Famous Russian Economists

Find out more about the greatest Russian Economists, including Sergey Shoygu, Viktor Zubkov, Wassily Leontief, Yevgeny Primakov and Vagit Alekperov.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite Russian Economists

 1 Peter Kropotkin

Peter Kropotkin
4
Famous As: Philosopher & Activist
Birthdate: December 9, 1842
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: February 8, 1921

Russian philosopher Peter Kropotkin was a passionate advocate of anarcho-communism. He was also an activist, revolutionary, economist, and sociologist. He was arrested and imprisoned for his activism in 1874. However, he managed to escape and lived in exile for over 40 years in different countries across Europe. He returned to Russia after the Russian Revolution in 1917. 

 2 Yulia Navalnaya

Yulia Navalnaya
4
Famous As: Economist
Birthdate: July 24, 1976
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia

Born to a scientist father, Yulia Navalnaya grew up to be an acclaimed economist. She met her husband, lawyer and Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny, while vacationing in Turkey. She has since been beside him through a number of tumultuous events, including his alleged poisoning by Russian officials.

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 3 Sergey Shoygu

Sergey Shoygu
4
Famous As: Politician, Military personnel, Economist
Birthdate: May 21, 1955
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Chadan

 4 Wassily Leontief

Wassily Leontief
3
Famous As: Nobel Prize Winner in Economics
Birthdate: August 5, 1906
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: February 5, 1999
Wassily Leontief was a Soviet-American economist best remembered for his work on input-output analysis, which earned him the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1973. He has also contributed to other areas of economics like international trade. The Global Development and Environment Institute has established the Leontief Prize in his honor; the award is presented every year to deserving candidates.

 5 Vagit Alekperov

Vagit Alekperov
3
Famous As: Entrepreneur, Engineer, Economist
Birthdate: September 1, 1950
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Baku

 6 Viktor Zubkov

Viktor Zubkov
3
Famous As: Politician, Entrepreneur, Economist
Birthdate: September 15, 1941
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Sverdlovsk Oblast

Russian civil servant, politician and businessman Viktor Zubkov, who held different positions in the Leningrad Oblast, served as the 36th Prime Minister of Russia under President Vladimir Putin. When Putin became Prime Minister, Zubkov became first Deputy Prime Minister of Russia. Zubkov presently serves as chairman of the board of directors of Gazprom, by revenue the largest company in Russia.

 7 Yevgeny Primakov

Yevgeny Primakov
3
Famous As: Geopolitician, Politician, Diplomat, Journalist, Economist
Birthdate: October 29, 1929
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kiev
Died: June 26, 2015

Former Russian prime minister Yevgeny Primakov had begun his career as a journalist for Pravda. He later went on multiple espionage missions as a KGB official, using the codename MAKSIM. He also denied reports that his father was a victim of the Stalinist purge and that he had changed his surname.

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 8 Mikhail Kasyanov

Mikhail Kasyanov
3
Famous As: Politician, Economist
Birthdate: December 8, 1957
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Moscow

Former Russian prime minister Mikhail Kasyanov was born to a math teacher father and an economist mother. He had been a skilled cellist and had a rock group in his early days. He grew up to be a renowned engineer and economist and also co-founded the opposition group The Other Russia.

 9 Viktor Chernomyrdin

Viktor Chernomyrdin
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: April 9, 1938
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Chernyy Otrog, Russia
Died: November 3, 2010

Viktor Chernomyrdin had started his career at an oil refinery. He later became the Russian gas industry minister and the prime minister of Russia. He was also widely infamous for his idioms in syntactically incorrect language, later named Chernomyrdinki. A new diesel-electric icebreaker has been named after him.

 10 Alexey Miller

Alexey Miller
2
Famous As: Businessperson, Economist
Birthdate: January 31, 1962
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg

 11 Yegor Gaidar

Yegor Gaidar
3
Famous As: Economist
Birthdate: March 19, 1956
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: December 16, 2009

The son of military correspondent Timur Gaidar, Yegor Gaidar initially worked as an economics researcher. He later became the minister of finance and administered shock therapy reforms. He also served as the deputy PM. He was poisoned while having breakfast at a conference in Ireland and died 3 years later.

 12 Leonid Kantorovich

Leonid Kantorovich
2
Famous As: Economist
Birthdate: January 19, 1912
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Died: April 7, 1986

Leonid Kantorovich was a Soviet economist and mathematician. Credited with founding linear programming, Kantorovich was honored with the prestigious Stalin Prize in 1949. In 1975, he won the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his work on the theory of optimum allocation of resources. He also made important contributions to functional analysis, operator theory, and approximation theory.

 13 Sergey Naryshkin

Sergey Naryshkin
2
Famous As: Politician, Economist
Birthdate: October 27, 1954
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg

Russian politician and businessman Sergey Naryshkin is the current director of the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service. After studying engineering initially, he had gained an economics degree, too, though it was later revealed that his economics dissertation was plagiarized. He also heads the Russian History Society.

 14 Mikhail Fradkov

Mikhail Fradkov
2
Famous As: Politician, Economist
Birthdate: September 1, 1950
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Samara

The current director of the Russian Institute for Strategic Studies, Mikhail Fradkov had begun his career working with the Soviet embassy in India. He has also been the prime minister of Russia and has headed the Foreign Intelligence Service. His was the first Russian government to voluntarily resign.

 15 Alexander Rutskoy

Alexander Rutskoy
2
Famous As: Politician, Military personnel, Economist
Birthdate: September 16, 1947
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Khmelnytskyi

Russian politician and ex-Soviet military officer Alexander Rutskoy served as the only Vice President of Russia. He also served asthe Governor of Kursk Oblast for four years and is most noted for playing a key role during Russian constitutional crisis of 1993, when the Russian parliament impeached Russian president Boris Yeltsin and proclaimed Rutskoy as the acting president of Russia.

 16 Elvira Nabiullina

Elvira Nabiullina
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Famous As: Economist, Politician, Banker
Birthdate: October 29, 1963
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ufa

The first woman to serve as the governor of the Central Bank of Russia, Elvira Nabiullina has also been an economic advisor to Russian president Vladamir Putin. The daughter of a factory manager mother and a driver father, she made it to the Forbes Power Women 2020 list.

 17 Sergei Bulgakov

Sergei Bulgakov
2
Famous As: Theologian
Birthdate: July 28, 1871
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Livny, Russia
Died: July 12, 1944

Born into a family of Russian Orthodox priests, Sergei Bulgakov, had grown distant from theology in his youth and studied law and political economy instead. Though he experimented with Marxism, he later moved back to the Church and formed what is now known as sophiology.

 18 Nikolai Kondratiev

Nikolai Kondratiev
2
Famous As: Economist
Birthdate: March 4, 1892
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Kostroma Governorate
Died: September 17, 1938

Russian Soviet economist, statistician and proponent of the New Economic Policy (NEP) Nikolai Kondratiev, one of the early leading figures of Soviet economics, is best remembered for the business cycle theory called Kondratiev waves. Major works of Kondratiev include The Grain Market and The World Economy and its Conjunctures During and After the War.

 19 Igor Smirnov

Igor Smirnov
2
Famous As: Politician, Engineer, Economist
Birthdate: October 23, 1941
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky

From serving in Soviet labor camps to working at a metallurgical factory, Igor Smirnov had done it all before he joined the campaign to free Transnistria. He eventually became the region’s first president, in spite of it not being recognized as an independent state internationally.

 20 Anatoliy Serdyukov

Anatoliy Serdyukov
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Famous As: Politician, Businessperson, Economist
Birthdate: January 8, 1962
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Krasnodar Krai

 21 Alexei Kudrin

Alexei Kudrin
1
Famous As: Politician, Economist
Birthdate: October 12, 1960
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dobele

 22 Igor Ansoff

Igor Ansoff
1
Famous As: Mathematician, Economist, University teacher
Birthdate: December 12, 1918
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vladivostok
Died: July 14, 2002

Best known as the father of strategic management for devising the strategy model known as Ansoff’s matrix, Russian-American applied mathematician Igor Ansoff had also taught at the Carnegie Mellon University. He had also managed countless technology projects and consulted with companies such as IBM, Gulf, and General Electric.

 23 Yevgeny Shevchuk

Yevgeny Shevchuk
1
Famous As: Politician, Economist
Birthdate: June 19, 1968
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rîbnița

 24 Pyotr Aven

Pyotr Aven
1
Famous As: Politician, Banker, Economist
Birthdate: March 16, 1955
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Moscow

 25 Tatyana Golikova

Tatyana Golikova
1
Famous As: Politician, Economist
Birthdate: February 9, 1966
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mytishchi, Russia

From being the chief economist of the Russian finance ministry to serving as the deputy prime minister for social policy, Tatyana Golikova has done it all. Known as Miss Budget in popular media, she specializes in labor economics. She was also named Madam Arbidol for her alleged association with Pharmstandard.

 26 Michael Ivanovich Rostovtzeff

Michael Ivanovich Rostovtzeff
1
Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: November 10, 1870
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Zhytomyr, Ukraine
Died: October 20, 1952

Russian historian Mikhail Ivanovich Rostovtzeff is best-known for producing significant works on ancient Roman and Greek history. He emerged as an influential authority on ancient-history of South Russia and Ukraine while working in Russia. The term caravan city is believed to have been coined by him. Noted books of Rostovtzeff include Dura-Europos and Its Art and Skythien und der Bosporus.

 27 Nikolay Yakovlevich Danilevsky

Nikolay Yakovlevich Danilevsky
1
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: December 10, 1822
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Obertse, Russia
Died: November 19, 1885

Russian naturalist and philosopher Nikolay Yakovlevich Danilevsky is remembered for opposing Darwin’s theory of evolution and for mingling Russian nationalism with his own study of natural history. He likened cultures to species and claimed that each culture was unique and could not pass on cultural traits to other cultures.

 28 Vladimir Lopukhin

Vladimir Lopukhin
1
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: May 23, 1952
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: May 26, 2020

The son of a KGB officer who was thrown out of the U.S. for spying as a journalist, Russian economist Vladimir Lopukhin had served as his country’s first energy minister. He had also been part of the boards of various banks and investment companies. He died of COVID-19 at age 68.

 29 Boris Fyodorov

Boris Fyodorov
0
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 13, 1958
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: November 19, 2008

Russian economist, politician, and reformer Boris Fyodorov served as minister of finance of the RSFSR, minister of finance of Russia and deputy Prime Minister of Russia. He worked for the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in London, served as director of the World Bank and as board member of several companies, including Gazprom. He also co-founded the United Financial Group UFG.

 30 Nikolai von Bunge

Nikolai von Bunge
0
Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: November 23, 1823
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kyiv, Ukraine
Died: June 15, 1895

Liberal Russian economist, statesman and academician of St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences Nikolai Bunge, was the leading architect of Russian capitalism during the reign of Alexander III. As finance minister, Bunge made several reforms to modernize the Russian economy. He consolidated the Empire’s banking system, introduced significant tax law changes and founded the Peasants' Land Bank to help peasants purchase lands.

 31 Yekaterina Kuskova

Yekaterina Kuskova
0
Famous As: Economist
Birthdate: December 5, 1869
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Russia
Died: December 22, 1958

Economist, journalist and politician Yekaterina Dmitriyevna Kuskova of the Russian Empire advocated for social reformism and opposed the Bolsheviks and Vladimir Lenin’s authoritarian policies following the October Revolution. She was a member of the nascent Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party (RSDRP) and later became a founding member of the liberal Union of Liberation, which was renamed as the Constitutional-Democratic Party (KDP).

 32 Nikolay Turgenev

Nikolay Turgenev
0
Famous As: Economist
Birthdate: October 23, 1789
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ulyanovsk, Russia
Died: November 10, 1871

Best remembered as a co-founder of the Northern Society of the Decembrist revolution, Russian economist and revolutionary Nikolay Turgenev was inspired by the French Revolution in his youth. He opposed serfdom and penned various books such as Experience of the Theory of Taxation and Russia and the Russians.