Anne frank was one of the million Jewish children who died in the Holocaust. She was well-acclaimed for her style of writing in her diary, which she wrote during the Nazi invasion period. Her diary was later adapted into several plays and films. She was a German national by birth till 1941 but then she lost her nationality due to the anti-Semitic policies during the Nazi Germany period (as per the Nuremberg Laws). Anne frank’s family initially stayed in Germany but they later moved to Amsterdam in 1933. She, along with her family, was trapped in Amsterdam and they hid in Otto Frank's, office building until Anne Frank along with her sister, Margot, was transferred to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. Both Anne and her sister died of typhus in March 1945 in the concentration camp. The only remaining survivor of her family, Otto Frank found her diary and took the initiative of publishing it in 1947 in Netherlands. It was initially written in Dutch but later published in English in 1952 with the title The Diary of a Young Girl. In this book, she shared her experiences during her hideout owing to the German invasion of the Netherlands at the time of World War II and she is internationally acclaimed for this book.
On 13th March 1933, the anti-Jewish National Socialist Party led by Hitler came to power. The Jewish Frank family feared attack on them and their children if they remained in Germany. Perceiving their children’s future prospect, the same year, Edith along her children moved to Aachen, to stay with her mother, Rosa Holländer for better security and safety of her children. While father Otto Frank remained in Frankfurt after receiving an offer to start a company in Amsterdam. He shifted base there to organise a business and arrange for accommodations in his family. The Frank family was among the 300,000 Jew families who fled Germany between the period 1933 and 1939. In 1940 when Netherland was invaded by Germany, it was no more a safe heaven for the Frank family.
Meanwhile, Otto Frank was working with the Opekta Works in Amsterdam and lived in an apartment on the Merwedeplein (Merwede Square) in Amsterdam. In February 1934, Edith along with her children came back to Amsterdam and enrolled Margot in a public school and later Anne was admitted to a Montessori school. While Margot showed aptitude in arithmetic, Anne harbored more interest in literature. While Margot was well-mannered, reserved, and studious, Anne was more of an outspoken, energetic and extrovert person.
In 1938, Otto Frank started up a new company called Pectacon, which dealt in wholesale of herbs, salts and various spices, used for making sausages. He then employed Hermann van Pels as an advisor on spices. He was of Jewish origin and fled from Osnabrück in Germany with his family. In 1939, Edith's mother started living with the Franks, and remained with them until her death in January 1942.
In April 1941, Otto Frank, in order to hide his Jewish origin action, transferred the shares of Pectacon to Johannes Kleiman and resigned from the position of director. The company and its assets were liquidated and transferred to Gies and Company, headed by Jan Gies; he followed the same steps to save his company Opekta in December 1941. This way he could earn a moderate income and have a steady income flow.
Anne as Writer
The Diary of a Young Girl
ANNE FRANK TIMELINE
Anne was born in Frankfurt am Main, Weimar Germany
The Frank family initially stayed in Germany but later moved to Amsterdam
The anti-Jewish National Socialist Party led by Hitler came to power
Otto Frank started up a new company called Pectacon
Edith's mother started living with the Franks until her death 1942
Germany invaded Netherlands
She was a German national by birth
Otto Frank transferred the shares of Pectacon to Johannes Kleiman
Otto also transferred the shares of his company Opekta in December
On July 6, the Frank family went into hiding in a secret annex
The Frank Family was arrested from their hideout in the Archterhuis
Anne Frank wrote in her diary last on 1st August
Anne Frank died of typhus in March in Bergen-Belsen concentration camp
Anne Frank’s diary Het Achterhuis was published in Netherlands
It was later published by Otto Frank in the United Kingdom in 1952
American edition Anne FrankThe Diary of a Young Girl was published
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