Famous Spanish Historians

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 1 
Bartolomé de las Casas
(The First Resident Bishop of ‘Chiapas’, and the First Officially Appointed "Protector of the Indians")
Bartolomé de las Casas
4
Birthdate: November 11, 1484
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: July 18, 1566
Known for works such as Historia de las Indias, Spanish historian Bartolomé de las Casas is remembered as the first to have focused on the exploitation of the indigenous community in the Americas. His life-long struggle to end slavery brought about significant changes in the treatment of colonized people.
 2 
Bernal Díaz del Castillo
(Spanish Conquistador Known for His Conquest of the Aztec Empire)
Bernal Díaz del Castillo
3
Birthdate: 1492 AD
Birthplace: Medina del Campo, Spain
Died: February 3, 1584

Military adventurer, conquistador, and colonist settler Bernal Díaz del Castillo is best known for his participation in the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire under Hernán Cortés and for his memoirs, The True History of the Conquest of New Spain.  He was part of three Mexican expeditions, that of Francisco Hernández de Córdoba, Juan de Grijalva and Cortés respectively.

 3 
Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
(Former Prime Minister of Spain (1895 - 1897))
Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
2
Birthdate: February 8, 1828
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Málaga, Spain
Died: August 8, 1897

While he initially studied law, Antonio Cánovas del Castillo showed a marked interest in history and politics, too. The six-time prime minister of Spain led the Conservative Party. As a historian, he had penned works such as History of the Decline of Spain. He was assassinated by an Italian anarchist.

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 4 
Al-Bakri
(Former Arab Andalusian historian and a geographer of the Muslim West.)
Al-Bakri
2
Birthdate: 1040 AD
Birthplace: Huelva, Spain
Died: 1094 AD

Arab geographer Al-Bakri served as the governor of multiple provinces in southwest Spain, where he became a famous scholar. His best-known work, Kitab al-masalik wa-’l-mamalik, described the trade routes of Africa, especially Ghana, and were based on the accounts of navigators and merchants who had been there.

Luisa Isabel Álvarez de Toledo, 21st Duchess of Medina Sidonia
2
Birthdate: August 21, 1936
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Villa Guzmán el Bueno, Estoril, Portugal
Died: March 7, 2008
 6 
Diego Duran
(Historian, Writer, Dominican friar, Missionary)
Diego Duran
2
Birthdate: June 15, 1537
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Seville
Died: 1588 AD
Abraham ben David Halevi ibn Daud
2
Birthdate: 1110 AD
Birthplace: Córdoba, Spain
Died: 1180 AD

Best known for his treatises Sefer ha-kabbala and Sefer ha-emuna ha-rama, Abraham ben David Halevi ibn Daud was a 12th-century Spanish-Jewish philosopher, historian, and physician. Also known as Rabad I, or Ravad I, he was the first real Aristotelian Jew. Some historians believe he died a martyr.

 8 
Juan de Mariana
2
Birthdate: September 25, 1536
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Talavera de la Reina, Spain
Died: February 17, 1624
 9 
Ramón Menéndez Pidal
2
Birthdate: March 13, 1869
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: A Coruña, Spain
Died: November 14, 1968
 10 
José de Anchieta
(First playwright, the first grammarian and the first poet born in the Canary Islands, and the father of Brazilian literature)
José de Anchieta
2
Birthdate: March 19, 1534
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: San Cristóbal de La Laguna, Spain
Died: June 9, 1597

An influential Jesuit missionary in the Portuguese colony of Brazil, José de Anchieta worked with the indigenous population, converting many of them into Catholic faith. He also wrote Arte de grammtica da lingoa mais usada na costa do Brasil, providing orthography to the local Tupi language and is known to co-found the cities of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.

 11 
Lucius Cornelius Balbus
1
Birthdate: 0100 AD
Birthplace: Cádiz, Spain
 12 
Marcelino Menéndez y Pelayo
(Spanish Literary Critic and Historian Known for His Vast Erudition and His Elegant and Flexible Prose)
Marcelino Menéndez y Pelayo
1
Birthdate: November 3, 1856
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Santander, Spain
Died: May 19, 1912

Five-time Nobel Prize in Literature-nominated Spanish historian and literary critic Marcelino Menéndez y Pelayo was also a professor of Spanish literature. He also owned a library of around 45,000 books. Interestingly, a law was passed just to let him become a professor at the tender age of 22.

 13 
Ibn al-Qūṭiyya
0
Birthplace: Córdoba, Spain
Died: November 6, 0977
 14 
Américo Castro
(Spanish Historian, Philologist, and Literary Critic)
Américo Castro
1
Birthdate: May 4, 1885
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Cantagalo, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died: July 25, 1972

Américo Castro was a Spanish cultural historian. He is remembered for challenging some of the prevailing notions of Spanish identity and raising controversy with his conclusions. He graduated from the University of Granada and pursued an academic career, becoming a professor at the University of Madrid. He later taught at the University of Texas and Princeton University.   

 15 
Pero López de Ayala
1
Birthdate: 1332 AD
Birthplace: Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
Died: 1407 AD
 16 
Alfonso Pérez Sánchez
1
Birthdate: 1935 AD
Birthplace: Cartagena, Spain
Died: 2010 AD

While he initially studied philosophy and literature, Alfonso Pérez Sánchez later also learned film direction. Apart from teaching at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, the Spanish art historian also served as the director of the Museo del Prado. He organized exhibitions and was also part of a ministry of culture commission.

 17 
Antonio Piñero
(Philologist)
Antonio Piñero
0
Birthdate: August 14, 1941
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Chipiona, Spain
 18 
Julio Caro Baroja
(Anthropologist)
Julio Caro Baroja
1
Birthdate: November 13, 1914
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: August 18, 1995
 19 
Ibn al-Abbār
1
Birthdate: 1199 AD
Birthplace: Valencia, Spain
Died: January 6, 1260
José María Valverde
0
Birthdate: January 26, 1926
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Valencia de Alcántara, Spain
Died: June 6, 1996
Jerónimo de Zurita y Castro
0
Birthdate: December 4, 1512
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Zaragoza, Spain
Died: November 3, 1580
 22 
Enrique Flórez
(Historian)
Enrique Flórez
0
Birthdate: July 21, 1702
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain
Died: August 20, 1773
 23 
Fernán Pérez de Guzmán
0
Birthdate: 1376 AD
Birthplace: Batres, Spain
Died: 1458 AD
Antonio Rodriguez de las Heras
0
Birthdate: September 19, 1947
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Vigo, Spain
Died: June 5, 2020