Famous Swedish Playwrights

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 1 
August Strindberg
(Father of Modern Swedish Literature)
August Strindberg
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Birthdate: January 22, 1849
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: May 14, 1912

August Strindberg was a Swedish playwright, painter, essayist, novelist, and poet. He wrote over 30 works of fiction and more than 60 plays in an illustrious career that spanned 40 years. Widely regarded as the father of modern Swedish literature, Strindberg is best remembered for his work The Red Room, which is considered the first modern Swedish novel.

 2 
Henning Mankell
(Best known for a series of mystery novels starring his most noted creation, Inspector Kurt Wallander)
Henning Mankell
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Birthdate: February 3, 1948
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: October 5, 2015

Henning Mankell was a Swedish dramatist, children's author, and crime writer. He is best reemembered for penning a series of mystery novels which featured the popular character, Inspector Kurt Wallander. Henning Mankell is also remembered for highlighting injustices in Sweden and social inequality issues through his plays and books. He was a recipient of many awards like the Gumshoe Award.

 3 
Nelly Sachs
(German-Swedish Poet and Playwright, Known for His Play ‘Eli: Ein Mysterienspiel vom Leiden Israels')
Nelly Sachs
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Birthdate: December 10, 1891
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Schöneberg, Berlin, Germany
Died: May 12, 1970

Nelly Leonie Sachs, internationally noted German-Swedish poet and dramatist, wrote conventional romantic poems until the rise of Nazism brought about a drastic change in her life. Forced to flee to Sweden, she began writing about the grief and yearnings of her fellow Jews, concurrently translating German works into Swedish and vice-versa. She won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1966.

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 4 
Pär Lagerkvist
(Swedish Author Who Won the 1951 Nobel Prize in Literature)
Pär Lagerkvist
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Birthdate: May 23, 1891
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Växjö, Sweden
Died: July 11, 1974

Nobel Prize-winning Swedish author Pär Lagerkvist is remembered for his bestselling novels The Dwarf and Barabbas. He mostly used religious figures to examine the question of good and evil. One of his prose novellas, The Hangman, was later adapted for the stage. He also chaired the Swedish Academy.

 5 
Peter Weiss
(German-Born Swedish Author, Painter, and Filmmaker)
Peter Weiss
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Birthdate: November 8, 1916
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Nowawes, Brandenburg, Germany
Died: May 10, 1982

German-born novelist and playwright Peter Weiss was forced to move to England, Switzerland, and Czechoslovakia, to avoid Nazi persecution, and eventually moved to Sweden and took up Swedish citizenship. Initially a painter and photographer, he later turned to filmmaking. His best-known works include the play The Investigation and the novel The Aesthetics of Resistance.

 6 
Per-Olov Enquist
(Swedish Author and Journalist Known for His Documentary-Style Novels)
Per-Olov Enquist
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Birthdate: September 23, 1934
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Hjoggböle, Sweden
Died: April 25, 2020

Swedish author and journalist Per-Olov Enquist was raised by a single mother and excelled in high jump in his early years. Known for his documentary approach in his writings, he penned award-winning novels, such as Legionärerna. The Nordic Prize winner died at age 85, after a long battle with cancer.

 7 
Lisa Langseth
(Swedish Film Director and Screenwriter)
Lisa Langseth
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Birthdate: April 20, 1975
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden

Lisa Langseth is a Swedish film director and screenwriter. She is best known for directing films like Pure, Hotell, and Euphoria. After beginning her career as a theatre director and playwright, Langseth went on to establish herself as an acclaimed film director. Many of her films have achieved critical acclaim and have been premiered in film festivals around the world. 

 8 
Vilhelm Moberg
(Best Known for His 'The Emigrants' Series of Novels about Swedish Emigrants to America)
Vilhelm Moberg
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Birthdate: August 20, 1898
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Moshultamåla, Sweden
Died: August 8, 1973

Vilhelm Moberg was a Swedish author and historian who is internationally known for his works on Swedish emigration to the USA in the 19th century. Moberg took it upon himself to give voice to the poor and illiterate, writing several books on the subject including The Earth is Ours trilogy and the Emigrant series. Largely self-educated, he also wrote several non-frictions including two volumes on Swedish history.

 9 
Hjalmar Söderberg
(Swedish Author Remembered for His Portrayal of Melancholia and Irony)
Hjalmar Söderberg
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Birthdate: July 2, 1869
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: October 14, 1941

Swedish author, playwright, and journalist Hjalmar Söderberg had begun his career as a civil servant, before switching to full-time writing. Known for his novels such as Doctor Glas and Martin Birck’s Youth, he also penned short story collections such as Historietter. His themes are often melancholic and cynical.

 10 
Dawit Isaak
(Swedish-Eritrean Writer, Journalist, and Playwright)
Dawit Isaak
0
Birthdate: October 28, 1964
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Asmara, Eritrea

Dawit Isaak is a Swedish-Eritrean writer, journalist, and playwright. Since 2001, he has been jailed by the Eritrean government without trial and is regarded as a traitor by the government of Eritrea. Dawit Isaak is considered a prisoner of conscience by Amnesty International, which has called for his release. Over the years, his works have earned him several prestigious awards.

 11 
Lars Noren
(Swedish Novelist, Playwright, and Poet)
Lars Noren
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Birthdate: May 9, 1944
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: January 26, 2021

Lars Noren was a Swedish novelist, playwright, and poet. A prominent playwright, Noren is best remembered for staging realistic plays that often revolve around personal relations and family. In 1971, he was honored with the Aftonbladet's literary prize. In 2003, Lars Noren was awarded the Swedish Academy Nordic Prize.

 12 
Jonas Hassen Khemiri
(Swedish Writer, Novelist, Playwright, and Essayist)
Jonas Hassen Khemiri
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Birthdate: December 27, 1978
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden

Jonas Hassen Khemiri is a Swedish writer who has authored novels, plays, short stories, and essays. Khemiri's work has been translated into over 25 languages and he has received several prestigious awards, such as the August Prize. In 2017, his short story was published in the New Yorker, making him the first Swedish writer to have achieved this feat.

 13 
Alexandra Coelho Ahndoril
(Swedish Writer and Literary Critic)
Alexandra Coelho Ahndoril
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Birthdate: March 2, 1966
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Helsingborg, Sweden

Alexandra Coelho Ahndoril is a Swedish writer best known for her debut novel Stjärneborg, which received the prestigious Katapult Prize in 2004. In addition to her work as a writer, Alexandra Coelho Ahndoril has also been a literary critic for Dagens Nyheter and Göteborgs-Posten, two of Sweden's largest newspapers.

 14 
Victoria Benedictsson
(Swedish Author Known for Her Natural and Unpretentious Stories of Swedish Folk Life)
Victoria Benedictsson
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Birthdate: March 6, 1850
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Trelleborg Municipality, Sweden
Died: July 21, 1888
Victoria Benedictsson was a Swedish author best remembered as one of the greatest exponents of Swedish realism. Today, she is widely regarded as an early feminist as many of her novels discussed women's rights and the inequality of marriage. Victoria Benedictsson committed suicide at the age of 38.
 15 
Erik Johan Stagnelius
(Swedish Romantic Poet Who Lived an Obscure Life)
Erik Johan Stagnelius
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Birthdate: October 14, 1793
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Öland, Sweden
Died: April 3, 1823

One of the most prominent Swedish romantic poets, Erik Johan Stagnelius worked as a civil servant in Stockholm. He is best known for his dramas The Martyrs and The Bacchantes. Not much is known about his life, except that he died of a chronic and mysterious condition at age 29.

 16 
Hjalmar Bergman
(Swedish Playwright and Writer)
Hjalmar Bergman
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Birthdate: September 19, 1883
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Örebro, Sweden
Died: January 1, 1931

Hjalmar Bergman was a Swedish playwright and writer. He is best remembered for his fictional works; he even created a fictional town named Wadköping, which was modelled after his hometown Örebro. Hjalmar Bergman tried his hand as a manuscript writer in Hollywood before falling prey to narcotics abuse and alcoholism, from which he died at the age of 47.

 17 
Michael Meschke
(Swedish Puppeteer, Playwright, Film, Theater and Museum Director)
Michael Meschke
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Birthdate: July 14, 1931
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Danzig , Poland

Michael Meschke is a Swedish puppeteer, playwright, film director, and theater and museum director. A pioneer in the art of puppet theater, Meschke is credited with founding the Marionette Museum and the Marionette Theater. Michael Meschke is also an educator; apart from working as a professor, he has also founded a school in Finland.