Famous Spanish Historians

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Bartolomé de las Casas

Bartolomé de las Casas
Famous As: Historian, Priest
Birthdate: November 11, 1474
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: July 18, 1566
Known for works such as Historia de las Indias, Spanish historian Bartolomé de las Casas is remembered as the first to have focused on the exploitation of the indigenous community in the Americas. His life-long struggle to end slavery brought about significant changes in the treatment of colonized people.

 2 Bernal Díaz del Castillo

Bernal Díaz del Castillo
Famous As: Soldier
Birthdate: 1496 AD
Birthplace: Medina del Campo, Spain
Died: January 11, 1584

Military adventurer, conquistador, and colonist settler Bernal Díaz del Castillo is best known for his participation in the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire under Hernán Cortés and for his memoirs, The True History of the Conquest of New Spain.  He was part of three Mexican expeditions, that of Francisco Hernández de Córdoba, Juan de Grijalva and Cortés respectively.

 3 Louis Blanc

Louis Blanc
Famous As: Journalist, Politician, Historian, Writer
Birthdate: October 29, 1811
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Madrid
Died: December 6, 1882

French socialist and politician Louis Blanc is best remembered for supporting the formation of "social workshops" led by workers. He initially studied law, before he started writing for journals and then eventually launched his own newspaper, Revue du progress, which published his most notable work L’Organisation du travail.

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 4 Antonio Cánovas del Castillo

Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
Famous As: Prime minister of Spain
Birthdate: February 8, 1828
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Málaga, Spain
Died: August 8, 1897

While he initially studied law, Antonio Cánovas del Castillo showed a marked interest in history and politics, too. The six-time prime minister of Spain led the Conservative Party. As a historian, he had penned works such as History of the Decline of Spain. He was assassinated by an Italian anarchist.

 5 Salvador de Madariaga

Salvador de Madariaga
Famous As: Diplomat
Birthdate: July 23, 1886
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: A Coruña, Spain
Died: December 14, 1978

Spanish diplomat, writer, historian, and pacifist Salvador de Madariaga is best-remembered for his service at the League of Nations and for his books and essays. He was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize and Nobel Prize in Literature, and received the Karlspreis. One of his novels, The Heart of Jade is widely regarded as a remarkable work of modern Spanish-language literature.

 6 Luisa Isabel Álvarez de Toledo, 21st Duchess of Medina Sidonia

Luisa Isabel Álvarez de Toledo, 21st Duchess of Medina Sidonia
Famous As: Duchess, Historian
Birthdate: August 21, 1936
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Villa Guzmán el Bueno, Estoril, Portugal
Died: March 7, 2008

 7 Diego Duran

Diego Duran
Famous As: Historian, Writer, Dominican friar, Missionary
Birthdate: June 15, 1537
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Seville
Died: 1588 AD
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 8 Abraham ben David Halevi ibn Daud

Abraham ben David Halevi ibn Daud
Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: 1110 AD
Birthplace: Córdoba, Spain
Died: 1180 AD

Best known for his treatises Sefer ha-kabbala and Sefer ha-emuna ha-rama, Abraham ben David Halevi ibn Daud was a 12th-century Spanish-Jewish philosopher, historian, and physician. Also known as Rabad I, or Ravad I, he was the first real Aristotelian Jew. Some historians believe he died a martyr.

 9 Ramón Menéndez Pidal

Ramón Menéndez Pidal
Famous As: Philologist
Birthdate: March 13, 1869
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: A Coruña, Spain
Died: November 14, 1968

 10 Juan de Mariana

Juan de Mariana
Famous As: Priest
Birthdate: September 25, 1536
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Talavera de la Reina, Spain
Died: February 17, 1624

 11 Lucius Cornelius Balbus

Lucius Cornelius Balbus
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 0100 AD
Birthplace: Cádiz, Spain

 12 José de Anchieta

José de Anchieta
Famous As: Missionary
Birthdate: March 19, 1534
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: San Cristóbal de la Laguna
Died: June 9, 1597

An influential Jesuit missionary in the Portuguese colony of Brazil, José de Anchieta worked with the indigenous population, converting many of them into Catholic faith. He also wrote Arte de grammtica da lingoa mais usada na costa do Brasil, providing orthography to the local Tupi language and is known to co-found the cities of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.

 13 Marcelino Menéndez y Pelayo

Marcelino Menéndez y Pelayo
Famous As: Scholar
Birthdate: November 3, 1856
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Santander, Spain
Died: May 19, 1912

Five-time Nobel Prize in Literature-nominated Spanish historian and literary critic Marcelino Menéndez y Pelayo was also a professor of Spanish literature. He also owned a library of around 45,000 books. Interestingly, a law was passed just to let him become a professor at the tender age of 22.

 14 Ibn al-Qūṭiyya

Ibn al-Qūṭiyya
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Córdoba, Spain
Died: November 6, 0977

 15 Pero López de Ayala

Pero López de Ayala
Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: 1332 AD
Birthplace: Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
Died: 1407 AD

 16 Alfonso Pérez Sánchez

Alfonso Pérez Sánchez
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: 1935 AD
Birthplace: Cartagena, Spain
Died: 2010 AD

While he initially studied philosophy and literature, Alfonso Pérez Sánchez later also learned film direction. Apart from teaching at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, the Spanish art historian also served as the director of the Museo del Prado. He organized exhibitions and was also part of a ministry of culture commission.

 17 Antonio Piñero

Antonio Piñero
Famous As: Philologist
Birthdate: August 14, 1941
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Chipiona, Spain

 18 Julio Caro Baroja

Julio Caro Baroja
Famous As: Anthropologist
Birthdate: November 13, 1914
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: August 18, 1995

 19 Ibn al-Abbār

Ibn al-Abbār
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: 1199 AD
Birthplace: Valencia, Spain
Died: January 6, 1260

 20 José María Valverde

José María Valverde
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: January 26, 1926
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Valencia de Alcántara, Spain
Died: June 6, 1996

 21 Jerónimo de Zurita y Castro

Jerónimo de Zurita y Castro
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: December 4, 1512
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Zaragoza, Spain
Died: November 3, 1580

 22 Enrique Flórez

Enrique Flórez
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: July 21, 1702
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain
Died: August 20, 1773

 23 Fernán Pérez de Guzmán

Fernán Pérez de Guzmán
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: 1376 AD
Birthplace: Batres, Spain
Died: 1458 AD

 24 Antonio Rodriguez de las Heras

Antonio Rodriguez de las Heras
Famous As: Distorian
Birthdate: September 19, 1947
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Vigo, Spain
Died: June 5, 2020