Famous Belgian Historical Personalities

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 1 
Joanna of Castile
(Former Queen of Castile (1504 - 1555))
Joanna of Castile
7
Birthdate: November 6, 1479
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Toledo, Spain
Died: April 12, 1555
Joanna, the 16th-century queen of Castile and Aragon, also known as "Joanna the Mad," was declared insane and locked up at the Royal Convent of Santa Clara by her father. Following her father’s death, she nominally co-ruled the kingdom with her son, Charles I, but remained imprisoned till her death.
 2 
Leopold II of Belgium
(Former King of the Belgians (1865 - 1909))
Leopold II of Belgium
10
Birthdate: April 9, 1835
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium
Died: December 17, 1909

Leopold II of Belgium reigned over Belgium as its second king from 1865 to 1909. He also owned the Independent State of the Congo from 1885 to 1908. Congolese people were subjected to torture and murder under Leopold's administration; the term crimes against humanity was coined by George Washington Williams in 1890 to describe the atrocities of Leopold's administration.

 3 
Leopold I of Belgium
(First King of the Belgians (1831 - 1865))
Leopold I of Belgium
6
Birthdate: December 16, 1790
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Coburg, Germany
Died: December 10, 1865
Leopold I, the youngest son of Duke Francis of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, was the first king of Belgium and reigned from 1831 to 1865. He fought against Napoleon during the Napoleonic Wars. He rejected the throne of Greece. His reign is known for establishing Belgium's first railway and for its modernization.
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 4 
Philip I of Castile
(King of Castile)
Philip I of Castile
4
Birthdate: July 22, 1478
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bruges, Belgium
Died: September 25, 1506

Philip the Handsome, son of Roman emperor Maximilian I, served as the Duke of Burgundy from 1482 to 1506 and then as the first Habsburg King of Castile, as Philip I, in 1506. Also known as the Fair, Philip died of typhoid fever in September 1506, although many suspected poisoning.

 5 
Albert I of Belgium
(Former King of the Belgians (1909 - 1934))
Albert I of Belgium
6
Birthdate: April 8, 1875
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium
Died: February 17, 1934

Albert I of Belgium ruled as King of the Belgians for over 25 years from 1909 to 1934. He played a crucial role during World War I, for which he is often referred to as the Soldier King or Knight King in Belgium. A renowned alpinist, Albert died in a mountaineering accident and his death was mourned around the world.

 6 
Leopold III of Belgium
(King of Belgium (1934-51))
Leopold III of Belgium
4
Birthdate: November 3, 1901
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium
Died: September 25, 1983

Belgian king Leopold III was despised by his countrymen for surrendering Belgium to the Germans during World War II. After being imprisoned by the Germans near Brussels, he went to Austria, and went back to Belgium later, only to be faced by a civil war that forced him to abdicate.

 7 
Baudouin of Belgium
(King of the Belgians (1951 - 1993))
Baudouin of Belgium
5
Birthdate: September 7, 1930
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Château du Stuyvenberg, Brussels, Belgium
Died: July 31, 1993

The elder son of King Leopold III of Belgium, Baudouin ruled Belgium for over 4 decades. He is remembered for his impartial treatment of both the Flemish- and French-speaking Belgian factions. He also served as the sovereign of the Belgian Congo and later supported Congolese independence.

 8 
Philippe of Belgium
(King of the Belgians)
Philippe of Belgium
12
Birthdate: April 15, 1960
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium

Philippe of Belgium is the King of the Belgians who succeeded his father King Albert II after the latter's abdication on 21 July 2013 due to health reasons. In 2014, Philippe helped form a coalition government after the Belgian federal election. 

 9 
Clovis I
(First king of the Franks to unite all of the Frankish tribes under one ruler.)
Clovis I
6
Birthdate: 0466 AD
Birthplace: Tournai (present-day Belgium)
Died: November 27, 0511

Clovis I, regarded as the founder of the Merovingian dynasty, united the Frankish tribes under one leader and thus transformed the leadership system which had previously been based on leadership by a group of chieftains. His conversion to Catholicism led to widespread conversion among the Frankish people.

 10 
Albert II of Belgium
(King of the Belgians (1993 - 2013))
Albert II of Belgium
6
Birthdate: June 6, 1934
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium

Albert II of Belgium reigned as the King of the Belgians from 1993 until his abdication in 2013. He abdicated in favor of his eldest son Philippe due to health reasons. During his reign, Albert represented Belgium at high level international meetings. He also established the Prince Albert Foundation in 1984 to promote competence in foreign trade.   

 11 
Carlota of Mexico
(Empress Consort of Mexico (1864 - 1867))
Carlota of Mexico
3
Birthdate: June 7, 1840
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Castle of Laeken, Brussels, Belgium
Died: January 19, 1927

Carlota of Mexico served as the Empress consort of Mexico from 10 April 1864 to 15 May 1867. Her husband Maximilian I of Mexico died at the age of 34 and their relationship has inspired many movies, plays, TV series, and novels.

 12 
Queen Mathilde of Belgium
(Queen Consort of the Belgians)
Queen Mathilde of Belgium
5
Birthdate: January 20, 1973
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Uccle, Belgium
 13 
Godfrey of Bouillon
3
Birthdate: September 18, 1060
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Baisy-Thy, Genappe, Belgium
Died: July 18, 1100

Godfrey of Bouillon was a French nobleman and a prominent leader of the First Crusade. He ruled the Kingdom of Jerusalem from 1099 to 1100. He was the son of Eustace II, Count of Boulogne, and Ida, a noblewoman. He joined the First Crusade in 1096 and played a key role in the successful Siege of Jerusalem in 1099.

 14 
Astrid of Sweden
3
Birthdate: November 17, 1905
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: August 29, 1935
 15 
Philip III, Duke of Burgundy
(Duke of Burgundy (1419 - 1467))
Philip III, Duke of Burgundy
3
Birthdate: July 31, 1396
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Dijon
Died: June 15, 1467

Philip III reigned as the Duke of Burgundy from 10 September 1419 until his death on 15 June 1467. The Burgundian State, under his rule, reached the peak of its prosperity. Philip III is best remembered for his administrative reforms. He is also remembered for capturing Joan of Arc, who was then ransomed to the English.

 16 
Princess Stéphanie of Belgium
(Crown Princess of Austria, Hungary and Bohemia)
Princess Stéphanie of Belgium
3
Birthdate: May 21, 1864
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium
Died: August 23, 1945

Princess Stéphanie of Belgium became the Crown Princess of Austria, Hungary, and Bohemia after her marriage to Crown Prince Rudolf, the son of Austrian emperor Franz Joseph I. Following the death of her husband and his mistress in a suicide-murder pact, she married a Hungarian nobleman.

 17 
Merovech
(King of the Salian Franks (450 - 458))
Merovech
3
Birthdate: 0411 AD
Birthplace: Tournai, Belgium
Died: 0458 AD

Merovech reigned as the King of the Salian Franks from 450 to 458 AD. The Salians later became the famous Frankish tribe and are credited with founding the Merovingian dynasty. His grandson Clovis I is credited with founding the Frankish kingdom, from which France and Germany were born. 

 18 
Philip II, Duke of Burgundy
(Duke of Burgundy (1363 - 1404))
Philip II, Duke of Burgundy
2
Birthdate: January 17, 1342
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Pontoise
Died: April 27, 1404

Philip II the Bold reigned as the Duke of Burgundy from 1363 until his death on 27 April 1404. He is credited with founding the House of Valois' Burgundian branch. Philip II is best remembered for playing a key role in the advancement of gunpowder artillery as he used them extensively and successfully during his military campaigns.

 19 
Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders
(Belgian Noble and Son of King Leopold I of Belgium)
Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders
2
Birthdate: March 24, 1837
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Castle of Laeken, Brussels, Belgium
Died: November 17, 1905

Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders was the son of King Leopold I of Belgium. Although he was the heir presumptive to the royal  Belgian throne, Philippe refused to be named the new Romanian sovereign when Alexandru Ioan Cuza stepped down as the domnitor of the Romanian Principalities in 1866. In 1909, his son Albert I ascended the Belgian throne.

 20 
Prince Laurent of Belgium
(The Youngest Son of King Albert II)
Prince Laurent of Belgium
2
Birthdate: October 19, 1963
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Belvédère Castle, Laeken, Brussels, Belgium

Prince Laurent of Belgium is the youngest son of King Albert II and the younger brother of the current King of the Belgians, Philippe of Belgium. Currently, he is 13th out of the sixteen people in the Belgian line of succession. Prince Laurent of Belgium is best known as an ardent advocate of environment and animal welfare.

Queen Fabiola of Belgium
4
Birthdate: June 11, 1928
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Zurbano Palace, Madrid, Spain
Died: December 5, 2014
 22 
Isabella of Austria
2
Birthdate: July 18, 1501
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium
Died: January 19, 1526
Princess Louise of Belgium
2
Birthdate: February 18, 1858
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium
Died: March 1, 1924
 24 
Ambiorix
(King and Chieftain of the Belgae)
Ambiorix
2
Birthdate: 0100 BC
Birthplace: Gaul
Died: 0053 BC

Ambiorix reigned as the King of the Belgae. Today, he is widely regarded as a national hero in Belgium due to his resistance against the famous Roman general Julius Caesar. Ambiorix is mentioned in Commentarii de Bello Gallico, Caesar's account of the Gallic Wars. Ambiorix's character is portrayed in the popular video game Civilization VI.

 25 
Marie Henriette of Austria
(Queen of the Belgians as the wife of King Leopold II)
Marie Henriette of Austria
2
Birthdate: August 23, 1836
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Budapest, Hungary
Died: September 19, 1902
Queen Maria José of Savoy
2
Birthdate: August 4, 1906
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ostend, Belgium
Died: January 27, 2001

Known as the May Queen for her 34-day stint as the queen of Italy, Queen Maria José of Savoy was the wife of Umberto II, the last Italian king. Following the fall of the monarchy, she went into exile in Switzerland. She also penned several books and worked for the Red Cross.

 27 
Mary of Hungary
2
Birthdate: August 18, 1505
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Brussels, Habsburg Netherlands
Princess Anne, Duchess of Calabria
2
Birthdate: December 4, 1938
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Woluwe-Saint-Pierre, Belgium
 29 
Adeliza of Louvain
(Queen of England)
Adeliza of Louvain
2
Birthdate: 1103 AD
Birthplace: Leuven, Belgium
Died: April 23, 1151
 30 
Margaret of Parma
2
Birthdate: July 5, 1522
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Oudenaarde, Belgium
Died: January 18, 1586
Princess Clementine of Belgium
2
Birthdate: July 30, 1872
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Royal Castle of Laeken, Laeken, Brussels, Belgium
Died: March 8, 1955
 32 
Prince Carl Bernadotte
(Danish Prince and the Only Son of Prince Carl of Sweden and Princess Ingeborg of Denmark)
Prince Carl Bernadotte
1
Birthdate: January 10, 1911
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: June 27, 2003

Prince Carl Bernadotte was the son of Princess Ingeborg of Denmark and Prince Carl of Sweden. Better known as Carl Junior, Prince Carl Bernadotte is best remembered for his involvement in the infamous Huseby scandal, which garnered a great deal of publicity. After the trial, Carl left Sweden and moved to Spain where he spent the rest of his life. 

Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut
1
Birthdate: July 15, 1401
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Le Quesnoy, France
Died: October 8, 1436
Margaret III, Countess of Flanders
1
Birthdate: April 13, 1350
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Male Castle, West Flanders, Belgium
Died: March 16, 1405
 35 
Prince Baudouin of Belgium
(Eldest Son of Prince Philippe of Belgium, Count of Flanders)
Prince Baudouin of Belgium
1
Birthdate: June 3, 1869
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium
Died: January 23, 1891

Prince Baudouin of Belgium was the son of Prince Philippe of Belgium, Count of Flanders. He is also known as the older brother of Albert I of Belgium, who went on to become King of the Belgians in 1909. Albert I became heir presumptive after the untimely death of Prince Baudouin of Belgium at the age of 21.

 36 
Adela of France
0
Birthdate: 1009 AD
Birthplace: France
Died: January 8, 1079
 37 
Philippe, Duke of Brabant
(Count of Ligny and Saint-Pol (1415 - 1430))
Philippe, Duke of Brabant
0
Birthdate: April 15, 1960
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Belvédère Castle, Brussels

Philippe, Duke of Brabant reigned as the Count of Ligny and Saint-Pol from 25 October 1415 to 4 August 1430. He is best known as the son of Antoine, Duke of Brabant, and succeeded his older brother, John IV, as Duke of Brabant. 

 38 
Samo
(King)
Samo
0
Birthdate: 0600 AD
Birthplace: Soignies
Died: 0658 AD
Frankish merchant Samo, who was later elected as a Slavic king, is remembered for unifying various Slavic tribes and strengthening them against raids by robbers. He gained control over a huge territory, including parts of Bohemia. However, his death spelled an end for his state.