Constantin Brâncuși was a Romanian sculptor, painter, and photographer. A pioneer of modernism, he is considered one of the most influential sculptors of the 20th-century. The son of poor parents, he worked hard to fund his training at the Bucharest School of Fine Arts and became a skilled sculptor. He left behind 1200 photographs and 215 sculptures at his death.
A qualified architect, Saul Steinberg later established himself as a cartoonist and an illustrator and is best remembered for his contributions to The New Yorker. Born to Jewish parents in Romania, he escaped to the U.S. in the wake of anti-Semitic attacks. He also designed advertisements, murals, and theater sets.
Romanian-born Swiss artist Daniel Spoerri is best known for creating snare-pictures, which consist of object bits, usually tableware, attached to a board and put up on the wall. Interestingly, he had initially studied classical dance and had even been the State Opera of Bern’s lead dancer. He is associated with the Fluxus movement.
Ștefan Luchian was a Romanian painter best remembered for his still life and landscape works. Although his works did not earn him acclaim during the best part of his career, Luchian was able to find fame towards the end of his life and his artworks were only truly appreciated after his lifetime. Ștefan Luchian's life inspired the 1981 eponymous film.
Born in Austria-Hungary, or present-day Romania, celebrated sculptor Zoltan Kemeny became the only Hungarian to score a win at the Venice Biennale. Trained in carpentry and architecture, he also worked as a fashion designer, before settling in Switzerland, where he became popular for his metal reliefs.
Gheza Vida was a Romanian–Hungarian engraver, sculptor, communist militant, and industrial worker. One of the most famous artists of Maramureș region, Vida also became one of the favorite artists of the Socialist Republic of Romania. Although his career was affected by the Second World War, Gheza Vida established himself as a noteworthy artist and won many prizes and awards.