Famous Russian Essayists

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 1 
Maxim Gorky
(Russian Writer Best Known for His Works 'The Lower Depths', 'Mother', 'Chelkash' and 'Children of the Sun')
Maxim Gorky
4
Birthdate: March 28, 1868
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Died: June 18, 1936

Maxim Gorky was a writer and political activist. He is best remembered for founding the socialist realism literary method. Gorky, who was nominated for the prestigious Nobel Prize in Literature on five occasions, published several novels that were later adapted into plays, films, and operas. In 1938, Valery Zhelobinsky adapted Gorky's novel Mother into an opera.

 2 
Joseph Brodsky
(Poet, Essayist and Winner of 1987 Nobel Prize in Literature)
Joseph Brodsky
3
Birthdate: May 24, 1940
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: January 28, 1996
Nobel Prize-winning Russian-American poet Joseph Brodsky is remembered for his elegiac and lyric poems. While he had started writing poems soon after leaving school, he was sentenced to hard labor by the Soviets for his irregular work record. He later moved to the U.S., where he taught at various universities.
 3 
Lou Andreas-Salomé
(Russian Novelist, Essayist and Psychoanalyst)
Lou Andreas-Salomé
3
Birthdate: February 12, 1861
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: February 5, 1937

Russian-born German author Lou Andreas-Salomé apparently rejected renowned philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche’s marriage proposal and then married a professor instead. A skilled psychoanalyst, she was also close to Rainer Maria Rilke and Sigmund Freud. She was one of the first to offer a psychoanalytic perspective to female sexuality.

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 4 
Yevgeny Yevtushenko
(Writer Best Known for 'Babiyy Yar', a Political Poem)
Yevgeny Yevtushenko
3
Birthdate: July 18, 1932
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nizhneudinsk, Russia
Died: April 1, 2017

Russian author Yevgeny Yevtushenko, known for works such as Wild Berries and Bratsk Station, is also remembered for his advocacy of artistic freedom in Russian literature rather than a reliance on political overtones. Following the death of Stalin, he focused on using unadulterated language and lyrics with a personal touch.

 5 
Boris Akunin
(Writer of detective and historical fiction)
Boris Akunin
3
Birthdate: May 20, 1956
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Zestafoni, Georgia
 6 
Osip Mandelstam
3
Birthdate: January 14, 1891
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: December 27, 1938
 7 
Korney Chukovsky
2
Birthdate: March 31, 1882
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: St. Petersburg, Russia
Died: October 28, 1969
 8 
Ignatiy Vishnevetsky
2
Birthdate: September 5, 1986
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
 9 
Fazil Iskander
2
Birthdate: March 6, 1929
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Sokhumi, Abkhazia
Died: July 31, 2016
Saul Tchernichowsky
2
Birthdate: August 20, 1875
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Crimea, Ukraine
Died: October 14, 1943
Konstantin Batyushkov
1
Birthdate: May 29, 1787
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vologda, Russia
Died: July 19, 1855
 12 
Fyodor Abramov
1
Birthdate: February 29, 1920
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Verkola, Russia
Died: May 14, 1983
Vasily Trediakovsky
1
Birthdate: March 5, 1703
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Astrakhan, Russia
Died: August 17, 1768
 14 
Vladimir Maksimov
0
Birthdate: November 27, 1930
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: March 26, 1995