in establishing intelligence agencies during the new Castro regime.

 22 
Melba Hernández
(Cuban Ambassador to Vietnam and Politician)
Melba Hernández
0
Birthdate: July 28, 1921
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Cruces, Cuba
Died: March 9, 2014

Melba Hernández was a Cuban diplomat and politician. She is best remembered for her service as the Ambassador to Cambodia and Vietnam during the Fidel Castro regime in the 1980s. Melba Hernández was also an active participant in the Cuban Revolution; she was among the best-known women that fought in the Revolutionary war against Fulgencio Batista alongside Fidel Castro.

Antonio Sánchez de Bustamante y Sirven
0
Birthdate: April 13, 1865
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Havana, Cuba
Died: August 24, 1951

Antonio Sánchez de Bustamante y Sirven was a Cuban politician, lawyer, educator, and international jurist. He is best remembered for his service as the judge of the World Court, which was founded by the League of Nations.

 24 
Laura Pollán
(Cuban Political Leader, Human Rights Activist and Educator)
Laura Pollán
0
Birthdate: February 13, 1948
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Manzanillo, Cuba
Died: October 14, 2011

Laura Pollán was a Cuban political leader best remembered for founding an opposition movement and a dissident group called Ladies in White. Pollán became a key opposition figure after the arrest of her husband along with 74 other Cubans as part of a crackdown on opposition figures. Laura Pollán also served as a literature teacher until 2004.