Famous Argentine Intellectuals & Academics

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Queen Máxima of the Netherlands
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Birthdate: May 17, 1971
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina

The queen consort of the Netherlands, Queen Máxima is the daughter of Argentine politician Jorge Zorreguieta. She initially worked in the sales departments of HDFC and Deutsche Bank. She apparently didn’t know she was meeting a prince when she met her husband, King Willem-Alexander, at the Seville Spring Fair.

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Facundo Cabral
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Birthdate: May 22, 1937
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: July 9, 2011
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Manuel Belgrano
(Lawyer, Journalist, Economist, Politician, Soldier, Jurist)
Manuel Belgrano
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Birthdate: June 3, 1770
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
Died: June 20, 1820

Manuel Belgrano was an Argentine lawyer, politician, economist, journalist, and military leader. Widely regarded as one of the most important Libertadores of Argentina, Belgrano played a prominent role in the Argentine Wars of Independence and is credited with creating the Flag of Argentina. Manuel Belgrano is regarded as one of the greatest heroes in the history of Argentina.

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Ernesto Laclau
(Philosopher, University teacher, Sociologist)
Ernesto Laclau
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Birthdate: October 6, 1935
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
Died: April 13, 2014

Ernesto Laclau was an Argentine philosopher and political theorist. He is best remembered for his collaborations with Belgian political theorist and long-term partner, Chantal Mouffe. Ernesto Laclau is also remembered for serving as a professor at the University of Essex. 

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Hipólito Yrigoyen
(Lawyer, Politician, Author)
Hipólito Yrigoyen
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Birthdate: July 12, 1852
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
Died: July 3, 1933

Hipólito Yrigoyen was an Argentine politician best remembered for his service as the President of Argentina on two occasions; from 1916 to 1922 and again from 1928 to 1930. He is also remembered for introducing numerous social reforms, including compulsory pensions, regulation of working hours, and improvements in factory conditions, for which he was called the father of the poor.

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Domingo Faustino Sarmiento
(Former President of Argentina)
Domingo Faustino Sarmiento
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Birthdate: February 15, 1811
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: San Juan, Argentina
Died: September 11, 1888

Domingo Faustino Sarmiento was an Argentine activist, writer, intellectual, and statesman. He is remembered for his service as the President of Argentina from 12 October 1868 to 11 October 1874. Sarmiento was part of a group called the Generation of 1837, which had a huge impact on 19th-century Argentina. Domingo Faustino Sarmiento also had a major influence on Argentine literature.

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Mario Bunge
(Physicist, Philosopher, Essayist, Sociologist, University teacher, Writer)
Mario Bunge
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Birthdate: September 21, 1919
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Buenos Aires

Argentine-Canadian philosopher, physicist, and educator Mario Bunge is best remembered for his work on social sciences, metaphysics, and the philosophy of the mind. Part of the school of scientific realism, he had published more than 400 papers and was named to Science magazine’s Science Hall of Fame.

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Esther Vilar
(Writer)
Esther Vilar
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Birthdate: September 16, 1935
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina

Born to German-Jewish immigrants in Argentina, Esther Vilar studied medicine before she moved to Germany to study psychology and sociology. After taking up scores of odd jobs, she soared to international fame with her bestselling book The Manipulated Man, which argues that women aren’t oppressed but control men in relationships.

William Henry Hudson
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Birthdate: August 4, 1841
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: near Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: August 18, 1922

British-Argentine author, naturalist, and ornithologist William Henry Hudson not just published a number of ornithological studies but also several novels, such as Green Mansions. He criticized Darwinism and was inspired by Samuel Butler’s writings. He was also part of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds.

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Bartolomé Mitre
(Soldier, Linguist, Journalist, Historian, Politician, Translator)
Bartolomé Mitre
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Birthdate: June 26, 1821
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
Died: January 19, 1906

Bartolomé Mitre was an Argentine soldier, statesman, and author. He is best remembered for his service as the President of Argentina from 12 October 1862 to 12 October 1868. A major political figure that best characterized liberalism in 19th century Argentina, Bartolomé Mitre was also a historian, journalist, writer, and poet.

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Axel Kicillof
(Economist, Politician)
Axel Kicillof
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Birthdate: September 25, 1971
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
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Raúl Prebisch
(Economist)
Raúl Prebisch
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Birthdate: April 17, 1901
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina
Died: April 29, 1986
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Enrique Dussel
(Philosopher, Historian, and Theologian was served as the interim rector of the Universidad Autónoma de la Ciudad de México from 2013 to 2014)
Enrique Dussel
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Birthdate: December 24, 1934
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: La Paz, Argentina
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Amado Boudou
(Economist, Politician)
Amado Boudou
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Birthdate: November 19, 1962
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
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Domingo Cavallo
(Economist)
Domingo Cavallo
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Birthdate: July 21, 1946
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: San Francisco, Argentina
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Carlos Saavedra Lamas
(First Latin American Nobel Peace Prize Recipient)
Carlos Saavedra Lamas
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Birthdate: November 1, 1878
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: May 5, 1959
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Leopoldo Lugones
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Birthdate: June 13, 1874
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Villa de María del Río Seco, Argentina
Died: February 18, 1938

A central figure in the history of Hispanic-American modernism, Leopoldo Lugones is remembered as much for his contributions towards formation of modern Spanish poetry as for his profound insight into Argentinean history. A well-Known poet-playwright-novelist, literary and social critic, and cultural ambassador, he later involved himself with national and international politics, leaving huge impact on the younger generation of writers.   

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Alfonso Prat-Gay
(Economist, Politician)
Alfonso Prat-Gay
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Birthdate: November 24, 1965
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
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Ricardo Piglia
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Birthdate: November 24, 1941
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Adrogué, Argentina
Died: January 6, 2017

Ricardo Piglia pioneered hard-boiled fiction in Argentine fiction. Known for his short story collections, such as La invasion and novels such as Blanco nocturno, he also taught Latin American literature at various prestigious universities, such as Harvard and Princeton. He also won several awards, such as the Casa de las Américas Prize.

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Francisco Moreno
(Naturalist, Explorer, Anthropologist, Geographer)
Francisco Moreno
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Birthdate: May 31, 1852
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: November 22, 1919

Argentine explorer Francisco Moreno, better known as Perito Moreno, is remembered as one of his country’s greatest heroes. His explorations helped define the border of Chile. He discovered Patagonian treasures such as Mount Fitz Roy and established Argentina’s first national park, Nahuel Huapi. His accolades include the Cullum Geographical Medal.

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Guillermo O'Donnell
(Political scientist)
Guillermo O'Donnell
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Birthdate: February 24, 1936
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: November 29, 2011
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Florentino Ameghino
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Birthdate: September 18, 1854
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Luján, Argentina
Died: August 6, 1911
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Alfred Métraux
(Ethnologist, Anthropologist, and Human Rights Leader)
Alfred Métraux
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Birthdate: November 5, 1902
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Lausanne, Switzerland
Died: April 12, 1963

Alfred Métraux was an Argentine and Swiss ethnologist, anthropologist, and human rights leader. He is best remembered for his work with UNESCO's Department of Social Science. Alfred Métraux is also remembered for publishing landmark studies of the Incas, the ancient cultures of Easter Island, and Haitian voodoo. 

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Dorothy Maud Wrinch
(Mathematician)
Dorothy Maud Wrinch
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Birthdate: September 12, 1894
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rosario, Argentina
Died: February 11, 1976
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Manuel Gálvez
(Novelist)
Manuel Gálvez
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Birthdate: May 6, 1882
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Parana, Argentina
Died: November 14, 1962

Manuel Gálvez was an Argentine poet, novelist, biographer, essayist, and historian. A prolific writer, Gálvez explored a number of genres and styles and produced classics like Historia de arrabal and Nacha Regules. Manuel Gálvez also received a couple of literary prizes for his works, El general Quiroga and Los caminos de la muerte.   

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Enrique Larreta
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Birthdate: March 4, 1875
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: July 6, 1961

Enrique Larreta was an Argentine writer, diplomat, academic, and art collector. Over the course of his illustrious career, Larreta had received 10 nominations for the prestigious Nobel Prize in Literature. Enrique Larreta also worked as a history teacher at the Colegio Nacional de Buenos Aires. Many streets in Madrid, Alcalá de Henares, and Segovia have been named in his honor.