Famous Swedish Inventors & Discoverers

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 1 
Alfred Nobel
(Chemist)
Alfred Nobel
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Birthdate: October 21, 1833
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: December 10, 1896

Alfred Nobel was a Swedish chemist, engineer, and inventor. A prolific inventor, he held 355 different patents. Most popular as the inventor of dynamite, he was concerned with how he would be remembered after his death and bequeathed his fortune to the Nobel Prize institution. A wide traveler, he was proficient in several languages.

 2 
Simone Giertz
(Inventor, YouTuber)
Simone Giertz
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Birthdate: November 1, 1990
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden

Simone Giertz is a Swedish TV host, YouTuber and robotics enthusiast. She is best known for creating mechanical robots to automate everyday tasks, the videos of which she posts on her YouTube channel. Simone Giertz displayed many of her robots on the popular TV show, The Late Show with Stephen Colbert.

 3 
John Ericsson
(Inventor)
John Ericsson
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Birthdate: July 31, 1803
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Långbanshyttan, Värmland, Sweden
Died: March 8, 1889

Swedish-born American naval engineer and inventor John Ericsson is most remembered for designing and building the first armoured turret warship and developing the screw propeller. The warship – USS Monitor – is credited for keeping the Union (North) Navy stay protected during the American Civil War. His other inventions include the torpedo technology and solar machine.

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 4 
Ludvig Nobel
(Entrepreneur, Engineer, Philanthropist)
Ludvig Nobel
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Birthdate: July 27, 1831
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Stockholm
Died: April 12, 1888

Ludvig Nobel was a Swedish-Russian engineer, humanitarian, and businessman. Along with his brother Robert, Ludvig operated an oil company named Branobel, which produced fifty percent of the world's oil at one point. Best remembered for creating the Russian oil industry, Ludvig Nobel was one of the richest men in the world. Ludvig Nobel is also credited with inventing oil tankers.  

 5 
Nils Bohlin
(Mechanical Engineer)
Nils Bohlin
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Birthdate: July 17, 1920
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Härnösand, Sweden
Died: September 21, 2002

Nils Bohlin was a Swedish inventor and mechanical engineer remembered for inventing the three-point safety belt in vehicles. The safety belt is considered one of the most important inventions in the history of automobiles. In 1974, he was honored with the Ralph Isbrandt Automotive Safety Engineering Award. In 1999, Bohlin was made an inductee of the Automotive Hall of Fame.   

 6 
Ivar Jacobson
(Computer scientist, Engineer, Inventor)
Ivar Jacobson
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Birthdate: September 2, 1939
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Ystad

Swedish computer scientist and software engineer, Ivar Jacobson is known for the development of Unified Modelling Language (UML), Rational Unified Process (RUP) and Objectory. Previously he worked for Ericsson and in 2004 founded his current company Ivar Jacobson International. He is also an author who has published numerous books and papers. Additionally, he has also delivered talks at various conferences.

 7 
Gustaf Dalén
(Swedish Inventor of the 'AGA cooker' and 'Dalén light' & Recipient of the 1912 Nobel Prize in Physics)
Gustaf Dalén
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Birthdate: November 30, 1869
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Stenstorp, Sweden
Died: December 9, 1937

Gustaf Dalén was an industrialist, engineer, and inventor. The AGA cooker and the Dalén light are among his most prominent inventions. He was a long-term CEO of the AGA company. He received over 100 patents during his lifetime. He received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1912 for his invention of a special kind of automatic regulator.

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 8 
Gustaf de Laval
(Engineer)
Gustaf de Laval
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Birthdate: May 9, 1845
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Blasenborg, Sweden
Died: February 2, 1913

Swedish scientist and engineer Gustaf de Laval is remembered for his pioneering contribution to the development of high-speed turbines and the de Laval nozzle. He also made milk-cream separators and milking machines. Apart from being a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, he was also named to the Swedish parliament.

 9 
Christopher Polhem
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Birthdate: December 18, 1661
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Gotland, Sweden
Died: August 30, 1751

Christopher Polhem was a Swedish scientist, industrialist, and inventor. He is credited with making immense contributions to the industrial and economic development of Sweden, especially mining. His contributions to the technological development in Sweden were honored by King Charles XII of Sweden. Christopher Polhem is also credited with writing essays concerning medicine, astronomy, geology, social criticism, and economics.

 10 
Carl Edvard Johansson
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Birthdate: March 15, 1864
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Sweden
Died: September 30, 1943

Carl Edvard Johansson was a Swedish scientist and inventor best remembered for inventing the gauge block set. He is credited with establishing a company named CE Johansson AB which manufactured gauge blocks. Thanks to his invention, Carl Edvard Johansson became a popular figure in the United States of America where he spent a lot of time.

 11 
Anders Gustav Ekeberg
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Birthdate: January 16, 1767
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: February 11, 1813

Swedish analytical chemist Anders Gustav Ekeberg is primarily known for his discovery of tantalum in 1802. He first studied at and later taught at the University of Uppsala. He was also a member of Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. In 2018, Tantalum-Niobium International Study Center started an award in his name to acknowledge work in the field of tantalum research.