Hideki Yukawa was a Japanese theoretical physicist who won the prestigious Imperial Prize of the Japan Academy in 1940. In 1949, Yukawa became the first Japanese to be honored with the Nobel Prize. He won the Nobel Prize in Physics for his prediction of the pion. The Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics was inaugurated in 1952 to honor Yukawa's achievements.
Susumu Tonegawa is a Japanese scientist known for his discovery of the genetic mechanism that produces antibody diversity. For this work, he received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1987. Even though he won the coveted award for his work in immunology, he is a molecular biologist by training. He now studies neuroscience.
14 Ryoji Noyori
15 Leo Esaki
24 Akira Suzuki
27 Kiyoshi Ito
30 Toru Kumon
Nobel Prize-winning Japanese chemist Kenichi Fukui, best known for his research on frontier orbitals in chemical reactions, was initially hesitant to take up chemistry, as he hated memorizing equations. Following his stint at Kyoto University, where he studied engineering and earned a PhD, he developed an affinity for the subject.