Famous Argentine Intellectuals & Academics

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Queen Máxima of the Netherlands
6
Birthdate: May 17, 1971
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina

The queen consort of the Netherlands, Queen Máxima is the daughter of Argentine politician Jorge Zorreguieta. She initially worked in the sales departments of HDFC and Deutsche Bank. She apparently didn’t know she was meeting a prince when she met her husband, King Willem-Alexander, at the Seville Spring Fair.

 2 
Manuel Belgrano
(Lawyer, Journalist, Economist, Politician, Soldier, Jurist)
Manuel Belgrano
3
Birthdate: June 3, 1770
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
Died: June 20, 1820

Manuel Belgrano was an Argentine lawyer, politician, economist, journalist, and military leader. Widely regarded as one of the most important Libertadores of Argentina, Belgrano played a prominent role in the Argentine Wars of Independence and is credited with creating the Flag of Argentina. Manuel Belgrano is regarded as one of the greatest heroes in the history of Argentina.

 3 
Facundo Cabral
(Argentine Singer, Philosopher, and Songwriter)
Facundo Cabral
4
Birthdate: May 22, 1937
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: July 9, 2011

Facundo Cabral was an Argentine singer, philosopher, and songwriter. Among his most cherished compositions are I'm not from here nor there and My Poor Boss. Many of his songs have been covered by famous singers like Jorge Cafrune, Joan Manuel Serrat, and Juan Luis Guerra. Facundo Cabral's songs remain popular throughout Latin America.

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 4 
Ernesto Laclau
(Philosopher, University teacher, Sociologist)
Ernesto Laclau
3
Birthdate: October 6, 1935
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
Died: April 13, 2014

Ernesto Laclau was an Argentine philosopher and political theorist. He is best remembered for his collaborations with Belgian political theorist and long-term partner, Chantal Mouffe. Ernesto Laclau is also remembered for serving as a professor at the University of Essex. 

 5 
Hipólito Yrigoyen
(Lawyer, Politician, Author)
Hipólito Yrigoyen
3
Birthdate: July 12, 1852
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
Died: July 3, 1933

Hipólito Yrigoyen was an Argentine politician best remembered for his service as the President of Argentina on two occasions; from 1916 to 1922 and again from 1928 to 1930. He is also remembered for introducing numerous social reforms, including compulsory pensions, regulation of working hours, and improvements in factory conditions, for which he was called the father of the poor.

 6 
Domingo Faustino Sarmiento
(Former President of Argentina)
Domingo Faustino Sarmiento
3
Birthdate: February 15, 1811
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: San Juan, Argentina
Died: September 11, 1888

Domingo Faustino Sarmiento was an Argentine activist, writer, intellectual, and statesman. He is remembered for his service as the President of Argentina from 12 October 1868 to 11 October 1874. Sarmiento was part of a group called the Generation of 1837, which had a huge impact on 19th-century Argentina. Domingo Faustino Sarmiento also had a major influence on Argentine literature.

 7 
Mario Bunge
(Physicist, Philosopher, Essayist, Sociologist, University teacher, Writer)
Mario Bunge
3
Birthdate: September 21, 1919
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Buenos Aires

Argentine-Canadian philosopher, physicist, and educator Mario Bunge is best remembered for his work on social sciences, metaphysics, and the philosophy of the mind. Part of the school of scientific realism, he had published more than 400 papers and was named to Science magazine’s Science Hall of Fame.

 8 
Esther Vilar
(Writer)
Esther Vilar
2
Birthdate: September 16, 1935
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina

Born to German-Jewish immigrants in Argentina, Esther Vilar studied medicine before she moved to Germany to study psychology and sociology. After taking up scores of odd jobs, she soared to international fame with her bestselling book The Manipulated Man, which argues that women aren’t oppressed but control men in relationships.

 9 
William Henry Hudson
(Anglo-Argentine Author, Naturalist and Ornithologist)
William Henry Hudson
2
Birthdate: August 4, 1841
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Quilmes, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina
Died: August 18, 1922

British-Argentine author, naturalist, and ornithologist William Henry Hudson not just published a number of ornithological studies but also several novels, such as Green Mansions. He criticized Darwinism and was inspired by Samuel Butler’s writings. He was also part of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds.

 10 
Bartolomé Mitre
(Soldier, Linguist, Journalist, Historian, Politician, Translator)
Bartolomé Mitre
2
Birthdate: June 26, 1821
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
Died: January 19, 1906

Bartolomé Mitre was an Argentine soldier, statesman, and author. He is best remembered for his service as the President of Argentina from 12 October 1862 to 12 October 1868. A major political figure that best characterized liberalism in 19th century Argentina, Bartolomé Mitre was also a historian, journalist, writer, and poet.

 11 
Axel Kicillof
(Argentine Economist, Politician and Governor of Buenos Aires)
Axel Kicillof
2
Birthdate: September 25, 1971
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Buenos Aires

Axel Kicillof is an Argentine economist and politician. He is the current Governor of Buenos Aires. An important politician, Axel Kicillof served as the Minister of Economy and Public Finances from 18 November 2013 to 10 December 2015. Prior to his political career, Kicillof worked as a professor.

 12 
Raúl Prebisch
(Argentine Economist Who Contributed to the Development of Economic Dependency Theory)
Raúl Prebisch
2
Birthdate: April 17, 1901
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina
Died: April 29, 1986

Raúl Prebisch was an Argentine economist best remembered for his immense contributions to structuralist economics. He is also renowned for his contribution to the development of economic dependency theory. Raúl Prebisch is also remembered for his influential work The Economic Development of Latin America and its Principal Problems, which released in 1950.

 13 
Enrique Dussel
(Philosopher, Historian, and Theologian was served as the interim rector of the Universidad Autónoma de la Ciudad de México from 2013 to 2014)
Enrique Dussel
0
Birthdate: December 24, 1934
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: La Paz, Argentina
 14 
Amado Boudou
(Vice President of Argentina from 2011 to 2015)
Amado Boudou
2
Birthdate: November 19, 1962
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Buenos Aires

Amado Boudou is an Argentine politician and economist. He is best known for his service as the Vice President of Argentina from 10 December 2011 to 10 December 2015. An important politician, Amado Boudou also served as the Minister of Economy from 8 July 2009 to 10 December 2011.

 15 
Domingo Cavallo
(Argentine Politician and Economist)
Domingo Cavallo
2
Birthdate: July 21, 1946
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: San Francisco, Argentina

Domingo Cavallo is an Argentine politician and economist. He is best known for his service as the Minister of Economy on two occasions; from 1 February 1991 to 6 August 1996 and again from March 2001 to December 2001. An important politician, Domingo Cavallo also served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs from 8 July 1989 to 31 January 1991.

 16 
Carlos Saavedra Lamas
(Argentine Politician and Academic Who Became the First Latin American Nobel Peace Prize Recipient)
Carlos Saavedra Lamas
2
Birthdate: November 1, 1878
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: May 5, 1959

Carlos Saavedra Lamas was an Argentine politician and academic. In 1936, he won the prestigious Nobel Peace Prize, becoming the first Latin American to do so. Apart from the Nobel Peace Prize, Carlos Saavedra Lamas was also honored with the Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor of France.

 17 
Leopoldo Lugones
2
Birthdate: June 13, 1874
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Villa de María del Río Seco, Argentina
Died: February 18, 1938

A central figure in the history of Hispanic-American modernism, Leopoldo Lugones is remembered as much for his contributions towards formation of modern Spanish poetry as for his profound insight into Argentinean history. A well-Known poet-playwright-novelist, literary and social critic, and cultural ambassador, he later involved himself with national and international politics, leaving huge impact on the younger generation of writers.   

 18 
Alfonso Prat-Gay
(Economist, Politician)
Alfonso Prat-Gay
2
Birthdate: November 24, 1965
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
 19 
Francisco Moreno
(Naturalist, Explorer, Anthropologist, Geographer)
Francisco Moreno
1
Birthdate: May 31, 1852
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: November 22, 1919

Argentine explorer Francisco Moreno, better known as Perito Moreno, is remembered as one of his country’s greatest heroes. His explorations helped define the border of Chile. He discovered Patagonian treasures such as Mount Fitz Roy and established Argentina’s first national park, Nahuel Huapi. His accolades include the Cullum Geographical Medal.

 20 
Guillermo O'Donnell
(Political scientist)
Guillermo O'Donnell
1
Birthdate: February 24, 1936
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: November 29, 2011
 21 
Florentino Ameghino
(Argentine Anthropologist Remembered for His Study on Fossils of the Southern Pampas)
Florentino Ameghino
1
Birthdate: September 18, 1854
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Luján, Argentina
Died: August 6, 1911
Argentine anthropologist Florentino Ameghino is remembered for his research on fossils of the southern Pampas. Born in Sardinia, he moved to Argentina at an early age and soon began his study of fossil classification. He later taught zoology, geology, and mineralogy. His work won him a bronze medal at the Exposition Universelle.
 22 
Alfred Métraux
(Ethnologist, Anthropologist, and Human Rights Leader)
Alfred Métraux
1
Birthdate: November 5, 1902
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Lausanne, Switzerland
Died: April 12, 1963

Alfred Métraux was an Argentine and Swiss ethnologist, anthropologist, and human rights leader. He is best remembered for his work with UNESCO's Department of Social Science. Alfred Métraux is also remembered for publishing landmark studies of the Incas, the ancient cultures of Easter Island, and Haitian voodoo. 

 23 
Dorothy Maud Wrinch
(British-American Mathematician and Biochemist Who Studied Protein Structure using Mathematical Tenets)
Dorothy Maud Wrinch
1
Birthdate: September 12, 1894
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rosario, Argentina
Died: February 11, 1976

British-American mathematician and biochemist Dorothy Maud Wrinch initially gained recognition as the only female wrangler of the Mathematical Tripos in 1916. She later taught math at the universities of Oxford and Cambridge and became the first woman in the world to get a doctorate in science from Oxford.

 24 
Manuel Gálvez
(Argentine Novelist, Poet, Essayist, Historian and Biographer)
Manuel Gálvez
0
Birthdate: July 18, 1882
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Parana, Argentina
Died: November 14, 1962

Manuel Gálvez was an Argentine poet, novelist, biographer, essayist, and historian. A prolific writer, Gálvez explored a number of genres and styles and produced classics like Historia de arrabal and Nacha Regules. Manuel Gálvez also received a couple of literary prizes for his works, El general Quiroga and Los caminos de la muerte.