Famous Argentine Scientists

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 1 
Emilio Palma
(First Human to be Born in Antarctica)
Emilio Palma
3
Birthdate: January 7, 1978
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Esperanza Base

Emilio Palma is an Argentine man who is widely known as the first person to be born on the continent of Antarctica. His name has been etched in the famous Guinness Book of Records as the first human in known history to be born on the continent of Antarctica.

 2 
Ernesto Sabato
(Physicist, Writer)
Ernesto Sabato
3
Birthdate: June 24, 1911
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rojas, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina
Died: April 30, 2011

Initially a physicist and mathematician, Ernesto Sabato did his postdoctoral research at prestigious institutes such as MIT. His articles opposing the Juan Peron government of Argentina in La Nación got him removed from his teaching posts. The Cervantes Prize-winning author is best remembered for his works such as El Túnel.

 3 
Alberto Granado
(Scientist, Writer, Screenwriter)
Alberto Granado
3
Birthdate: August 8, 1922
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Hernando, Córdoba
Died: March 5, 2011

Alberto Granado was an Argentine-Cuban doctor, biochemist, scientist, and writer. He is credited with establishing the University of Santiago de Cuba School of Medicine. Alberto Granado was also a traveling companion and friend of Che Guevara. His memoir about the 1952 motorcycle tour with Che inspired the 2004 biopic, The Motorcycle Diaries.

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 4 
Juan Martín Maldacena
(Physicist, Theoretical physicist, University teacher)
Juan Martín Maldacena
3
Birthdate: September 10, 1968
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Buenos Aires

Argentine-born physicist Juan Martín Maldacena is best known for his research on topics such as quantum gravity and string theory. The Princeton alumnus has taught at Harvard and now teaches at IAS. His current research focuses on studying the links between quantum field theories and black holes.

 5 
Mario Bunge
(Physicist, Philosopher, Essayist, Sociologist, University teacher, Writer)
Mario Bunge
3
Birthdate: September 21, 1919
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Buenos Aires

Argentine-Canadian philosopher, physicist, and educator Mario Bunge is best remembered for his work on social sciences, metaphysics, and the philosophy of the mind. Part of the school of scientific realism, he had published more than 400 papers and was named to Science magazine’s Science Hall of Fame.

 6 
Cesar Milstein
(Biochemist, Immunologist)
Cesar Milstein
5
Birthdate: October 8, 1927
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bahía Blanca, Argentina
Died: March 24, 2002

Cesar Milstein was an Argentine biochemist renowned for his work in antibody research. He is credited with developing the Hybridoma technology, a method to produce identical antibodies in large numbers, for which he was honored with the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1984. He also received several other awards, including the Copley Medal in 1989.

 7 
William Henry Hudson
(Anglo-Argentine Author, Naturalist and Ornithologist)
William Henry Hudson
2
Birthdate: August 4, 1841
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Quilmes, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina
Died: August 18, 1922

British-Argentine author, naturalist, and ornithologist William Henry Hudson not just published a number of ornithological studies but also several novels, such as Green Mansions. He criticized Darwinism and was inspired by Samuel Butler’s writings. He was also part of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds.

 8 
Gregory Chaitin
(Argentine-American Computer Scientist and Mathematician Who is Regarded as One of the Founders of 'Algorithmic Complexity')
Gregory Chaitin
2
Birthdate: June 25, 1947
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States

Gregory Chaitin is an Argentine-American computer scientist and mathematician. He is best known for his immense contributions to metamathematics and algorithmic information theory. Gregory Chaitin is regarded as one of the founders of algorithmic complexity along with Ray Solomonoff and Andrei Kolmogorov. Chaitin is the recipient of several prestigious awards, including the Leibniz Medal.

 9 
Luis Federico Leloir
(Biochemist, Physician)
Luis Federico Leloir
2
Birthdate: September 6, 1906
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 2, 1987

Luis Federico Leloir was an Argentine biochemist and physician whose discovery of metabolic pathways in lactose earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1970. His research into renal hypertension, carbohydrate metabolism, and sugar nucleotides has led to progress in understanding and treating galactosemia. During his career, he won many awards, such as the Legion of Honour.

 10 
Bernardo Houssay
(Argentine Physiologist Known for His Work on Pituitary Regulation of Glucose in Animals)
Bernardo Houssay
2
Birthdate: April 10, 1887
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: September 21, 1971

Bernardo Houssay was an Argentine physiologist best remembered for winning the 1947 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine and becoming the first Argentine Nobel Prize winner in the field of sciences. Bernardo Houssay won the award for discovering the role of the pituitary hormones in regulating the amount of glucose in animals. 

 11 
Florentino Ameghino
(Argentine Anthropologist Remembered for His Study on Fossils of the Southern Pampas)
Florentino Ameghino
1
Birthdate: September 18, 1854
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Luján, Argentina
Died: August 6, 1911
Argentine anthropologist Florentino Ameghino is remembered for his research on fossils of the southern Pampas. Born in Sardinia, he moved to Argentina at an early age and soon began his study of fossil classification. He later taught zoology, geology, and mineralogy. His work won him a bronze medal at the Exposition Universelle.
 12 
Dorothy Maud Wrinch
(British-American Mathematician and Biochemist Who Studied Protein Structure using Mathematical Tenets)
Dorothy Maud Wrinch
1
Birthdate: September 12, 1894
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rosario, Argentina
Died: February 11, 1976

British-American mathematician and biochemist Dorothy Maud Wrinch initially gained recognition as the only female wrangler of the Mathematical Tripos in 1916. She later taught math at the universities of Oxford and Cambridge and became the first woman in the world to get a doctorate in science from Oxford.

 13 
Salvador Mazza
(Was a Noted Argentine Physician, Epidemiologist)
Salvador Mazza
1
Birthdate: June 6, 1886
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rauch, Argentina
Died: November 9, 1946

Best remembered for his fight against American trypanosomiasis, Salvador Mazza had to face governmental apathy as well as active resistance from powerful quarters while carrying on his research. Yet, he continued with his mission, setting up his first laboratory in a railway car in Argentina’s underdeveloped north, eventually forcing the South American medical community to accept the validity of trypanosomiasis.  

 14 
Elsa Matilde Zardini
(Argentine-Paraguayan Botanist Known for Her Research on the Flora of the Plata Basin)
Elsa Matilde Zardini
0
Birthdate: June 9, 1949
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: La Plata, Argentina

Argentine-Paraguayan botanist is known for her explorations in the US and South America. She also worked as an associate curator and a researcher at the Missouri Botanical Garden and was a student of celebrated Argentinian botanist Ángel Lulio Cabrera. She has been an expert on the flora of the Plata basin.