Famous 20th Century Art Critics

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 1 
Jacqueline Roque
(Best known as the muse and second wife of Pablo Picasso)
Jacqueline Roque
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Birthdate: February 24, 1927
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: October 15, 1986
 2 
Sergei Diaghilev
(Russian Art Critic, Ballet Impresario and Founder of the 'Ballets Russes')
Sergei Diaghilev
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Birthdate: March 31, 1872
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Chudovsky District, Russia
Died: August 19, 1929

Sergei Diaghilev was a Russian ballet impresario, patron, and art critic. He is credited with founding the popular ballet company Ballets Russes, which has produced some of the greatest and popular choreographers and dancers like Tamara Karsavina, Lydia Sokolova, Serge Lifar, and Alicia Markova. Sergei Diaghilev is remembered for placing the needs of his company and dancers above his own.

 3 
Tom Verlaine
(Guitarist, Singer, Singer-songwriter, Songwriter)
Tom Verlaine
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Birthdate: December 13, 1949
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Morristown
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 4 
Robbie Ross
(Journalist)
Robbie Ross
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Birthdate: May 25, 1869
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Tours, France
Died: October 5, 1918
 5 
Waldemar Januszczak
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Birthdate: January 12, 1954
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Basingstoke
 6 
Brian Sewell
(journalist, autobiographer, art critic, art historian)
Brian Sewell
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Birthdate: June 15, 1931
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: London
Died: September 19, 2015
 7 
Frederick R. Koch
(Former philanthropist, Founder of Koch Industries)
Frederick R. Koch
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Birthdate: August 26, 1933
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Wichita, Kansas, United States
Died: February 12, 2020
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 8 
Clement Greenberg
(Art collector, Art historian, Art critic, Journalist)
Clement Greenberg
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Birthdate: January 16, 1909
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: New York City
Died: May 7, 1994
 9 
Mimi Gardner Gates
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Birthdate: 1943 AD
 10 
Louis Aragon
(Former surrealist writer, co-founded with André Breton and Philippe Soupault the surrealist review Littérature)
Louis Aragon
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Birthdate: October 3, 1897
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 24, 1982
 11 
Jean Metzinger
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Birthdate: June 24, 1883
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nantes, France
Died: November 3, 1956
 12 
Frank O'Hara
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Birthdate: March 27, 1926
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Baltimore, Maryland Baltimore, Maryland
Died: July 25, 1966
 13 
Félix Vallotton
(Former artist and painter known for his paintings of nudes and interiors and in particular for his distinctive woodcuts)
Félix Vallotton
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Birthdate: December 28, 1865
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lausanne, Switzerland
Died: December 29, 1925

Born in Switzerland, Félix Vallotton later moved to Paris to study art and grew to be one of the prominent members of the Les Nabis. Renowned for his woodcuts, he mostly focused on nudes and interiors. Politically conscious, he often infused political themes in his art, such as The Demonstration.

 14 
Clive Bell
(Art Critic)
Clive Bell
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Birthdate: September 16, 1881
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: East Shefford, England
Died: September 18, 1964
 15 
Arthur Danto
(Art critic)
Arthur Danto
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Birthdate: January 1, 1924
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States
Died: October 25, 2013
 16 
Robert Hughes
(Art Critic, Writer)
Robert Hughes
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Birthdate: July 28, 1938
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Sydney, Australia
Died: August 6, 2012

Although he had initially aspired to study law and architecture, Robert Hughes later dropped out of university and began drawing cartoons for various newspapers. After establishing himself as an art critic, he wrote bestsellers such as The Fatal Shore and created shows such as The Shock of the New.

 17 
Herbert Read
(Art Historian)
Herbert Read
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Birthdate: December 4, 1893
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Muscoates, England
Died: June 12, 1968
 18 
Okakura Kakuzō
(Art critic)
Okakura Kakuzō
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Birthdate: February 14, 1862
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Yokohama, Japan
Died: September 2, 1913
 19 
Hal Foster
(Writer)
Hal Foster
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Birthdate: August 16, 1892
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Halifax Regional Municipality, Canada
Died: July 25, 1982

Hal Foster was a Canadian-American writer and comic strip artist. He is best remembered for creating the popular comic strip Prince Valiant, which is a fine example of Foster's dexterous, detailed artwork. His work had a major influence on the younger generation of artists like Joe Kubert. In 1996, Foster was inducted into the Will Eisner Award Hall of Fame.

 20 
Larry Gagosian
(Art collector)
Larry Gagosian
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Birthdate: April 19, 1945
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Los Angeles
 21 
Rosalind E. Krauss
(Art Critic)
Rosalind E. Krauss
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Birthdate: November 30, 1941
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Washington, D.C., United States
 22 
Dan Graham
(Artist)
Dan Graham
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Birthdate: March 31, 1942
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Urbana, Illinois
 23 
Jerry Saltz
(Senior Art Critic and Columnist for New York Magazine)
Jerry Saltz
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Birthdate: February 19, 1951
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Oak Park, Illinois, United States
 24 
S.S. Van Dine
(Art Critic)
S.S. Van Dine
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Birthdate: October 15, 1888
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Charlottesville, Virginia, United States
Died: April 11, 1939
 25 
Michael Fried
(Art critic, Art historian, Historian, University teacher, Journalist)
Michael Fried
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Birthdate: April 12, 1939
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: New York City
 26 
Léon Werth
(Writer)
Léon Werth
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Birthdate: February 17, 1878
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Remiremont, France
Died: December 13, 1955
 27 
Hal Foster
(art historian, university teacher, journalist)
Hal Foster
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Birthdate: August 13, 1955
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Seattle
 28 
Ambroise Vollard
(Art Dealer)
Ambroise Vollard
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Birthdate: July 3, 1866
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Saint-Denis, Réunion
Died: July 22, 1939
 29 
Patrick Heron
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Birthdate: January 30, 1920
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Headingley, England
Died: March 20, 1999
 30 
Poul Henningsen
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Birthdate: September 9, 1894
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Ordrup, Denmark
Died: January 31, 1967
 31 
Sacheverell Sitwell
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Birthdate: November 15, 1897
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Scarborough, England
Died: October 1, 1988
 32 
Harold Rosenberg
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Birthdate: February 2, 1906
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: July 11, 1978
 33 
Lucy R. Lippard
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Birthdate: April 14, 1937
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
 34 
Boris Groys
(Art Critic)
Boris Groys
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Birthdate: March 19, 1947
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
 35 
Nicolas Bourriaud
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Birthdate: April 13, 1965
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Niort, France
 36 
Gelett Burgess
(American Artist, Writer and Key Figure in the San Francisco Bay Area Literary Renaissance in the 1890s)
Gelett Burgess
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Birthdate: January 30, 1866
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Boston, United States
Died: September 18, 1951

Gelett Burgess was an American poet, artist, art critic, author, and humorist. He is credited with introducing French modern art to the USA. He is also credited with coining the term blurb. In 1891, he established the San Francisco Boys' Club Association which was later renamed Boys & Girls Clubs of San Francisco. 

 37 
Okwui Enwezor
(Curator)
Okwui Enwezor
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Birthdate: October 23, 1963
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Calabar, Nigeria
Died: March 15, 2019
 38 
Fairfield Porter
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Birthdate: June 10, 1907
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Winnetka, Illinois, United States
Died: September 18, 1975
 39 
Maurice Bardèche
(Art critic)
Maurice Bardèche
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Birthdate: October 1, 1907
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dun-sur-Auron, France
Died: July 30, 1998
 40 
Maurice Berger
(Historian)
Maurice Berger
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Birthdate: May 22, 1956
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: March 23, 2020
 41 
Dave Hickey
(Critic, Journalist)
Dave Hickey
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Birthdate: December 5, 1940
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Fort Worth
 42 
Coosje van Bruggen
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Birthdate: June 6, 1942
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Groningen, Netherlands
Died: January 10, 2009

Dutch-American sculptor Coosje van Bruggen is best known for her collaborations with her sculptor husband, Claes Oldenburg. Their works include Shuttlecocks at the Donald J. Hall Sculpture Park and Flashlight at the University of Nevada. She has also penned several books and been a sculpture critic at Yale University.

 43 
Félix Fénéon
(Art critic)
Félix Fénéon
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Birthdate: June 22, 1861
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Turin, Italy
Died: February 29, 1944
 44 
Lee Ufan
(Painter)
Lee Ufan
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Birthdate: June 24, 1936
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Haman, South Korea
 45 
Henry Geldzahler
(Historian, Writer)
Henry Geldzahler
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Birthdate: July 9, 1935
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: August 16, 1994
 46 
Germano Celant
(Art historian)
Germano Celant
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Birthdate: September 11, 1940
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Genoa, Italy
Died: April 29, 2020

An influential art historian, critic, and curator, Germano Celant is known for coining the term, Arte Povera to describe the radically economical art of some post WWII Italian artists. Beginning his career with Geneva based art magazine Marcatrè, he eventually become the curator of New York’s Guggenheim museum and Director of Milan’s Prada Foundation, concurrently authoring many books on art.

 47 
Hilton Kramer
(Art Critic)
Hilton Kramer
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Birthdate: March 25, 1928
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Gloucester, Massachusetts, United States
Died: March 27, 2012
 48 
Wilhelm Uhde
(Art dealer)
Wilhelm Uhde
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Birthdate: October 28, 1874
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Strzelce Krajeńskie, Poland
Died: August 17, 1947
 49 
Lawrence Alloway
(Art critic)
Lawrence Alloway
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Birthdate: September 17, 1926
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Wimbledon, London, United Kingdom
Died: January 2, 1990
 50 
Jean Moréas
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Birthdate: April 15, 1856
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Athens, Greece

A significant part of the French Symbolist movement, Jean Moréas was a Greek-born poet who wrote both in Greek and French. It is believed his French governess inspired him to write in French. He co-founded Le Symboliste and is best remembered for his works such as Iphigénie à Aulide.