Famous Romanian Writers

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 1 
Ovid
(Poet)
Ovid
5
Birthdate: March 20, 0043
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Sulmo, Italy, Roman Republic
Died: 0017 AD

Roman poet Publius Ovidius Naso, better known as Ovid, lived during the rule of Augustus. He is held at par with Latin legends Virgil and Horace. Remembered for his mythological masterpiece the Metamorphoses, a 15-book Latin poem, he spent his final years exiled in a city on the Black Sea.

 2 
Emil Cioran
(One of the Finest Philosophers and Critical Writers from Romania)
Emil Cioran
3
Birthdate: April 8, 1911
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Rasinari, Romania
Died: July 20, 1995
Born to a priest father, Romanian philosopher Emil Cioran grew up to include religious and melancholic themes in his works. His award-winning bestseller A Short History of Decay was followed by books such as The Trouble with Being Born, all of which spoke of illness and suicide.
 3 
Mircea Eliade
(Historian of Religion and Author)
Mircea Eliade
3
Birthdate: March 13, 1907
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bucharest, Romania
Died: April 22, 1986

Mircea Eliade was a Romanian fiction writer, historian of religion, professor at the University of Chicago, and philosopher. His stories and novels have been adapted into films, such as The Bengali Night, which was directed by Nicolas Klotz. His works have also influenced writers all over the world.

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 4 
Mihai Eminescu
(The National Poet of Romania and a Major Figure of Romanticism)
Mihai Eminescu
3
Birthdate: January 15, 1850
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Botoșani, Romania
Died: June 15, 1889

Considered the national poet of Romania, Mihai Eminescu was a major figure of Romanticism in Romanian literature. Starting as an editor for the paper Timpul, he later penned iconic poems such as Luceafărul, or The Evening Star, and stories such as Sărmanul Dionis and Cezara. He, unfortunately, died in a mental asylum.

 5 
Corneliu Zelea Codreanu
(Romanian Politician & Founder and Leader of the Legionary Movement (Iron Guard))
Corneliu Zelea Codreanu
5
Birthdate: September 13, 1899
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Huși
Died: November 30, 1938

Romanian far-right politician Corneliu Zelea Codreanu founded the anti-Semitic and fascist movement called Iron Guard, also known as the Legionary Movement. While the movement turned into a successful political party, it was crushed by King Carol II, while Codreanu was imprisoned and then shot to death while escaping.

 6 
Paul Celan
(One of the Most Important and Influential German-Language Poets of the Post-Second World War Era)
Paul Celan
8
Birthdate: November 23, 1920
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Chernivtsi, Ukraine
Died: April 20, 1970

Paul Celan was a Romanian-born poet who wrote in the German language. One of the most important and influential German-language poets of the post-Second World War era, Celan was awarded the Bremen Literature Prize and the Georg Büchner Prize in 1958 and 1960 respectively. Paul Celan is also remembered for his work as a translator.

 7 
Edward Luttwak
(American Author and Historian Who is Known for His Works on Military Strategy, Geoeconomics and International Relations)
Edward Luttwak
4
Birthdate: November 4, 1942
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Arad

Edward Luttwak is an American author best known for his works on military strategy, grand strategy, military history, geoeconomics, and international relations. One of Edward Luttwak's well-known books, Strategy: The Logic of War and Peace, is used extensively at war colleges all over the world.

 8 
Miklós Nyiszli
(Physician, Writer)
Miklós Nyiszli
5
Birthdate: June 17, 1901
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Șimleu Silvaniei
Died: May 5, 1956

Hungarian Jewish doctor and forensic pathologist Miklós Nyiszli was sent to Auschwitz along with his family. He survived the concentration camp to tell the tale in his iconic book Auschwitz: A Doctor’s Eyewitness Account. Though he escaped death, he was forced to conduct experiments on fellow inmates under Dr. Josef Mengele.

 9 
Ion Creanga
(Romanian Author Who Was a Prominent Member of the Junimea Literary Society)
Ion Creanga
4
Birthdate: March 1, 1837
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Târgu Neamț, Moldavia
Died: December 31, 1889

Romanian author Ion Creanga is best remembered for his pioneering contribution to children’s literature, Childhood Memories. He was associated with the Romanian literary society Junimea and the realist art movement. He also enriched the folklore of Romania, drawing on the fairy tales of his land.

 10 
Ion Luca Caragiale
(Romanian Playwright, Poet, and Short Story Writer Known for His Satirical Works)
Ion Luca Caragiale
3
Birthdate: January 30, 1852
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: I. L. Caragiale, Romania
Died: June 9, 1912

Romanian playwright, author, and poet Ion Luca Caragiale was known for his biting satire and parody. A Stormy Night and A Lost Letter are 2 of his best-known dramatic works. At various times, he had also been a journalist, a civil servant, and a restaurateur.

 11 
Andrei Alexandrescu
(Computer Programmer Known for his Groundbreaking Work on Policy-Based Design Implemented Through Template Metaprogramming)
Andrei Alexandrescu
4
Birthdate: 1969 AD
Birthplace: Bucharest

Andrei Alexandrescu is a Romanian-American computer programmer. He is best known for his groundbreaking work on policy-based design implemented through template metaprogramming. Andrei Alexandrescu is also known for authoring the book, Modern C++ Design.

 12 
Ion Mihai Pacepa
(Romanian Author Who Wrote on the Inner Operations of Communist Intelligence Services)
Ion Mihai Pacepa
5
Birthdate: October 28, 1928
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bucharest
Ion Mihai Pacepa was a Romanian writer best remembered for writing articles and books on the inner operations of communist intelligence services. Some of his best known books are Red Horizons and Disinformation. Ion Mihai Pacepa also served as a general in the Securitate, a secret police agency of the Socialist Republic of Romania.
 
 13 
Lucian Blaga
(Romanian Poet, Philosopher, Poetry Translator, Playwright, and Novelist)
Lucian Blaga
2
Birthdate: May 9, 1895
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Lancram, Alba, Romania
Died: May 6, 1961

Lucian Blaga was a Romanian poet, philosopher, poetry translator, playwright, and novelist. He was also associated with the University of Cluj, where he worked as a professor of cultural philosophy. Over the course of his career, Lucian Blaga was honored with several prestigious awards, such as the Hamagiu Award and a nomination for the Nobel Prize for Literature.

 14 
Mircea Cărtărescu
(Prominent Romanian Novelist, Poet, and Short Story Writer)
Mircea Cărtărescu
3
Birthdate: June 1, 1956
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bucharest, Romania

One of Romania’s most prominent novelists, short story writers, and poets, Mircea Cărtărescu is best known for his novels such as Travesti and Nostalgia. He has previously been a Writers' Union of Romania writer-in-residence and has also taught at the universities of Bucharest, Amsterdam, and Stuttgart.

 15 
Neagu Djuvara
(Romanian Historian, Journalist, Academic, Diplomat, and Writer)
Neagu Djuvara
2
Birthdate: August 18, 1916
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bucharest, Romania
Died: January 25, 2018

Romanian historian, journalist, and author Neagu Djuvara had also been a diplomat. His political activities got him exiled, and he remained in Paris for a while and then settled in Niger as a foreign ministry advisor. He also taught at the University of Niamey and, later, at the University of Bucharest.

 16 
Corneliu Vadim Tudor
(Member of the European Parliament for Romania (2009 - 2014))
Corneliu Vadim Tudor
3
Birthdate: November 28, 1949
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bucharest, Romania
Died: September 14, 2015

Known for his extremist views, Romanian politician Corneliu Vadim Tudor established the Romania Mare Party and became known as one of the most significant figures of Romanian politics following the Romanian Revolution. An author and journalist, too, he served as the court poet to dictator Nicolae Ceausescu.

 17 
Irving Layton
(Canadian Poet)
Irving Layton
3
Birthdate: March 12, 1912
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Targu Neamt, Romania
Died: January 4, 2006
The Romanian-born Canadian poet Irving Layton did not start writing poems formally until he reached his 30s. He was a talented lyricist he considered himself a "romantic with a sense of irony." Known for his honest, outspoken, flamboyant and frank writing, Layton was nominated for the Nobel Prize for literature in 1982 and 1983.
 18 
Tudor Arghezi
(Romanian Author and Poet Known for Enriching Romanian Children's Literature)
Tudor Arghezi
2
Birthdate: May 21, 1880
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bucharest, Romania
Died: July 14, 1967

Romanian author Ion N. Theodorescu, better known as Tudor Arghezi, is remembered for his contribution to Romanian children’s literature and for introducing a new lyric poetry form. He was a leading figure of Poporanism and Symbolism in Romania. The novel Wooden Icons and the poetry collection Suitable Words remain 2 of his best-known works.

 19 
Nichita Stănescu
(Romanian Poet and Essayist Who Was Nominated for the Nobel Prize)
Nichita Stănescu
2
Birthdate: March 31, 1933
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Ploiești, Romania
Died: December 13, 1983

Herder Prize-winning Romanian poet and essayist Nichita Stănescu was also nominated for the Nobel Prize. Best known for his work 11 Elegies, he was a Communist at heart and lived most of his live in poverty. He was posthumously made a member of The Romanian Academy.

 20 
Mihail Sadoveanu
(Romanian Political Figure, Journalist, Short Story Writer, and Novelist)
Mihail Sadoveanu
3
Birthdate: November 5, 1880
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Pascani, Moldova, Romania
Died: October 19, 1961

Mihail Sadoveanu was a Romanian political figure, journalist, short story writer, and novelist. One of the most prolific writers of Romania, Sadoveanu is best remembered for his adventure and historical novels. In 1961, Mihail Sadoveanu was honored with the prestigious Lenin Peace Prize

 21 
Octavian Goga
(37th Prime Minister of Romania (1937 - 1938))
Octavian Goga
2
Birthdate: April 1, 1881
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Rășinari, Sibiu County, Romania
Died: May 7, 1938

Right-wing Romanian politician Octavian Goga was a significant part of the Romanian nationalistic movement and the Romanian National Party. He later formed the National Christian Party and led Romania as its prime minister. He was a talented poet, playwright, and journalist, too, and penned works such as The Olt River.

 22 
Liviu Rebreanu
(Romanian Playwright, Novelist, Journalist, and Short Story Writer)
Liviu Rebreanu
2
Birthdate: November 27, 1885
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tarlisua, Romania
Died: September 1, 1944

Liviu Rebreanu was a Romanian playwright, novelist, journalist, and short story writer. Throughout his life, Rebreanu was part of several literary circles. From 1925 to 1932, Liviu Rebreanu served as the president of the Romanian Writers' Society. Some of his notable works include Pădurea spânzuraților, Adam și Eva, and Răscoala.

 23 
Mihail Sebastian
(Playwright)
Mihail Sebastian
2
Birthdate: October 18, 1907
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Brăila, Romania
Died: May 29, 1945
 24 
Anna de Noailles
2
Birthdate: November 15, 1876
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 30, 1933
 25 
Marcel Janco
(Romanian-Israeli Visual Artist and Architect & the Co-Founder of 'Dadaism')
Marcel Janco
2
Birthdate: May 24, 1895
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bucharest, Romania
Died: April 21, 1984

Widely remembered as the co-inventor of Dadaism and a pioneering figure of Constructivism, Marcel Janco was a Romanian-Israeli visual artist and architect. He is also said to have contributed to the "bishop dress" characteristic of Dadaism. He also established the Israeli art colony Ein Hod and founded the avant-garde magazine Contimporanul.

 26 
Sergiu Nicolaescu
(Romanian Actor, Film Director, and Politician)
Sergiu Nicolaescu
3
Birthdate: April 13, 1930
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Târgu Jiu, Gorj, Romania
Died: January 3, 2013

Sergiu Nicolaescu was a Romanian actor, film director, and politician. He is best remembered for his historical films like Mihai Viteazul and Dacii. After starting his career in Romania, Nicolaescu eventually moved to the USA, where he had a successful career. As a politician, Sergiu Nicolaescu played an important role in the 1989 Romanian Revolution.

 27 
Isidore Isou
(Romanian-born French Novelist and Artist Who Founded an Art and Literary Movement Called 'Lettrism')
Isidore Isou
2
Birthdate: January 29, 1925
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Botoşani, Romania
Died: July 28, 2007

Isidore Isou was a Romanian-born French novelist, dramaturge, poet, visual artist, film director, and economist. He is credited with founding an art and literary movement called Lettrism, which owed inspiration to Surrealism and Dadaism. Isidore Isou is best remembered for his revolutionary 1951 movie, Traité de Bave et d'Eternité.

 28 
George Bacovia
2
Birthdate: September 17, 1881
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bacău, Romania
Died: May 22, 1957
 29 
Marin Preda
(Novelist)
Marin Preda
2
Birthdate: August 5, 1922
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Siliștea Gumești, Romania
Died: May 16, 1980
 30 
Elizabeth Bibesco
(English Actress, Socialite, Writer and Daughter of Former British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith)
Elizabeth Bibesco
2
Birthdate: February 26, 1897
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 7, 1945

Elizabeth Bibesco was an English actress, socialite, and writer. From 1921 to 1940, Bibesco published a book of poetry, two plays, four novels, and three collections of short stories. Elizabeth Bibesco is perhaps best remembered as the daughter of former British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith.

 31 
Ioan Petru Culianu
2
Birthdate: January 5, 1950
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Iași, Romania
Died: May 21, 1991
 32 
Ioan Slavici
(Writer)
Ioan Slavici
2
Birthdate: January 18, 1848
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Siria, Transilvania, Romania
Died: August 17, 1925
 33 
Ana Blandiana
2
Birthdate: March 25, 1942
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Timișoara, Romania
 34 
Benjamin Fondane
(Romanian and French Poet, Critic, and Philosopher Associated with Surrealism, Neoromanticism, and Symbolism)
Benjamin Fondane
2
Birthdate: November 14, 1898
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Iași, Romania
Died: October 2, 1944

Romanian and French poet, philosopher, and critic Benjamin Fondane was primarily associated with surrealism and symbolism. He was also a major figure of Jewish existentialism and neoromanticism, and penned a few avant-garde plays, too. Deported from France by the Nazis and sent to Auschwitz, he died in a gas chamber at age 45.

 35 
Dora d'Istria
2
Birthdate: January 22, 1828
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bucharest, Romania
Died: November 17, 1888
 36 
Panait Istrati
3
Birthdate: August 10, 1884
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Brăila, Romania
Died: April 16, 1935
 37 
Veronica Micle
2
Birthdate: April 22, 1850
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Năsăud, Romania
Died: August 3, 1889
 38 
Adrian Păunescu
2
Birthdate: July 20, 1943
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Copăceni, Sîngerei, Moldova
Died: November 5, 2010
 39 
Paul Goma
(Writer)
Paul Goma
2
Birthdate: October 2, 1935
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Mana, Seliște, Moldova
Died: March 25, 2020
 40 
Anton Pann
(Composer, Poet)
Anton Pann
0
Birthdate: 1790 AD
Birthplace: Sliven, Bulgaria
Died: November 2, 1854
 41 
Vladimir Tismăneanu
(Political scientist)
Vladimir Tismăneanu
2
Birthdate: July 4, 1951
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Brașov, Romania
 42 
Ileana Vulpescu
(Philologist)
Ileana Vulpescu
1
Birthdate: May 21, 1932
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bratovoești, Romania
Died: May 12, 2021
 43 
Ion C. Brătianu
(Politician)
Ion C. Brătianu
1
Birthdate: June 2, 1821
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Argeș County, Romania
Died: May 16, 1891
 44 
Iulia Hasdeu
0
Birthdate: November 14, 1869
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bucharest, Romania
Died: September 29, 1888
 45 
Pacuvius
(Poet)
Pacuvius
1
Birthdate: 0220 AD
Birthplace: Brundisium, Italy
Died: 0130 AD
 46 
Păstorel Teodoreanu
(Linguist, Lawyer)
Păstorel Teodoreanu
1
Birthdate: July 30, 1894
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Dorohoi
Died: March 17, 1964
 47 
Ion Agârbiceanu
1
Birthdate: September 12, 1882
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Cenade, Romania
Died: May 28, 1963
 48 
Maria Rosetti
(Former Political activist, Journalist who played an active part in the Wallachian Revolution of 1848)
Maria Rosetti
0
Birthdate: 1819 AD
Birthplace: Guernsey
Died: February 14, 1893
 49 
Julius Meier-Graefe
1
Birthdate: June 10, 1867
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Romania
Died: June 5, 1935
 50 
Corippus
(Poet)
Corippus
1
Birthplace: Africa