Famous Russian Economists

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 1 
Yulia Navalnaya
(Economist)
Yulia Navalnaya
6
Birthdate: July 24, 1976
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia

Born to a scientist father, Yulia Navalnaya grew up to be an acclaimed economist. She met her husband, lawyer and Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny, while vacationing in Turkey. She has since been beside him through a number of tumultuous events, including his alleged poisoning by Russian officials.

 2 
Wassily Leontief
(Nobel Prize Winner in Economics)
Wassily Leontief
4
Birthdate: August 5, 1906
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: February 5, 1999
Wassily Leontief was a Soviet-American economist best remembered for his work on input-output analysis, which earned him the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1973. He has also contributed to other areas of economics like international trade. The Global Development and Environment Institute has established the Leontief Prize in his honor; the award is presented every year to deserving candidates.
 3 
Elvira Nabiullina
(Russian Economist and Governor of the Bank of Russia)
Elvira Nabiullina
3
Birthdate: October 29, 1963
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ufa, Russia

The first woman to serve as the governor of the Central Bank of Russia, Elvira Nabiullina has also been an economic advisor to Russian president Vladamir Putin. The daughter of a factory manager mother and a driver father, she made it to the Forbes Power Women 2020 list.

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 4 
Alexey Miller
(Deputy Chairman of the Board of Directors and CEO of the Russian energy company Gazprom)
Alexey Miller
3
Birthdate: January 31, 1962
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
 5 
Yegor Gaidar
(Former Acting Prime Minister of Russia)
Yegor Gaidar
4
Birthdate: March 19, 1956
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: December 16, 2009

The son of military correspondent Timur Gaidar, Yegor Gaidar initially worked as an economics researcher. He later became the minister of finance and administered shock therapy reforms. He also served as the deputy PM. He was poisoned while having breakfast at a conference in Ireland and died 3 years later.

 6 
Leonid Kantorovich
(Russian Mathematician and Winner of the 1975 Nobel Prize in Economics)
Leonid Kantorovich
3
Birthdate: January 19, 1912
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: April 7, 1986

Leonid Kantorovich was a Soviet economist and mathematician. Credited with founding linear programming, Kantorovich was honored with the prestigious Stalin Prize in 1949. In 1975, he won the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his work on the theory of optimum allocation of resources. He also made important contributions to functional analysis, operator theory, and approximation theory.

 7 
Igor Smirnov
(Politician, Engineer, Economist)
Igor Smirnov
3
Birthdate: October 23, 1941
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky

From serving in Soviet labor camps to working at a metallurgical factory, Igor Smirnov had done it all before he joined the campaign to free Transnistria. He eventually became the region’s first president, in spite of it not being recognized as an independent state internationally.

 8 
Pyotr Aven
(Head of Alfa-Bank)
Pyotr Aven
1
Birthdate: March 16, 1955
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
 9 
Nikolai Kondratiev
(Russian Economist Known for His Contributions to 'Business Cycle Theory' Known as 'Kondratiev Waves')
Nikolai Kondratiev
2
Birthdate: March 4, 1892
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Galuevskaya, Russia
Died: September 17, 1938

Russian Soviet economist, statistician and proponent of the New Economic Policy (NEP) Nikolai Kondratiev, one of the early leading figures of Soviet economics, is best remembered for the business cycle theory called Kondratiev waves. Major works of Kondratiev include The Grain Market and The World Economy and its Conjunctures During and After the War.

 10 
Herman Gref
(Russian Businessman and Politician)
Herman Gref
1
Birthdate: February 8, 1964
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Panfilovo, Kazakhstan
 11 
Alexei Kudrin
(4th Chairman of the Accounts Chamber)
Alexei Kudrin
2
Birthdate: October 12, 1960
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dobele, Latvia
Height: 5'10" (178 cm)
 12 
Anatoliy Serdyukov
(Politician, Businessperson, Economist)
Anatoliy Serdyukov
3
Birthdate: January 8, 1962
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Krasnodar Krai
 13 
Igor Ansoff
(Mathematician, Economist, University teacher)
Igor Ansoff
1
Birthdate: December 12, 1918
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vladivostok
Died: July 14, 2002

Best known as the father of strategic management for devising the strategy model known as Ansoff’s matrix, Russian-American applied mathematician Igor Ansoff had also taught at the Carnegie Mellon University. He had also managed countless technology projects and consulted with companies such as IBM, Gulf, and General Electric.

 14 
Tatyana Golikova
(Politician, Economist)
Tatyana Golikova
2
Birthdate: February 9, 1966
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mytishchi, Russia

From being the chief economist of the Russian finance ministry to serving as the deputy prime minister for social policy, Tatyana Golikova has done it all. Known as Miss Budget in popular media, she specializes in labor economics. She was also named Madam Arbidol for her alleged association with Pharmstandard.

 15 
Michael Rostovtzeff
(Russian Archaeologist and Historian)
Michael Rostovtzeff
1
Birthdate: November 10, 1870
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Zhytomyr, Ukraine
Died: October 20, 1952

Russian historian Mikhail Ivanovich Rostovtzeff is best-known for producing significant works on ancient Roman and Greek history. He emerged as an influential authority on ancient-history of South Russia and Ukraine while working in Russia. The term caravan city is believed to have been coined by him. Noted books of Rostovtzeff include Dura-Europos and Its Art and Skythien und der Bosporus.

 16 
Nikolay Yakovlevich Danilevsky
(Philosopher)
Nikolay Yakovlevich Danilevsky
1
Birthdate: December 10, 1822
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Obertse, Russia
Died: November 19, 1885

Russian naturalist and philosopher Nikolay Yakovlevich Danilevsky is remembered for opposing Darwin’s theory of evolution and for mingling Russian nationalism with his own study of natural history. He likened cultures to species and claimed that each culture was unique and could not pass on cultural traits to other cultures.

 17 
Constantin Gurdgiev
(Economist known for his dissenting views)
Constantin Gurdgiev
1
Birthdate: 1970 AD
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
 18 
Peter Struve
(Russian Political Economist, Philosopher and Historian)
Peter Struve
0
Birthdate: January 26, 1870
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Perm, Russia
Died: February 22, 1944

Russian political-economist, historian and editor Peter Struve, initially a Marxist, became a liberal following his arrest and exile from Russia in 1901. After returning to Russia in 1905, he co-founded the liberal Constitutional Democratic Party. He joined the White movement after the Bolshevik Revolution. He lived in exile in Paris from 1920 and emerged as a noted critic of Russian Communism.

 19 
Yekaterina Kuskova
(Russian Economist and Politician Who Opposed the Bolshevik Government)
Yekaterina Kuskova
0
Birthdate: November 23, 1869
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Ufa, Russia
Died: December 22, 1958

Economist, journalist and politician Yekaterina Dmitriyevna Kuskova of the Russian Empire advocated for social reformism and opposed the Bolsheviks and Vladimir Lenin’s authoritarian policies following the October Revolution. She was a member of the nascent Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party (RSDRP) and later became a founding member of the liberal Union of Liberation, which was renamed as the Constitutional-Democratic Party (KDP).

 20 
Boris Fyodorov
(Former Minister of Finance of the Russia and Deputy Prime Minister of Russia)
Boris Fyodorov
0
Birthdate: February 13, 1958
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: November 20, 2008

Russian economist, politician, and reformer Boris Fyodorov served as minister of finance of the RSFSR, minister of finance of Russia and deputy Prime Minister of Russia. He worked for the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in London, served as director of the World Bank and as board member of several companies, including Gazprom. He also co-founded the United Financial Group UFG.

 21 
Vladimir Lopukhin
(Politician)
Vladimir Lopukhin
2
Birthdate: May 23, 1952
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: May 26, 2020

The son of a KGB officer who was thrown out of the U.S. for spying as a journalist, Russian economist Vladimir Lopukhin had served as his country’s first energy minister. He had also been part of the boards of various banks and investment companies. He died of COVID-19 at age 68.

 22 
Nikolay Turgenev
(Economist)
Nikolay Turgenev
1
Birthdate: October 23, 1789
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ulyanovsk, Russia
Died: November 10, 1871

Best remembered as a co-founder of the Northern Society of the Decembrist revolution, Russian economist and revolutionary Nikolay Turgenev was inspired by the French Revolution in his youth. He opposed serfdom and penned various books such as Experience of the Theory of Taxation and Russia and the Russians.

 23 
Nikolai von Bunge
(Russian Economist and Statesman)
Nikolai von Bunge
0
Birthdate: November 23, 1823
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kyiv, Ukraine
Died: June 15, 1895

Liberal Russian economist, statesman and academician of St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences Nikolai Bunge, was the leading architect of Russian capitalism during the reign of Alexander III. As finance minister, Bunge made several reforms to modernize the Russian economy. He consolidated the Empire’s banking system, introduced significant tax law changes and founded the Peasants' Land Bank to help peasants purchase lands.