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Albert John Luthuli was a South African teacher and politician who fought for civil rights in South Africa. Read this biography and timeline to know more about Luthuli's life and childhood.
Albert John LuthuliHow to Cite
Famous as: African Politician and the President of African National Congress (ANC)
Born in: Rhodesia, Bulawayo
Died on: 21 July 1967
Nationality: South Africa
Works & Achievements: Nobel Peace Prize (1960), Led Non-Violent Struggle for Civil Rights in South Africa
Albert John Luthuli, the president of the African National Congress, was an African politician and teacher. A noble man and an adamant leader, Luthuli fought for African's rights to equality and justice following a non-violent resistance. Before elected to the presidency of the ANC, he was the president of his tribe and the leader of around 10 million black Africans in their non-violent struggle for civil rights in South Africa. An anti-apartheid leader and president of ANC, Luthuli actively participated in the movement against the White minority Government in South Africa and the 'pass law' introduced by the government to circumscribe the freedom of movement of Africans. Throughout his struggle, he was banned, arrested and poisoned several times by the government, which only reinforced his determination and commitment to the cause; he succeeded in establishing peace and equality for his country people despite theses roadblocks. In 1960, Luthuli was honored with Nobel Peace Prize for his role in African Civil Rights movement.
ALBERT JOHN LUTHULI TIMELINE
Albert John Luthuli was born.
Luthuli completed a teacher’s course from a Methodist Institution.
He was elected as the secretary of the African Teacher’s Association.
He became President of the African Teacher’s Association.
Luthuli married his colleague Nokukhanya Bhengu.
Their first child was born in 1929.
Luthuli became the chief of his tribe.
He joined ANC (African National Congress).
The government adopted the policy of ‘Apartheid’.
He was elected to the committee of the Natal Provincial Division.
Luthuli became the president of the division.
He went to attend ANC conference after the 2nd ban was lifted and was arrested.
Luthuli was released in December.
Luthuli faced his third ban in 1958.
Luthuli was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
Umkhonto we Sizwe was launched in December.
He became Rector of the University of Glasgow and served till 1965.
Luthuli faced his fourth ban.
He met with United States Senator Robert F. Kennedy.
Luthuli died in an accident on 21 July.