Famous Turkish Mathematicians

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Ismail al-Jazari
(Inventor and Mathematician Best Known for Writing "The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices.")
Ismail al-Jazari
Birthdate: 1136 AD
Birthplace: Upper Mesopotamia
Died: 1206 AD

Remembered as the Father of Medieval Robotics, Ismail al-Jazari was a 12th-century polymath from Mesopotamia. His innovative inventions included water-operated clocks, such as the elephant clock; a flush mechanism used in modern-day toilets; and an automated musical band. However, many feel he didn’t get due credit for his pioneering inventions.

Isidore of Miletus
Birthdate: 0442 AD
Birthplace: Miletus, Turkey
Died: 0537 AD
Simplicius Of Cilicia
Birthdate: 0490 AD
Birthplace: Cilicia
Died: 0560 AD
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Birthdate: 0380 AD
Birthplace: Marmara Island, Turkey
Died: 0320 AD

Greek mathematician Menaechmus is best remembered for discovering conic sections, or the concepts of hyperbola, parabola, and ellipse. Well acquainted with Plato, he is also believed to have tutored Alexander the Great. An epigram by Greek polymath Eratosthenes has been the chief record of Menaechmus’s works.

Maximus Planudes
Birthdate: 1260 AD
Birthplace: Nicomedia, Turkey
Died: November 30, 1305