Organic chemistry is a sub-discipline of chemistry that deals with the study of the structure, properties and reactions of organic compounds and materials. Chemists in the field are involved with the study of the physical and chemical properties, their compositions and their chemical reactivity. Over the years, organic chemistry has emerged as one of the top subdivisions of chemistry with more and more scientists dedicating their life and work to this genre of the subject. It has found application in various field including food additives, pharmaceuticals, drugs, paint, plastics, explosives, petrochemicals and so on. The most important contribution by chemists in the field has been in medicine. Organic chemists play an important role in developing new medicines and antidotes for various diseases. America has given the world some of the most renowned organic chemists who through their research, investigation and development have laid a strong foundation for the subject, be it Wallace Carothers’ nylon that caused the 20th century industrial revolution or Robert Burns Woodward Nobel prize winning work on complex natural products, Charles Pederson and Donald Cram’s work on structure specific interactions of high selectivity or Herbert Brown’s contribution in organoboron or organoborane chemistry. Follow this section to find out in detail about the life, scientific career and works of famous American organic chemists.