Giovanni Falcone was an Italian judge, who spent several years of his professional life trying to overthrow the power of the Sicilian Mafia. He studied law at the University of Palermo and had a brilliant career. He eventually became a prosecuting magistrate and was involved in a long legal battle with the Sicilian Mafia. He was assassinated in 1992.
Eugene Scalia is a prominent attorney. He attended the University of Chicago Law School, following which he embarked on a brilliant legal career. He served as the US secretary of labor under President Donald Trump. Previously, he had been a solicitor of the Department of Labor in the George W. Bush administration. He currently has a private practice.
Italian lawyer Virginia Raggi made history when she became the first female mayor of Rome. A champion of women’s rights, she also prioritizes climate change issues and is concerned about de-congesting her city. A Five Star Movement member, she withdrew Rome’s 2024 Olympic bid, stating Rome would’ve been in debt otherwise.
Italian business magnate and former chairman of Ferrari and Fiat, Luca Cordero di Montezemolo was born into a Piedmontese aristocratic family. A Columbia law-degree holder, he had initially been a racing car driver for Fiat 500 in Italy. He has also chaired a committee for the Rome 2024 Olympic bid.
The incumbent president of the Italian Senate, Elisabetta Casellati is the first female to have acquired this position. The Forza Italia member is a qualified matrimonial lawyer and has been a researcher at the University of Padua, too. A self-proclaimed conservative, she supports chemical castration of rapists and is against abortion.
Gaetano dei Conti di Thiene, better known as Saint Cajetan, was a Italian priest who co-established the Theatine order, thus becoming a significant figure of the Catholic Counter-Reformation. He also created what later became the Bank of Naples. He is the patron saint of Argentina, bankers, gamblers, and unemployed people.
Maria Elena Boschi is an Italian politician and lawyer. Since 2013, Boschi has been serving as a member of the Chamber of Deputies. In 2016, Boschi became the first woman to be appointed as the Secretary of the Council of Ministers. She made headlines when she left the Democratic Party in 2019 to join Matteo Renzi's Italia Viva.
Apart from serving as the deputy prime minister of his country, Italian politician Angelino Alfano has also held portfolios such as the ministry of foreign affairs. The son of a lawyer, he followed in his father’s footsteps to study law and boasts of a PhD in corporate law.
Italian composer Piero Piccioni began his career with the radio and his jazz band 013. He also composed using the American name Piero Morgan, and starting with the score for La Tempesta, he became a regular in Hollywood. He had composed more than 300 film soundtracks, ranging from horror to romance.
Though born into a Catholic family, Bartolo Longo initially studied law and then became a Satanist priest. However, he later returned to Catholicism and devoted himself to a shrine named Our Lady of the Rosary and his initiatives for the poor, such as orphanages for the children of prisoners.
Regarded as the father of international law, Italian jurist Alberico Gentili was perhaps the first in western Europe to distinguish between secular law and canon law. He had also tutored Queen Elizabeth I, had served as a professor of law at Oxford, and specialized in Roman law.
Antonio Di Pietro is an Italian politician, magistrate, and lawyer. As a prosecutor, Di Pietro played a key role during the famous Mani Pulite corruption trials. Antonio Di Pietro is also renowned for being one of the first prosecutors from Italy to make use of digital technologies in his work; he often uses computers and visual presentations.
Apart from being a seasoned politician, Forza Italia member Jole Santelli was also a qualified lawyer. She had been the president of Calabria and was part of the Chamber of Deputies. Known for promoting Italian companies overseas, Santelli had been battling cancer when she died of a heart attack.
Italian theologian and scientist Paolo Sarpi was also a lawyer. He lost his father early and was raised by his mother and uncle. His intellect and seriousness had earned him the nickname The Bride in his early days. He advocated for the separation of the Church and the state.
Pietro Della Vigna was an Italian diplomat and jurist who served as the secretary and chancellor to Emperor Frederick II. A man who encouraged the fine arts and science, Della Vigna contributed immensely to the welfare of Italy. He was falsely accused of treason, imprisoned, and blinded. One of Dante Alighieri's characters in Divine Comedy was inspired by Della Vigna.
Bettisia Gozzadini was an Italian jurist who served as a lecturer at the University of Bologna. She is widely believed to be the first woman to have served as a lecturer at a university. A renowned orator, Gozzadini gave a eulogy at the funeral of Enrico della Fratta on 31 May 1242. Bettisia Gozzadini was also renowned for her beauty.
Irnerius was an Italian jurist who is credited with founding the School of Glossators. He is also credited with teaching the Corpus Juris Civilis at the University of Bologna. The revival of Roman law, which was first taught at Bologna, was a significant event in the history of Europe.
Bartolus de Saxoferrato was an Italian law professor. Regarded as one of the greatest jurists of Medieval Roman Law, Bartolus is widely accepted to be the first theorist of international law. A prolific writer, he influenced several civilian writers like Richard Zouch and Alberico Gentili. Thanks to his popularity, many characters in Italian plays have been named after Bartolus.
Piero Schlesinger was an Italian jurist, lawyer, banker, and academic. From 1971 to 1993, Schlesinger served as the president of Banca Popolare di Milano (BPM). Piero Schlesinger is credited with co-authoring an academic textbook named Manuale di diritto privato which is regarded as one of the most influential among academic textbooks of private law in Italy.
Gaetano Filangieri was an Italian philosopher and jurist whose works had a strong influence on several prominent personalities including Benjamin Franklin; Franklin was one of his ardent admirers and the two exchanged several letters from 1780 until Gaetano Filangieri's demise in 1788.
Paola Severino is an Italian politician and lawyer who served as the nation's minister of justice from November 2011 to April 2013. Severino is the first woman to be appointed as Italy's minister of justice. One of the top criminal lawyers in the country, Paola Severino has worked for important personalities like Romano Prodi, Francesco Caltagirone, and Cesare Geronzi.
Franciscus Accursius was an Italian lawyer and the son of famous jurist and glossator Accursius. Renowned for his tact, Franciscus Accursius served as the king's secretary from the late-1270s to 1282. Writer and philosopher Dante Alighieri had accused him of sodomy, placing him in Hell along with other sodomites.
Cino da Pistoia was an Italian poet and jurist who taught law at the universities of Florence, Siena, Naples, and Perugia. Many of his students, including Francesco Petrarca and Bartolus, went on to become successful and popular. Cino da Pistoia's poems were renowned for their harmony of rhythms and purity of language, attracting praises from the likes of Dante Alighieri.
Dionisio Anzilotti was an Italian jurist who also served as the judge of the World Court, which existed from 1922 to 1946. Anzilotti also taught international law in Rome, Bologna, Florence, and Palermo from 1892 to 1937. He is credited with authoring a textbook titled Corso di diritto internazionale which was translated into many languages.
Pier Paolo Vergerio the Elder was an Italian statesman, humanist, canon lawyer, and pedagogist. He is best remembered for being one of the 15 delegates who traveled to Perpignan along with Emperor Sigismund. He also served as the emperor's secretary from 1417 until his death in 1444.
Azo of Bologna was an Italian jurist who served as a professor of civil law at Bologna. He is best remembered for one of his most influential works, Summa Codicis. His work was later translated into Old French.
Lorenzo Acquarone was an Italian politician and lawyer who served as a faculty member at the University of Genoa from 1966 to 2006. Over the years, Lorenzo Acquarone has received several prestigious awards and honors, such as Italian Medal of Merit for Culture and Art and Knight of the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic.
Pasquale Stanislao Mancini was an Italian statesman and jurist. He played a key role in convincing Ferdinand II to enter the war against Austria in 1848. He also played a major role in the signing of the Triple Alliance, an agreement between Italy, Germany, and Austria-Hungary.
Renzo Gattegna was an Italian lawyer who also served as the president of the Union of Italian Jewish Communities. Gattegna was 67 years old when he replaced Claudio Morpurgo to become the president of the national association on 16 July 2006.
Vacarius was an Italian authority in Canon and civil law. He gained popularity when he became the first teacher of Roman law in England. He is credited with playing a major role in passing down the information about a heretic from Piacenza called Speroni.
Prospero Farinacci was an Italian judge and lawyer best remembered for his harsh sentencing. A staunch prosecutor of sodomites, Farinacci himself was accused of having entertained sodomitic relations in 1595. Pope Clement VIII excused Farinacci of the crime and even made a pun on Farinacci's name.
Martinus Gosia was a 12th-century Italian jurist. He was one of the glossators among the Four Doctors of Bologna. Bulgarus and Martinus Gosia were the principals of two opposite schools that prevailed at the University of Bologna. The followers of Martinus came to be known as the commentators.
Pierino Belli was an Italian jurist and soldier who served as the commander of Imperial forces in the Holy Roman Empire. Belli was also a writer and is best remembered for his book titled De re militari et de bello.
Jacopo Aconcio was an Italian jurist, philosopher, theologian, and engineer. He is best remembered for his immense contribution to the history of religious toleration. He is also remembered for publishing a secular work that emphasizes the importance of a scientific approach.
Pasquale Fiore was an Italian jurist who also taught philosophy and served as a professor of international and constitutional law. A prolific writer, Pasquale Fiore came up with influential works, such as Elements of Public Constitutional and Administrative Law and Treatise on International Criminal Law and the Law of Extradition.